Huayin Huayin City, which belongs to Weinan City, Shaanxi Province, is famous for its Xiyue Huashan Mountain. It is located in the east of Guanzhong Plain and the junction of Qin, Jin and Henan provinces, with Tongguan in the East, Huazhou District in the west, Qinling Mountains in the South and Weishui River in the North. It is between 34 ° 19 ′ 22 ″ - 34 ° 40 ′ 00 ″ N and 109 ° 54 ′ 00 ″ - 110 ° 12 ′ 13 ″ e, with a total area of 817 square kilometers.
Huayin has a history of more than 2300 years. It has been known as "the thoroughfare of the three Qin Dynasties and eight provinces" since ancient times. It is the only way from the Central Plains to the northwest. It is one of the four county-level cities in Shaanxi Province. In 1993, it was named as a historical and cultural city by Shaanxi provincial government. Huayin City is the birthplace of the Yangs in the world. It is said that "the Yangs in the world come from Huayin, and the Yangs in Huayin return to the East Palace". The founding emperor of Sui Dynasty, Sui Wendi Yang Jian, was born in Huayin. During the Warring States period, Gongsun Yan, a great political strategist, and Yang Zhen, a famous official in the Eastern Han Dynasty, were also born here.
In 2018, Huayin has two streets, four towns and one state-owned enterprise. By the end of 2017, the permanent resident population of Huayin City was 263352, with a GDP of 8.496 billion yuan, of which the added value of the primary industry was 624 million yuan, the added value of the secondary industry was 3.226 billion yuan, the added value of the tertiary industry was 4.646 billion yuan, and the ratio of the three industrial structures was 7:38:55. According to the average permanent resident population, the per capita GDP was 32293 yuan.
The origin of place names
Huayin, as the name of the county, began in the eighth year of emperor Gaozu of Han Dynasty (199 BC), and got its name because it was located in the northern foot of Huashan Mountain.
History of construction
As early as the Neolithic age, there were activities of ancestors in Longwo village, Guanbei Township, Huayin County, hengzhen village and Funan village, Fushui Town, and Xiguan village, Yuemiao town.
Xia (about 21-17 century BC)
It is said that Emperor Yu ruled Kyushu and Huayin was subordinate to Yongzhou.
Shang Dynasty (1600-1028 BC)
Huayin belongs to Yongzhou.
Western Zhou Dynasty (1027-771 BC)
Huayin belongs to Yuzhou.
Spring and Autumn period (770-475 BC)
Huayin belongs to Jin Dynasty. It was established in Jin Dynasty, so it is located in duanjiacheng village, Weiyu Township, Huayin City, Shaanxi Province.
The Warring States period (475-221 BC)
Han, Zhao and Wei were divided into three divisions, and Huayin was bounded by the great wall of Wei, which belonged to Wei in the East and Qin in the West.
In the sixth year of King Huiwen of Qin Dynasty (332 BC), Wei Na Yin Jin was born in Qin Dynasty. Qin Dynasty was located in ningqin county (including the year of Huayin and Tongguan), which means "Ningjing Qinjiang".
Qin Dynasty (221-206 BC)
Ningqin county is under the jurisdiction of NEISHI, and its governance is still yinjincheng.
Western Han Dynasty (202-8 BC)
In the second year of emperor Gaodi of Han Dynasty (205 BC), it belongs to Weinan county.
In the eighth year of emperor Gaodi of Han Dynasty (199 BC), Huayin county was renamed Huayin County, which was located in the north of Huashan Mountain. It belonged to jingzhaoyin and governed yinjincheng county.
The ninth year of emperor Gaodi of Han Dynasty (198 BC) belongs to internal history.
In the sixth year of Jianyuan reign of Emperor Wu of Han Dynasty (135 BC), the internal history is about. Huayin county belongs to youneishi.
In the first year of Taichu (104 BC), the right internal history was changed to jingzhaoyin, which belongs to Huayin county.
