Zhongning County Zhongning county is subordinate to Zhongwei city of Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region. Located in the middle of Ningxia and the southern end of Ningxia Plain, it is between 105 ° 26-106 ° 7 E and 37 ° 9-37 ° 50 n. Located on both sides of the Yellow River, it is the transitional zone between the Inner Mongolia Plateau and the Loess Plateau, belonging to the continental monsoon climate zone of the north temperate zone. It is adjacent to Litong District and Qingtongxia City in the East, Zhongwei City in the west, Tongxin County in the south, and Alxa Left Banner in Inner Mongolia in the north. The county is about 50 kilometers wide from east to west and 60 kilometers long from north to south, with a total area of 3369.58 square kilometers and a permanent population of 351700, of which 92500 are Hui and other ethnic minorities, accounting for 26.3%. The government is located in Ning'an town.
Zhongning county is located in the intersection of Yinchuan Liupanshan and Yinchuan Shapotou tourism routes. It is the "dry dock" and the distribution center of people, logistics and information flow through the northwest. It is rich in wolfberry, jujube, grain and oil, melon and fruit, livestock and poultry, and is the production base of Chinese wolfberry, commodity grain and lean meat pig. In 2013, the GDP of Zhongning County reached 11.8 billion yuan, the investment in fixed assets reached 14.46 billion yuan, and the public budget revenue reached 760 million yuan.
Zhongning county is also the birthplace and authentic origin of Chinese wolfberry in the world. In 1961, it was named as the production base county of Chinese wolfberry by the Ministry of agriculture. In 1995, it was named as "the hometown of Chinese wolfberry" by the State Council. On July 29, 2020, it will be included in the National Health township (county) naming list of 2017-2019 cycle. In October 2020, it was rated as the national model city (county) of double support.
According to the records of Geography in Hanshu, in the third year of Yuanding (114 BC) of the Western Han Dynasty, xujuan county was set up. The south of Fuping County is under the jurisdiction of Anding county. Anding County governs 21 counties, of which jijuan county is one.
The uprising of Qiang nationality took place in the fifth year of Yongchu (111) of Eastern Han Dynasty, which forced anding county and Beidi county to move in. Qiongjuan County became a nomadic area of Qiang nationality, and its organizational system was abandoned.
During the period of the Sixteen States, JUANJUAN belonged to the former Zhao (Xiongnu), the later Zhao (Jie), the former Qin (DI) and the later Qin (Qiang). In the Northern Wei Dynasty, it belonged to the town of Bo Gu Lu. In the Western Wei Dynasty, Mingsha county was set up, belonging to Pule county. In the second year of Baoding (562) of the Northern Zhou Dynasty, Huizhou was established, and its governance was in Mingsha county. In the sixth year of Jiande (577), Huizhou was changed into Mingsha town.
Sui kaihuang ten years (590) in the north of the Yellow River home Fengan County, spiritual Wujun. Kaihuang 19 years (599) in Mingsha set up ring state, at the same time, set up Mingsha County subordinate. Daye three years (607) waste Huanzhou, Mingsha county is subordinate to Lingwu county.
Tang Wude two years (619) home will state, jurisdiction Mingsha county. In the fourth year of Wude (621), Fengan county was established from huile county. Zhenguan four years (630) back to the state, jurisdiction Fengan county. Six years (632) home Huanzhou, jurisdiction Mingsha and other counties. Nine years (635) ring state waste, Mingsha county to spiritual state. In the 13th year (639), Huizhou was abolished and Fengan county was merged into huile county. In the third year of Tang Xianheng (672), an'er Prefecture was set up within the boundary of Mingsha, where the Tuguhun tribe moved from Qinghai was settled. Long live Tongtian first year (696) in Fengan built Fengan army. In 706 of the second year of Shenlong (706), when the Turkic Khan was attacking the border silently, Mingsha county was transferred to Fengan city and soon recovered. In the early days of the Kaiyuan Dynasty (713 -), the eastern Gaolan Jimi Prefecture was set up in the boundary of Mingsha, and the tielehun tribe was attached to the Tang Dynasty. In the first year of Guangde (763), Mingsha county was trapped in Tufan, and then transferred to Fengan city. In the third year of Dazhong's recovery (849), Weizhou was established in Anle Prefecture of Mingsha County, and Mingsha county was under its jurisdiction. In the first year of Zhonghe (881), Xiongzhou was set up in feng'an city. In the third year of Guangqi (887), Tufan invaded again, and Weizhou moved to Liangzhou town.
In the fifth year of Xianping (1002) of the Northern Song Dynasty, Li Jiqian, a member of the Dangxiang clan, captured Lingzhou. Since then, Zhongning area was ruled by Dangxiang nationality. The Western Xia Dynasty set up Helan army in gufeng'an military city to the north of the Yellow River.
Mingshazhou was set up in Yuan Dynasty, belonging to Ningxia Fu Road. In mingshazhou City, there are two water and land posts.
In the 24th year of Hongwu in Ming Dynasty (1391), Zhu Zhan was granted the title of King Qing, and Mingsha was assigned to the garrison of the royal guards. In the first year of Jianwen (1399), Ningxia Zhongwei was set up. Zhangyibao and weiwubao in Zhongning area belong to Zhongwei in the West and guangwuying and mingshazhou in the East.
In the second year of Yongzheng reign (1724) of the Qing Dynasty, the system of Weisuo was abolished and Zhongwei county was changed into Zhongwei County in Ningxia. In 1759, the quning inspection department was set up in ning'anbao, representing Zhongwei county government to manage the affairs of Qukou and Ning'an, and its jurisdiction is slightly larger than that of present-day Ning county.
