Youxian district is subordinate to Mianyang City, Sichuan Province. Youxian district is located in the northwest of Sichuan Basin, bordering Zitong County in the East, Santai County and Yanting County in the south, Fujiang River in the West and Fucheng District across the river, and Jiangyou City in the north. The total area is 1017.75 square kilometers.
Youxian is the hometown of the Three Kingdoms. It is named after Li Yiqi, a senior scholar of the Eastern Han Dynasty, who visited here. Youxian district has a long history. There are fuleshan, one of the Shu Han culture in the Three Kingdoms, Yuewang building, one of the four famous buildings in the Tang Dynasty, Lidu temple, two bombs and one star Museum, junque, Yuquan temple, Ma'an temple, Bishui temple and Xianhai, which are the key cultural relics under national protection.
In 2020, Youxian District governs 4 streets and 9 towns (Chunlei street of Science City is actually managed by the Science City Office of Sichuan Provincial People's government, Songya town is managed by Xianhai District of Mianyang City, and actually governs 3 streets and 8 towns), with a permanent resident population of 525000, and a GDP of 35.740 billion yuan, including 3.022 billion yuan of the added value of the primary industry and 13.537 billion yuan of the added value of the secondary industry The third industrial structure is 8.4:37.9:53.7. The per capita GDP is 72938 yuan.
The origin of the name
Youxian district is located in the east of Fujiang River. According to Ge Hong's biography of immortals in the Jin Dynasty, Li Yiqi, an immortal who traveled all over the world in the Han Dynasty, practiced here, and later generations practiced Youxian temple as a memorial, so he got the name of Youxian.
History of construction
During the 700 years from the Western Wei Dynasty to the Yuan Dynasty, there were two county-level administrative organs, namely "Weicheng" and "Yanquan".
Weicheng County lasted 730 years from the establishment of the Western Wei Dynasty to the early Yuan Dynasty.
In 553, Weicheng county was set up in Fu County. According to the records of Sui Shu · geography annals, Tang Dynasty Yuanhe County Tuzhi, Qing Dynasty Jiaqing edition Sichuan Tongzhi and other books, Weicheng county was newly established in the second year of the abandoned emperor of the Western Wei Dynasty in Fu County. The governor was in Yuhe Town, Youxian District, which belongs to Brazil County. The name of Weicheng county is unknown. According to Taiping Huanyu Ji of the Northern Song Dynasty, "TongZhou was established in Fu County in the Western Wei Dynasty, so the northern part of Tongzhou was established as Weicheng county." Because it was a county built in the Western Wei Dynasty, it was named Weicheng county.
The Northern Zhou Dynasty followed the Western Wei Dynasty.
In 583, Weicheng county was changed to Tongzhou. Kaihuang five years (585), change Li mianzhou. In the third year of Daye (607), he was transferred to Jinshan County. In 614, the county government moved from yuhechang to Weicheng Town, Youxian district. According to the records of Yuanhe County in Tang Dynasty, "Weicheng county was originally located in Fuxian County of Han Dynasty, and moved from Yanquan well to Weicheng County in the 10th year of Sui Dynasty.".
In Tang Dynasty, Five Dynasties, Tang Dynasty and later Shu Dynasty, Weicheng county was subordinate to mianzhou.
In Song Dynasty, Weicheng county was still subordinate to mianzhou (Brazil county).
In 1283, Weicheng county was abolished and merged into mianzhou.
It took 663 years for Yanquan county to be established in the early Tang Dynasty and abolished in the early Yuan Dynasty.
Tang Gaozu Wude three years (620), divided into Weicheng county to set Yanquan County, mianzhou. "The old book of the Tang Dynasty geographical records" contains: "Yanquan County, Wude three years divided into Wei city land." The county is located in Yuhe Town, Youxian district. Yanquan county has many salt wells, so it gets its name from the poem "well of salt spring at home" in Shu Du Fu written by Zuo Si, a poet of Jin Dynasty.
Before and after the Five Dynasties, Yanquan county was still subordinate to mianzhou.
In the Song Dynasty, it belonged to mianzhou (Brazil county), and Yanquan county was deserted at the end of the Song Dynasty.
In 1283, Yanquan county was abolished and merged into mianzhou.
In the second year of the Republic of China (1913), mianzhou was withdrawn to govern the city, which was located in the Yang of Mianshan and changed to Mianyang county.
In 1976, Chengguan Town, suburb, Kaiyuan, horticulture and Wuyi commune of Mianyang county were set up as Mianyang City (county level).
In 1978, Mianyang county was abolished and merged into Mianyang City.
In 1985, Mianyang City was changed into the Central District of Mianyang City.
In November 1992, with the approval of the State Council, the former Central District of Mianyang City was abolished, and two county-level administrative regions, Youxian and Fucheng, were established with the main channel of Fujiang River as the boundary.
In November 1992, Youxian district had jurisdiction over Fujiang street and 14 towns including Youxian, Shima, Zhongxing, Xinqiao, Shiban, Weicheng, Xujia, Chenkang, Liujia, Yuhe, xiaojiangou, Bailin, Songya and Taiping. The district government was stationed in Kaiyuan.
In 1996, Youxian District governed 12 towns and 6 townships.
In 2004, Youxian district has jurisdiction over 6 streets, 13 towns and 11 townships.
In 2015, Youxian District abolished Taiping Township, Guantai Township, BaiChan Township, Jiezi Township and Yunfeng Township, and established Taiping Town, Guantai Town, BaiChan Town, Jiezi town and Yunfeng town. After the adjustment, Youxian district has jurisdiction over 2 streets, 16 towns and 6 townships.
