Shuyang County, Shuyang County for short, known as houqiu and Huaiwen in ancient times, is a county under the jurisdiction of Suqian City, Jiangsu Province, and one of the three pilot counties directly under the jurisdiction of Jiangsu Province. It is located in the north of Jiangsu Province and the northeast of Suqian City. It has a warm temperate monsoon climate, with high terrain in the West and low terrain in the East. It belongs to the transition zone between the southern Shandong hills and the Jianghuai plain. By the end of 2019, Shuyang County has jurisdiction over 1 Economic Development Zone, 6 streets, 25 towns, 8 townships and 1 township level farm, with a total area of 2298 square kilometers and a population of 1.9865 million. The county people's government is located in Mengxi street.
Shuyang is named for its location on the North Bank of Shuhe river. Shuyang County has a long history. In the Western Han Dynasty, houqiu county was established in the territory. In 578, Huaiwen county was changed to Shuyang County. Before 1996, it was under the jurisdiction of Huaiyin Prefecture and Huaiyin City. In July 1996, it was divided into Suqian, a newly established city divided into districts. Beijing Shanghai expressway has four interchanges in Shuyang County, and Xinchang railway station is set up in Shuyang County. National Highway 205, provincial highway 245, provincial highway 326 and provincial highway 344 pass through the territory. Shuyang County has a dense network of rivers, including 29 rivers, such as Xinyi River, Huaishu New River, etc.
Shuyang County has national and provincial intangible cultural heritage such as Huaihai opera, gonggu Gong, etc. The main specialties are Miaotou Qianzhang, yanjichao, etc. The main tourist attractions are Nanhu Park and Northern Jiangsu flower garden.
Shuyang is famous for its reform and innovation, and has created remarkable "Shuyang speed" and Shuyang experience. County economy and county basic competitiveness have been ranked among the "top 100 counties in China" for eight consecutive years, and have been selected into the top 100 industrial counties in China for five consecutive years. Shuyang economic and Technological Development Zone is the only state-level economic and Technological Development Zone located in a county-level city in Northern Jiangsu. In 2019, Shuyang County will achieve a GDP of 95.017 billion yuan, a general public budget revenue of 4.79 billion yuan, a per capita disposable income of 24633 yuan for all residents, and a total retail sales of social consumer goods of 24.861 billion yuan.
History of construction
In the Western Zhou Dynasty, Shuyang belonged to Qingzhou.
In the spring and Autumn period, it belonged to the state of Lu. In 582 BC, it was built in the northwest of the county.
During the Warring States period, it belonged to the state of Chu.
After Qin unified the whole country, it belonged to Xue county at first, and then to Tan county.
Emperor Jing of the Western Han Dynasty granted Wei Wan the title of Jianling, the first Marquis state in the territory. Jianling now belongs to Xinyi City.
During the reign of Emperor Wu of the Western Han Dynasty, houqiu county was established under the jurisdiction of Donghai County, and the county was called Houzhen.
Emperor Cheng of the Han Dynasty granted the fourth son of King Xiao of Chu the Marquis of Yinping, and Yinping was the Marquis state.
In the Eastern Han Dynasty, in addition to the Marquis state, Yinping and Jianling counties were set up.
In the early years of Wei and Huang in the Three Kingdoms period, Donghai state was established, with 11 counties including houqiu, Yinping and Jianling.
Emperor Wu of the Western Jin Dynasty cut Yinping county and granted Luzhi to Yinping. Yinping changed from county to fief.
In 427, Emperor Wen of the Southern Song Dynasty, houqiu province was incorporated into Xiangben county and Tongxian county was set up. Liu Song's power was in the south, so Tong County was called Qiao County.
In 460, Emperor Xiaowu of Song Dynasty merged nanxiapi County into nanpengcheng County, and Tongxian county then belonged to nanpengcheng county.
In the Southern Qi Dynasty, houqiu county was restored and Tongxian county was abandoned.
