Yushe County Yushe County, a county under the jurisdiction of Jinzhong City, Shanxi Province, is located in the middle of the southern part of Jinzhong City, Shanxi Province, at the foot of Taihang Mountain and on both sides of Zhuozhang North source. It is adjacent to Zuoquan and Heshun in the East, Taigu and Yuci in the north, Qixian in the West and Wuxiang in the south. The lowest elevation is 987 meters, which belongs to the Loess Hilly and gully region. The annual average rainfall is 400-600 mm, and the frost free period is 90-150 days, which belongs to temperate continental climate.
In May 2015, Yushe County governs 4 towns, 5 townships, 1 Management Committee, 271 administrative villages and 6 urban communities, with a total population of 142000, including 117000 agricultural population. The total area of the county is 1699 square kilometers, with a total cultivated area of 337344 mu, including 282400 mu of basic farmland. There are Xiangtang temple, thousand Buddha cave, Wenfeng tower, Yunzhu lake and other scenic spots in the county. In March 2019, it was listed as the first batch of revolutionary cultural relics protection and utilization area sub County list.
In 2018, the GDP of Yushe County reached 3.44 billion yuan, a year-on-year increase of 7.4%. The added value of industries above Designated Size reached 1.02 billion yuan, a year-on-year increase of 10.1%. The total retail sales of social consumer goods reached 1.41 billion yuan, up 8.8% year on year. The general public budget revenue reached 301.69 million yuan, a year-on-year increase of 27.7%. The per capita disposable income of urban permanent residents was 22686 yuan, up 6.3% year on year. The per capita disposable income of rural permanent residents was 5901 yuan, up 14.5% year on year.
In July 2020, it won the honorary title of 2017-2019 national health county.
History of construction
The origin of the name
"Because of the name of Yushe old city in the northwest of the county.".
In the Taishi period of the Western Jin Dynasty, Wuxiang County was established in shecheng Town, 18 kilometers north of Chengguan, which belongs to Shangdang county.
In 319, Zhao set up Wuxiang County in Wuxiang County. Yonghe county was abandoned in middle age.
In the second year of Yanhe (433) of the Northern Wei Dynasty, Wuxiang County was changed into Xiang County, and Xiang county was set up in the county. Taihe 15 years (491) County, the county moved to Changzhi City Wuxiang County.
In the 16th year of kaihuang of Sui Dynasty (596), Yushe County was set up, which belongs to Hanzhou. "Because of the name of the old city of Yushe in the northwest of the county", Daye county was abandoned in 606. Yining two years (618) restoration, belongs to Taiyuan county.
Tang Wude three years (620 years) in the county home Yuzhou; in today's Chengguan 15 kilometers south of Weicheng village home Yanwu County, and Yushe County belong to Yuzhou. In the sixth year, Yanwu county was abandoned and merged into Yushe County, belonging to liaozhou, and later changed to Yizhou.
It was abandoned to Wuxiang County in 1074. Yuanyou first year (1086) restoration, Yuzhou.
In 1266, it was abandoned in LIAOSHAN county. Six years of restoration, belonging to liaozhou.
In the first year of the Republic of China (1912), it belonged to Jining Road, which was directly under the province after it was abandoned.
During the Anti Japanese War, Yubei county was set up as the second special office of Taihang District, which was later incorporated into Yushe County.
In 1949, it belonged to Yuci district.
In December 1949, 12 administrative villages and 34 natural villages of Quli, Baoxia, Shuangfeng and Shiyuan in Heshun county were assigned to Yushe County.
In July 1953, nine natural villages in Yushe County, including qingwangtou, xiaohouao and fujiashan, were assigned to Wuxiang County.
In 1956, the five villages of jiaohongsi, Shawang, pipayao, Daniu and caibudai in Heshun county and the Shantou and Wuzhuang villages in Taigu County were assigned to Yushe County.
In 1958, it was incorporated into Wuxiang County.
In 1960, it was restored to Jinzhong district.
On June 1, 1961, 16 natural villages in Taigu County, including Baibi, Paifang, Changrui and Si'er, were assigned to Yushe County, where Baibi commune was established.
In 1967, it belongs to Jinzhong Area.
In 1971, 12 production teams and 25 natural villages of Shipan commune in Wuxiang County were assigned to Yushe County.
In 1972, 12 production teams and 25 natural villages of Shipan commune, which was originally assigned to Yushe County, returned to Wuxiang County.
In 1999, it belongs to Jinzhong City.
As of December 2019, Yushe County has jurisdiction over 4 towns and 5 townships: Jicheng Town, Yunzhu Town, Haobei town and shecheng town; Heyu Township, Beizhai Township, Xima Township, Lanyu Township and Jiaotang township; and urban area. Yushe County People's government is located in Jicheng town.
Yushe County is located in the middle of the southern part of Jinzhong, Shanxi Province, at the foot of Taihang Mountain and on both sides of Zhuozhang North source. It is adjacent to Zuoquan and Heshun in the East, Taigu and Yuci in the north, Qixian in the West and Wuxiang in the south. It is between 112 ° 38 ′ - 113 ° 12 ′ E and 36 ° 51 ′ - 37 ° 34 ′ n, covering an area of 1699 square kilometers.