In 2016, with the approval of Sichuan Provincial People's government, Youxian District abolished Youxian town and established Youxian street, with the former administrative region of Youxian town as the administrative region of Youxian street; abolished Donglin Township and established Donglin Town, with the former administrative region of Donglin township as the administrative region of Donglin town; abolished Zimian Township and established Zimian Town, with the former administrative region of Zimian township as the administrative region of Zimian town; abolished Zimian Township and established Zimian town DongXuan township was sold and Dongxuan town was established. The former administrative region of DongXuan township was the administrative region of Dongxuan town.
On December 26, 2019, xiaojiangou town and Jianhua township will be abolished and Xiaojian town will be established. The administrative area of Xiaojian town will be the administrative area of the former xiaojiangou town and Jianhua Township, and the people's Government of Xiaojian town will be stationed at No. 13 Limin street. Shiban Town, Guantai town and Liujia town will be abolished and Xinyi town will be established. The administrative area of Xinyi town will be the administrative area of former Shiban Town, former Guantai town and former Liujia town. The people's Government of Xinyi town will be stationed at 49 Shuangxing road. The former Bailin town and Chaozhen Township were abolished and Xianhe town was established. The administrative area of Xianhe town was the administrative area of the former Bailin town and Chaozhen township. The people's Government of Xianhe town was located at No.1 Xingmin street. Yuhe Town, Zimian town and BaiChan town were abolished, and Yanquan town was established. The administrative area of Yanquan town was the former Yuhe Town, Zimian town and BaiChan town. The people's Government of Yanquan town was stationed at No. 18 wusheng street. Donglin town was abolished, and its administrative area was under the jurisdiction of Shima town. The people's Government of Shima town was stationed at No. 38 Ganquan street. Jiezi town and Yunfeng town were abolished, and their administrative areas were put under the jurisdiction of Xinqiao Town. The people's Government of Xinqiao Town was stationed at No. 2, east section of Hongqiao Road. Taiping Town and Fenghuang Township were abolished and their administrative areas were put under the jurisdiction of Zhongxing town. The people's Government of Zhongxing town was stationed at No. 1 Zhengxin street. Xujia town and Dongxuan town were abolished and their administrative areas were put under the jurisdiction of Weicheng town. Weicheng Town People's government was stationed at 192 Zhengxing street.
In 2020, Youxian District governs 4 streets and 9 towns (Chunlei street of Science City is actually managed by Science City Office of Sichuan Provincial People's government, Songya town is entrusted by Xianhai District of Mianyang City, and actually governs 3 streets and 8 towns); they are Fujiang street, fule street, Youxian street, Shima Town, Xiaojian Town, Xinqiao Town, Zhongxing Town, Xianhe Town, Weicheng Town, Xinyi town and Yancheng town Spring town. Youxian District People's government is located at No. 139, east section of the first ring road, fule street.
Current situation of regionalization
Youxian district is located in the hilly area of the northwest edge of Sichuan Basin. It is located in the east of the middle and upper reaches of Fujiang River, a tributary of Jialing River. It is adjacent to Zitong County in the East, Santai County in the south, Fucheng District in the West and Jiangyou City in the North. It is between 31 ° 21 ′ 13 ″ - 31 ° 33 ′ 40 ″ N and 104 ° 42 ′ 15 ″ - 105 ° 8 ′ 58 ″ e. it is 42 km wide from north to South and 43 km long from east to west, with a total area of 1017.75 square kilometers. It is 110 kilometers away from Chengdu, the provincial capital.
There are many hills in Youxian District, but the slope is gentle. The highest altitude is 728 meters and the lowest is 419 meters, generally between 500 and 600 meters. It belongs to flat and shallow hilly terrain.
Youxian district has a subtropical humid monsoon climate with four distinct seasons and an average annual temperature of 16.4 ° C. January is the coldest, the average temperature is 5.2 ℃, August is the highest, the average temperature is 26.2 ℃, the frost free period is 275 days. The annual effective accumulated temperature is 5212 ℃ which is greater than or equal to 10 ° C. The annual average sunshine hours are 1278.3 hours, with 157.3 hours in August, 72.4 hours in February and 875.1 hours from April to October, accounting for 32% of the whole year. The annual sunshine percentage is 29%.
The average annual precipitation in Youxian district is 969.6 mm, and the precipitation is mainly concentrated in summer and autumn. The average precipitation over the years: 163.2 mm in spring (March may), accounting for 16% of the whole year; 622.7 mm in summer (June August), accounting for 61% of the whole year; 211.9 mm in autumn, accounting for 20.8% of the whole year; 22.2 mm in winter, accounting for 2.2% of the whole year.
Water system hydrology
The river system of Youxian district is Fujiang River system, which flows from northwest to Southeast. In addition to the Fujiang River adjacent to Fucheng District, there are also Furong River, Weiliu River, Xudong River and other rivers.
The soil in Youxian district can be divided into three types: alluvial fluvo aquic soil and paddy soil in river valley, yellow cinnamon soil and yellow soil in erosion terrace, and calcareous purple soil in medium and shallow hills. The soil layer is 12-18 cm thick, pH value is 6.8-7.1, and organic matter content is 1.2-2.3%.
The main forest facies of natural vegetation in Youxian district are masson pine forest, secondary shrub and grass. The representative trees are Pinus massoniana, cypress and Qinggang. The representative shrubs are Quercus acutissima, Quercus variabilis, Coriaria sinica and Vitex negundo. The main economic trees are tung oil tree, Sapium sebiferum, mulberry, citrus, etc.
Chinese PinYin : Si Chuan Sheng Mian Yang Shi You Xian Qu
Youxian District, Mianyang City, Sichuan Province
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