In 506, Emperor Wu of Liang abolished Tong County and established Tong Yang county.
In 524, Pei Shen conquered Jianling city and Jianling county.
In 549, Emperor Xiaojing of the Eastern Wei Dynasty changed Tongyang County into Shuyang County, and set up four counties, namely Xiacheng County, Linzha County, Fuwu county and Huaiwen county. In the Eastern Wei Dynasty, Linshu county was merged and abandoned.
In 573, Emperor Chen Xuan ordered Wu Mingzheng and Peiji to lead 100000 troops to attack Jiangbei, defeat the Northern Qi Dynasty, and occupy Shuyang County. Xiacheng, Linzha and Fuwu counties were merged into Huaiwen county.
In 578, Huaiwen county was changed to Shuyang County.
Lingxian county was abandoned in the Northern Zhou Dynasty. During the kaihuang period of Emperor Wen of Sui Dynasty, Shuyang County was abolished, and the county government moved to the county government, which was subordinate to Haizhou.
In 617, the emperor changed Shuyang into Shuzhou.
In 618, the first year of Wude, Emperor Gaozu of Tang Dynasty, houqiu county was restored.
In 668, Shuyang was transferred to Sizhou.
Xianheng 5 years (674), also belongs to Haizhou. The Five Dynasties, Song Dynasty and Yuan Dynasty were governed by the Tang Dynasty.
In Hongwu Period of Ming Dynasty, Shuyang separated from Haizhou and belonged to Huai'an Prefecture.
The Shunzhi and Kangxi dynasties of the Qing Dynasty followed the Ming system. In 1724, Emperor Shizong of the Qing Dynasty changed to Haizhou.
In 1913, it belonged to Xu Haidao.
From 17 to 37 years of the Republic of China, it belonged to the Donghai Commissioner's office and the Xuhai administrative office.
In the autumn of 1940, the Huaihai prefectural committee of the Communist Party of China made great changes in the regionalization of its territory. To the west of Huaishu road and to the south of Shuhe River, the Anti Japanese democratic government of Sishu county was established by merging with some areas of Siyang; to the northwest of the county, the Anti Japanese democratic government of Tongyang county was established; to the north of the county and the south of Donghai railway, the Anti Japanese democratic government of Donghai County (Railway South) was established; to the east of the county and to the north of chaimi River, the Anti Japanese democratic government of Guanyun county was established. The counties are subordinate to the Huaihai District Office of the Commissioner, the executive office.
In August 1945, Shuyang was the sixth administrative region of Jiangsu and Anhui.
In May 1949, Donghai (Railway South), Tongyang and Sishu counties were abolished. The original jurisdiction was assigned to Shuyang, and part of Suqian's jurisdiction was assigned to Shuyang, which was subordinate to the office of Huaiyin administrative commissioner.
In 1983, the city was in charge of the county, belonging to Huaiyin City.
In 1996, Shuyang was subordinate to the newly established prefecture level Suqian City.
In 2011, Shuyang County was listed as one of the three pilot counties directly under the jurisdiction of Jiangsu Province.
The administrative division of Shuyang County in Ming Dynasty was 9 townships and 81 Li.
In the early Qing Dynasty, following the Ming system, in the 10th year of Shunzhi (1653), there were 9 townships and 17 Li.
In 1912, Shuyang County was divided into nine cities and one township.
In 1928, the national government abolished Daocun county and changed Shuyang County into 10 administrative districts, namely, the original nine cities were changed into one to nine districts and one township into the Tenth District.
In 1934, 364 townships in Shuyang County were merged into 162 townships, with district offices and township offices.
During the Anti Japanese War, in order to meet the needs of the revolution, county-level administrative powers were set up at the border of counties. Most of these county-level administrative powers were named after the first words of the two counties and important places at the border, such as Si (Yang) Shu (Yang) county and Tongyang County. After the founding of the people's Republic of China, these counties disintegrated, and most of the areas under their jurisdiction were incorporated into the original counties, but some were assigned to other counties situation.