Yushe is an earth rock mountainous area, surrounded by high mountains. There are many loess hills in the middle. There are long and narrow valley plains on both sides of Zhuozhang River. It is suitable for the production of fruits, livestock, silkworms, fish and medicinal materials. The main mountains in the territory are heishenshan and shizuling in the East, wuwabei and wuyunshan in the west, tongliangshan and sanxiannao in the north. Except heishenshan, which is 1442 meters above sea level, the rest are more than 1500 meters above sea level. Among them, Wu Wa's back 1901 meters is the highest.
The climate of Yushe County is warm temperate continental monsoon climate, with an average annual temperature of 8.8 ℃, January minus 7 ℃, July 23 ℃, annual precipitation of 560 mm and frost free period of 165 days.
Water system hydrology
Zhuozhang River in Yushe County runs through the county from north to south. On both sides, there are branches such as Yunju River, Wuyuan River, Quanshui River, Donghe River, Nantun River, etc.
There are coal, iron, manganese, gypsum, oil shale and other minerals buried underground in Yushe County, of which the coal reserves are about 740 million tons. Yushe County has a large number of paleontological fossils, the number of unearthed fossils, the variety of complex, well preserved, known as the "hometown of fossils" and "treasure house of paleovertebrates".
In 2014, the total area of cultivated land was 33734400 mu, including 282400 mu of basic farmland. The main crops were wheat, millet, corn and so on. The second was soybean, potato, sorghum, oil and hemp. The forest covers an area of 400000 mu, and animal husbandry mainly includes cattle, sheep, horses and donkeys. There are pig, chicken, rabbit, deer and so on.
At the end of 2011, the total population of Yushe County was 135701, an increase of 1053 over the end of 2010. In the whole year, there were 1823 births, with a birth rate of 13.48 ‰, 895 deaths, a mortality rate of 6.62 ‰, and a natural growth rate of 6.86 ‰. The urbanization rate was 31.13%, 1.53% higher than that in 2010.
According to the data of the people's Government of Yushe County in 2015, the total population of Yushe County is 142000, including 117000 agricultural population.
In 2018, the GDP of Yushe County reached 3.44 billion yuan, a year-on-year increase of 7.4%. The added value of industries above Designated Size reached 1.02 billion yuan, a year-on-year increase of 10.1%. Fixed assets investment reached 1.72 billion yuan, up 20.5% year on year. The total retail sales of social consumer goods reached 1.41 billion yuan, up 8.8% year on year. The general public budget revenue reached 301.69 million yuan, a year-on-year increase of 27.7%. The per capita disposable income of urban permanent residents was 22686 yuan, up 6.3% year on year. The per capita disposable income of rural permanent residents was 5901 yuan, up 14.5% year on year.
In 2018, on the basis of maintaining stable grain output, Yushe County increased 7000 mu of crop planting area, reduced 12000 mu of corn, increased 19000 mu of cash crops, and increased 103 yuan of per mu income of planting industry. The characteristic industry of "four kinds and four nourishments" has developed steadily, the two municipal modern agricultural industrial parks of millet and Chinese herbal medicine have been smoothly promoted, the modern breeding and dairy development projects, the "three products and one standard" certification area of 40000 mu, and the three provincial functional products of Wufu millet, Jinjiao donkey hide gelatin cake and Tianhe hemp oil have been used to create the "ecological + brand" new era of Yushe agriculture "new characteristics".
the secondary industry
In 2018, Yushe County completed the establishment of Yushe economic and Technological Development Zone, opening up development space for the county economic transformation and upgrading. Promote the project construction of 10 investment enterprises, with a total investment of 910 million yuan and a total output value of more than 4 billion yuan. It took 20 days to complete the 10000 kW village level photovoltaic power station project, realizing grid connected power generation. The development zone will provide steam, surface water and other infrastructure facilities, and build a comprehensive energy supply base. Promote the energy revolution, accelerate the comprehensive development of coalbed methane, and create a clean energy development zone.
the service sector; the tertiary industry
In 2018, Yushe County promoted the tourism development of Yunzhu lake, with an annual investment of 1.033 billion yuan. Zhaojia village and beishanyun village have been established as provincial tourism poverty alleviation demonstration villages, and tourism development has gradually realized the transformation from "one scene leading" to "panoramic Yushe". In the whole year, it received 1.67 million tourists (Times), and the total tourism revenue increased by 31%. The development of the "Internet plus" new format, the completion and operation of the e-commerce Industrial Park, and the total sales volume of the county's agricultural products network reached 9 million 600 thousand yuan.
As of 2014, there are Taijiao line and Taichang expressway running through the north and South in Yushe County, fenxing expressway running through the East and West, provincial highway 102 and 319 and a large number of county and township roads crisscross, forming a relatively developed transportation system. The designed freight volume of railway is 4 million tons / year, and the highway carrying capacity is about 30 million tons / year.
In 2013, there were 9 ordinary middle schools with 7306 students, 1 vocational middle school with 1305 students and 38 primary schools with 8997 students in Yushe County. There are 33 kindergartens with 2916 children.
Chinese PinYin : Shan Xi Sheng Jin Zhong Shi Yu She Xian
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