Daoli District Daoli District is the Central District of Harbin City, Heilongjiang Province. It is located between 45 ° 32 ′ - 47 ′ N and 126 ° 08 ′ - 38 ′ e. it is bounded by Binzhou railway line and Daowai District in the East, Shuangcheng District in the west, Nangang District in the south, Zhaodong City and Songbei District in the north, with a total area of 517.2 square kilometers, including 22.6 square kilometers of urban area.
The Songhua River passes from west to East in Daoli District. The climate belongs to the continental monsoon climate in the middle temperate zone. The average air temperature is 3.5 ℃, and the average annual precipitation is 530 mm. Harbin Taiping International Airport is one of the top ten airports in China. The scenic spots and monuments in the territory include the flood control memorial tower, St. Sophia Church, Central Street Pedestrian Street, General Li Zhaolin's tomb, jinwushu canal and Paleolithic sites.
Daoli District is the central city of Harbin, the capital of Heilongjiang Province. It is the seat of Harbin Municipal Committee, municipal people's Congress, Municipal Political Consultative Conference, municipal police district and administrative examination and approval center of the municipal government. It is also the political, economic, cultural and tourism center of Harbin. For the first batch of national rural community construction demonstration units.
In 2016, there were 19 streets and 3 towns in the District of Daoli District. In 2013, the total population of the registered residence in the end of the road was 728 thousand. At the end of the year, the population of the district was 801 thousand and 500. In 2016, the annual GDP reached 66.31 billion yuan.
In October 2018, it was selected as one of the top 100 investment potential regions in China in 2018. It was selected as one of the top 100 investment potential areas in China in 2019.
Before Qing Dynasty
In Daoli area, there are traces of ancient human activities of 22000 years ago. By the Jin Dynasty, settlements and cities were formed, and there were more developed agriculture and land and water transportation.
In the third year of Jin Tianxing's reign (1234), the Mongols destroyed the Jin Dynasty by killing and destroying the city.
In the Qing Dynasty, ningguta garrison was under the military supervision of the military government. In the seventh year of Shunzhi (1650) of the Qing Dynasty, there were three family names and one village with peasants settled down and cultivated. In 1662, the first year of Kangxi, the garrison of ningguta became the general of ningguta. In 1757, general ningguta was renamed general Jilin, and Daoli area was under the jurisdiction of the deputy Dutong yamen of alechuka under general Jilin. In 1898, tsarist Russia's Middle East Railway Construction Bureau moved from Vladivostok to Harbin, and designated a large area of land along the Middle East Railway and its stations as subsidiary land. Butou district and Xinshi Street (now Daoli and Nangang old urban area) were called Songhuajiang city.
On July 14, 1903, the Middle East Railway was completed and put into operation. The Middle East Railway Administration was officially established, and Songhuajiang city was renamed Harbin city. In order to strengthen the rule over the affiliated areas, the Middle East Railway Administration has set up a police department with several police branches. On December 6 of the same year, the Middle East Railway Bureau illegally established the urban public utilities Management Committee.
On March 1, 1908, under the control of the Middle East Railway Administration, the Harbin Municipal Council of self-government was elected. On March 11, the Harbin Municipal Board of directors was set up. The 3467344 square meters of land in Butou district was divided into urban areas, under the jurisdiction of the Municipal Council of self-government.
the Republic of China era
In 1917, after the victory of the October Revolution in Russia, the Chinese government gradually regained the sovereignty of railway dependent areas.
On October 31, 1920, the Chinese government decided to set up the eastern province special region to govern the railway affiliated areas.
On February 5, 1921, the Harbin Municipal Administration Bureau of the special region of the eastern province was set up to govern the municipal administration along the Middle East Railway, and at the same time to accept the authorities of Harbin and change to hang the Chinese flag.
On November 24, 1922, the chief executive of the special region of the eastern province was set up to govern the foreign affairs, administration, judicature, army and police of the region.
On March 1, 1923, the office of the chief executive of the special region of the eastern province was officially established, and the customs and defense was opened.
On March 30, 1926, the provisional Committee of Harbin Municipal autonomy was formally established. According to the order of the office of the chief executive of the eastern province special region, the former Harbin autonomous Council and the board of directors were dissolved. At this point, Harbin's political power, which was occupied by Russia for 28 years, was recovered. In September, the provisional Committee of Harbin Municipal autonomy was reorganized and Harbin special city was established. Butou district and Xinshi street were divided into urban areas to implement autonomy. Xinanbu (pianmianzi), guxiangtun, Zhengyang River and Jiangbei Taiyang island in Daoli area are still under the jurisdiction of Harbin Municipal Bureau of the Municipal Administration of the eastern province special region.
