Guye District Guye District, belonging to Tangshan City, Hebei Province, is located in the east of Tangshan city. It is one of the seven urban areas of Tangshan city. It is located in the core area around the Bohai Sea, with a total area of 248.53 square kilometers, under the jurisdiction of 5 streets, 3 towns and 2 townships, with a total population of 339000 and a permanent resident population of 353000 (as of October 2020). Guye was established by mining and prospered by coal. It belonged to Guzhu state in Shang Dynasty. In 1995, the east mining area was renamed Guye District.
Guye District is a warm temperate semi humid continental monsoon climate, with an average annual precipitation of 590 mm and an average temperature of 11.2 ℃. The terrain is high in the north and low in the south, and tilts from east to west. It can be divided into four geomorphic types: Hill, Honggou alluvial plain, alluvial plain and subsided low-lying land. Jingshan railway, 205 National Road and Qiancao railway run through Guye.
Guye District is a pilot area of the national independent industrial and mining area reconstruction and relocation project, a county with basically balanced development of national compulsory education, a civilized urban area in Hebei Province, and a county with quality and safety of agricultural products in Hebei Province.
In 2018, the GDP of Guye District is 23 billion yuan, the investment in fixed assets is 14 billion yuan, the budget revenue of public finance is 1.439 billion yuan, the added value of industries above designated size is 13.6 billion yuan, the per capita disposable income of urban residents is 37490 yuan, and the per capita net income of farmers is 17217 yuan.
History of construction
In Shang Dynasty, it belonged to Guzhu state.
The spring and Autumn period is the place of Shanrong.
During the Warring States period, it belonged to the state of Yan.
In the Western Zhou Dynasty, it belongs to Youzhou right Beiping county.
During the Three Kingdoms period, it belonged to Haiyang County, Liaoxi County of Caowei.
In the Jin and southern and Northern Dynasties, it was still a dependency of Haiyang county.
In the Northern Qi Dynasty, it was incorporated into feiru county.
In the Sui Dynasty, it belonged to Lulong County.
In Tang Dynasty, it belonged to Daoping Prefecture of Hebei Province.
In Song Dynasty, it was under the jurisdiction of Khitan. After Khitan set up luanzhou, it has always belonged to luanzhou.
In Liao Dynasty, most of them were under the jurisdiction of Shicheng County, luanzhou. In 1123, luanzhou belonged to the Northern Song Dynasty. The Northern Song Dynasty changed Shicheng into Linguan (also known as linlu). Half a year later, Jin broke through Pingzhou (today's Lulong and luanzhou belong to it) and came under Jin's jurisdiction.
In 1213, luanzhou belonged to Mongolia.
Yuan to yuan five years (1268), Shicheng into Yifeng, Yifeng county.
In 1369, Yifeng was incorporated into luanzhou.
In 1948, Linxi and Guye were the seventh district, Zhaogezhuang the eighth district and Tangjiazhuang the ninth district.
In June 1949, the seventh district was designated as Guye, and the Tenth District was established.
In June 1950, the four districts merged into the seventh district of Tangshan city.
In 1955, the seventh district was renamed east mining area.
In 1995, the east mining area was renamed Guye District.
By 2019, Guye District has jurisdiction over 5 streets, 3 townships and 2 towns: Linxi street, Tangjiazhuang street, Guye street, Zhaogezhuang street, Jinghua street, Fangezhuang Town, beijiadian Town, wangnianzhuang Township, xijiatao Township and dazhuangtuo township. The district government is located in the north of the intersection of Yongsheng Road and Jingshan Road.
Guye District is located in the east of Tangshan City, between 39 ° 42 ′～ 55 ° 52 ″ N and 118 ° 26 ′～ 58 ° 41 ″ e, luanzhou city in the East and northeast, Kaiping District in the West and northwest, and LUANNAN COUNTY in the south, with a total area of 248 square kilometers.
Guye District is located in the southeast of Yanshan subsidence zone, in the middle of piedmont alluvial plain and on Luanhe River alluvial fan in Eastern Hebei Province. The secondary structure is Kaiping syncline basin, and the syncline axis runs through the whole area from west to East. The surface is covered by Quaternary and gradually thickened from north to south.
Guye District is high in the north and low in the south, leaning from east to west. The north is dominated by low mountains with an altitude of about 200 meters; the middle is dominated by several East-West hills with an altitude of about 70 meters; the south is dominated by alluvial plains with an altitude of about 40 meters. The whole region is divided into four geomorphic types: Northern hilly area, central Honggou alluvial fan plain, southern alluvial plain and subsided low-lying land.
The main rivers in Guye District are pomegranate River and Shahe River. Shiliuhe river is mainly mine water and urban sewage from nearby coal mines, and its main function is agricultural irrigation. Shahe River is a seasonal river, which is mainly supplied by precipitation. There is little water in winter and spring, and its main function is agricultural irrigation.
There are three types of soil in Guye District: cinnamon soil, fluvo aquic soil and paddy soil. Cinnamon soil can be divided into three subgroups and eight soil genera in Guye District, which is the most widely distributed type of soil in Guye District. Distribution of Meadow Cinnamon Soil: in wangnianzhuang Township, dazhuangtuo Township and beijiadian Township, sandy loamy meadow soil and medium loamy meadow soil are mainly distributed, about 4920 square meters, accounting for 63% of agricultural land in Guye District. Sandy loamy meadow soil is coarse, good permeability, but small heat capacity, large temperature change, less soil water content, easy to drought; medium loamy soil has good characteristics, good soil quality, high fertility, wide adaptability.
