Lixian County is subordinate to Longnan City, Gansu Province. The name of Lixian County originated from the place name "Lidian". In Yuan Dynasty, the Marshal's office of Wenzhou in Lidian was set up. Later, it was changed from "Li" to "Li". It was not until Ming Dynasty that Lixian County was officially named. Lixian County is located in the southeast of Gansu Province and the north of Longnan City. Jialing River in the Yangtze River Basin is the upper reaches of the Western Han River. It is adjacent to Qinzhou District and Xihe County of Tianshui in the East, Dangchang and Min County in the west, Wudu District of Longnan City in the South and Wushan and Gangu County in the north. It covers an area of 4299.92 square kilometers, with a total population of 53681700 and a permanent resident population of 472300 (2017). As of October 2019, Lixian County has jurisdiction over 22 counties Town, 7 townships.
Lixian is located in the Variscan and Indosinian fold belt of the middle Qinling Mountains. The terrain is inclined from northwest to Southeast, with an altitude of 1080-3312m. It has a temperate continental monsoon climate, cold and dry in winter, hot and rainy in summer.
Lixian is the real birthplace of Qin nationality and Qin culture, known as the "hometown of Qin emperor". Famous products are Lixian rhubarb, angelica, Morchella, wine persimmon and so on. There are Gansu Qin Culture Museum, Qin's first mausoleum -- Qin's western border mausoleum, Qishan Wuhou Temple and other scenic spots.
In 2019, the gross output value of Lixian County will be 4162.36 million yuan, including 1040.6 million yuan for the primary industry, 389.7 million yuan for the secondary industry and 3732.06 million yuan for the tertiary industry. On the morning of November 21, 2020, the Information Office of Gansu provincial government held a press conference to announce Li county's withdrawal from the poverty-stricken county sequence.
The origin of the name
Lixian was originally Li Dian in Yuan Dynasty according to the summary of Fang Yu who read history. Li and Li had similar pronunciation, and it was changed to Lixian in Ming Dynasty.
Evolution of organizational system
Xia: it is Yongzhou in Yugong. Xia Yu controlled the water and dredged the water in Panzhong mountain.
Shang is still Yongzhou.
Western Zhou Dynasty: Lixian is the western border (also known as xiqiuqiu). In 909-895 BC, King Xiao of Zhou granted Qin daluozi Feizi as a vassal, and built the Qin Pavilion (now Zhangjiachuan county), named Qin Ying. In addition, the son born to the daughter of Shenhou, Daluo's wife, became Daluo's heir and lived in xicanqiu (now Yongxing township of Lixian County).
Eastern Zhou Dynasty: in the seventh year of Xianggong of Qin Dynasty (771 BC), Shenhou united with Canrong to attack Zhou, killing king you of Zhou at the foot of Lishan Mountain. Xianggong of Qin led the army to save Zhou. Later, Pingwang of Zhou moved eastward to Luoyi. Xianggong supported the army and escorted Pingwang. King Ping of Zhou granted Duke Xianggong of Qin as a vassal, and granted him a place to the west of Qi (now Qishan County of Shaanxi Province). Qin had a state at the beginning, and its capital was the western frontier Palace (now Yongxing township of Li county). Lixian is the real birthplace of Qin nationality and Qin culture.
Qin: Lixian County belongs to the west of Longxi County.
Han Dynasty: it belongs to Xi county and Wudu County.
Three Kingdoms: still under the jurisdiction of Wudu and Xixian.
Western Jin Dynasty: Xi county changed to Shichang, belonging to Tianshui county.
Eastern Jin Dynasty: most of Li county belongs to Qiuchi County of Qinzhou.
In the northern and Southern Dynasties, Hanyang county was set up in the Northern Wei Dynasty to govern Lancang (now Hanyang); in the Western Wei Dynasty, Hanyang county was changed to Hanyang County, belonging to Changdao County.
