Yingshan County Yingshan County is a county under the jurisdiction of Huanggang City, Hubei Province. It is located in the northeast of Hubei Province, at the south foot of Tiantangzhai, the main peak of Dabie Mountain, and borders Yuexi County and Taihu County of Anqing City, Anhui Province in the East; Qichun county and Xishui County of Huanggang City in the South; Luotian County of Huanggang City in the west, and Jinzhai County and Huoshan County of Lu'an City, Anhui Province in the north. It has a total area of 1449 square kilometers and governs 8 towns and 3 counties There were 363400 townships with permanent residents in 2017.
Yingshan County is adjacent to Wuhan city circle in the West and Wanjiang economic belt in the East. It has built two national 4A tourist attractions, namely the main peak of Dabie Mountain scenic spot and taohuachong scenic spot, as well as hot spring health preservation, canyon drifting, river tracing exploration, folk customs and many red tourist attractions. As early as the 1980s, there was the first hot spring swimming and diving hall in China, Zhou Jihong and more than a dozen other world famous scenic spots World champions have trained here, known as the "cradle of diving champions.".
In 2017, the GDP of Yingshan County was 9.868 billion yuan, of which the added value of the primary industry was 3.518 billion yuan, the added value of the secondary industry was 3.217 billion yuan, the added value of the tertiary industry was 3.133 billion yuan, and the ratio of the three industrial structures was 35.7:32.6:31.7.
Four thousand years ago, the land of Yingshan County was the seat of ancient England.
For the history of England in Xia, Shang and Zhou dynasties, there are no detailed records in Zuozhuan and Guoyu. Only Sima Qian's Shiji in Han Dynasty has a brief record in Shiji · xiabenji.
Emperor Yu set up gaotao and recommended it to the government. And gaotao's death, after the seal of gaotao, was in Yingliu.
According to the article "people of Lu'an, Anhui Province: gaotao, the four sages of ancient China and the forefather of justice", gaotao was granted to Ying and Liu, which are located in today's Lu'an, Yingshan, Jinzhai and Huoshan.
During the spring and Autumn period and the Warring States period, it belonged to the state of Chu.
From the Western Han Dynasty to the Tang Dynasty, it belonged to Lujiang County.
In the third year of Xianchun (1267) of the Southern Song Dynasty, Duan Chaoli, the governor of Yanjiang County, requested Yingshan County to be established.
In 1270, Yingshan was built in Zhihe township to the east of Luotian.
In 1270, Emperor duzong Zhao Qi made a decision to cut dongzhihe township of Luotian County to Yingshan County, and ordered Duan Chaoli to be the county magistrate. After the yuan, Ming and Qing Dynasties.
In the early years of the Republic of China (1912), it belonged to Anhui Province.
In 1914, it was changed to Anqing road. In 1930, the CPC Yingshan County Committee led the peasant uprising, that is, the "March 2" uprising, and changed Yingshan County to Hongshan County, which belongs to the northwest road of Hubei Henan Anhui special zone. In 1931, Yingshan County was still under the jurisdiction of liuanzhou, Anhui Province.
In 1932, the main force of the Red Army was transferred, and the Kuomintang government renamed Yingshan County.
It was liberated in the 38th year of the Republic of China (March 19, 1949), and Yingshan County was under the jurisdiction of Huanggang Commissioner's office of Hubei Province.
In 1996, Huanggang City was established, and Yingshan County is subordinate to Huanggang City.
In 1996, Yingshan County covers an area of 1449 square kilometers and has jurisdiction over 8 towns and 10 townships: Wenquan Town, Nanhe Town, Hongshan Town, jinjiapu Town, shitouzui Town, Caopandi Town, Leijiadian Town, yangliuyi Town, fangjiazui Town, pengjiafan Town, baizhanghe Town, kongjiafang Town, Fuzhiling Town, Zhangjiazui Town, zhanjiahe Town, guolutan Town, tumenhe town and sanmenhe town. The county government is located in Wenquan Town.
By the end of 2004, it had jurisdiction over 8 towns of Wenquan, Nanhe, Hongshan, jinjiapu, shitouzui, Caopandi, Leijiadian, Yangliuwan and 3 townships of fangjiazui, kongjiafang and taojiahe, with a total of 7 communities and 306 community villages. By the end of 2005, Yingshan County had jurisdiction over 8 towns, 3 townships, 7 communities and 306 community villages.
As of December 31, 2005, Yingshan County has jurisdiction over 8 towns and 3 townships. There are 7 communities and 306 villages.
By 2019, Yingshan County has jurisdiction over 8 towns and 3 townships: Wenquan Town, Nanhe Town, Hongshan Town, jinjiapu Town, shitouzui Town, Caopandi Town, Leijiadian Town, Yangliuwan Town, fangjiazui Town, kongjiafang town and taojiahe town. The government is located in Wenquan Town.
Yingshan County is located in the east of Hubei Province, at the south foot of Tiantangzhai, the main peak of Dabie Mountain. It borders Yuexi and Taihu Lake in Anhui Province in the East, Qichun and Xishui in the south, Luotian in the West and Jinzhai and Huoshan in Anhui Province in the north. It spans 115 ° 3 ′ 153 ″ - 116 ° 4 ′ 2 ″ E and 30 ° 31 ′ - 31 ° 8 ′ 58 ″ n. The county is 43 kilometers wide from east to west and 70 kilometers long from north to south, with a total area of 1449 square kilometers.
