Xixiang County, belonging to Hanzhong City, Shaanxi Province, is located in the south of Shaanxi Province and the east of Hanzhong, adjacent to Shiquan and Hanyin in the East, Zhenba and Tongjiang in Sichuan in the south, Yangxian in the north, Chenggu and Nanzheng in the west, with a total area of 3240 square kilometers.
Xixiang culture is rich in accumulation. Lijia village site, more than 7000 years ago, has become a representative of the early Neolithic culture. Six thousand years ago, the Hejiawan people not only stored a large amount of rice, but also created the head portrait of bone carvings, which is listed as the first collection of Shaanxi History Museum. During the period of the Three Kingdoms, Zhang Fei, a famous general, was granted the Marquis's food town here. After liberation, red elites such as Jiang Longji, Zhang Yangwu and Chen Yin, who presided over the party and government work of Peking University, Lanzhou University, Central Institute for Nationalities and Tianjin Academy of fine arts, also emerged.
In 2019, Xixiang County governs 2 streets and 15 towns. In 2018, the permanent resident population of Xixiang County was 34479, with a GDP of 11.085 billion yuan, of which the added value of the primary industry was 2.109 billion yuan, the added value of the secondary industry was 4.423 billion yuan, the added value of the tertiary industry was 4.554 billion yuan, and the per capita GDP was 32151 yuan.
In Xia and Shang Dynasties (about 21-11 century BC), the county belonged to Bafang, a vassal of Baoguo in Liangzhou.
In the Western Zhou Dynasty (1027-771 BC), the county belonged to the state of Chu in Yongzhou.
In the spring and Autumn period and the Warring States period (770-221 BC), the county still belonged to Chu. In the 13th year of gengyuan, King Huiwen of Qin Dynasty (312 BC), the "battle of Danyang" took place between Qin and Chu. The Qin division won the victory and occupied the middle and upper reaches of Hanjiang River in Chu until the end of the Warring States period (221 BC).
In the Qin Dynasty (221-207 BC), Chenggu County, Hanzhong County, was located.
The Western Han Dynasty (206-25 BC) inherited the system of the Qin Dynasty and continued to run counties. In the fifth year of Yuanfeng (106 BC), Emperor Wu divided the country into 13 prefectures (counties). The majority of the counties belonged to Chenggu County, Hanzhong County, Yizhou, and Anyang County, Hanzhong County, in the northeast.
In the 23rd year of xinmangdihuang, Gongsun Shu ruled Yizhou and occupied Ba and Han. In the 13th year, the county was under the jurisdiction of Gongsun regime.
In the 36th year of Jianwu in the Eastern Han Dynasty, Shu was destroyed, and the county returned to the Han Dynasty. It still belonged to Chenggu County, Hanzhong County, Yizhou. In the seventh year of Yongyuan (1995), ban Chao made great contributions to the pacification of the western regions, granted the Marquis of Dingyuan, collected food in the county (including Zhenba today), and built pingxicheng (also known as Pingyang city and Dingyuan city), which was the beginning of the construction of Xixiang County. In 191, Zhang Lu took charge of Hanzhong and changed Hanzhong County into Hanning county. In the 20th year of Jian'an (215), Cao Cao took charge of Hanzhong and restored the name of Hanzhong county. County name two more, county still belongs to.
In 219, Liu Bei took Hanzhong and returned the county to Shu. In 221, the first year of Zhangwu, Emperor zhaolie of Shuhan Dynasty, it was divided into Nanxiang county (now Xixiang County and Zhenba County). From then on, Xixiang County was separated from Chenggu County and administrated independently. It was still under the jurisdiction of Hanzhong County in Yizhou of Shuhan Dynasty. The county was governed by guirenshan (now yuduba ancient castle in Zhenba County). In the same year, Zhang Fei, a general of Shu, was granted the title of "Marquis of Xixiang" in Jin Dynasty, and his food was taken from Nanxiang county.
In 263, the fourth year of Jingyuan reign of the Wei and Yuan emperors, Shu was conquered by Cao Wei and divided into seven counties to the north of Guanghan, Ba and Fuling as Liangzhou. Xixiang County belonged to Wei and belonged to Hanzhong County of Liangzhou.
In the second year of Taikang in the Western Jin Dynasty (281), because Zhang Fei was granted the title of marquis Xixiang, Nanxiang county was changed to Xixiang County. The governing place was moved from guirenshan to pingxicheng, and still belonged to Hanzhong County of Liangzhou. In 313, the first year of emperor Jianxing, Qiu CHIDI and Yang were under the control of Hanzhong. In the following year, Zhang Xianqi, a native of Liangzhou, fought for Di army and returned to Li Xiong, a Badi County in Yizhou. Therefore, Xixiang County was owned by "Dacheng" built by Li Xiong, and its administrative subordination was still Hanzhong County in Liangzhou.
