Taizhou (t ā I) is a prefecture level city in Zhejiang Province, one of the 27 cities in the central area of the Yangtze River Delta, and a regional central city and modern port city along the coast of Zhejiang Province approved by the State Council. As of 2018, the city has three districts, three counties and three county-level cities under its jurisdiction, with a total area of 10050.43 square kilometers, a permanent resident population of 6.139 million, an urban population of 3.8676 million, an urbanization rate of 63.0%, and a permanent migrant population of 1.24 million.
Taizhou is located in East China and the central coast of Zhejiang Province. It is adjacent to the East China Sea in the East, Shaoxing and Ningbo in the north, Wenzhou in the south, Jinhua and Lishui in the West. It is close to the mountains and faces the sea. The terrain inclines from west to East, and the northwest mountains are continuous. In summer, it is controlled by tropical ocean air mass, hot and rainy, which is a subtropical climate. In winter, controlled by polar continental air mass, the weather is warm and cool, with the characteristics of subtropical climate.
Taizhou is a water town in the south of the Yangtze River. In the history of Taizhou, the river network is dense and the harbor branches intersect vertically. The charm of the water town is no less than that of Suzhou and Hangzhou. There is a saying that it is better to travel all over Suzhou and Hangzhou than warm yellow river. Taizhou is famous both at home and abroad for its origin of Buddhism. It is the birthplace of Tiantai Sect of Buddhism and Nanzong of Taoism. With its profound cultural connotation, Tiantai Mountain has bred a broad and profound "harmony culture". Taizhou is the epitome of "seven mountains, one water, two fields" in Zhejiang Province. It is a harmonious ecological land of mountains, sea and water.
In November 2015, it was listed as the second batch of national new urbanization comprehensive pilot areas. In April 2016, Taizhou joined the Sino German industrial city alliance and launched the Sino German industrial cooperation Park project. In November 2017, it won the title of national civilized city. In December 2017, it was selected as the happiest city in China. In 2018, Taizhou's GDP reached 487.467 billion yuan. In December 2018, it was rated the 2018 best city in Chinese mainland in 30 cities. On November 25, 2019, he was selected as the happiest city in China.
Pre Qin Dynasty
It belongs to Baiyue. According to the records of Geography in Hanshu, the distribution of Baiyue "from Jiaozhi to Kuaiji, there are different castes in Baiyue.".
The Qin Dynasty
Ouyue was in the pre Qin period. In the Qin Dynasty, it belonged to Minzhong county.
In the early Han Dynasty, there were Donghai king and Dongyue King successively. In the first year of the reign of Emperor Wu of Han Dynasty (110 BC), the king of Dongyue was removed, and the people moved to Jianghuai. The place was changed to Yin County, Kuaiji Prefecture, and Huipu township was set up.
In the second year of the first Yuan Dynasty of the Western Han Dynasty (85 BC), Huipu county was established in Huipu township of Yin county. Huipu county (now Zhang'an) was governed by Huipu county. It belonged to Kuaiji county and was subordinate to Yangzhou. Its jurisdiction was roughly equivalent to that of Taifu, Wenfu and Chufu. It is the beginning of Taizhou county.
Huipu county was renamed zhangan county during the period of Jianwu in the Eastern Han Dynasty (25-56 years). Yongjian four years (129 years) (a Yonghe three years), analysis of Zhang'an County Dongou Township home Yongning County (county in today's Yongjia County). In the fourth year of Jian'an (199), Songyang county was set up in the southwest of an County.
In the reign of Huangwu and Huanglong (222-231), Shiping County was set up in the northwest of zhangan County, and Linhai county was set up in the west of zhangan county and Yongning County. Chiwu two years (239), divided into Yongning County, Luoyang County; Li Luojiang county. In the second year of the Taiping reign of emperor Shaodi (257), Linhai county was set up in the east of Jijun County, which was subordinate to Yangzhou. Zhangan county was governed by zhangan county (first Linhai County, then zhangan county). Zhangan County, Linhai County, Shiping County, Yongning County, Songyang County, Luoyang county (later Anyang County) and Luojiang county were governed by zhangan county. It was the beginning of Taizhou.
In the first year of Taikang in the Western Jin Dynasty (280), Shiping County was changed into Shifeng County; 800 households in Yin county and 200 households in the north of Zhang'an county were divided into Ninghai County, Linhai County, and Anyang County was changed into Angu county. In the fourth year of Taikang (283), Shiyang county was divided into Angu county and later renamed Hengyang County. Luojiang county belongs to Jin'an county. At that time, Linhai county had jurisdiction over eight counties, namely Zhang'an, Linhai, Shifeng, Ninghai, Yongning, Songyang, Angu and Hengyang, and was subordinate to Yangzhou.
In the first year of Taining in the Eastern Jin Dynasty (323), Yongjia County was set up in Yongning, Songyang, Angu and Hengyang counties in the south of Linhai county. Linhai County governs zhangan, Linhai, Shifeng and Ninghai counties, and later Taizhou formed its jurisdiction. Yonghe three years (347 years), the beginning of Fengxian Nanxiang home Le'an county (now Xianju) is Linhai county.
