Shijiazhuang, referred to as "Shi", formerly known as Shimen, is the capital of Hebei Province and one of the important central cities in Beijing Tianjin Hebei region approved by the State Council. As of 2019, the city has 8 districts, 11 counties and 3 county-level cities under its jurisdiction, with a total area of 14464 square kilometers (including Xinji City), a built-up area of 338.16 square kilometers, a total resident population of 10.3942 million and an urban population of 6.7614 million, with an urbanization rate of 65.05%.
Shijiazhuang is located in North China, central and Southern Hebei Province and Bohai Bay Economic Zone. It is the political, economic, scientific, technological, financial, cultural and information center of Hebei Province. It is the headquarters of army organs in the central war zone. It is a coastal open policy and financial open city approved by the State Council. It is also an important commodity distribution center in China and an important commercial port and national trade exhibition in the north It is one of the central cities, the permanent venue of China International Digital Economy Expo, and a part of China (Hebei) pilot free trade zone.
Shijiazhuang was founded in 1925 as Shijia city and renamed Shijiazhuang City in 1947. In 1968, the capital of Hebei Province moved to Shijiazhuang. Jingguang, Shitai, Shide and Shuohuang railway trunk lines meet here, which is one of the main railway transportation hubs in China. It is known as "the thoroughfare of North and south, the throat of Yan and Jin". Shijiazhuang is one of the first batch of national science and technology innovation demonstration cities, national semiconductor lighting industrialization base, national satellite navigation industry base, national animation industry development base, and national biomedical industry base.
Shijiazhuang is a national civilized city, a national forest city, and an excellent tourist city in China. It is rich in tourism resources and many places of interest. It has 40 national key cultural relics protection units and one national historical and cultural city. Xibaipo is a national 5A scenic spot, known as "Ukraine in Shanxi Chahar Hebei border region", and the leading center of Chinese revolution during the war of liberation. In 2019, it will be elected as "China's top ten night economic influential cities".
During the period of Xia Yu, it was the land of Jizhou.
In the spring and Autumn period, there were Xianyu Kingdom (the capital is in the area of zhengdingxinchengpu), guguo Kingdom (the capital is in the west of Jinzhou City) and feiguo Kingdom (the capital is in the area of Chengzi Village in the southwest of Gaocheng City).
During the Warring States period, the people of Xianyu established Zhongshan state (the capital is in xiasanji area in the north of today's Pingshan County).
After the first emperor of Qin unified China, the county system was implemented in an all-round way, which belonged to Julu County.
In the third year of emperor Gaozu (204 BC) of the Western Han Dynasty, Hengshan County was set up.
At the beginning of Emperor Wen of Han Dynasty, because Emperor Wen was named Heng, it was taboo to change Hengshan County into Changshan County. In the 10th year of emperor Gaozu of the Han Dynasty (196 BC), Dongyuan County was changed into Zhending County in the Qin Dynasty, and Zhending state was established in the 4th year of Yuanding of Emperor Wu of the Han Dynasty (113 BC).
During the period of the Three Kingdoms, it was Wei, belonging to Changshan County, Anping County, Zhao state, Julu County and Zhongshan state.
After the unification of the Western Jin Dynasty, it belonged to Changshan County of Jizhou (the county government of the Western Jin Dynasty moved from the northwest of Yuanshi County to the East ancient city, and the county government of the Eastern Jin Dynasty moved from the East ancient city to Zhengding town), Zhongshan state, Julu County, Zhao state and Boling state.
In the Sui Dynasty, it belonged to Hengshan County (later changed to Hengzhou, which governed Zhending and now Zhengding town), Zhao county (which governed Pingji and now Zhaozhou town), Xindu county (which governed Jizhou city) and Gaoyang County (which governed Dingzhou City).
During the Five Dynasties period, it belonged to the Jiedushi of Chengde army in Hebei Province. There were Zhenzhou (Zhengding town is governed by Zhouzhi), Zhaozhou (Zhaozhou town is governed by Zhouzhi), Dingzhou (Dingzhou City is governed by Zhouzhi) and Qizhou (Wuji town is governed by Zhouzhi).
