Zhuoni County, Zhuoni County, under Gannan Tibetan Autonomous Prefecture of Gansu Province, is located in the eastern edge of the Qinghai Tibet Plateau, Southeast of Gannan Tibetan Autonomous Prefecture of Gansu Province, with a total area of 5419.68 square kilometers. Zhuoni county has a plateau climate. It has 11 towns, 4 townships and 3 township level units. The county government is located in Liulin town. By the end of 2018, Zhuo Ni County registered residence with a total population of 110 thousand and 700.
In Xia, Shang and Zhou dynasties, Zhuoni belonged to Yongzhou. On December 31, 1958, Zhuoni was merged with Lintan, and the establishment of Zhuoni county was cancelled, which was called Lintan County, and the old city was set up as the administrative center. On December 25, 1961, the State Council decided to resume the establishment of Zhuoni county. There are 306 provincial roads in Zhuoni county. There are Dayugou, chanding temple and other tourist attractions in the territory.
In December 2017, Zhuoni county was selected as the fifth batch of national demonstration areas for national unity and progress. On September 25, 2018, it won the honorary title of "2018 e-commerce into rural comprehensive demonstration county" of the Ministry of Commerce. On April 28, 2019, with the approval of Gansu provincial government, the county officially withdrew from poverty-stricken counties.
In 2018, Zhuoni county achieved a GDP of 1630.56 million yuan, an increase of 0.7% over the previous year in terms of comparable prices, including 469.43 million yuan in the primary industry, 267.41 million yuan in the secondary industry, and 893.72 million yuan in the tertiary industry, a decrease of 6.1%.
History of construction
Zhuoni county has a long history and was inhabited as early as the Neolithic period.
In Xia, Shang and Zhou dynasties, Zhuoni belonged to Yongzhou.
During the spring and Autumn period and the Warring States period, Zhuoni was the land of Qin.
After Qin Shihuang unified the whole country, it was divided into 36 counties under the jurisdiction of Longxi County, belonging to Lintao county.
During the reign of Emperor Wu of the Western Han Dynasty, the whole country was divided into 13 departments, 103 counties and 1314 counties. The county was under the jurisdiction of xialongxi County under the Ministry of Liangzhou governor, and still belonged to Lintao county.
In the Eastern Han Dynasty, it was still under the jurisdiction of Lintao County, Longxi County, the governor of Liangzhou. In the second year of emperor Zhang's founding (77th year), shaodang Qiang, who lived in Songmao, sent troops from wangqugu and Taoyuan to encircle Southern Duwei in Lintao. Emperor Zhang sent his cavalry general Ma Fang (son of Ma Yuan) to attack. Because of the dangerous land in Lintao, it was difficult for his cavalry to pass, and because of the danger of Qiang soldiers occupying Taoshui, Ma Fang had no choice but to retreat. So far, Suoxi city has been built in Meichuan, Minxian County, and Duwei and Lintao county have moved to the south to live here. In 108, Dangjian and leguiqiang conquered Qiang county (now Nianbo County, Qinghai Province), Zhongqiang came back to Wangqu Valley, drove straight along the Taoshui River and conquered Lintao county. In the first year of Emperor Shun's Yongjian (126), Ma Xian (son of Ma Fang) fought with Zhong Qiang in Lintao, where Zhong Qiang descended and Taoxi recovered. Yangjia two years (133 years) is still in the Qin Lintao County site, Lintao County Lintao county and Longxi South Duwei.
The three kingdoms were divided into tripods. At the beginning, the county belonged to weiyongzhou. Longxi County and Taoyang county were still set up. It was changed into Lintao County of Qinzhou Longyou County. In order to consolidate the border defense, Wei Yong and Qinzhou set up Taoyang, Houhe and two garrisons on the North Bank of Taoshui river. Dieshan on the South Bank of Taoshui county is the boundary mountain between Qinzhou of Wei state and Yinping County of Yizhou of Shu state. Many of the tug of war between the two countries started here. At the end of Jingyao period in Shu Han Dynasty, Jiang Weiyue took over Lintao County of Wei Dynasty, attacked Taoyang, and fought with Deng AI. Jiang Weibing retreated from the original road to tundazhong (now in Zhouqu County).
