Weishan Yi and Hui Autonomous County Weishan Yi and Hui Autonomous County (Weishan County for short) is subordinate to Dali Bai Autonomous Prefecture of Yunnan Province. It is located in the west of Yunnan Province and in the south of Dali Bai Autonomous Prefecture. The county is 391km away from Kunming City in the East and 53km away from Dali City in the north. Weishan County is adjacent to Dali City in the north, Midu County in the East, Nanjian County and Fengqing County in the south, and Yangbi River in the West. As of 2013, Weishan county had jurisdiction over 6 townships and 4 towns, covering an area of 2266 square kilometers. By the end of 2017, the registered residence population was 321554.
In 2018, Weishan County's GDP reached 6059.75 million yuan, an increase of 9.0%
The main scenic spots in Weishan County are: ancient buildings of Daojiao temple in Weibaoshan, ancient buildings of Changchun cave in Weibaoshan, ruins of shanlongshan and Nanzhao capital in Tushan, etc.
On September 29, 2018, Weishan Yi and Hui Autonomous County was approved by Yunnan provincial Party committee and government to withdraw from the poverty-stricken county.
Weishan was called "mengxie / mengshe", "mengxie Dragon / mengshe dragon" and "Xie long / she long" in ancient times, belonging to Ailao.
In 109 B.C., the Han Dynasty conquered Yunnan and set up Yizhou County, which extended its influence into Ailao state, and set up an evil dragon county in the east of Ailao and today's Weishan. The county was under the jurisdiction of Yizhou county.
In 69 ad, Ailao was attached to the Han Dynasty, where Yongchang County was set up. The county was transferred from Yizhou county to Yongchang County.
In 225 ad, the Shu Han Dynasty was divided into Jianning County, Yuejun county and Yongchang County to set up Yunnan county, and the evil dragon county was divided into Yunnan county from Yongchang County. Weishan belongs to the county of Xilong in Yunnan Province.
After the Western Jin Dynasty destroyed the Shu Han Dynasty, Weishan was also an evil dragon county in Yunnan Province; after the Western Jin Dynasty, the northern region was in strife, and the local people of Weishan no longer submitted to any political power.
In 738, Ailao people of mengshe came to the Erhai Basin and established Nanzhao state. Weishan was a shelter for the Nanzhao royal family.
After the demise of Nanzhao, it was successively subordinate to the mengshetang of dachanghe, Datian Xingguo, Dayi Ningguo and Dali.
In 1096, the state of Dali merged mengsheshan and yinshengjiedu into mengshe Town, which governs the area from the south of Weishan basin to Xishuangbanna. Weishan belongs to mengshe town of Dali state.
In 1254 ad, the Yuan Dynasty destroyed Dali. Weishan belongs to wanhufu of Dali in Yuan Dynasty.
In 1343 A.D., the army of Yuan Dynasty attacked mengmaonong (Luchuan state), which rose up in the Ruili River valley basin, and was chased by the army of mengmaonong (Luchuan state) to Yangbi river area. Weishan was occupied by general daosilang of mengmaonong (Luchuan state).
In 1355 ad, "mengmaonong" (Luchuan state) was attached to the Yuan Dynasty, and the Yuan Dynasty set up the pingmian xuanweisi in its control area. Weishan belongs to the mengshedi of xuanweisi in Burma.
In 1382 A.D., the Ming Dynasty occupied mengmaonong (xuanweisi of pingmian) and set up Menghua Prefecture, where zuohe was appointed as the local magistrate. Weishan belongs to Menghua Prefecture.
In 1409 ad, zuoga attacked the prefecture magistrate; in 1448 ad, zuoga was promoted to Menghua Prefecture and granted the seal of Prefecture magistrate.
The Qing Dynasty followed the system of the Ming Dynasty until the 23rd year of Guangxu (1897).
In the early years of the Republic of China, Mengcheng, Xinxing and Anyuan were reduced to Liuguan, and more than 20 Tucheng villages, such as LIULONG City, zuosan village and gupoluo, were under the management of Zuoshi, the former chieftain. First, it was a prefecture, then a first-class county.
After the founding of the people's Republic of China, Weishan Yi Autonomous County was established in November 1956, and Weishan Yi Hui Autonomous County was established in October 1958.
Weishan Yi and Hui Autonomous County is located in the west of Yunnan Province, in the south of Dali Bai Autonomous Prefecture, between 99 ° 55 ′ - 100 ° 25 ′ E and 24 ° 56 ′ - 25 ° 32 ′ n. The county is adjacent to Midu County in the East, Yangbi Yi Autonomous County, Changning County in Baoshan area and Fengqing County in Lincang area across Yangbi River in the west, Nanjian Yi Autonomous County in the South and Dali City in the north.
Weishan County is located in the southern extension of Yunling Hengduan Mountains, in the northern part of Ailao Mountain and Wuliang Mountain, facing DIANCANG mountain in Dali. Valley, basin and mountain are distributed alternately. The terrain is high in the north and low in the south, high in the East and low in the West. There is a great difference in altitude. The lowest altitude of the valley is 1146 meters, and the highest altitude of the mountain is 3037 meters.
