Qinglong County Qinglong County, belonging to Qianxinan Buyi and Miao Autonomous Prefecture of Guizhou Province, is located in the southwest and northeast corner of Qianxinan Prefecture of Guizhou Province. It is located in the middle of Yunnan Guizhou Plateau and the middle connecting belt of bishuixing economic circle. It faces Guanling Buyi and Miao Autonomous County across the river in the East and Shuicheng district and Liuzhi special zone in the north. The total area is 1309.8 square kilometers.
Qinglong County has the famous "Stilwell highway - 24 Daoguai", the provincial scenic spot "sanwangping Grassland", the Guangzhao lake reservoir area, Qinglong mountain grassland, ten thousand mu citrus farm, ten thousand mu tea garden and other green ecological scenic spots. It also has the historical and cultural relics of the Ming and Qing Dynasties, such as Panjiang cliff carvings, ancient tombs, Yufei stone, momang Pavilion and so on Jiangtie cable bridge and other anti Japanese cultural sites.
In 2018, Qinglong County governs 2 streets, 8 towns and 4 townships, with a total resident population of 248500, realizing a GDP of 8.298 billion yuan, of which the added value of the primary industry is 1.980 billion yuan, the added value of the secondary industry is 2.546 billion yuan, and the added value of the tertiary industry is 3.772 billion yuan. The added value of the primary industry, the secondary industry, and the tertiary industry accounts for 24% and 31% of the GDP respectively The per capita GDP is 33629 yuan.
During the spring and Autumn period and the Warring States period, the county was the territory of the state of Yao (county) and the state of Yelang (county). During the Qin and Han Dynasties, the county system was established, and Yelang county and Tanzhi county were once set up in the county territory. In Shu Han Dynasty, it was called Ben Gu County and Lou Jiang County, which can be called Ben Gu county or Lou Jiang County, and later abandoned Ben Gu County and Lou Jiang county.
During the Wei and Jin Dynasties, the influence of cuanman minority in Southwest China expanded, and a Lun, the head of wuman in dongcuan, occupied Panjiang and abolished the county system, which was called Yabu. During the reign of Zhenguan in Tang Dynasty, Taizong set up panzhou in remote places, and the county belonged to panzhou.
Yuan Dynasty, in the Yabu Fu Yuan, home Pu'an Road headquarters.
The establishment of Qinglong County has been recorded since the early Ming Dynasty, with a history of more than 600 years.
In the 17th year of Hongwu (1384) of the Ming Dynasty, the county began to set up the Department of Sasa. In the 23rd year of Hongwu (1390), the Wei was changed to Annam Wei.
In the 16th year of Shunzhi (1659) of the Qing Dynasty, the five places under the jurisdiction of annanwei were changed to 6 Li 10 Jia. In the 26th year of Kangxi (1687), Weijian county was a local administrative organ.
At the beginning of the Republic of China, the county government changed its name to the county office, and the palace changed its title to the magistrate. In 1927, the national government implemented the constitutional government, with the county as the autonomous unit and the county government as the government. In 1941, the national government changed the name of Annam county to Qinglong.
On December 19, 1949, Qinglong County was peacefully liberated. Due to the needs of the situation at that time, a transitional temporary organization, the people's Liberation Committee of Qinglong County, was established on December 15 to maintain the local daily work.
On April 2, 1950, the people's Government of Qinglong County was formed, the people's Liberation Committee of Jinglong county was abolished, and it was subordinate to the Xingren special office.
On December 4, 1952, the Guizhou Provincial Committee of the Communist Party of China changed its name to Xingyi special office because of the relocation of Xingren special office, and the county people's government was subordinate to Xingyi special office. In the same month, according to the notice of the provincial people's Committee, Qingjiang County People's government was renamed "Jinglong County People's Committee".
In 1956, Xingyi district was established and ordered to be sold. The people's Committee of Qinglong County was transferred to Anshun special office.
On December 29, 1958, the State Council (58) No. 92 document issued a notice to cancel the incorporation of Jinglong County into Pu'an County, and the county people's Committee was incorporated into Pu'an County People's Committee at the same time, which is called "Pu'an County People's Committee".
On August 18, 1961, the Secretary Office of the State Council issued a notice in Document No. 55, restoring the governance of Qinglong County and the people's Committee of the county.
In July 1965, the State Council approved the restoration of Xingyi area, and Qinglong County People's Committee was under the leadership of Xingyi special office.
In 1982, Xingyi Prefecture was changed into Qianxinan Buyi and Miao Autonomous Prefecture. It belongs to the genus Aconitum in Qinglong County.
In November 2020, Qinglong County officially withdrew from poverty-stricken counties.
In 2000, Qinglong County governed seven towns, six townships and one ethnic township: Liancheng Town, Shasha Town, Bichen Town, Dachang Town, Jichang Town, Huagong Town, Zhongying Town, Guangzhao Town, Changliu Town, Datian Town, Machang Town, zima Town, Angu town and Sanbao Yi township.
In 2003, Qinglong County had jurisdiction over 8 towns, 6 townships (including 1 Yi nationality township), 185 village committees and 10 neighborhood committees.
On January 29, 2016, Guizhou Provincial People's Government approved the adjustment of administrative divisions of some towns in Qinglong County. After the adjustment, Qinglong County has jurisdiction over Liancheng street, Dongguan Street, Shasha Town, Jichang Town, Zhongying Town, Bichen Town, Dachang Town, Huagong Town, Guangzhao Town, Chama Town, Angu Town, zima Town, Changliu town and Sanbao Yi Township, with a total of 2 streets, 8 towns, 3 townships and 1 village It is a nationality township.
