Karamay District, belonging to Karamay City of Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region, is located in the northwest of Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region. The terrain inclines from the northwest to the center of Junggar basin, which is a typical temperate continental climate. It covers a total area of 3833.58 square kilometers, and has jurisdiction over 8 streets, 1 Township and 2 regiments. In 2015, it had a total population of 261712.
Karamay district has Gobi Desert landform, Hongliu base of the autonomous region, mayigele Forest Park of the autonomous region, Populus euphratica forest reserve, exhibition hall, Karamay No.1 well, Heiyoushan, Wenhua street, people's Square, Chaoyang Park, jiulongtan, Karamay river central scenic area, ayikule scenic area and other human and natural landscapes. In December 2018, it was named the Sixth Batch of national demonstration areas (units) for national unity and progress and the third batch of national experimental areas for community governance and service innovation.
In 2015, the local GDP of Karamay District reached 14.02 billion yuan, an increase of 7.5% over the previous year. Among them, the added value of the primary industry was 373 million yuan, down 3%; the added value of the secondary industry was 2.663 billion yuan, down 13%; the added value of the tertiary industry was 10.984 billion yuan, up 11%.
In May 1958, the State Council approved the establishment of Karamay City (county level).
In July 1958, Karamay City held the first session of the first people's Congress, declaring the formal establishment of Karamay City.
In February 1982, the people's Government of the autonomous region approved Karamay as a city divided into districts (prefecture level), with four districts, namely Karamay, Dushanzi, Baijiantan and Wuerhe.
In July 1982, Karamay district held the first session of the first people's Congress, announcing the establishment of Karamay district.
In September 1984, the Party committee and the people's Government of the Autonomous Region decided that Karamay should still be a county-level city directly under the central government of the autonomous region.
In January 1985, Karamay District abolished it.
In January 1990, the Party committee and people's Government of the Autonomous Region decided to restore Karamay as a prefecture level city divided into districts.
In September 1991, Karamay district held the first session of the second people's Congress and resumed the establishment of Karamay district.
Karamay district now governs 8 streets and 1 Township, which are Tianshan Road Street, Shengli Road Street, Kunlun road street, Yinhe road street, Jinlong Town Street, wuwuxin Town Street, Yingbin street, Guhai street and Xiaoguai township. There are 129 regiments of the seventh division and 136 regiments of the eighth division of the Xinjiang production and Construction Corps. The District People's government is located at 42 Tianshan Road.
Karamay district is located in the middle of Karamay City. It is connected with Baijiantan District in the north, huyanghe city and Wusu city in the south, Shawan County in the East and Tuoli County in the West. The geographical coordinates are between 44 ° 39 ′ - 45 ° 25 ′ N and 84 ° 37 ′ - 85 ° 10 ′ e, covering an area of 3833.58 square kilometers, of which the urban area is 25.5 square kilometers. Karamay is 313km away from Urumqi, with a voyage of 280km.
Karamay area is located in the fault terrace belt on the northwest edge of Junggar basin, at the junction of jiayier mountain and Junggar basin. The terrain inclines from the northwest to the center of Junggar basin, and the overall landform is mostly flat Gobi desert.
Karamay district is a typical temperate continental climate, with dry and less rain all year round, windy in spring and autumn, and large temperature difference in winter; the annual average temperature is 8.3 ℃, the annual extreme maximum temperature is 39.1 ℃, which occurs on June 29, and the annual extreme minimum temperature is - 25.4 ℃, which occurs on January 9, with annual precipitation of 95.8 mm, evaporation of 1595.1 mm, and annual sunshine hours of 2627.8 hours. The maximum frozen soil depth is 117 cm, the annual gale days is 40 days, the annual maximum wind speed is 30.0 M / s, and the occurrence date is April 23.
The water resources of Karamay district mainly come from Baiyanghe reservoir, Baikouquan groundwater and water diversion project. The capacity of ayikule reservoir is 38 million cubic meters.
The main minerals in Karamay area include oil, natural gas, asphalt sand, kaolin, clay, limestone, coal, salt, gypsum and mirabilite.
The main wild animals in Karamay are gazelle (yellow sheep), hare, wild boar, argali, fox, lizard, pheasant, duck, swan, sparrow, cuckoo, wolf, rat snake, toad, oriole, magpie, lark, eagle, crow, dove and egret. Fish resources include crucian carp, carp, grass carp, etc. Insects include aphids, scale insects, red spiders, longicorn beetles, Carabidae, locusts, ladybugs, Braconidae, etc.
The main wild plants in Karamay are Populus euphratica, elm, Elaeagnus angustifolia, Haloxylon ammodendron, lingdang thorn, wolfberry, reed, red willow, Achnatherum splendens, Festuca arundinacea, Taraxacum mongolicum, Portulaca oleracea, Astragalus membranaceus, tulip, Fritillaria, Codonopsis pilosula, bupleurum, rhubarb, licorice, Sophora alopecuroides, etc.