In the ninth year of kaihuang of Sui Dynasty (589), Chen of the Southern Dynasty was destroyed, the county was abolished, and all counties of Linhai County entered Linhai County, belonging to Chuzhou (renamed kuozhou in the twelfth year). Yangdi Daye three years (607), changed the state to county, Linhai county is Yongjia County.
the tang dynasty
In the early Tang Dynasty, Linhai was divided into five counties: Zhang'an, Shifeng, Le'an, Ninghai and Linhai. Taizhou was set up in the fifth year of Wude (622) and got its name from the Tiantai Mountain in its territory. Seven years, and Ninghai County into Zhang'an county. The next year, Shifeng, Le'an and Zhang'an counties were merged into Linhai county. Zhenguan eight years (634 years) re divided Linhai County, home to the first Feng county. Gaozong Shangyuan two years (675 years) points Linhai county northeast home Ninghai County. In September of the first year of Tianshu (690), Yongning County was changed to Huangyan County, which got its name from west Huangyan county. In the second year of Shenlong (706), it was divided into Ninghai County and Wei County of Yuezhou, and located in Xiangshan County, belonging to Taizhou. Kaiyuan 21 years (733 years) Li Jiangnan Road. The first year of Tianbao (742) was called Linhai county. Taizhou was renamed in the first year of Qianyuan (758), and Fengxian County was changed to tangxing County in the second year of suzong (761). In the second year of Guangde (764), Xiangshan County was changed to Mingzhou. Zhonghe three years (883) Li Yisheng army. In 887, the Dehua army was established in Taizhou.
In 978, Taizhou entered the territory of the Song Dynasty after the Wu Yue kingdom was removed. As before, the prefectures and counties were under the jurisdiction of Zhejiang Province and Zhejiang Province. In the fourth year of Jingde (1007), Yongan county was changed into Xianju County by "its famous Dongtian mountains shield Zhouwei and many immortal houses". In the Southern Song Dynasty, it belonged to the East Zhejiang Road.
In the 14th year of Yuan Dynasty (1277), it was Taizhou Road, which was under the jurisdiction of East Zhejiang Road in Jiangsu and Zhejiang provinces. In the first year of Yuanzhen (1295), there were 50000 households in Huangyan County, which was promoted to Huangyan Prefecture and still attached to Taizhou road.
the ming dynasty
In 1368, Zhu Yuanzhang changed Taizhou road to Taizhou Prefecture, which was subordinate to Zhejiang Province. Three years later, fuhuangyan Prefecture became Huangyan county. In December of the fifth year of Chenghua (1469), Taiping County was established in Fangyan, Taiping and Fanchang townships in the south of Huangyan County, named after Taiping mountain. In the 12th year, the eastern Shanmen and Yuhuan townships of Yueqing county were designated as Taiping County. Since then, Taizhou has governed six counties, namely Linhai, Huangyan, Taiping, Xianju, Tiantai and Ninghai.
In 1646, he entered the territory of the Qing Dynasty and followed the system of the Ming Dynasty. Kangxi first year (1662) under Zhejiang Province shaotai road. Seven years Li Ningtai wenhaidao (in Taizhou). In the 11th year, he was attached to Taiwan and Haidao (in Taizhou). Twenty four years Li Ning Tai Road. Yongzheng four years (1726) Li Ning shaotai road. In the sixth year, Yuhuan hall was set up in Yuhuan mountain. Hall because of the mountain name, Li Wen Prefecture. Twenty four counties, twenty-five capitals and twenty-six capitals of Taiping County are included in Yuhuan hall.
In August of the third year of Xuantong (1911), the revolution of 1911 and the restoration of Taizhou in September, the military and government branch government was established under the provincial military government.
Republic of China
In the first year of the Republic of China (1912), the system of government, prefecture and department was abolished. In February, Yuhuan hall was changed into a county. In July, the military and government branches of Taizhou were abolished, and each county was directly under the provincial government.
In the third year of the Republic of China (1914), there were roads under the province. Taizhou was Kuaiji Road, and Yuhuan County was Ouhai road. In the same year, the Ministry of internal affairs of the Beiyang government changed the name of each province's duplicate County, and Taiping County changed its name from Wenling to Wenling.
In 1916, Tao was abolished, and each county was directly under the provincial government.
In June 1921, Zhejiang provincial government tried out county inspectors among provinces and counties. Linhai, Huangyan, Wenling, Tiantai, Xianju and Ninghai were the sixth districts. In September, it was re established as the fifth special zone with the office of the Commissioner of administrative supervision.
In October 1922, it was changed into the fourth special zone.
In August 1924, Zhejiang provincial government officially established the coastal administrative supervision area and the office of the Commissioner.
In 1925, Taizhou was called the seventh district of administrative supervision according to the Provisional Regulations on the organization of the office of the Commissioner of Administrative Supervision issued by the Executive Yuan.
In July 1929, Sanmen County was established in Nantian County, 18 townships in the southeast of Ninghai County and 5 townships in the northeast of Linhai county.
In 1931, Tiantai county was divided into the Sixth District.
In 1932, Ninghai County was changed to the Sixth District.
In 1935, Tiantai and Pan'an counties were added.
In April 1937, it was divided into the Fifth District, which was not implemented. In July, it was re divided into the Sixth District, which governs seven counties, namely Linhai, Huangyan, Wenling, Tiantai, Xianju, Sanmen and Ninghai.
In June 1949, the sixth special zone of Zhejiang was set up.
The People's Republic of China
On October 10, 1949, the sixth special area was renamed Taizhou special area and was located in Linhai county. It has jurisdiction over seven counties including Linhai, Huangyan, Tiantai, Xianju, Wenling, Sanmen and Ninghai, and two districts directly under Linhai Chengguan and Haimen. Yuhuan county belongs to Wenzhou district.
In May 1950, the district directly under Linhai Chengguan was abolished and assigned to Linhai county.
In October 1952, Ninghai County was transferred to Ningbo district.
In June 1953, another Dongtou County was built in Yuhuan County, which belongs to Wenzhou special area.
In May 1954, Taizhou district was abolished and Linhai, Tiantai and Sanmen counties were divided into Ningbo district and Huangyan District
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