In July 2019, Guizhou Provincial People's Government approved the establishment of Sanbao street and Tenglong street in Qinglong County.
Current situation of regionalization
By 2018, Qinglong County has jurisdiction over 2 streets, 8 towns and 4 townships. Qinglong County People's Government in Liancheng street.
Qinglong County is located in the middle of Yunnan Guizhou Plateau, the southwest of Guizhou Province, the north of Qianxinan Prefecture, the middle of Yunnan Guizhou Plateau and the upper reaches of the Pearl River. It is between 105 ° 01 ′ - 105 ° 25 ′ E and 25 ° 33 ′ - 26 ° 11 ′ n. the county is 69 km long from north to South and 33 km wide from east to west, with a total area of 1309.8 square kilometers.
Qinglong County is located in Gaoyuan gorge area. The highest point is 1km north of May Chaotian in the southwest corner of the county and the junction of Pu'an County, with an altitude of 2025 meters. The lowest point is the confluence of Masha River and Beipan River, with an altitude of 543 meters and an altitude difference of 1482 meters. Due to the strong cutting of Beipanjiang River and its tributaries, the cutting depth is 500-700 meters, belonging to the deep cutting karst erosion mountainous area. Therefore, the topography of the whole county fluctuates greatly, with the characteristics of "high mountain, steep slope and deep valley". The geomorphic types include low mountain, low middle mountain, middle mountain and high middle mountain. Karst development is very strong in Shishan area, such as undercurrent, underground river bed, karst cave, sinkhole, vertical forest and karst trunk ditch.
Qinglong County has a warm, cool and humid plateau subtropical monsoon climate, with an average annual temperature of 14.1 ℃. The annual frost free period is 356 days, the annual average frost days is 9 days, and the annual total precipitation is between 870.2 mm and 2047.8 mm. There is no severe cold in winter, no intense heat in summer and abundant rainfall.
Water system hydrology
Qinglong County is located in the Pearl River Basin. Except for the Nanpanjiang River system with an area of more than 4 square kilometers, the rest of the county belongs to the Beipanjiang river system. There are 15 rivers (including boundary river and excluding Beipanjiang River) with an area of more than 20 square kilometers, including 3 primary tributaries, 8 secondary tributaries and 4 tertiary tributaries, with a total length of 230.3 kilometers. The drainage area is 856.2 square kilometers, accounting for 64.6% of the total area of the county. The main rivers in the county are Ximi River, Daqiao River and Mabu river. The average annual precipitation of the county is 1380 mm, with a total catchment area of 13.25 million km. There are many rivers and gullies in the county, which is the area with more precipitation in the province.
Qinglong County has a large river gradient and abundant rainfall. The water storage capacity of the whole county is 7712200 dry watts, and about 3.4 dry watts (excluding Beipanjiang River) can be developed and utilized. The county has 10 power stations with an installed capacity of 18460 dry watts and an annual power generation capacity of 38.92 million kwh. The county is rich in water energy resources, but the utilization rate is very low.
The karst is very developed in Qinglong County, and the groundwater resources are rich. There are 63 spring outcrops in the whole county, 34 of which have the lowest flow more than 5 bars / s and 29 of which have the lowest flow less than 5 L / s.
There are 52 families and 116 species of tree species (including bamboo) in Qinglong County, and the forest coverage rate is expected to reach 44.5%. The forest volume is 210755 cubic meters, including timber forest volume of 155299 cubic meters, sparse forest volume of 20800 cubic meters, scattered forest volume of 16699 cubic meters, and roadside trees mainly in villages volume of 17949 cubic meters, including sheep, tea, navel orange, summer orange, coix seed, traditional Chinese medicine and ecological grassland And other rich biological resources.
There are many kinds of wild plants in Qinglong County, such as Eulaliopsis binata, Rosa roxburghii Tratt, cortex broussonetiae, wood oil, fat wax, etc. The wild drug resources mainly include daotihu, Huangjing, Tiandong, Dipsacus, Baibu, Baimao, dujiaolian, duzhongkutuozi, Gentianaceae, maweilian, trichosanthin, honeysuckle, junlingzhi, wuhuazi, etc. Wild edible fungi mainly include: Auricularia auricula, Lentinus edodes, Dictyophora, etc.
There are 207 species of natural forage in 139 genera of 29 families in Qinglong County. There are 172960 mu of suitable forage mountains (over 300 mu). The utilization rate is 90%. 88600 tons of fresh forage can be produced and 8855 standard cattle can be raised.
There are 28 breeds of livestock and poultry in Qinglong County, mainly including zhongyun red hairy pig (Guanling pig type in Central Guizhou), Baohua pig, Panjiang yellow cattle (Guanling cattle), local wood cattle, local horse, local chicken, etc.
Qinglong County is rich in mineral resources. There are many varieties, large reserves and relatively concentrated mineral resources.
There are mainly antimony ore, lead-zinc ore, gold ore, titanium dioxide ore, copper ore, pyrite, etc. the metal reserves of antimony ore rank first in Guizhou and second in China, with the reserves of 196600 tons and the average grade of more than 3%; the lead reserves are 50000 tons and zinc reserves are 73000 tons; the grade g reserves of gold ore are 11396000 tons and the grade C reserves are 627000 tons; the proven reserves of titanium dioxide ore are 170 million tons
Chinese PinYin : Gui Zhou Sheng Qian Xi Nan Bu Yi Zu Miao Zu Zi Zhi Zhou Qing Long Xian
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