Xinmang (9-23 years)
In the first year of the founding of the people's Republic of China (9 years), it belonged to Fengyi county.
In the second year of Tianfeng (15 years), Huayin was renamed Huatan County, and its jurisdiction was about the west of Huayin county. At the same time, chuansikong county was changed to Chuanli County, belonging to Yiwei county. Jurisdiction for the east of Huayin county and Tongguan county.
In the first year of reform (23 years), it was renamed Huayin County, belonging to jingzhaoyin.
Eastern Han Dynasty (25-220)
The compound name of Huayin, withdraw the boat County, jurisdiction into Huayin county. At the beginning, they belonged to Jing Zhaoyin.
In the 15th year of Jianwu (39th year), jingzhaoyin was transferred to Hongnong county.
Cao Wei of the Three Kingdoms (220-265)
Huayin belongs to hengnong county.
Western Jin Dynasty (265-316)
In 265, hengnong county was restored to Hongnong County, which belonged to Huayin county.
Sixteen States of the Eastern Jin Dynasty (317-420)
In 393, Huayin and Fuxi counties were transferred to Huashan County of Liangzhou.
Before Zhao Dynasty (304-329), Huayin was transferred to Hongnong County of Yongzhou.
After Zhao (319-349), Huayin belongs to Yongzhou Hongnong county.
In the former Qin Dynasty (351-394), Huayin and Fuxi counties belonged to Hongnong County of Luozhou.
In the later Qin Dynasty (384-417), Huayin and Fuxi counties belonged to Huashan County of Jizhou.
In summer, Fuxi county was abandoned.
In the 13th year of the Yixi reign of the Eastern Jin Dynasty (417), it was transferred to Yongzhou and was in charge of Huayin.
The southern and Northern Dynasties (420-589)
In the first year of Taiping Zhenjun in the Northern Wei Dynasty (440), Huashan county was still set up, which belonged to Huayin county.
In 487, Huayin merged with Dali County and moved to Jincheng (the year near Dali County). In the same year, Fuxi county was set up again, belonging to Huashan County of Dongyong Prefecture.
In the second year of Xiaochang in the Northern Wei Dynasty (526), duanjiacheng village, Weiyu Township, Huayin City was also ruled. It belongs to Huashan county.
In the first year of Yongxi in the Northern Wei Dynasty (534), Dingcheng county was set up 5 kilometers east of Huayin County, which was later abolished.
In 554, the first month of the Western Wei Dynasty was renamed Huazhou. Huayin and Fuxi counties belong to Huashan county.
The Northern Zhou Dynasty inherited the Western Wei Dynasty.
Sui Dynasty (581-618)
At the beginning of Sui Dynasty, Fuxi county was removed and its jurisdiction was incorporated into Huayin County, which is now the county seat.
Kaihuang three years (583), the abolition of Huashan county. Huayin county is directly under Huazhou.
Daye three years (607), state waste, is Jingzhao county.
In the fifth year of Daye (609), Huayin City was transferred to the present-day Huayin City, still belonging to Jingzhao county;
Yining first year (617), divided into Jingzhao County, Zheng county, Huayin two counties, the restoration of Huashan county. Huayin county belongs to Huashan county.
Tang Dynasty (618-907)
In the first year of Wude (618), Huashan county was changed to Huazhou, which belonged to Huayin county.
In the first year of chuigong (685), Huazhou was changed into Taizhou and Huayin County into Xianzhang county.
In 691, Tongjin county was set up in the east of Xianzhang County, belonging to Guozhou.
In the second year of the holy calendar (699), March was changed to Taizhou.
In the second year of Chang'an (702), Tongjin county was withdrawn and the jurisdiction was merged into Xianzhang county.
In the first year of Shenlong (705), Taizhou was renamed Huazhou, and Xianzhang county was renamed Huayin county.
In the first year of Tianbao (742), Huazhou was changed into Huayin County, which belongs to Huayin county.