In Song Dynasty, it belonged to West Hebei Road (now Zhengding town).
In Yuan Dynasty, it belonged to Zhending Road (now Zhengding town), Baoding Road (now Baoding City), Guangping Road (now Yongnian County), etc.
In the Ming Dynasty, it belonged to Zhengding prefecture (now Zhengding town) and Baoding prefecture (now Qingyuan County).
In the Qing Dynasty, it belonged to Zhending Prefecture of Zhili Province (the prefecture ruled Zhengding town today, which was corrected in the first year of Yongzheng in the Qing Dynasty), Baoding prefecture (the prefecture ruled Qingyuan County today), Zhaozhou prefecture (the prefecture ruled Zhaozhou town today), and Dingzhou prefecture (the prefecture ruled Qizhou at the beginning, which was changed into Dingzhou City in the twelfth year of Yongzheng in the Qing Dynasty).
The first year of the Republic of China (1912), the establishment of the Republic of China, still along the Qing system.
In 1914, the government set up roads.
On June 24, 1925, the provisional government of the Republic of China ordered Zhili Province to establish "Shijia city" and implement the system of municipal autonomy. On August 29, the provisional government of the Republic of China approved the merger of Shijia village and xiumen by order No. 1273, and changed the name to Shimen City, establishing Shimen municipal office and preparing for the establishment of municipal system.
In 1928, the Nanjing national government ordered the whole country to abolish all municipal offices and the original "self-control of the city". At this point, the construction of the city was stalled.
On June 24, 1925, the provisional government of the Republic of China ordered Zhili Province to establish "Shijia city" with "Shijiazhuang as its region" and implement the system of municipal autonomy. On August 29, the provisional government of the Republic of China approved the merger of Shijia village and xiumen by order No. 1273, which was renamed as Shimen city and set up Shimen municipal office to prepare for the establishment of the municipal system.
On January 15, 1938, after occupying Shimen, the Japanese army set up the Preparatory Office of Shimen municipal office.
On October 7, 1939, the Executive Committee of the provisional government of the Republic of China formally approved the establishment of Shimen market by order No. 1027.
In 1947, Shimen city was liberated on November 12. On December 26, Shimen city was renamed Shijiazhuang city.
On September 26, 1948, Shijiazhuang city was under the leadership of the North China People's government.
On January 24, 1949, Yangquan City was under the jurisdiction of Shijiazhuang City (in August of the same year, it was also under the jurisdiction of Shanxi Province); on August 1, Shijiazhuang city was under the leadership of Hebei Provincial People's government and became a provincial city.
In 1949, Shijiazhuang district was established, with jurisdiction over 14 counties and 1 town.
On April 28, 1958, Shijiazhuang was changed from a city under provincial jurisdiction to a city under special jurisdiction.
On January 24, 1959, Jingxing county was abolished and Jingxing district (the District People's Committee is located in Weishui) and Huolu district (the District People's Committee is located in huoluchengguan) of Shijiazhuang city were established.
On May 3, 1960, the State Council approved the abolition of Shijiazhuang special zone and changed it into Shijiazhuang city.
In May 1961, the State Council approved the restoration of Shijiazhuang special zone system. Shijiazhuang District governs Shijiazhuang city and 25 counties.
In June 1962, the State Council approved the establishment of Hengshui special zone. Eight counties, including Hengshui, under the jurisdiction of Shijiazhuang special zone were included in Hengshui special zone. Since then, Shijiazhuang special zone has jurisdiction over Shijiazhuang city and 17 counties.
On November 21, 1967, the Shijiazhuang Regional Revolutionary Committee was established, and the special area was renamed the district.
On December 20, 1967, Shijiazhuang Revolutionary Committee was established.
On January 29, 1968, the capital of Hebei Province moved to Shijiazhuang.
On March 11, 1978, Shijiazhuang was designated as a municipality directly under the central government of Hebei Province.