At the beginning of the Eastern Jin Dynasty (including the Sixteen Kingdoms), Xixiang County was still owned by Chenghan (Dacheng). In the third year of Yonghe (347), Emperor mu of the Jin Dynasty conquered Shu in Huanwen, destroyed the Han Dynasty, and returned Xixiang County to Jin. In the first year of Ningkang (373), Emperor Xiaowu of the Eastern Jin Dynasty, Fu Jian sent troops to capture Liang and Yi prefectures, and Xixiang County was occupied by the former Qin Dynasty. In 384, huanchong sent Yang Jianqi to recover Hanzhong and Xixiang County to Jin. In the first year of emperor an Yixi (405), Qiao Zong rebelled against Jin Dynasty and took charge of Liang, Yi and Chou Chi. Emperor Di Yang Sheng took charge of Hanzhong and asked to surrender to the later Qin Dynasty. However, Yang Sheng stayed between the Eastern Jin Dynasty and the later Qin Dynasty because of his peeping at both ends. Neither the Eastern Jin Dynasty nor the later Qin Dynasty had the actual jurisdiction. The counties and counties in Hanzhong were actually under the jurisdiction of Yang Sheng. In 413, Liu Yu ordered Zhu Lingshi, the governor of Yizhou, to destroy Qiao Zong and recover the Eastern Jin Dynasty of Sichuan Province, which conquered Hanzhong by taking advantage of the victory, and Xixiang County returned to Jin Dynasty. In the 103 years of the Eastern Jin Dynasty, Hanzhong county was under the jurisdiction of Hanzhong County of Liangzhou.
In the southern and Northern Dynasties, from Liu Song, Xiao Qi to Tianjian, Emperor Wu of Xiao Liang (504, the first year of emperor Xuanwu of Northern Wei Dynasty), Xia Hou Dao, the governor of Liangzhou, moved to Hanzhong and defected to the Northern Wei Dynasty. The Northern Wei regime set up Fengning garrison in the county (now Xiakou). Xixiang County was changed into Fengning County, which means that the five grains are rich and the four seasons are Xianning. Fengning County was led by Fengning County, and the counties were stationed in Fengning garrison, which was under the jurisdiction of dongliangzhou. The old governance of Pingxi city was abolished. In 535, Emperor Wudi of Liang Dynasty restored Liangzhou to Shi Lanqin. Xixiang County returned to Liang and restored the name of Xixiang County. It was still under the jurisdiction of Hanzhong county. In 551, Hou jingsujiang committed a crime in Jiangling, and Liang Xiaoyi begged for help in the Western Wei Dynasty, about to cede Hanzhong. In 552, daxiwu was sent to occupy Hanzhong, and Xixiang County was owned by the Western Wei. The Western Wei Dynasty restored the establishment of the Northern Wei Dynasty, abolished the name of Xixiang County, and established Fengning County and Fengning County in Fengning garrison. In the following year, after analyzing the location of beiliangzhou and Zhizhou (i.e. dongliangzhou in the Northern Wei Dynasty), Yangzhou was set in the Yang of Haoping mountain on the West Bank of Jingyang estuary (i.e. today's sijihe River), named after Yangshui, which was the beginning of Xixiang County. Yangzhou leads Yangzhou, Huaichang, Yangzhong and Fengning. Yangchuan County governs Huangjin County; Huaichang County governs Huaining County; Yangzhong County governs Fengning County. In 556, the third year of emperor Gong of the Western Wei Dynasty, yuwenjue took the place of Wei Lizhou. Xixiang County was owned by the Northern Zhou Dynasty and still belonged to Fengning County of Yangzhou.
In the Sui Dynasty, Fengning County was still a Yangzhou county when Emperor Wen withdrew the county in 583. In the first year of Daye (605), Emperor Yang abolished the state and restored the county. In the following year, Liang and Yang prefectures were removed and merged into Hanchuan County; the name of Fuxi township of Fengning County was changed (from Fengning garrison to Wugeng county), and the county government was transferred from Fengning garrison to the Yang of Haoping mountain, where Yangyuan town (military establishment) was established, and the County and town were under the jurisdiction of Hanchuan county.
In 618, the first year of Wude, Emperor Gaozu of Tang Dynasty, the county was abolished and the Prefecture was restored. The three counties of Xixiang, Xingshi and Huangjin in Hanchuan county were analyzed. Then the Yangzhou was established in Xixiang Prefecture and county, and the Haoping mountain was governed in the same way. Seven years (624 years) analysis Xixiang south border home Yangyuan County (now Zhenba County). In the first year of Zhenguan (627), Emperor Taizong of Tang Dynasty divided the whole country into 10 Daos. Xixiang County was under the jurisdiction of Shannan daoyang state. Xuanzong Kaiyuan 21 years (733) adjustment zoning, Shannan road is divided into East and West, Xixiang County with Yangzhou is Shannan road. The first year of Tianbao (742) changed Yangzhou into Yangchuan county. In 756, the county government moved from Xixiang to Xingdao. In the first year of emperor Qianyuan's reign (758), Emperor suzong withdrew the prefecture and restored it to Yangzhou. Xixiang County is still under the jurisdiction of the people's Republic of China. In the first year of Daizong Dali (766), the Yangyuan County government was burned and robbed because of military affairs, and the overseas Chinese settled in baituan village of Xixiang County. In 825, Yangyuan County was abolished and most of it was merged into Xixiang County. In 887, Wuding army was established in Yangzhou. In the first year of Jingfu of Zhaozong (892), Li Maozhen, king of Qi, took Fengzhou, Xingzhou and Yangzhou as his name. In 902, Zhu Wen entered Guanzhong to control the government and kill the ministers. Wang Jian of Sichuan seized Xingyuan (Hanzhong) in the name of Feidao Qinwang. Li Sijing, the governor of Wuding army of Yangzhou, came down and Xixiang County returned to Qianshu with Yangzhou.
