Zhenping county Zhenping county, subordinate to Nanyang City, Henan Province, is located in the southwest of Henan Province, northwest of Nanyang Basin, south foot of Funiu Mountain, only 30 km away from the downtown area of Nanyang in the East. With a total area of 1560 square kilometers, it governs 3 streets, 15 towns and 4 townships, with a total population of 1049400.
Zhenping, known as nieyang in ancient times, has more than 4000 years of jade carving history. Jade carving culture has a long history, broad and profound. It is known as the jade capital of China and one of the birthplaces of Chinese jade culture. Yuan Haowen, a famous poet in Jin and Yuan Dynasties, was the first magistrate of Zhenping and the hometown of general Peng Xuefeng.
Zhenping has convenient transportation and superior location. Ningxi railway and Shanghai Shaanxi Expressway run from east to west, Jiaozhi railway and tai'ao Expressway run from north to south, and are more than 30 kilometers away from Nanyang Jiangying airport in the East. The land and air transportation conditions are basically available, and they are included in the "half hour economic circle" of Nanyang downtown. Zhenping is rich in tourism resources, with national 4A standard scenic spots: jade culture scenic spots such as international Jade City, world jade source, stone Buddha Temple jade carving Bay, one of the 100 red tourism classic scenic spots in China: Peng Xuefeng memorial hall, wuduo mountain, Bodhi temple, Taigong lake, Zhongyuan lotus Expo Park, etc.
In 1995, Zhenping was named "the hometown of Chinese jade carving", in 2008, Zhenping jade carving was listed as national intangible cultural heritage by the State Council, and in 2010, Zhenping jade carving won the titles of "business card of China's new city" and "cultural and Creative Award of China cultural fair". Zhenping jade carving has become China's largest jade carving products trading and distribution center. Zhenping also won the titles of "China carpet town", "China goldfish town" and "China Magnolia town". It is a national cultural industry demonstration base and a jade culture reform and development pilot zone determined by Henan provincial government. On May 9, 2019, the people's Government of Henan Province approved Zhenping county to withdraw from the poverty-stricken county sequence.
In 2019, the GDP of Zhenping county will be RMB 25.693 billion, an increase of 7.1% over 2018. The ratio of three industrial structures is 13.8:31.6:54.6. The per capita GDP is 29615 yuan.
Zhenping county has a long history. Yu and Xia were the borders of ancient Lu, followed by Shang and Western Zhou.
The spring and Autumn period belongs to Chu. Within the territory of Lvyi.
During the Warring States period, it belonged to South Korea first, then to the state of Qin, and after the establishment of the Qin Dynasty, it belonged to Nanyang County.
In the seventh year of Gaozu (200 BC) of the Western Han Dynasty, it was nieyang county and the Marquis city of nieyang, belonging to Nanyang County. In the fourth year of Yuanshuo (125 BC), Emperor Wu set up Anzhong county and Anzhong Marquis town in Wanxi township (which is located in the southeast of today's county), and Liu Chong defeated the country. In the first year of the founding of new mang (9 years), nieyang was changed to qianting. In the 26th year of Jianwu in the Eastern Han Dynasty, qianting was changed to nieyang, and Anzhong Marquis was restored to Nanyang County. In the first year of emperor an Yongchu (107), nieyang was Princess town.
In the Three Kingdoms (220-265), nieyang and Anzhong belonged to Wei and belonged to Nanyang County of Jingzhou.
In the first year of Yongkang in the Western Jin Dynasty (265-316), nieyang and Anzhong were under the jurisdiction of Nanyang state, and then Anzhong entered Wan county.
In the Eastern Jin Dynasty (317-420), nieyang belonged to the former Zhao, the latter Zhao, the former Yan and the former Qin, and belonged to Nanyang County of Jingzhou.
In the southern and Northern Dynasties, nieyang belonged to the Song Dynasty. In 420, the first year of Yongchu reign of Emperor Wu of Song Dynasty, nieyang belonged to Nanyang County of Yongzhou. In the first year of Yuanqin in the Western Wei Dynasty (552), nieyang was abandoned and entered lintuan. In 557, the first year of Min emperor of the Northern Zhou Dynasty, nieyang county was restored, belonging to Nanyang County of Jingzhou. In the Western Wei Dynasty, Gujun and Maquan were set up, which was the reason in the Northern Zhou Dynasty.
In 581, the first year of kaihuang of Sui Dynasty, nieyang was changed into Keyang, which was subordinate to Nanyang County of Dengzhou.
In the third year of Wude (620), Emperor Gaozu of the Tang Dynasty, he set up an Gu County in Keyang. Angu belongs to Wanzhou, and Keyang belongs to Dengzhou. Wude eight years (625 years), the abolition of Angu Nanyang. In the first year of Zhenguan (627), Ke Yang was abandoned and entered into the town, which was the rural area of north of the town.
The Five Dynasties and Ten Kingdoms (907-960) were under the jurisdiction of Dengzhou.
In the first year of Jianlong (960-1127), Emperor Taizu of the Northern Song Dynasty (960-1127), the county was under the jurisdiction of Dengzhou and unified in the Southwest Road of Beijing. In 1115, Yangguan town was set up in the southwest of Angu city. In the early years of the Southern Song Dynasty, the county first belonged to the Jin Dynasty, and then to the Southern Song Dynasty. In the second year of Longxing (1164), the song and Jin Dynasties discussed peace, belonging to the Jin Dynasty. Jin AI Zong Zhengda three years (1226), began to set up Zhenping county, set up Yangguan town (now county site), Li Shenzhou (Nanyang). In 1233, Zhenping returned to the Song Dynasty. The next year, Zhenping belonged to yuan.
