Xiji County Xiji County, under Guyuan City of Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region, is located in the south of Ningxia, at the West foot of Liupan. It is between 105 ° 20 '- 106 ° 04' e and 35 ° 35 '- 36 ° 14' n. It is 67 km long from east to west, 74 km wide from north to south, 63 km from Guyuan City in the East and 391 km from Yinchuan City in Ningxia in the north, with a total area of 3130 square kilometers. As of September 2020, it has jurisdiction over 4 towns and 15 townships with a total population of 496000. The county government is located in Jiqiang town.
Xiji County was established on October 10, 1942. It is the most populous county in Ningxia, a county inhabited by ethnic minorities, and a key county for poverty alleviation and development in the state and autonomous region. Xiji County is also the holy land of the red revolution. Mao Zedong stayed at a single family gathering at night, and the Red Army successfully joined the generals in the long march. In 1996, Comrade Jiang Zemin wrote an inscription for "the monument of the generals in the long march of the Chinese workers and Peasants Red Army". There are national 4A scenic spot "Huoshizhai Danxia Landform Scenic Spot" and dangjiacha earthquake Lake site. It is the first "hometown of literature" in China and the first county for collecting ancient Chinese coins.
In 2020, the GDP of Xiji County will reach 7.406 billion yuan, the per capita disposable income of urban residents will reach 28700 yuan, and the per capita disposable income of rural residents will reach 11770 yuan.
On November 16, 2020, after the study of the 78th executive meeting of the people's Government of Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region, Xiji County was officially approved to withdraw from the poverty-stricken county sequence.
Xia and Shang Dynasties are "the city of Yongzhou".
In Qin Dynasty, it belonged to Beidi county. Emperor Wu of Han Dynasty divided Beidi County into anding county. Now Xiji County belongs to anding county.
In the Three Kingdoms, the southern part of the county belongs to anding County, Yongzhou, Caowei, and the northwest part is occupied by qianghu. In the Jin Dynasty, it was still anding county.
In the Sui Dynasty, it belonged to Yuanzhou first, then Pingliang county.
In the Tang Dynasty, it belonged to Yuanzhou.
In the Northern Song Dynasty, it belonged to Qinfeng road. In the first year of Tianxi (1017), yangmulong city was set up in Huojia, Jiangtai township. In the third year of Qingli (1043), it was changed into Longde village. Jinshisheng Longde village is Longde County. Today, the East, South and southwest of the county are under its jurisdiction, and the county belongs to Deshun Prefecture. Today, the northwest part of the county belongs to Xi'an Prefecture of Xixia.
From Yuan Dynasty to Yuan Dynasty, Longde County was moved to the present Longde County. The southwest part of the county is under its jurisdiction, and it is under the jurisdiction of Jingning Prefecture, Shaanxi Province. The northeast part of the county is under the jurisdiction of Kaicheng Prefecture.
In the Ming Dynasty, it was under the jurisdiction of Longde County, Guyuan Prefecture, Pingliang Prefecture, Shaanxi Province. Mujiaying area of the county is muying pasture of qianning king, the adopted son of Zhu Yuanzhang. Xinying and jiuying areas are Zhumo pasture of Zhuyuanzhang's fourteenth son.
In the Qing Dynasty, it belonged to Shaanxi Province at first, and then to Gansu Province. It was under the jurisdiction of Guyuan, Haiyuan and Longde counties. Tongzhi 13 years (1874), in the city of nitrate River set state sentence, belongs to Guyuan Zhili state.
At the beginning of the Republic of China, it belonged to Jingyuan Road, and later to Longdong administrative office.
From 1938 to 1941, the Hui uprising broke out three times in Guhai area. In order to strengthen its rule, the Kuomintang government set up Xiji County in 1942, which was named after xijitan. At that time, it belonged to Longdong special district of Gansu Province and was stationed in Mujiaying.
On October 10, 1942, Xiji County was established.
In May 1950, Xiji County was changed into Pingliang district.
In September 1953, Xihaigu Hui Autonomous Region of Gansu Province was established under the jurisdiction of Xiji.
In 1955, Xihaigu Hui Autonomous Region was changed into Guyuan Hui Autonomous Prefecture.
In 1958, the Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region was established, Xiji County belongs to Guyuan District of Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region (later changed Guyuan area to Guyuan City).
On February 8, 2017, Jiangtai Township, Xiji County, Guyuan City, was approved by the executive meeting of the government of Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region to withdraw the township and build a town, named "jiangtaipu town".
As of September 2020, Xiji County has jurisdiction over 4 towns, 15 townships, 295 administrative villages, 8 neighborhood committees, 1870 villager groups, and the county government is located in Jiqiang town.
Towns: Jiqiang Town, Xinglong Town, Pingfeng Town, jiangtaipu town.
Townships: Xinying Township, Hongyao Township, Tianping Township, Majian Township, Zhenhu Township, Xingping Township, Xitan Township, Wangmin Township, Shizi Township, Malian Township, Xiaohe Township, piancheng Township, Shagou Township, Baiya Township, Huoshizhai township.
