Laiyuan County Laiyuan County, subordinate to Baoding City, Hebei Province, is located in the northwest of Baoding, Hebei Province, at the north end of Taihang Mountain. With a total area of 2448 square kilometers, the county governs 17 townships and 285 administrative villages, with an average altitude of about 1000 meters. It is 160 km from Beijing in the northeast, 210 km from Tianjin in the East and 89 km from Baoding in the southeast.
Laiyuan County, with an area of 2448 square kilometers and a population of 290000, is an old revolutionary base area and a "three in one" key county for poverty alleviation and development (a key county for national poverty alleviation and development work, a key county for Yanshan Taihang Mountain contiguous destitute areas, and a key county for poverty alleviation and development demonstration area around the capital of Hebei Province).
Jingyuan railway and 108, 112, 207 National Highway and other traffic trunk lines run through the whole Laiyuan County.
There are 43 proven species in Laiyuan County, mainly including iron, lead, zinc, molybdenum, copper, limestone, granite, etc. there are 218 scenic spots represented by "World Geopark" Baishi mountain, "National Urban Wetland Park" jumayuan, "national key cultural relics protection unit" Geyuan temple, etc. On February 29, 2020, Laiyuan County withdrew from the sequence of poverty-stricken counties and officially lifted its hat.
Evolution of organizational system
As early as 6000 years ago, people settled here in the Neolithic age, and formed a certain scale in the Shang and Zhou dynasties.
In the spring and Autumn period, it belonged to the state of Jin. In the Warring States period, it belonged to Zhao first, and then to Yan. Qin belongs to Daijun.
Guangchang county was set up in the Western Han Dynasty, belonging to Bingzhou Daijun.
At the end of Jin Dynasty, the province entered Lingqiu County.
In the second year of Xiangxiang in the Northern Zhou Dynasty (580 AD), Guangchang county was restored to govern Laiyuan, belonging to Weizhou.
In the first year of Renshou of Sui Dynasty (601 AD), it was renamed Feihu County, which belonged to Yizhou at the beginning. Daye three years (AD 607) to the Valley County. It was abolished at the end of Sui Dynasty.
Tang Wude six years (AD 623) restoration. Jizhi Suicheng (now Xushui County Suicheng), remote Li Yuzhou. Zhenguan five years (AD 631) moved to this rule, is the river north road.
Yuan successively belongs to Datong Road, Hongzhou, Shangdu road and Weizhou.
At the beginning of Hongwu in Ming Dynasty, it was renamed Guangchang county, belonging to Weizhou, Datong Prefecture.
In 1733 ad, it was changed to Yizhou in Zhili Province.
In 1913, it belonged to fan Yangdao.
In 1914, it was renamed Laiyuan County. It was named after the birthplace of Laishui, belonging to Baoding road of Zhili Province.
In November 1945, it was transferred to Chahar province.
In August 1949, Chahar province was assigned to Baoding district of Hebei Province.
On October 1, 1949, the people's Republic of China was founded, and Laiyuan County was subordinate to Baoding district of Hebei Province.
On May 3, 1960, Baoding district was abolished and Laiyuan County was under the jurisdiction of Baoding city.
On May 23, 1961, Baoding district was re established, Laiyuan County is still Baoding district.
In 1970, Baoding area was renamed Baoding area, Laiyuan County is also Baoding area.
By the end of 2002, Laiyuan County had jurisdiction over 6 towns, 11 townships, 6 community neighborhood committees and 285 village committees. The county government is located at 29 Kaiyuan Road, Laiyuan town.
In 2012, Laiyuan County has jurisdiction over 7 towns and 10 townships: Laiyuan Town, Yinfang Town, zoumayi Town, Shuibao Town, Wang'an Town, Yangjiazhuang Town, Baishishan Town, Nantun Township, beishifo Township, dongtuanbao Township, Shangzhuang Township, Liujiazhuang Township, Nanmazhuang Township, jinjiajing Township, yanmeidong Township, tayayi Township and Wulonggou Township.
Laiyuan County is located at the intersection of Taihang Mountain, Yanshan Mountain and Hengshan Mountain. It is the birthplace of jumayuan, laishuiyuan and yishuiyuan. Laiyuan County is located in the northwest of Baoding and the north end of Taihang Mountain. The geographical coordinates are 114 ° 20 ′ - 115 ° 05 ′ E and 39 ° 01 ′ - 39 ° 40 ′ n. The total area is 2448 square kilometers. It is 160 km from Beijing in the northeast, 210 km from Tianjin in the East, 89 km from Baoding in the southeast and 256 km from Datong City in Shanxi in the West.
Laiyuan County belongs to the whole mountain district and county, with undulating mountains and ravines. There are 78 peaks with an altitude of more than 1000 meters, 32 peaks with an altitude of more than 1500 meters and 5 peaks with an altitude of more than 2000 meters, especially Baishi mountain in the middle and south of the county, with an altitude of 2096 meters, which is the most magnificent. The whole terrain is high in the northwest and low in the southeast. Laiyuan basin covers an area of 120 square kilometers. It is located in the center of Laiyuan County, with an altitude of 808 meters and a maximum of 902 meters. The whole basin is low in the southeast and high in the northwest.