Weishan County belongs to the north subtropical plateau monsoon climate. Except for some cold mountain areas and low heat valley areas, most of them are like spring all the year round. The average annual temperature of Weishan County is 15.6 ℃, the average annual sunshine hours is 2320 hours, the total solar radiation is 5892 MJ, the average annual rainfall is 800 mm, the wind direction is mostly southwest, and the maximum wind speed is 20 meters per second.
Weishan County belongs to the Red River and Lancang River systems, with the western mountains as the watershed. The Yangbi river basin to the west of the mountains belongs to the Lancang River system, and the West River basin to the east of the mountains belongs to the red river system. The main rivers in the territory are Xihe River, Yangbi River and Leqiu river.
The mineral resources of Weishan County mainly include antimony, copper, gold, iron, lead-zinc, gypsum and so on. Among them, antimony reserves are 90000 tons and gold reserves are 11 tons.
Weishan County has more than 70 kinds of wild mammals, mainly deer, bear, fox, hedgehog, pangolin, etc.; there are more than 100 kinds of wild birds, mainly Green Peacock, golden pheasant, thrush, green dove, etc. There are more than 300 kinds of wild plants, mainly including Pinus yunnanensis, Pinus armandii, Castanopsis kawakamii, orchid, chrysanthemum, etc. The rare medicinal materials include Poria cocos, Gastrodia elata, Weishen, fine safflower, etc.; the rare fungi include Tricholoma matsutake, Jicong, Xianggu, Auricularia auricula, etc.
The surface water of Weishan County mainly depends on rainfall. Xihe River, Yangbi River, Leqiu River and its tributaries have an average annual runoff of 52 million cubic meters.
As of 2013, Weishan County has jurisdiction over 4 towns and 6 townships, including Nanzhao Town, miaojie Town, Dacang Town, Yongjian Town, Weibaoshan Township, Zijin Township, Maanshan Township, Wuyin Township, Niujie Township and Qinghua Township, with a total of 83 Village (residents) committees.
At the end of 2018, the total registered residence of Weishan county was 322674, of which 207346 were rural and 115328 were urban. According to gender: male 163403, female 159271.
By the end of 2018, the ethnic groups in Weishan County are mainly Han, Yi and Hui. According to ethnic groups, there are 173832 Han people, 113446 Yi people, 24176 Hui people and 11220 other ethnic minorities.
In 2017, the GDP of Weishan Yi and Hui Autonomous County reached 5.753 billion yuan, an increase of 9.8%, including 1.805 billion yuan in the primary industry, 1.791 billion yuan in the secondary industry, 1.401 billion yuan in the secondary industry, and 2.156 billion yuan in the tertiary industry, an increase of 9.6%.
In 2018, Weishan County's GDP reached 6059.75 million yuan, an increase of 9.0%, including 1923.8 million yuan in the primary industry, 1784.26 million yuan in the secondary industry, 1326.13 million yuan in the secondary industry, and 2351.69 million yuan in the tertiary industry, an increase of 9.7%. The added value of the county's non-public economy reached 3056.78 million yuan, accounting for 50.4% of the county's GDP.
In 2018, the investment in fixed assets of Weishan County was 4283.64 million yuan, a year-on-year increase of 28.0%, including 3914.13 million yuan in fixed assets investment (excluding real estate projects) of projects with more than 5 million yuan, a year-on-year increase of 24.7%; and 369.51 million yuan in real estate investment, a year-on-year increase of 77.7%. Investment in non power industry was 354.89 million yuan, up 33.9% year on year.
The completion of investment in major industries was as follows: industrial investment was 354.89 million yuan, an increase of 32.89%; transportation, storage and postal industry investment was 914.74 million yuan, an increase of 40.16%; education industry investment was 107.51 million yuan, an increase of 22.05%; culture, sports and entertainment industry investment was 64.57 million yuan, an increase of 9.7%; water conservancy, environment and public facilities management industry investment was 147.526 million yuan, an increase of 80% .28%。
In 2018, Weishan County's total financial revenue was 589.21 million yuan, an increase of 18.8% over the same period of last year, of which the general public budget revenue was 376.77 million yuan, an increase of 10.1% over the same period of last year. The general public budget expenditure was 2627680000 yuan, up 22.2% year on year. The county achieved tax revenue of 448.63 million yuan, a year-on-year increase of 15.29%, including 1.3 million yuan in the first industry, 167.95 million yuan in the second industry, a year-on-year increase of 54.44%, and 279.38 million yuan in the third industry, a year-on-year increase of 0.71%.
In 2018, the total sown area of crops in Weishan County was 573810 mu, including 438987 mu of grain sown area. The total grain output was 158726 tons, a year-on-year increase of 1.5%; the average grain yield per unit area was 362 kg, an increase of 5 kg over the previous year. The total rural economic income of the county was 5117.93 million yuan, up 9.73% year on year. The total output value of agriculture, forestry, animal husbandry and fishery was 3313.25 million yuan, a year-on-year increase of 6.88%, of which the agricultural output value was 1670.25 million yuan, a year-on-year increase of 8.5%
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