In the second year of Shangyuan Dynasty (761), it was changed to Taizhou, and Huayin county was changed to Taiyin county.
In the first year of Baoying (762), Taizhou was renamed Huazhou and Huayin county at the same time.
In the fourth year of qianning (897), Huazhou was promoted to Xingde Prefecture, which belongs to Huayin county.
In the third year of Tianyou (906), Huazhou was restored. Huayin county belongs to it.
Five Dynasties (907-960)
It belongs to Huazhou. In the Five Dynasties, the Later Liang, the later Tang, the later Jin, the later Han, the Later Zhou, the Northern Song, the Jin, and the yuan remained unchanged.
Northern Song Dynasty (960-1127)
Huayin belongs to Yongxing military road Huazhou.
In 1142, Huayin belonged to Huazhou, jingzhaofu road.
In 1279, Huayin belonged to the general office of Anxi road.
Huangqing first year (1312), is Fengyuan road Huazhou.
Ming Dynasty (1368-1644)
Huayin is located in Huazhou, Xi'an Prefecture of Shaanxi Province.
Hongwu seven years (1374), set up Tongguan Shouyu thousand households, under the command of Shaanxi.
In the ninth year of Hongwu (1376), tongguanwei was set up (in the year when it was under the command of the capital of Henan). Tun, Ying, Bao and Zhai occupied 28 places in Huayin.
Qing Dynasty (1644-1912)
In 1726, Tongguan county was set up in the east of Huayin County, which belongs to Zhili Prefecture of Shaanxi Province.
In the 13th year of Yongzheng (1735), Huazhou was reduced to Sanzhou and no longer led the county. Huayin and Tongguan became TongZhou Prefecture of Tongshang road in Shaanxi Province.
The Republic of China (1912-1949)
In the second year of the Republic of China (1913), the capital of Tongzhou was withdrawn, and Huayin belonged to Guanzhong road of Shaanxi Province.
In 1928, it was directly under the jurisdiction of Shaanxi Province.
In the 28th year of the Republic of China (1939), it belonged to the eighth Office of administrative inspector of Shaanxi Province;
In August 1948, the second office of administrative inspector of Shaanxi Province was set up in Huayin county.
The people's Republic of China (1949)
On May 23, 1949, Huayin was liberated and belonged to Weinan District of Shaanxi Gansu Ningxia border region government.
In May 1950, it belongs to Weinan District of Shaanxi Province.
In October 1956, it was transferred to Shaanxi Province.
In December 1958, it was incorporated into Weinan county.
In September 1961, the organizational system of Huayin county was restored, belonging to Weinan district.
In 1969, it belonged to Weinan area.
On December 27, 1990, with the approval of the State Council, Huayin county was changed into Huayin City.
Ming and Qing Dynasties
In the ninth year of Hongwu in the Ming Dynasty (1376), Tongguan guard was set up, which contained troops in agriculture. There are 28 villages in Huayin.
In the 41st year of Wanli in the Ming Dynasty (1613), Huayin was 30 Li in 4 townships.
The Qing Dynasty followed the Ming Dynasty. In 1724, tongguanwei was withdrawn. In 1726, Tongguan county was established. In 1747, Tongguan hall was set up in Qianlong county. It is bounded by the west gate of Mancheng (Tongguan county), Huayin in the West and Tongguan in the East. Tongguan is located in Huayin County, and its villages, camps, fortresses and villages are still under the jurisdiction of Tongguan. Huayin administrative divisions, a total of 28 Li, 376 Village Fort.
the Republic of China era
In the early years of the Republic of China, following the qingxiangli system, Huayin was still 28 Li.
In 1921, Huayin was divided into five districts with jurisdiction of 28 Li.
In 1929, a civilian county was set up in Shaanxi Province
Chinese PinYin : Shan Xi Sheng Wei Nan Shi Hua Yin Shi
Huayin City, Weinan City, Shaanxi Province
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