It belongs to the warm temperate semi humid monsoon climate zone, with significant mountain climate characteristics. Laiyuan is known as the "cool city" and "Spring City". The summer temperature is only 21.7 degrees. It is known as the natural large air conditioner and is a provincial key scenic spot. The average temperature in summer is only 21.7 ℃, 2.6 ℃ lower than Chengde summer resort and 3.8 ℃ lower than Beidaihe in Qinhuangdao. It is known as "Liangcheng" and is one of the 19 key counties in Beijing Tianjin leisure tourism industrial belt in Hebei Province.
Rivers in Laiyuan County mainly include Juma River and Tang River, which belong to Daqing River system, with a total length of 79.65 km and a total flow of 19.24 m3 / s. Juma River originates at the foot of Qishan mountain in the south of the county, and turns into surface water in the form of groundwater overflowing into springs. Its main stream is 45.65 km long, with a drainage area of 1656 square kilometers, which is a perennial base flow river; Tang River originates from Hunyuan County, Shanxi Province, with a drainage area of 792 square kilometers, 34 km long in Laiyuan. Laiyuan County mountain spring is widely distributed, a total of 102, mainly Qishan, Beihai, Nanguan three springs (that is, jumayuan, laishuiyuan, yishuiyuan), Sangu spring in the southeast of the city 0.5 km confluence. In wet season, there are 46 places which are more than 0.3 m3 / s, 17 places which are more than 0.5 m3 / s, 69 places which are more than 0.1 m3 / s, 23 places which are more than 0.2 m3 / s, and 8 places which are more than 0.3 m3 / s.
Laiyuan County has a mountain farm area of 203300 hectares, suitable for forest area of 133300 hectares, suitable for animal husbandry area of 66700 hectares.
The vegetation in Laiyuan County belongs to the North China flora. Most of the vegetation is shrub and grass, followed by natural secondary forest and artificial forest. The forest coverage rate is 18.24%. There are more than 600 kinds of wild plants with nutritional and medicinal value, such as kiwifruit, Codonopsis pilosula and Pteridium aquilinum.
Laiyuan County has brown eared pheasant, roe deer, pheasant and other 60 kinds of rare animals.
In Laiyuan County, cultivated land accounts for 11.19% of the total area, garden land accounts for 0.19%, forest land accounts for 20.06%, industrial and mining land accounts for 2.14%, traffic land accounts for 0.31% and unused land accounts for 64.34%.
Up to 2009, Laiyuan County has proven 43 kinds of minerals, mainly including iron, copper, lead, zinc, gold, silver, molybdenum, asbestos, marble, limestone, granite, lignite, etc., of which iron ore reserves reach 200 million tons. Laiyuan County not only has many kinds of mineral resources with high grade, but also has shallow burial and large reserves. By 2009, 43 kinds of mineral resources have been proved, including iron, copper, lead, zinc, gold, silver, molybdenum, asbestos, marble, limestone, dolomite, etc. Iron ore reserves are 200 million tons, copper metal reserves are more than 70000 tons, lead-zinc metal reserves are more than 1 million tons, gold and silver reserves rank second in the province, molybdenum metal reserves are about 260000 tons, marble reserves are 120 million cubic meters. As of January 2013, the annual mining capacity of Laiyuan County is more than 1 million tons, accounting for only 5% of the reserves, and the mineral processing capacity only accounts for 70% of the mining capacity. Smelting is basically blank. There are still a large number of large-scale mines in Laiyuan County, such as Zhijiazhuang North iron mine, dushancheng iron mine, Dawan zinc molybdenum mine, marble, limestone, dolomite mine, which are in undeveloped state. On April 1, 2011, it was found that the comprehensive intrinsic economic resources of copper in large copper ore group are 981100 tons and the resources of copper metal are 779800 tons.
Juma River originates from Laiyuan County, and Tang River flows through the southwest of Laiyuan County, with a flow length of 80 kilometers, a drop of 240 meters and a flow of 466 million cubic meters. At present, there are 2 110 kV substations, 12 35 kV substations, 1 12000 kW thermal power plant and 31 hydropower stations, with annual power generation of about 200 million kWh and power supply capacity of 45000 dry watts. 2000 program-controlled telephones have been connected to the whole country, and 7200 will be opened soon.
In 2012, the sunshine hours were up to 2745 hours, the solar energy resources were up to 300 MW, the annual average wind speed was about 6.8 M / s, and the wind energy resources were up to 600000 kW, which was one of the most abundant areas of light and wind energy in Hebei Province. From 2009 to 2011, it has been rated as one of the "top 100 counties in China's new energy industry" for three consecutive years, and ranked 20th in China in 2011.
By 2013, the total population of Laiyuan County was 270000, the agricultural population was 207000, and the urban population was 110000, with an urbanization rate of 40.5%.
As of 2013, there are 11 ethnic minorities in Laiyuan County, including 177 ethnic minorities, 93 Hui, 59 Manchu, and less than 10 Mongolian, Tibetan, Uygur, Miao, Yi, Zhuang, Buyi, Korean, Tujia, Hani and Li.
Laiyuan County has a vast area of mountain farms. Laiyuan County has 3.05 million mu of mountain farms and 2.85 million mu of barren mountains suitable for forestry. The annual output of forage is 1.3 billion kg, and the theoretical carrying capacity is 400000 sheep units, accounting for 19% and 25% of the available mountain grasslands, respectively, which provides a resource basis for the development of forestry and animal husbandry. In 1999, 230 300 sheep were raised, and 2 000 cattle were kept
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