Jin unified the Three Kingdoms, divided into 19 states, 173 counties, 1190 counties, most of the counties are under the jurisdiction of Lintao County, Longxi County, Qinzhou. During the reign of emperor Hui of Jin Dynasty, it was changed into counties, most of which were under the jurisdiction of Taoyang County, Didao county. In the Eastern Jin Dynasty, Tuyuhun occupied the whole Taoxi area and built many earthen castles on both sides of Taoshui river. There were niheshu, Taoyang city and Houhe city (namely Honghe city in shuijingzhu). At the same time, Lintao County, which was originally set up in Jin Dynasty, was occupied one after another, and most of the county was controlled by Tuyuhun regime.
During the period of the Sixteen States, the local warlords were divided into different regimes, and the county was in the state of Qin and Chu. The northeast part of the county is under the jurisdiction of Lintao County, the former zhaolongxi County, while the northwest part is still occupied by Tuyuhun.
In the former Qin Dynasty, the county was under the jurisdiction of Lintao County, Longxi County, Hezhou, and most of the southwest was still under the jurisdiction of Tuguhun regime. After the Qin Dynasty did not recover Taoxi, it still set up Lintao County in the old city of the Qin Dynasty to collect Taoyang, Honghe and other places.
Before the cool, the county belongs to Qinzhou Longxi County. After the cool, part of the county is under the jurisdiction of Lintao County, Longxi County.
When it was cool in the south, the county still belonged to Lintao County of Longxi County.
During the period of emperor Zhenjun of Taiping in the northern and Southern Dynasties, the county was under the jurisdiction of Hezhou. In the former Lintao County, Lintao county was set up to lead the county to pan Tan, and the counties were under the same rule, leading the Taoshui River Basin. Taihezhong (477-499), Tuyuhun in the territory and rebuilt Taoyang, mud and Zhucheng garrison, in the original Lintao county city Taozhou.
In the Northern Zhou Dynasty, Fantan County in the Western Wei Dynasty was changed to Lintan County, and Taoyang county and Taozhou were set up in the county administration, and Xuzhou was set up near the Minhe city of Tuguhun.
In Sui Dynasty, the territory was unified, and the counties and prefectures were abandoned frequently. Taoyang county was changed into Lintao County by abolishing Tao and Xu prefectures in the early days. Meixiang county was governed by the county, and 11 counties were led by the county. There are Meixiang, Lintan (originally named Fantan, abandoned in Yangba village, kaerqin Township, Zhuoni county), Boling (now Yangyong), Ningren (near Zhuoni county) and other counties around the county. Later, Boling and Ningren counties were merged into Dangyi county (now Lintan new city).
In the Tang Dynasty, the world was divided into ten roads, with the road dominating the state and the State governing the county. Zhuoni county is under the jurisdiction of Longyou road. Gaozu Wude first year (618 years), the abolition of the Sui Lintan County, the restoration of Boling county. Two years in the United States set Taozhou. In 628, Taizong moved to Taozhou and Meixiang to govern Honghe city; in the fifth year of Zhenguan, he changed the former Meixiang county to Lintan and Taozhou to govern Honghe city; in the eighth year, he moved to Taozhou to govern taoyangchuan (suspected to be today's Niutou city) and established Taoyang city. Still in the old Honghe City home Meixiang County, Li Taozhou. In the 17th year of Kaiyuan (729), Taozhou was abandoned and merged into minzhou. Shence army was set up to guard the West mill Chan River in Yuanzhou (there is a site in today's diedangshi Village). In the 20th year of Kaiyuan (732), Xuanzong set up Linzhou in Lintan, and in the 27th year of Kaiyuan (739), it was changed to Taozhou. In the first year of Tianbao (742), it was changed into Lintao County, which led Lintan County, migong County, Meixiang county and anxifu county. In the first year of Qianyuan (758), suzong changed Lintao county to Taozhou, and still ruled Lintan. This year, the whole Taoxi region was trapped in Tubo. All prefectures and counties were abandoned, and all counties were under the command of Tubo.
The Five Dynasties period lasted 53 years, and the county still belonged to Tubo. Later, Tubo was divided due to civil strife, and the big and small tribes did not belong to each other, forming a situation of separate rule. In the fourth year of Changxing (933) of emperor mingzong in the later Tang Dynasty, the imperial court took advantage of the favorable opportunity that the Tibetan and Han people in Taozhou area yearned for the unification of China, sent heavy troops to recover Taoxi, promoted Taozhou to Baoshun army, and to ensure the economy of the army.