By the end of 2015, the total population of Karamay district (excluding the Corps population in the area) was 261712, of which 200078 were registered residence and 61634 were temporary residents. Male population 134741, accounting for 51.48%; female population 126971, accounting for 48.52%. Among the registered residence population, there were 48284 ethnic minorities, accounting for 24.13%, and 151794 Han people, accounting for 75.87%. 2455 people were born, the birth rate was 12.42 ‰; 783 people died, the death rate was 3.96 ‰; the natural growth rate of population was 8.61 ‰. The ratio of male to female was 105:100.
In 2015, the local GDP of Karamay District reached 14.02 billion yuan, an increase of 7.5% over the previous year. Among them, the added value of the primary industry was 373 million yuan, down 3%; the added value of the secondary industry was 2.663 billion yuan, down 13%; the added value of the tertiary industry was 10.984 billion yuan, up 11%. The added value of the primary industry accounts for 2.7% of the GDP, and the added value of the secondary industry accounts for 19%. The added value of the tertiary industry accounted for 78.3%. Consumer prices rose by 0.4% over the previous year, with food prices falling by 2%. The retail price of goods decreased by 0.3% over the previous year. Industrial producer prices (ex factory prices of original industrial products) rose by 2.2%. At the end of the year, the number of employed people in urban areas increased by 1709. At the end of the year, the registered urban unemployment rate was 1.2%.
In 2015, Karamay District completed 8.312 billion yuan of investment in fixed assets, a decrease of 7.9% over the previous year. The investment in the primary industry was 29 million yuan, the investment in the secondary industry was 1.37 billion yuan, down 31.4%, and the investment in the tertiary industry was 6.91 billion yuan, down 1.3%. The investment in real estate development was 2.945 billion yuan, an increase of 1.9% over the previous year, of which 2.209 billion yuan was for housing, a decrease of 2.9%.
In 2015, the local financial revenue of Karamay District reached 1.908 billion yuan. 1.5% lower than the previous year. The general budget revenue was 1.906 billion yuan, an increase of 0.6%. Business tax decreased by 12.7%, corporate income tax increased by 21.7%, and personal income tax decreased by 9.4%. The fiscal expenditure was 2.113 billion yuan, a year-on-year decrease of 2.3%. The general budget expenditure was 2.110 billion yuan, a year-on-year decrease of 0.7%. Expenditure on science and technology decreased by 16.7%, culture, sports and media increased by 15.2%, and health care increased by 12.3%.
In 2015, the per capita net income of rural residents in Karamay district was 20000 yuan, a real increase of 10.9% over the previous year; the per capita disposable income of urban residents was 33776 yuan, a real increase of 10.0%. The Engel coefficient of urban households was 37.8%.
In 2015, the total output value of agriculture, forestry and animal husbandry in Karamay district was 140 million yuan, an increase of 12.90% over the previous year. The total sown area of crops was 2386.93 hectares, including 16.67 hectares of grain and 2000.13 hectares of cotton. Grain output was 1394.88 tons, a decrease of 133.5 tons or 8.73% over the previous year. Cotton output was 11010.13 tons, down 613 tons or 5.27% from the previous year. The total output of meat was 6076 tons, an increase of 14.54% over the previous year.
the secondary industry
In 2015, Karamay District achieved an industrial added value of 1.902 billion yuan, a decrease of 6.2% over the previous year. Among them, China owned and state-owned holding enterprises increased by 40.2%, joint-stock enterprises decreased by 6.5%, foreign-invested enterprises and enterprises invested by Hong Kong, Macao and Taiwan increased by 8.1%, and private enterprises decreased by 6.2%. Among the industries above Designated Size, the auxiliary activities of oil and gas exploitation decreased by 6.2%, the agricultural and sideline food processing industry decreased by 24.9%, the food manufacturing industry decreased by 1.9%, the papermaking and paper products industry decreased by 11.9%, the rubber products industry decreased by 20.9%, the plastic products industry decreased by 20.9%, the non-metallic mineral products industry decreased by 18.5%, the metal products industry increased by 55%, and the special equipment industry increased by 55% The manufacturing industry decreased by 8.6%, the general equipment manufacturing industry decreased by 38.3%, the chemical raw materials and chemical products manufacturing industry decreased by 22.8%, and the petroleum processing, coking and nuclear fuel processing industry increased by 9.3%.
In 2015, the completed area of houses in Karamay district was 651432 square meters, a decrease of 53.6%. The sales area of commercial housing was 979479 square meters, down 24.5%. The total output value of construction industry in the whole region reached 5.778 billion yuan
Chinese PinYin : Xin Jiang Wei Wu Er Zi Zhi Qu Ke La Ma Yi Shi Ke La Ma Yi Qu
Karamay District, Karamay City, Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region
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