In the third year of Tongguang in the later Tang Dynasty (925, the first year of Xiankang in the former Shu Dynasty), the prince of Wei defeated Shu to Xingzhou (Lueyang). Wang Chengzhao, the governor of the former Shu army, descended from Yangzhou to the north of the later Tang Dynasty, and Xixiang County followed. In the first month of the first year of Yingshun (934) in the late Tang Dynasty, Yu Zhixiang sent Zhang Ye to Xingyuan. Sun Wenshao, the governor of Wuding army, descended to houshu with Yangzhou. In order to avoid Meng Zhixiang's taboo, he changed Yangzhou into Yuanzhou and Xixiang County was subordinate to it.
In the first month of the third year of Qiande in the Northern Song Dynasty (965), song generals Wang Quanbin and Liu Guangyi destroyed houshu and changed Yuanzhou to Fuyang Prefecture. Xixiang County, together with Xingshi, Huangjin and Zhenfu, was under the jurisdiction of Yangzhou. In the third year of Zhidao (997), the road was changed to road, which was divided into 15 roads in the whole country. Suiyang Prefecture in Xixiang County belonged to Shaanxi road. Xining five years (1072) to build Lizhou Road, Xixiang County with Yangzhou, county still in haopingshan Yang.
In the Southern Song Dynasty, the system of road, government (state, army) and county was still adopted. Shaoxing fourteen years (1144) Lizhou Road East and west two, Xixiang County under the jurisdiction of Lizhou East Road Yangzhou. In the first year of Duanping (1234), Jin died. The following year, the Mongol army invaded Jin, Yang and Liang (Xingyuan). The war lasted for many years, and Xixiang city was destroyed for 18 years. In the first year of baohu (1253, the third year of Xianzong in Mongolia), Kublai sent envoys to guard the Xingyuan prefectures. "At the beginning of the establishment, there was no time for a long-term rule", which followed the song system, and the East and West roads of Lizhou were Xingyuan roads. Xixiang County is under the jurisdiction of Yangzhou, Xingyuan road. At that time, the county seat was destroyed, and it was treated in the sun of Haoping mountain because of its poor condition.
From the Yuan Dynasty to the 23rd year of the Yuan Dynasty (1286), there were 10 "xingzhongshu provinces" in China, which were later increased to 11. Since then, Xixiang County has been separated from Yangzhou and changed into a new county
Chinese PinYin : Shan Xi Sheng Han Zhong Shi Xi Xiang Xian
Xixiang County, Hanzhong City, Shaanxi Province
Gaocheng District, Shijiazhuang City, Hebei Province. He Bei Sheng Shi Jia Zhuang Shi Gao Cheng Qu
Shuangyang District, Changchun City, Jilin Province. Ji Lin Sheng Zhang Chun Shi Shuang Yang Qu
Jiangbei District, Ningbo City, Zhejiang Province. Zhe Jiang Sheng Ning Bo Shi Jiang Bei Qu
Nanling County, Wuhu City, Anhui Province. An Hui Sheng Wu Hu Shi Nan Ling Xian
Tianjia'an District, Huainan City, Anhui Province. An Hui Sheng Huai Nan Shi Tian Jia An Qu
Tongbai County, Nanyang City, Henan Province. He Nan Sheng Nan Yang Shi Tong Bai Xian
Changning City, Hengyang City, Hunan Province. Hu Nan Sheng Heng Yang Shi Chang Ning Shi
Xinhui District, Jiangmen City, Guangdong Province. Guang Dong Sheng Jiang Men Shi Xin Hui Qu
Qinbei District, Qinzhou City, Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region. Guang Xi Zhuang Zu Zi Zhi Qu Qin Zhou Shi Qin Bei Qu
Changshun County, Qiannan Buyi and Miao Autonomous Prefecture, Guizhou Province. Gui Zhou Sheng Qian Nan Bu Yi Zu Miao Zu Zi Zhi Zhou Zhang Shun Xian
Xigu District, Lanzhou City, Gansu Province. Gan Su Sheng Lan Zhou Shi Xi Gu Qu
Xinshi District, Urumqi, Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region. Xin Jiang Wei Wu Er Zi Zhi Qu Wu Lu Mu Qi Shi Xin Shi Qu