Habahe County, Altay Prefecture, Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region, is located in the south foot of Altay Mountain, the northwest edge of Xinjiang, bordering on Kazakhstan and Russia in the West and north respectively, with a border line of 282.6 km, and bordering burjin county and Jimunai County in the East and south.
By 2019, the county has a total area of 8180 square kilometers, which governs 65 administrative villages and 7 communities in 3 townships and 4 towns. There are 185 regiments in BINGTUAN with a total population of 88000. There are 23 ethnic groups, including Han, Kazak, Hui and Uygur, of which 70% are ethnic minorities. Habahe County is one of the important nonferrous metal reserves in China. 32 kinds of minerals have been found, especially for its large reserves and high grade of copper and gold. The economy of Habahe County is dominated by agriculture and animal husbandry and nonferrous metal mining and beneficiation. It has won national honors such as national health county and National Garden County. In 2018, the national health county (township) was reconfirmed. On October 9, 2020, it was awarded the title of the fourth batch of national ecological civilization construction demonstration cities and counties by the Ministry of ecological environment. In October 2020, it was rated as the national model city (county) of double support.
Habahe County is named after Habahe. Haba, a Mongolian word, means that the river bed is steep and often falls into the water. It means "sea bass" (i.e. wudaohei) fish, which refers to a small fish. Therefore, the river produces this fish, hence its name. Kazakh can also be interpreted as dense forest. "Xiyu pictorial records" said: "Zhun language Haba is the name of small fish, the river out of this small fish name." It is also known as Akeqi, which means Bletilla striata in Kazakh language. In the past, it was the beach of Bletilla striata, so it was named.
In the history of Habahe County, there were Cypriots, Huns, West Turks and Xianbei living here.
In the Tang Dynasty, Habahe County was under the jurisdiction of Beiting capital.
In the Yuan Dynasty, Habahe County belongs to the Shangshu province of balihang.
The Qing Dynasty was under the command of deputy general Dingbian of uliyasutai.
In the early Qing Dynasty, Haba river was a new turhute Mongolian Nomadic land in Qingse teletu League, which was under the jurisdiction of counsellor kebudo first, and then under the control of minister Altay.
In 1903, Habahe Tun Bureau was set up.
The first year of the Republic of China (1912) set up Habahe governance Bureau.
In the ninth year of the Republic of China (1920), the county was changed to be subordinate to Burqin county.
In 1921, Habahe County was established.
In 1930, it was upgraded to a county, which successively belonged to Ashan road and the sixth administrative region.
Since the founding of the people's Republic of China, it has successively been subordinate to the Altay region and the Altay region.
As of 2014, Habahe County has jurisdiction over 6 townships, 1 town and 113 administrative villages: Akeqi Town, sartamu Township, jiayilema Township, kulebai Township, SALBULAK Township, Tiereketi Township and qibal township.
Habahe County in Altay Prefecture of Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region is located between 85 ° 31 ′ - 87 ° 09 ′ E and 47 ° 38 ′ - 49 ° 09 ′ n, at the south foot of Altay Mountain, the northwest edge of Xinjiang, bordering Kazakhstan in the West and Russia in the north. The border line is 282.6 km long, bordering burjin and Jimunai in the East and south.
The geomorphic characteristics of Habahe County are that there are many mountains and few plains. The mountains are located in the north of the county, with an altitude of more than 1200 meters, and the highest peak of shagangla mountain is 3396 meters. The hills are located in the middle of the county, which is the transition zone between mountains and plains. The plains are located in the south of the county, with an altitude of less than 600 meters, and the north is alluvial proluvial plain, with flat terrain and good soil quality.
There are four main rivers in Habahe County, including Ertis River, Haba River, Belize River and alakebuick River, with an average annual runoff of 11.6 billion cubic meters and a total length of 433 kilometers. Haba river is the second largest tributary of Ertis River after Burqin river. From the source of Haba River to the confluence of Ertis River, Haba river has a total length of 216.3 km, a drainage area of 7224 square kilometers, an annual runoff of 2.174 billion cubic meters, an average annual flow of 68.9 cubic meters per second, a natural drop of 2637 meters, and an average River gradient of 12.19 ‰.
Habahe County is located in the hinterland of Eurasia with high latitude, belonging to the continental cold climate zone of north temperate zone. Its characteristics are: dry and windy in spring, short and hot in summer, cool in autumn, cold in winter, dry air, less rainfall, large evaporation, abundant sunshine, large temperature difference, and obvious vertical zonal climate change with high and low latitude. The annual average temperature is 5.3 ℃, the annual precipitation is 205.6 mm, the annual sunshine is 2837.1 hours, the frost free period is 144 days, and the annual average wind speed is 3.6 m / s.