In the first year of Hongwu (1368), Emperor Taizu of the Ming Dynasty, Zhenping returned to the Ming Dynasty. Hongwu 12 years (1379), and Zhenping into Nanyang. In October of that year, Zhenping county was restored to Nanyang Prefecture. In 1641, Li Zicheng's uprising army occupied Zhenping and appointed Xia Zhibi as county Yin.
In 1645, Zhenping belonged to the Qing Dynasty and belonged to Nanyang Prefecture.
In 1912, it belonged to Nanyang Prefecture. In 1914, Nanyang Prefecture was abolished and the county was subordinate to Ruyang Road, Henan Province. 17 years (1928) road waste, under the province. In 1933, the county was subordinate to the sixth administrative supervision district of Henan Province. On November 17, 1947, Zhenping was liberated for the first time and was subordinate to the office of the administrative inspector general of Henan, Shaanxi and Hubei. On May 5, 1948, Zhenping was liberated for the second time and was subordinate to the office of the administrative inspector general of Henan, Shaanxi and Hubei. In June, it was under the office of the sixth administrative inspector general of western Henan district. In March 1949, it was under the jurisdiction of Nanyang administrative inspector general's office.
After the founding of the people's Republic of China, it was attached to the office of the Commissioner of Nanyang administrative region. After May 1968, he was attached to the Nanyang regional Revolutionary Committee. On November 1, 1979, it was attached to Nanyang district administrative office. Since 1994, it has been under Nanyang Municipal People's government.
In 2005, Sishan township was abolished and merged into gaoqiu town. HEILONGJI township was abolished and merged into Zhanglin township.
By 2020, Zhenping county has 3 streets, 15 towns and 4 townships: nieyang street, Xuefeng street, Yudu street, Shifosi Town, Chaopi Town, Jiasong Town, Houji Town, Laozhuang Town, Luyi Town, Zheshan Town, gaoqiu Town, qutun Town, Zaoyuan Town, Yangying Town, anziying Town, Zhanglin Town, liuquanpu Town, pengying Town, Erlong Town, Wanggang Town, Mazhuang town and Guozhuang Hui town Township.
Zhenping county is located in the southwest of Henan Province, the northwest margin of Nanyang Basin and the south foot of Funiu Mountain. It is adjacent to Wolong District of Nanyang City in the East, Dengzhou city in the south, Neixiang County in the West and Nanzhao County in the north, between 32 ° 51 '- 33 ° 21' n and 111 ° 58 '- 112 ° 25' E. The total area is 1560 square kilometers.
Zhenping county has convenient transportation and superior location conditions. It is adjacent to Wolong District of Nanyang City in the East, Dengzhou city in the south, Neixiang County in the west, Nanzhao County in the north, Xiangfan and Laohekou City in Hubei Province in the south, and Shangnan city in Shaanxi Province in the West. It has the unique location advantages of entering Jingxiang in the South and controlling Shangluo in the West. It is included in the "half-hour economic circle" of Nanyang downtown.
Zhenping county has a north subtropical monsoon continental climate with an average annual temperature of 15.1 ℃ and an extreme maximum temperature of 42.6 ℃, which occurred on June 11, 1972 and an extreme minimum temperature of - 16.3 ℃ on December 29, 1991. The annual average sunshine hours are 2013 hours, the annual average precipitation is 750 mm and the annual frost free period is 233 days.
There are 13 rivers in Zhenping county, including Zhaohe River, Yanling River, Liaohe River and so on, which flow from north to South and belong to the Han River Basin. The total water resources of Zhenping county are 431.7 million cubic meters, including 345.2 million cubic meters of surface water and 86.5 million cubic meters of groundwater.
Zhenping county has identified 19 kinds of mineral resources, including 9 kinds of metal such as gold, silver, copper, iron, manganese and molybdenum, and 10 kinds of non-metal such as graphite, granite, marble, sepiolite, chalky soil, limestone and mica.
Gold: the proven reserves are 8 tons, with an average grade of 5.17 g / T, and the mining conditions are favorable.
Copper: the proven reserves of metallic copper grade G1 + G2 are 100000 tons, with an average grade of 0.78%. The ore reserves are concentrated and the mining conditions are convenient.
Molybdenum: the reserve is 50000 tons, ranking the first in China, with an average grade of 0.1%;
Graphite: the prospective reserve is 54 million tons, the average grade is 6.27%, the ore reserves are concentrated, the quality is good, the washability is strong, and the mining conditions are good.
Granite: reserves of 1.6 billion cubic meters, 15 kinds of colors, all open-pit deposits, easy to concentrate mining.
Marble: reserves 400 million cubic meters, good quality, variety, easy to exploit;
Limestone: reserves 250 million tons, ore containing CaO 50.7%, MgO 1.44%, K2O and Na2O content below 0.05%, SO3 content less than 0.01%, is an ideal raw material for cement production, mining water, electricity, road, communication conditions are convenient, conducive to mining.
Quartzite (silica): reserves 80 million tons, SiO2 97%, high quality ore, can be used for smelting ferrosilicon.
Maifan stone: reserves 1 trillion tons, verified by the national scientific research department, the ore contains 56 kinds of trace elements, with high mining value.
Chalky soil: reserves 140 million tons, can be used for rubber, paper and chemical industry filler, good quality.
Sillimanite: reserves of 25 million tons, mineral volume of 3 million tons, average grade of 13%, shallow reserves, easy to exploit.
There are 29 kinds of wild animals in Zhenping county, including 14 kinds of mammals, 3 kinds of reptiles and 12 kinds of wild birds. Tiger, musk deer and giant salamander are listed as precious protected animals by the state. There are more than 1000 kinds of plants, among which there are many
Chinese PinYin : He Nan Sheng Nan Yang Shi Zhen Ping Xian
Zhenping county, Nanyang City, Henan Province
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