Sandy Meadow Cinnamon soil is mainly distributed in the east of Fangezhuang Township and beijiadian Township, Guye District, covering an area of 253 square meters, accounting for 3.2% of agricultural land. Distribution of calcareous cinnamon soil: a small part of light loamy calcareous cinnamon soil is also distributed in the north of beijiadian Township, covering an area of 200 square meters, accounting for 2.55% of agricultural land. It is characterized by light loamy soil, organic matter content of 1.77%, total nitrogen of 0.089%, alkali hydrolyzable nitrogen of 0.0076%, available phosphorus of 0.0006%, and quick available potassium of 0.0114%. Distribution of leached cinnamon soil: in the lower part of the hill, the parent material of the soil is mostly slope deposit and ancient red weathering crust, the soil calcium has been leached, the calcium carbonate content is about 1%, and the pH value is between 7 and 7.5. In xijiatao Township, beijiadian Township, wangnianzhuang Township and dazhuangtuo Township, light loamy leached cinnamon soil is distributed, covering an area of 1533 square meters, accounting for 20% of agricultural land. It is characterized by light loam on the surface, medium and thick in general, and less than 10% gravel on the surface of some soil species.
Fluvo aquic soil is a kind of hidden soil, which is not widely distributed in Guye District and has the characteristics of hydrogenesis. When the groundwater level is too high in summer, under the direct action of groundwater, the south of Shahejie River develops into fluvo aquic soil. The fluvo aquic soil is symmetrically distributed on both sides of Shahe River in Fangezhuang Township, which is sandy fluvo aquic soil near the riverbed and sandy loamy fluvo aquic soil far from the river. Guye District is mainly sandy fluvo aquic soil, distributed in dazhuangtuo Township and Fangezhuang Township, covering an area of about 433 square meters, accounting for 5.5% of the agricultural land area. Paddy soil is mainly distributed in Fangezhuang township.
The soil texture of Guye District from north to south is clayey loam sandy soil. Clayey soil is mainly distributed in wangnianzhuang Township, covering an area of 800 square meters. This kind of soil is sticky, with poor tillability, strong water and fertility conservation, high nutrients, poor permeability, poor waterlogging resistance, old seedlings but no small seedlings, and is suitable for planting wheat and vegetables. Loam is mainly distributed on both sides of Jingshan line, in the middle of xijiatao Township, dazhuangtuo Township and beijiadian Township, covering an area of 3000 square meters. It has the advantages of both sand and clay, good permeability and water holding capacity, strong water and fertility retention, long suitable cultivation period, convenient cultivation and wide range of crops. Sandy soil is mainly distributed in the southeast of Fangezhuang Township and beijiadian Township, covering an area of 2533 square meters. This kind of soil is characterized by more sand, less soil, loose soil, strong permeability, low water and fertility conservation, easy to cultivate, small seedlings but not old ones, and easy to remove fertilizer in the later stage. It is suitable for planting potato, peanut, cereal and fruit trees.
The climate of Guye District belongs to warm temperate semi humid monsoon continental climate. It is characterized by dry winter, wet summer, concentrated precipitation, distinct monsoon and four distinct seasons. The annual average temperature is 11.2 ℃, and the annual average rainfall is 648.1 mm, mainly from July to August. The annual average wind speed is 2.1 meters per second, and the westerly wind prevails. The annual frequency is 1% and the annual static wind frequency is 6%.
The wind changes with the seasons. In winter, the vast area near Siberia is often controlled by strong cold air mass, resulting in northwest wind blowing in this area; in summer, due to the influence of Ocean warm and humid air mass, southerly wind blowing is prevailing; spring and autumn are the transitional seasons of winter monsoon and summer monsoon, with variable wind direction.
Coal is the main underground resource in Guye District with large reserves and good quality. It is mainly mined by Kailuan Mining Bureau. Kailuan mining area is mainly composed of three coal bearing structures: Kaiping main syncline (including Jinggezhuang barren land), Qieshan syncline and Linnancang basin. The coal bearing strata are Permo Carboniferous, about 200-300 million years ago. Coal measure strata are mainly composed of sandstone, clay layer and thin limestone. The average total thickness is about 15m and the coefficient of coal content is 5.43% ～ 10.22%. Kailuan coal field covers an area of 151.928 square kilometers (227891.75 mu), with coal seam geological reserves of 1196993000 tons.
Coal Gangue Resources
Coal gangue is a by-product of coal mining. The coal mines in Guye District are piled up to the ground all the year round with coal mining. The local people call it "gangue dump" because of the high pushing rate. At present, the large-scale gangue piles are red gangues which have been spontaneously ignited, and the reserves are about millions of tons. It mainly contains 24% Al, 46.5% Si and 22% ca. except for a small amount of raw materials for building bricks and cement, it has not been fully developed and utilized. In addition, there are also some small gangues with abundant reserves, which can be used as low-quality coal materials because they have not yet spontaneously ignited.
The reserves of refractory clay in Guye District are very rich, and there are many kinds of ores. Refractory clay is stored in the limestone and Permian strata of kaipingjian syncline basin. It belongs to sedimentary type deposit. There are three ore bodies of layer a (hard bauxite), layer AD and layer g (bauxite).
Coarse grained quartz sandstone, commonly known as big black sand, is pure in texture and exposed in the sun in the Upper Sinian jingeryu and Wumishan formations. It is the main raw material for firing glass. Dolomite is the main ingredient of glass making, with large reserves and mining value.
Chinese PinYin : He Bei Sheng Tang Shan Shi Gu Ye Qu
Guye District, Tangshan City, Hebei Province
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