In 1950, Shuyang County adjusted its "district" administrative divisions and integrated them into 14 districts, including 252 townships.
In 1952, Shizi district was abolished and five districts, Liheng, Huji, Fangshan, Miaotou and Dingji, were added. At this time, Shuyang County had 18 districts and 193 townships.
In 1953, the territory of Shuyang County was reduced. The three districts of Anfeng, Fangshan and Waji under the jurisdiction of Shuyang County, including 33 townships and 180 villages, were assigned to Donghai County.
In June 1954, Miaotou district was abolished, and Miaotou, Huayuan, Juxian, Chendu, Shuhe and other townships under the jurisdiction of Miaotou district were included in Yanji District, and other townships were included in longmiao district; Taiping and TaoMa townships in Machang district were included in Liheng district; Matun Township in Liheng district was included in Zhangji district; Tanggou township was changed into Tanggou town; in July of the same year, the territory of Shuyang County was expanded, and Jidang and Yandang townships in Wenke District of Huaiyin county were included Two villages of Gexiang and Gedang Township and Xiaozuo township of Songji district were included in Shuyang County; in October of the same year, cross district was added and Dingji district was abolished, two townships of Jianxi and Baodang of Dingji district were included in Liuji District, four townships of Caiwei, Tangwei, Xiangdang and Huwei of Dingji District were included in new cross district, Dingji, Xinji, Linhe and Zhangyuan of Dingji district were included in Huji District, and eight townships of Shucheng district The township is divided into the cross district. At this time, Shuyang County has 14 districts and 164 townships.
In 1956, Shuyang County was further divided into eight districts, one town and 83 townships; three towns of Shucheng District, including Dongguan, Jianling and Dongxing, were merged into Shucheng town.
In 1957, the districts were withdrawn and the townships were merged, and the townships and townships were set up. However, due to the large territory of Shuyang County, four "pseudo districts" (Liuji, Machang, Hudong and Yinping) were set up in Shuyang County. These "pseudo districts" had no district government and were the agency of Shuyang County. In the same year, the original 83 townships and townships were merged into 36 townships and towns, with a total of 580 agricultural cooperatives under their jurisdiction.
In 1958, Huancheng township was merged into Shucheng town. Since then, people's commune was gradually implemented, and the integration of government and society was implemented. Sangxu township was the first to establish people's commune. After the establishment of people's commune, it was called sangxu people's commune, or sangxu commune for short.
In 1959, four "pseudo districts" were abolished, and the administrative divisions of the whole county were changed into seven "districts", namely Shucheng, Machang, Tanggou, Longji, Hudong, lanhong and Miaotou; Dingji people's commune was abolished, merged with Longji people's commune, and called Dinglong people's commune; lanhong people's commune was even more qingyihu people's commune.
In 1962, Shucheng people's commune was restored to its original name, Shucheng town.
In 1965, Dinglong people's commune separated out the original area under the jurisdiction of Dingji people's Commune and restored its original area, which was called Dingji people's commune. At the same time, it restored the organizational system of Zhangwei and guandun people's communes.
In 1981, wanpi people's commune was added, and Chengjiao commune was renamed nanguandang commune.
In 1983, the township and village system was restored, the people's commune was gradually restored to township and town, and nanguandang people's commune was changed to nanguanxiang.
In 1986, five townships, Longji, Huachong, Tanggou, Miaotou, and Hanshan, were established.
In 1999, four townships, Yitao, sangxu, Qianji and Huji, were established.
In 2000, Yanji, Yinping (renamed Tongyang), gaoxu, longmiao, zhaxia, Liheng, Liuji, Yuelai, Shizi, gengyu, Qixiong, TANGJian, Zhangji, Xinhe, xianguan, etc
Chinese PinYin : Jiang Su Sheng Xiu Qian Shi Shu Yang Xian
Shuyang County, Suqian City, Jiangsu Province
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