In July 1978, Shijiazhuang Regional Revolutionary Committee was abolished and Shijiazhuang Regional Administrative Office of Hebei Province was established.
On August 12, 1982, Shijiazhuang municipal Revolutionary Committee was abolished and Shijiazhuang Municipal People's government was restored.
On June 30, 1993, Shijiazhuang Regional Administrative Office merged with Shijiazhuang Municipal People's government to establish a new Shijiazhuang Municipal People's government.
On October 7, 1939, the Ming Tong Zi No. 5369 order of the puppet Hebei provincial government office drew up the scope of Shimen Market: to the east of the Northern Song Dynasty and Jianling; to the west of Dama village, Daguo village, Xiwang village, datan village and xigangtou; to the south of wulizhuang, Tatan village, Tazhong and Dongwang village; to the north of da'anshe, zhaolingpu, dongjiazhuang, Xicheng and Donggu.
On March 8, 1941, a total of 69 villages, covering an area of 121.8 square kilometers, were included in Zhengding and Huolu villages, together with the former northeast Li village and northwest Li village. Shimen city is divided into six districts. The first and second districts are urban districts, and the rest are suburbs.
In 1947, Shijiazhuang city was divided into eight districts. The first and second districts in the city were divided into four districts, while the four districts in the suburbs remained unchanged. They are: Zone 1: to the west of Beijing Guangzhou railway and to the north of Zhongshan Road; zone 2: to the west of Beijing Guangzhou railway and to the south of Zhongshan Road (including Zhongshan Road); zone 3: to the east of Beijing Guangzhou railway and to the south of Jiefang Road; zone 4: to the east of Beijing Guangzhou railway and to the north of Jiefang Road (including Jiefang Road); zone 5: former zone 3; zone 6: former zone 4; zone 7: former zone 5; zone 8: former zone 4 Former district six.
On January 24, 1949, Yangquan City was under the leadership of Shijiazhuang City (in August that year, it was also under the leadership of Shanxi Province); on August 1, 1949, Shijiazhuang city was under the leadership of the people's Government of Hebei Province.
On June 27, 1950, Jingxing mining area (39 villages) was established under the leadership of Shijiazhuang city; on August 22, four suburban districts were merged into two districts, namely, the former five and eight districts were merged into new five districts, and the former six and seven districts were merged into new six districts.
On December 21, 1953, two suburban districts were merged into one suburb (later renamed zhentou District).
On January 14, 1955, the first district of Shijiazhuang city was renamed Xinhua District, the Second District Yongan District, the third district Donghua district and the Fourth District Heping District.
On April 30, 1956, the five districts in the city were changed into three districts, namely, the former Xinhua and Yong'an districts in the west of Beijing Guangzhou railway were combined into Qiaoxi District; the former Donghua and Heping districts in the east of Beijing Guangzhou railway were combined into Qiaodong district; and the east of Jianshe Street (including Jianshe Street) was Chang'an District.
28 April 1958,
Chinese PinYin : He Bei Sheng Shi Jia Zhuang Shi
Shijiazhuang, Hebei Province
Hengshui City, Hebei Province. He Bei Sheng Heng Shui Shi
Liaoyuan City, Jilin Province. Ji Lin Sheng Liao Yuan Shi
Baishan City, Jilin Province. Ji Lin Sheng Bai Shan Shi
Lishui City, Zhejiang Province. Zhe Jiang Sheng Li Shui Shi
Jingdezhen City, Jiangxi Province. Jiang Xi Sheng Jing De Zhen Shi
Jining City, Shandong Province. Shan Dong Sheng Ji Ning Shi
Wuhan City, Hubei Province. Hu Bei Sheng Wu Han Shi
Chongqing city and county. Zhong Qing Shi Xian
Lincang City, Yunnan Province. Yun Nan Sheng Lin Cang Shi
Shannan City, Tibet Autonomous Region. Xi Cang Zi Zhi Qu Shan Nan Shi
Ankang City, Shaanxi Province. Shan Xi Sheng An Kang Shi
Wuwei City, Gansu Province. Gan Su Sheng Wu Wei Shi