In March 1933, the police department was set up in Harbin special city, which was directly under the Ministry of civil affairs of Manchuria. In July of the same year, the eastern province special region was renamed Beiman Special Region, and the former Harbin special city, the Harbin City under the rule of the eastern province special region, the Harbin urban area under the rule of Binjiang County of Jilin Province, and the area under the jurisdiction of Songpu Municipal Bureau of Heilongjiang Province were integrated into one. Ten villages in Hulan County and 31 villages in Acheng county were also included to establish a new Harbin special city. At present, all urban areas and most suburbs of Daoli area are under its jurisdiction.
On July 1, 1937, Harbin special city was renamed Harbin City, under the jurisdiction of Binjiang province. All urban areas and most suburbs of Daoli area are still under the jurisdiction of Harbin.
On August 19, 1945, the Red Army of the Soviet Union entered Daoli area and carried out military control. It successively established the Harbin temporary Security Council, the Binjiang provincial government and the Harbin municipal government. The Butou District, Xinyang district and Guxiang District of Daoli District are all under the jurisdiction of Harbin city. On November 17, the Soviet Army handed over the power of Harbin to the national government.
On January 1, 1946, the Kuomintang took over the top officials in Harbin to take over the municipal government. The political power of Butou District, Xinyang district and Guxiang District in Daoli District was also taken over by them. After the Soviet army withdrew in late April of the same year, the top officials of the Kuomintang also fled. On May 3, Harbin Municipal People's government was established. Daoli District, Xinyang district and Guxiang district are under the jurisdiction of Harbin city. On May 5, the people's Government of Songjiang province was officially established and Harbin, the provincial capital, was established.
After the founding of new China
On August 1, 1953, Harbin was a municipality directly under the central government, which was administered by the Northeast administrative committee. Daoli, Xinyang and Guxiang districts are still under the jurisdiction of Harbin city.
On August 9, 1954, the former Songjiang province and Heilongjiang Province merged into a new Heilongjiang Province, with Harbin as the provincial capital; Harbin city was changed from a municipality directly under the central government to a city under the jurisdiction of Heilongjiang Province; Daoli District and Guxiang district were under the jurisdiction of Harbin city.
In October 1956, Daoli District and Guxiang District merged into a new Daoli District, which is still an administrative district of Harbin.
In 1898, while building the Middle East Railway, Russia occupied Daoli area, Songhua River bank area, built factories, opened docks, opened roads, built houses, and designated this area as a subsidiary area of the railway, which is called Butou area. With the completion and opening of the Middle East Railway and the gradual formation of the central street as the center of the business district, the Middle East Railway Authority set up the Butou district police station in 1904 to replace the government with the police. Its jurisdiction: East to daowaibaqu, Chengde street and Nangang xiakan; West to hejiagou, guxiangtun; South to SHAMANTUN and langhantun; north to Songhuajiang.
In December 1920, the police bureau of the first district of the special region of the eastern province set up three police branches in Daoli District, the first, the second and the fifth.
In the early days of Japan's occupation of Harbin, the police of Harbin, the special region of the eastern province, still ruled the Daoli area. In 1933, after the establishment of the puppet Harbin Police Department, three police stations, Jingwei, xin'anbu and Guxiang, were set up in Daoli District in July of the same year. Eight districts to the east of Binzhou railway line were put under the jurisdiction of Daowai, and 67 villages in the Second District of Binjiang county were put under the jurisdiction of Guxiang police department.
In July 1938, the Baojia system was abolished and the district system was implemented. There are three offices in Daoli District, including Butou District, Xinyang district and Guxiang district. There are districts under the district administration. Since then, the Division has changed many times.
In 1942, 15 villages in baiqibao and Kaoshan of Nangang District were assigned to Guxiang district; SHAMANTUN and langhantun of Xinyang district were assigned to Nangang District.
In September 1944, the three districts in Daoli area were divided into 20 districts after adjustment of districts until the restoration of Northeast China. At that time, the jurisdiction of Daoli area was: along Binzhou railway in the East, Yunliang River in the west, along ha Chang railway in the south, some villages in Yuejin and Wanggang townships in Nangang District, and Songhua River in the north.
After the Soviet army arrived in Harbin, Butou District, Xinyang district and Guxiang district set up temporary Security Council respectively, with local gentlemen as the maintenance president. Among them, Cheng Guojun, the president of Guxiang District, was appointed. In January 1946, the KMT appointed Fang Zichen as the mayor of Butou district and Li Jianfeng as the mayor of Guxiang district. The mayor of Xinyang district is ominous.
After the liberation of Harbin, according to the three-level political power system of city, district and street, in October 1946, Daoli District, Xinyang district and Guxiang district set up District People's governments respectively. There are street offices or village offices under the district. There are 10 Street offices in Daoli District.
In August 1948, all the street offices in Daoli District were renamed the street government, and the number of districts was adjusted from 23 to 45.
In October 1949, the three cities in the Daoli area
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Daoli District, Harbin City, Heilongjiang Province
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