Tang Dynasty: when the place is divided into Changdao (county government Lidian), datan two counties.
The Song Dynasty is still the same.
In the Yuan Dynasty, the military and civilian Marshal's office of Wenzhou in Lidian was set up. Later, because the word "Li" was vulgar, it was replaced by the elegant homonym "Li". At the beginning, it belonged to Wang Xiang's office, and later to Xuanwei Department of Tubo.
Ming Dynasty: Hongwu four years (1371) set up a thousand li shop, belonging to minzhou Wei, 15 years to Qinzhou Wei. In the ninth year of Chenghua, Lixian County was set up in the west of Suocheng (today, the east of the gate of Lixian County is Suocheng). It was led by Qinzhou and belonged to gongchang Prefecture.
Qing Dynasty: in the 16th year of Shunzhi, the Wei office was cut off, and the Wenxian office and Xigu Office of gongchangwei were transferred to Lixian County. In the seventh year of Yongzheng reign, Qinzhou was changed to be the Chief Secretary of Lanzhou, and Lixian was still the subordinate.
Republic of China: originally under the jurisdiction of Weichuan road. In 1936, the office of administrative inspector of the Fourth District of Gansu Province was established in Lingli county.
People's Republic of China: in August 1949, Lixian County was liberated and Lixian County People's government was established under the jurisdiction of Wudu District Office of administrative commissioner. In 1955, it was put under the administration of Tianshui district. In August 1958, Xihe and Lixian were merged and renamed as Xili county. The county people's Committee was located in Lixian County. In 1962, Lixian County, Xihe county were separated. In July 1985, Li county was assigned to Wudu, and the former Wudu district was renamed Longnan administrative office. In 2004, Longnan was set up as a city, and Lixian County was still its subordinate.
In 2014, Honghe Township, kuanchuan Township, Qishan Township, Yongxing Township, Yongping Township and Zhongba Township were abolished and Honghe Town, kuanchuan Town, Qishan Town, Yongxing Town, Yongping town and Zhongba town were established; leiba Township and Luoba Township were abolished and leiba town and Luoba town were established. In the same year, Chengguan Town, Yanguan town and Baihe Town were listed as national key towns. In January 2016, Yacheng Town, Taoping Township and Longlin Township were abolished, and Yacheng Town, Taoping town and Longlin town were established. In March 2018, Gucheng Town, Qiushan Town, Jiangkou Town, Baiguan Town, wangba Town, Tanping town and Qiaotou town were abolished, and Gucheng Town, Qiushan Town, Jiangkou Town, Baiguan Town, wangba Town, Tanping town and Qiaotou town were established.
On the morning of November 21, 2020, the Information Office of Gansu provincial government held a press conference to announce Li county's withdrawal from the poverty-stricken county sequence.
As of October 2019, Lixian County has jurisdiction over 22 towns and 7 townships.
Lixian County is located in the southeast of Gansu Province and the north of Longnan City. It spans between 104 ° 37 ′ - 105 ° 36 ′ E and 33 ° 35 ′ - 34 ° 31 ′ n. It is adjacent to Qinzhou District and Xihe County of Tianshui in the East, Dangchang and Min County in the west, Wudu District of Longnan City in the South and Wushan and Gangu County in the north. The county covers an area of 4299.92 square kilometers, 103 kilometers long from north to South and 88 kilometers wide from east to west. It is 345 kilometers away from the provincial capital Lanzhou, 97 kilometers away from Tianshui City, and 250.5 kilometers away from Wudu City, the seat of Longnan municipal government.
Lixian is located in the Variscan and Indosinian fold belt (collision zone between Yangtze plate and North China plate) of the middle Qinling Mountains. It is controlled by Shanyang Lixian fault zone and Fengxian Lixian wangba Zuojia Dangchang fault zone. The stratigraphic division belongs to Qinling stratigraphic division. The exposed strata include Silurian, Devonian, Carboniferous, Triassic, Quaternary and Yanshanian granite, of which the Devonian strata have the largest exposed area.