After the revolution of 1911, the construction of the county remained unchanged, and the inspection department of quning was abolished.
In the 22nd year of the Republic of China (1933), Zhongning county was set up in the east of Zhongwei county and was stationed in ninganbao, named after Zhongwei and Ningan.
In the 23rd year of the Republic of China (January 1, 1934), Zhongning county government was officially established, and the county seat was located in ninganpu.
In 1945, it was under the jurisdiction of the second administrative inspector District of Ningxia Province (in Zhongning county). Soon after that, the special district was abolished and Zhongning County returned to the direct jurisdiction of the province.
On September 14, 1949, China and Ningxia were liberated.
In 1952, two townships of Changqiao and Baiqiao in the second district were abolished, and two townships of Jinya and majiazitan were added; three townships of liumiao, kongtai and Changtan in the third district were abolished, and three townships of Shangzhuang, wanjiashatan and Huangxin were added; two townships of Xueying and sandaoqu in the fourth district were abolished, and two townships of Huangying and baimatan were added.
In May 1953, yaoyashan township was assigned to Tongxin county.
In 1954, Ningxia Province was abolished, and Zhongning belonged to Yinchuan District of Gansu Province.
After the establishment of Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region in 1958, it was under the jurisdiction of Ningxia Autonomous Region.
In November 1955, the district was abolished and the county was restructured into one town and 18 townships.
In 1965, Chengguan town was established.
In 1966, it was renamed as a revolutionary commune and then restored to its original name.
Yinnan district was established in 1972, and Zhongning county was under the jurisdiction of Yinnan district.
In 1978, the Autonomous Region decided to set up a mechanized farm at the head of the state battalion on the basis of the chenmajing commune, and the chenmajing commune was abolished.
In 1984, the commune was renamed township.
In September 1985, changshantou township was added. The county has jurisdiction over one town, 14 townships, one township level area, two township level Diaozhuang and two autonomous regional state farms.
In February 1986, Mingsha and Shikong were changed into towns.
In May 1987, Dazhanchang Township and Majialiang Township were set up; so far, the county has jurisdiction over 3 towns and 14 townships.
In 1998, it was under the jurisdiction of Wuzhong City.
In 2000, Zhongning County governed 3 towns and 14 townships.
On December 31, 2003, the State Council approved Zhongning county and Haiyuan county to be included in the newly established prefecture level Zhongwei city. The Autonomous Region decided to put the shoushoushui township of Tongxin County under the jurisdiction of Zhongning county.
In 2005, Zhongning County governed 5 towns and 5 townships, with a total of 134 administrative districts.
On October 27, 2006, the people's Government of Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region agreed to assign 80.2 square kilometers of land extending from Qingtongxia Reservoir Wetland Reserve to Zhongning county and Xintian and Yuejin villages of Baima township of Zhongning county to Qingtongxia City, and to cancel the Management Bureau of tongtongxia Reservoir Wetland Nature Reserve of the former environmental protection Bureau of Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region.
On April 18, 2012, the big battlefield was changed from township to town. The county governs 6 towns, 4 townships, 2 management committees and 112 administrative villages. The government is based in Ning'an town.
On November 16, 2017, taiyangliang township of Zhongning county was officially established.
In 2017, Zhongning county has jurisdiction over six towns, six townships and Hongwu District Management Committee.
Zhongning county is located in the west of the central part of Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region. It is located between 105 ° 26-106 ° 7 E and 37 ° 9-37 ° 50 n. It is adjacent to Litong District and Qingtongxia City in the East, Zhongwei City in the west, Tongxin County in the South and Alxa Left Banner in Inner Mongolia in the north. The county is about 50 km wide from east to west and 60 km long from north to south. The total area is 3369.58 square kilometers.
Zhongning county belongs to the north temperate monsoon climate zone. The annual average temperature of Zhongning county is 9.5 ℃, the annual average precipitation is 202.1 mm, the precipitation from June to August accounts for 61% of the annual precipitation, and the annual evaporation is 1947.1 mm, which is 9.6 times of the annual average precipitation.
The whole terrain of Zhongning County inclines from west to East and from south to north. The altitude of the territory is between 2955 m and 1100 M. Zhongning is located in the transitional zone between Inner Mongolia Plateau and Loess Plateau. The county is surrounded by mountains on all sides, and the middle part is a low flat basin. The Yellow River flows from west to east to North in the middle of China, with 805.9 square kilometers of Yellow River Diversion and pumping irrigation areas on both sides, which are divided into three parts: Henan old irrigation area, Hebei irrigation area and changshantou pumping irrigation area.
In 2013, the total population of Zhongning county was 336100, including 244900 agricultural population, accounting for 72.8% of the county's population, and 78000 Hui people, accounting for 23.2% of the county's population.
The main ethnic groups are Hui, Manchu, Yi, Miao, Tujia, Yao, Korean and Mongolian.
In 2018, the permanent resident population was 351700, of which 92500 were Hui and other ethnic minorities, accounting for 26.3%.
Zhongning county is rich in natural resources, with large reserves and high grade of gypsum, limestone, coal, iron and other mineral products. In particular, the total reserves of Jiangoushan anthracite (including fixed carbon 88.66%, high calorific value 7538 Ka / g, low calorific value 7197 Ka / g, mechanical strength 67.14%, ash 5.33%, volatile content 2.99%, sulfur content 0.95%) reach 600 million tons, which belongs to the "three high and three low" (high density, high strength, high strength, low sulfur content) High calorific value, low ash, low sulfur and low phosphorus)
Chinese PinYin : Ning Xia Hui Zu Zi Zhi Qu Zhong Wei Shi Zhong Ning Xian
Zhongning County, Zhongwei City, Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region
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