In the early Song Dynasty, the system of Tang Dynasty was still adopted. In the third year of Emperor Taizong's Zhidao reign (997), the system was divided into 15 routes, including the government, the state, the army and the prison. Shenzong Xining six years (1073) recovered Taoxi, in today's Lintan County governance of the old city Taozhou, the county belongs to, Li Xihe road. He immediately abandoned it. In the ninth year of Xining, Taoshan prison was set up in the east of the county, which governed the west of Min county and the east of the county. In 1108, Huizong regained Taoxi and established Taozhou. In three years, Taozhou was promoted to tuanlian Prefecture, which belongs to the county. In the Northern Song Dynasty, except for a few years under the jurisdiction of the Song Dynasty, the counties were under the rule of the Tubo jiaosiluo regime.
Jin Dynasty, divided into 19 Road, the county is under the jurisdiction of Taozhou Lintao road.
In the Yuan Dynasty, the provincial government set up the provincial government, which included roads, prefectures, prefectures and counties. In the early Yuan Dynasty, the county was under the jurisdiction of the general hospital, which was under the command of Taozhou, tuosima Road, Xuanwei department, etc. In the 25th year of the Zhiyuan Dynasty (1288), the general institution was changed to xuanzhengyuan, and most of the county was changed to Hezhou Road, Taozhou could be the jurisdiction of the county. Xinigou in the southeast edge of the county belongs to minzhou; Taoyan in the East belongs to Tiezhou; zangbawayigou is under the jurisdiction of Zhao Tusi in Didao County, Lintao Prefecture, gongchang Road, Shaanxi Province, where Zhao once set up Shang, Zhong and Xia sanzhai local soldiers.
In the Ming Dynasty, he was transferred to the province as the chief minister, leading the prefecture, prefecture and county. In the fourth year of Hongwu (1371), Taozhou military and civilian thousand households were set up, and the county territory belonged to them. Later, they were promoted to build the Wei in the twelfth year of Hongwu, and were subordinate to the capital of Shaanxi. In minzhou, Taomin military preparation road was set up, which was also divided into two patrol roads to unify Taomin second Wei, Xigu, Jiewen three thousand households, Zhangcheng and Chengxian military affairs. At that time, the county belonged to Zhuoni and old Taobao villages. In the 16th year of Yongle in the Ming Dynasty (1418), the imperial court granted the head of Zhuoni's Tubo descendants some land as a local official to direct the military affairs and manage some tribes of the fan nationality. In the fourth year of Zhengde (1509), sun wangxiu entered the court. The Emperor gave his name to Yang Hong, and he still followed the local officials to command the Jin affairs. Zhuoni was allowed to set up a military and civilian thousand households, and actually granted the land thousand households (Ming Shilu). Zhuoni was allowed to be hereditary and was under the jurisdiction of gongchang Prefecture, the capital of Shaanxi Province.
In the Qing Dynasty, during the reign of Emperor Qianlong, Wei was replaced by Ting, and chieftains were still under the Ming system. By the 20th year of Daoguang (1840), the chieftain of Zhuoni had jurisdiction over not only today's County, but also today's Diebu, Zhouqu, Lintan and Minxian. It extends to gui'anli in minzhou in the East, to Ji, Wen, Xigu and Songpan in Sichuan in the south, to Taozhou in the West and to Hezhou in the north. There are 16 zhangga, 48 banners, 520 ethnic groups, 15000 households and nearly 100000 people.
In the second year of the Republic of China (1913), the government, prefecture and department were abolished and replaced by the system of province, state and county. Gansu provincial government made a decision to ban the Tusi system, and the county was under the command of Lintan county. However, the chieftain of Zhuoni had more than half of the jurisdiction of Gannan since the Daoguang Dynasty of the Qing Dynasty, which not only made Lintan County unable to control at that time, but also did not shake the dominant position of the chieftain even though the government of the Republic of China changed the policy of returning land to Liu. In 1932, the Tusi yamen organization was changed to Taomin road security headquarters. 20 years of the Republic of China
Chinese PinYin : Gan Su Sheng Gan Nan Cang Zu Zi Zhi Zhou Zhuo Ni Xian
Zhuoni County, Gannan Tibetan Autonomous Prefecture, Gansu Province
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