The main faults in Lixian are: Lixian Luoba Suolong fault zone; Lixian Taoping weiziba fault zone; zhujiaba qinjiawan Quanshui fault zone; Chenghe liaojiasi linbian fault zone; Shibao Longwangshan Ciba fault zone. The main fold is shijiaheba compound syncline. The Shujiaba formation forms the secondary Mawu anticline in the north wing and the Xihanshui formation forms the secondary zhangfengpo anticline in the south wing. The magmatic rocks are mainly Zhongchuan granite and luqiaoba granite. The dikes are mainly granodiorite dikes, granite dikes, diabase dikes and macular dikes.
The terrain of Lixian County is inclined from northwest to Southeast, with the highest altitude of 3312 meters and the lowest altitude of 1080 meters. There are overlapping mountains, steep slopes and deep valleys in Lixian County. Affected by the neotectonic movement, the valley is deeply cut off, and the mountain area is large, accounting for 91% of the total area of Lixian County. However, there are a few places in Chuanba, Yanguan, Yongxing, Chengguan and Shiqiao along the West Han River, accounting for only 9% of the total area of Lixian County.
A small part of northeast and southwest China belongs to the middle mountain area of light cut loess ridge. The southeastern part is the middle mountain area of heavy cut earth rock. In the northwest and southwest, there are middle and subalpine rocky areas. The plain area of Chuanba River Valley, distributed in the basin of the West Han River and its tributaries, is a flood alluvial river valley plain since the neotectonic movement.
The climate of Lixian County is temperate continental monsoon climate, with cold and dry winter and hot and rainy summer; the characteristics of climate Festival are obvious, with long winter and short summer, and moderate spring and autumn. The average annual temperature is 9.9 ℃, the precipitation is 488.2 mm, the average annual sunshine is 1968.1 hours, and the frost free period is 183 days.
There are many kinds of minerals in Lixian County, mainly rare and precious metals and non-ferrous metals. And the distribution is scattered, the scale is relatively small. By 2010, more than 20 kinds of cash, silver, copper, iron, lead-zinc, uranium, granite and marble had been issued in Lixian County. Mainly distributed in Luoba, Taoping, Qiushan, Shiqiao and more than 20 towns.
As of 2010, there are 6.2835 million mu of land resources in Lixian County, including 1.9963 million mu of cultivated land, 62200 mu of garden land, 1.9821 million mu of forest land, 1.184 million mu of pasture land, 6200 mu of residential land and industrial and mining land, 37600 mu of traffic land, 85000 mu of water area and 997500 mu of unused land. The proportion of land for agriculture, forestry and animal husbandry is relatively large, which belongs to the land use status of agriculture, forestry and animal husbandry structure.
By the end of 2017, there were 134158 households in Lixian County, with a total population of 53681700 and a permanent resident population of 472300, with a birth rate of 13.73 ‰ and a natural growth rate of 5.57 ‰.
At the end of 2016, the total population of Lixian County was 537900, the rural population was 466400, accounting for 86.71% of the total population, and the urbanization rate was 24.29%.
At the end of 2014, Lixian County had a total population of 534800 and a permanent resident population of 459800, including 92900 urban population, with an urbanization rate of 20.20%. The per capita disposable income of urban residents in Lixian County reached 16060.3 yuan, an increase of 7.9% over the previous year; the per capita net income of farmers was 3923.1 yuan, an increase of 14.1% over the previous year.
As of 2016, the ethnic composition of Lixian County is mainly Han nationality, accounting for 98.2% of the total population of the county. In addition, there are six ethnic minorities, including Hui, Tibetan, Manchu, Mongolian, Miao and Yi.
In 2016, Lixian achieved a GDP of 3.31 billion yuan, an increase of 8.0% over the previous year. By industry, the added value of the primary industry is 9
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