Xiji County is located in the south of Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region, at the West foot of Liupan, between 105 ° 20 '- 106 ° 04'e and 35 ° 35' - 36 ° 14'n. It borders Yuanzhou District of Guyuan City in the East, 63 km away from Guyuan City, 91 km away from Longde County, 73 km away from Jingning County, 450 km south to Xi'an City, Gansu Province, 132 km west to Huining County, 272 km west to Lanzhou City, Gansu Province, 391 km north to Yinchuan County. The county is 67 kilometers long from east to west and 74 kilometers wide from north to south, with a total area of 3130 square kilometers.
Xiji County is located in the center of the Loess Plateau and belongs to the arid hilly area of the Loess Plateau. It mainly has three geomorphic types: Huluhe River Plain, loess hilly gully area in the southwest and earth rock mountainous area in the northeast. The terrain is low in the South and gradually increases in the north, East and West, with an altitude of 1688-2633m.
Xiji County is located in the Northwest Loess Plateau, with vast land, various types, deep soil layer and loose soil.
Xiji County is a typical temperate continental monsoon climate with fragile ecological environment and frequent disasters. The annual average temperature is 12.7 ℃, the maximum temperature is 42.00 ℃, the minimum temperature is 21.80 ℃, the annual average precipitation is 570.2 mm, the annual maximum precipitation is 1088.1 mm, and the annual minimum precipitation is 220.3 mm. The frost free period is 198 days, mainly from July to September.
There are Hulu River, Qingshui River and Zuli River in Xiji County, which are all seasonal rivers.
In 2018, Xiji County is located in the Northwest Loess Plateau, with vast land, various types, deep soil layer and loose soil. Among them, black loessial soil area is the largest, accounting for 87.75% of the soil area. The black loessial soil is relatively fertile and has great potential for production.
In 2018, there are 11 proven minerals in Xiji County, including oil shale, copper, gypsum, marlstone, quartz sand, sand gravel, stone, brick clay, grindstone, mirabilite sulfur, and 36 ore producing areas. There are 2 large deposits, 4 medium deposits, 11 small deposits and 19 ore occurrences.
In 2018, there are birch, Populus davidiana, Salix mandshurica, Quercus liaotungensis, multi generation mixed forest of sprouting and tillering leaves in Xiji County, distributed in shady slope and semi shady slope; hazelnut, Nitraria spinosa, Lycium barbarum, Rosa davurica, and Prunus davidiana distributed in sunny slope and semi sunny slope. Agricultural and sideline products include potatoes, white peas, flax, mustard, Cereals, meat, eggs, hair, skin, etc.
In 2018, there are Hulu River, Qingshui River and Zuli River in Xiji County. The groundwater reserves are estimated to be 75.64 million cubic meters per year. The amount of water resources available per capita is only 95 cubic meters, less than 1 / 20 of the national average. The plain area of Hulu River Valley is rich in phreatic water. From the upstream to the downstream, it receives the potential supply from the tributaries on both sides, so the hydrochemical type changes greatly. The hydrochemical type in this area can be regarded as the representative type of Xiji County, and the mineralization degree is generally about 1 g / L, which can be used as drinking water for human and livestock and irrigation water for farmland. There are 44 small and medium-sized reservoirs with a total capacity of 193.231 million cubic meters, a drainage area of 2992.5 square kilometers, and 10500 hectares of irrigated farmland. A total of 82 dams have been built, with a total capacity of 30.762 million cubic meters and 0800 hectares of irrigated farmland.
As of September 2020, the total population of Xiji County is 496000, including 425000 agricultural population and 288000 Hui people, accounting for 58%, which is the largest county in Ningxia.
As of September 2020, Xiji County has 12 ethnic groups, including Hui, Han and Dongxiang, and is a county inhabited by ethnic minorities and a key county for religious work.
In 2018, Xiji County is expected to achieve a GDP of 6.4 billion yuan, an increase of 4%; the total investment in fixed assets of the whole society is 4.4 billion yuan, a decrease of 20%; the total retail sales of social consumer goods is 1.71 billion yuan, an increase of 5%; the local general public budget revenue is 169 million yuan, the same as the previous year; the disposable income of urban residents is 25100 yuan, an increase of 8%; the per capita disposable income of rural residents is 9250 yuan, an increase of 10%. We have integrated 1.325 billion yuan of agricultural related funds from all levels of finance, implemented 24 projects in infrastructure construction, industrial cultivation and development, public service construction, education and health security, lifted 37 poverty-stricken villages out of poverty, lifted 22500 poverty-stricken people out of poverty, and reduced the overall incidence of poverty to 5.88%.
In 2017, the agricultural added value of Xiji County reached 1.51 billion yuan, an increase of 4.6%. The sown area of crops is 2.42 million mu, and the grain output is 285000 tons. 1.15 million mu of potato was planted, 10000 mu of original seed breeding base was built, 100000 mu of first-class seed potato breeding base was built in poor villages, 150000 mu of first-class seed potato was promoted and planted, Xiji potato product promotion conference was held, "Xiji potato" won the "2017 most popular regional public brand of Chinese agricultural products" with a total potato output of 1.9 million tons. 16 open field vegetable demonstration parks, such as Longbao in Xiaohe, and 7 facility vegetable demonstration parks, such as Mingrong in Jiangtai, have been built. 150000 mu of characteristic vegetables have been planted and 760000 tons of vegetables have been sold. Standard for coarse cereals such as Jianshe majiantaizi
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Xiji County, Guyuan City, Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region
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