In 2013, Habahe County has an area of 8185 square kilometers, including 373 square kilometers of cultivated land, 1338 square kilometers of forest land, 5462 square kilometers of grassland, 41 square kilometers of urban, rural, industrial and mining land, 23 square kilometers of transportation land, 105 square kilometers of water area and water conservancy facilities, and 843 square kilometers of other areas.
The theoretical reserve of Haba river is 537000 kW, accounting for 12.7% of the reserve of Ertis River Basin.
The 5000 square kilometer hilly area in the north of Habahe County is one of the important non-ferrous metal reserves in China. As of 2013, 32 kinds of minerals have been found, including copper, gold, lead, zinc, quartzite, kaolin, etc. the predicted reserves of copper resources are 3.6 million tons and the predicted reserves of gold resources are 200 tons. Ashele copper mine, a national large-scale rich copper mine, is located here.
Up to 2013, the wild animals found in Habahe County include red deer, yellow sheep, fox, sable, lynx, otter, etc.; birds include wild geese, Snowcock, swan, grouse, etc.; snakes include grassland viper, polar viper, Agkistrodon halys, etc.; there are a wide variety of plants in the county, including 218 kinds of traditional Chinese medicine.
Up to 2013, there are 20-30 species of forest plants in Habahe County, among which Abies sibirica, Picea sibirica and Pinus sibirica are national rare species. There are more than 800 kinds of herbage plants and more than 200 kinds of medicinal plants, among which ephedra, bupleurum, Fritillaria, lily, thyme, sea cucumber, Codonopsis pilosula, Cordyceps sinensis, big Yun are rare medicinal materials. There are many kinds of wild animals, including mink bear, snow leopard, lynx, red deer, snow rabbit, swan, Siberian sturgeon, Zhero salmon and so on.
In 2013, the total population of Habahe County was 87000, including 22 ethnic groups, including Han, HA and Hui, of which 52000 were Kazakh, accounting for 60.6% of the total population, 26300 were Han, accounting for 30.6% of the total population, and 30700 were non-agricultural, accounting for 35.7% of the total population.
In 2013, the total output value of agriculture, forestry, animal husbandry and fishery in Habahe County was 1194711400 yuan, an increase of 12.19% over the same period of 2012, including 650.6722 million yuan of agricultural output value, an increase of 15.64% over the same period of 2012, 485748400 yuan of animal husbandry, an increase of 9.06% over the same period of 2012, 43.6808 million yuan of forestry, an increase of 2.83% over the same period of 2012, and 4.64 million yuan of fishery, an increase of 3.19% over the same period of 2012 %The output value of agriculture, forestry, animal husbandry and fishery service industry was 9.97 million yuan, an increase of 0.82% over the same period of 2012. The added value of agriculture, forestry, animal husbandry and fishery was 654.1489 million yuan, an increase of 11.7% over the same period in 2012. The per capita net income of farmers and herdsmen was 8956 yuan, an increase of 18.5% over the same period in 2012.
the secondary industry
In 2013, the total industrial output value of industrial enterprises with more than 5 million yuan in Habahe County was 2513.413 million yuan; the industrial added value of industrial enterprises with more than 5 million yuan was 1880.364 million yuan, an increase of 5.4% over 2012, including 1866.26 million yuan in heavy industry, an increase of 5.3% over 2012, and 14.104 million yuan in light industry, an increase of 19.8% over 2012.
In 2013, the copper content of industrial enterprises in Habahe County was 33843.71 tons, 2.78% higher than that in 2012; the zinc content was 18225.4 tons, 82.97% higher than that in 2012; the gold content was 808 tons, 1.61% higher than that in 2012; the sales output value was 2527.433 million yuan, and the sales rate was 100.56%. The power generation capacity of enterprises in the county was 170.49 million kwh, an increase of 31.3% over 2012.
the service sector; the tertiary industry
In 2013, the total retail sales of social consumer goods in Habahe County was 405.907 million yuan, an increase of 13.1% over 2012, including 359.827 million yuan of urban consumer goods, an increase of 13.7% over 2012, and 46.08 million yuan of rural consumer goods, an increase of 8.9% over 2012.
In 2013, there was a senior high school in Habahe County, with 1668 students, an increase of 7.6% over 2012, including 908 girls. There are 140 full-time teachers in senior high schools, an increase of 2.18% over 2012. There is one middle school with 2945 students, an increase of 5.63% over 2012, including 1443 girls. There are 222 full-time teachers in ordinary middle schools, 29.29% lower than that in 2012. There are totally 17 primary schools and 23 teaching sites,
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