Topography and geology
Yingshan County is dominated by medium and low mountains, known as "eight mountains, one water and one farmland". Tiantangzhai, the main peak of the Dabie Mountains in the north, extends to the northeast, forming a series of peaks such as yunfengding, shiguzhai, Wufengshan and HUANGMEIJIAN, and then branches to the west to form three ridges, with East River and west river running through the whole territory, forming a gradually sloping terrain from northeast to southwest. The highest point of Tiantangzhai is 1729 meters above sea level, and the lowest point of boat embankment is 90 meters above sea level, with an average slope of 17 degrees.
From the late Archean to the early Mesozoic, Yingshan was still a vast ocean. In the long period of geological history, there have been many crustal tectonic movements. The two great movements of Dabie Luliang and Indosinian made the crust in the fold area rise continuously, forming various ridges and valleys. The area is mainly controlled by NE trending folds and faults. Due to the uneven compressive stress, the NE trending folds and faults change axially, forming an arc-shaped structural belt. The three ridges of Yingshan are the result of NE trending arc-shaped folds. The East and West rivers are formed by NE trending faults. The later Yanshanian movement resulted in NE trending folds, thrusts and compressional fracture zones in the original NE trending arc structure, forming some north-south trending mountains and rivers. Since then, through the combined action of internal and external forces in the long period of the third and Quaternary, Yingshan has gradually formed a modern geomorphic outline of "three mountains with two rivers".
The crust of Yingshan County is composed of Dabie mountain old metamorphic rocks and intrusive rocks, and the parent material of soil is mainly granite gneiss. There are five soil types, eleven subclasses, 23 soil genera and 89 soil species in the county. Among them, yellow brown soil accounted for 86.97% of the total area, paddy soil accounted for 12.29% of the total area, and other soil types accounted for 0.74%.
Yingshan County belongs to the north subtropical humid monsoon climate in the middle and lower reaches of the Yangtze River. The county has a warm and humid climate, abundant rainfall, four distinct seasons and many disasters. The temperature in Yingshan County decreases with the increase of altitude, and there is obvious vertical difference. When the altitude of the whole county increases by 100 meters, the annual average temperature decreases by 0.53 ℃, and the frost free period shortens by 3.5 days. The annual average temperature is 16.4 ℃, the average temperature in January is 3.6 ℃, and the average temperature in July is 28.5 ℃. The extreme minimum temperature in Yingshan County is - 13.5 ℃, and the extreme maximum temperature is 42.0 ℃. The annual average frost free period is 241 days, and the average first frost day is November 14.
The average annual precipitation of Yingshan County is 1403 mm, and that of taohuachong in the northeast is 1533 mm. In addition, the annual variation of precipitation in Yingshan County is also large, and 70% of the annual precipitation is concentrated in April to August. Among them: Spring accounted for 29.8%, summer accounted for 45.1%, autumn accounted for 16.2%, winter accounted for 8.9%, Yingshan County annual average rainfall day 133.1, Rainstorm Day 5.1. The annual average sunshine hours is 1966.1 hours, and 80% of the years are greater than or equal to 1892.7 hours. Among them, the radiation in four seasons of Yingshan County is 26.2% in spring, 35.2% in summer, 22.8% in autumn and 15.8% in winter.
In Yingshan, there are 11 species of wildlife under the second level or above national protection, including swan, kitten, forest musk deer, leopard, hawk, spoon chicken, white crowned pheasant, tiger frog, Harrier, giant salamander, and 40 species of wildlife under the second level key protection. There are 172 tree species and 236 shrub species in the village. Among them, there are 25 species of national second class or above protected trees and 15 species of provincial key protected plants.
There are 14 kinds of mineral resources in Yingshan County, with 234 mineral deposits. Among them, geothermal resources have been listed in the resource reserve table of main mining areas in Hubei Province, which belongs to medium-sized geothermal deposits. Up to 2007, the proven reserves are 38000 tons / day, and 20000 tons / day have been developed and utilized. The metal ore is mainly River Iron sand, which is scattered throughout the county. There are also ilmenite, copper, uranium and gold deposits, with small reserves and no mining value. Non metallic minerals are mainly granite, marble, yellow sand, vein quartz, hornblende and garnet, with certain reserves. Asbestos, vermiculite, crystal, color stone, corundum and rutile are potential mineral deposits, which need to be explored. Clay reserves are the largest.
By the end of 2017, the registered residence population of Yingshan county was 400 thousand and 200, 4 thousand and 700 less than the end of last year, and 363 thousand and 400 people were resident at the end of the year, 700 more than the end of last year, and 146 thousand and 500 households at the end of the year, 1 thousand more than the end of last year. In the whole year, 5255 people were born, with a birth rate of 13.1 ‰; 7045 people died, with a death rate of 17.6 ‰; and the natural growth rate of population decreased by 4.5 ‰. The sex ratio at birth (male: female, female: 100) reached 108.01%. At the end of the year, 3200 new jobs were created in cities and towns of the county, and the registered unemployment rate in cities and towns was 1.68%.
In 2017, Yingshan County achieved regional total production
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