Qingyang District Qingyang District is under the jurisdiction of Chengdu City, Sichuan Province, with a total area of 67.78 square kilometers. It is located in the center of Chengdu Plain, with gentle relief and slightly inclined from northwest to Southeast. It belongs to the eastern monsoon region, the subtropical humid climate zone, rich in heat and abundant rainfall. By the end of 2019, there will be 856000 permanent residents.
Qingyang District, formerly known as Xicheng District, is the central urban area of Chengdu. It is the center of the party, government and military organs in the western region and Sichuan Province. It is also the residence of the CPC Sichuan Provincial Committee, the western war zone and the Sichuan Provincial CPPCC. It is named after Qingyang Palace, a famous Taoist temple in the district. It is one of the birthplaces of ancient Shu civilization and poetry culture. On September 10, 2020, it was selected into the "top 100 high quality urban development level of China 2020" compiled by CCID Consulting Urban Economic Research Center, ranking 66th.
In 2019, the GDP of Qingyang District will be 128.39 billion yuan, the general public budget revenue will be 9.29 billion yuan, and the per capita disposable income of cities and towns will be 48515 yuan.
Qingyang District belongs to the ancient Shu state in Shang and Zhou dynasties, which is the core area of the capital of Duyu Dynasty and Kaiming Dynasty.
In 316 BC, after the Qin Dynasty exterminated Shu, Shu county was set up in the ancient Shu state, and Chengdu county was set up in the old capital of the king of Shu.
In 310 BC, Chen Zhuang, the Prime Minister of Shu, built Chengdu City (known as the big city in History).
In 285 BC, after Zhang Ruo was appointed as the governor of Shu, he built a big city, followed by Xiyong, a big city, as its east wall, and built Shaocheng (a small city in History). Today, Qingyang District is located in the western half and suburbs of ancient Chengdu county.
In the 17th year of Zhenguan (643) of Tang Dynasty, it was divided into Chengdu county and Shu county (Shu county changed its name to Huayang County in 758). The two counties governed one city. Today Qingyang District is the ancient Chengdu county and its suburbs. From the later Han Dynasty to the later Shu Dynasty, ancient Chengdu was the national capital, and today Qingyang District is the core area of the national capital. Ancient Chengdu county was a subsidiary state of Beijing, prefecture, Dao, Fu and Zhou.
In 1385, Zhu Chun, the king of Shu, built the Shu Palace (commonly known as the "imperial city") in the area of Shu palace in front of Dacheng (now xiyuhe sub district).
In 1718, Sichuan governor Nian gengyao built Shaocheng (also known as Mancheng) in the west of Dacheng according to the Qing system. Since the construction of Chengdu in Qin Dynasty for more than 2300 years, the city of Chengdu has been rebuilt or expanded. The name of Chengdu has never changed. Qingyang District is actually the "mother city" of Chengdu.
On May 20, 1953, Xicheng District of Chengdu City was formally established and put into operation, and then the district was changed many times.
Since September 1990, the administrative division of Chengdu City has been adjusted. Qingyang District was established with 13 sub district offices of Xicheng District and the former administrative regions of Supo Township and Wenjia township of Jinniu District. It was operated as a new district on January 1, 1991.
On June 28, 1994, the Shiren sub district office of Qingyang District People's government was newly established.
In May 1998, the administrative areas of Dashi East Road and Dashi West Road under the former jurisdiction of Wuhou District were transferred to Qingyang District.
In October 2001, Qingyang District implemented the reform of the administrative structure of the whole district, and divided the original 16 sub district offices (townships) into 14, namely Taisheng Road, CaoShi street, Xinhua West Road, huangwa, xiyuhe, wangjiaguai, Funan, Caotang, Guanghua, Jinsha, Dongpo, Huangtianba and Supo townships (including supoqiao sub district office) and wenjiachang sub district office.
In July 2004, the integration of urban and rural areas was promoted, and the work of "removing villages to build streets and removing villages to build communities" was carried out. The government system of Supo and Wenjia townships was abolished, and the sub district offices of Supo and Wenjia were established.
On January 25, 2005, huangwa sub district office changed its name to Shaocheng sub district office.
By the end of 2018, Qingyang District had 14 sub district offices and 79 community neighborhood committees (including 25 neighborhood committees of agriculture related communities).
On December 25, 2019, Chengdu Municipal People's Government approved the adjustment of administrative divisions of some streets in Qingyang District (CFH  No. 119): 1. The administrative areas of Shengping community of Taisheng Road, Gulou South Street community, Yusha Road community, Desheng Road community, Jindun Road community of Wenmiao community of wangjiaguai street and Wenwu Road community of yudaiqiao community of CaoShi Street are under the jurisdiction of xiyuhe street The administrative areas to the south of the center line of Jindun road in Great Wall community and Confucian Temple community and to the east of the West Bank of the river in the west suburb of Qintai Road community in Caotang Street are under the jurisdiction of Shaocheng street. 2. The former Xinhua West Road Street, the former Taisheng road street, the former xiaoguanmiao community, the north of Yusha road central line of Yusha Road community and the north of Desheng road central line of Desheng Road community will be put under the jurisdiction of CaoShi street. 3. The administrative areas to the east of the second ring road central line of Qinghua community and Qingkang community of Guanghua Street and the east of the second ring road central line of Huanhua community are under the jurisdiction of Caotang street. 4. Dongpo street was abolished and the administrative area of Dongpo street was put under the jurisdiction of Guanghua Street. 5. Set up Caiqiao street. To the west of Wuqing road central line of Tongrui community, wanjiawan community, Tonghui community and Peifeng Road community in Supo street, to the east of Ring Expressway central line of Huayan community and Caiqiao community in Wenjia street, to the east of Ring Expressway central line of Qiligou community, to the south of Riyue Avenue central line of Hongnian community, to the east of Ring Expressway central line of Leping community, and to the east of Chengwenqiong Expressway and Riyue Avenue central line The administrative area south of the central line of Yueda Avenue is under the jurisdiction of Caiqiao street. 6. Kanghe street is established, and the administrative areas of Wenjia street, Kanghe community, Machang community, dongjiaba community, Qiligou community, Caiqiao community, Leping community and the south of Chengwenqiong expressway are under the jurisdiction of Kanghe street. 7. The administrative areas to the west of Wuqing road central line of Huangtu community in Supo street, the west of Wuqing road central line of Zhongba community, the north of Riyue Avenue central line of happy community and Hongnian community in Wenjia street and the east of Yuanjing road central line are under the jurisdiction of Huangtianba street; the administrative areas of Gaokan community in Huangtianba Street are under the jurisdiction of Wenjia street; the administrative areas of Wuqing road central line of Liangong community in Huangtianba Street are under the jurisdiction of Wenjia street The administrative area to the east of the central line is under the jurisdiction of Supo street.
Qingyang District governs 12 streets. Qingyang District People's Government in CaoShi street, No. 222 Jianghan Road.
Street (12) · CaoShi street · xiyuhe street · Shaocheng street · Caotang road street · Funan street · Guanghua Street · Jinsha street · Huangtianba street · Supo street · Wenjia street · Caiqiao street · Kanghe street.
The center of Qingyang District is located at 104 ° 03 'e, 30 ° 41' n. It is adjacent to Wenjiang District, Shuangliu District, Wuhou District and Jinniu District in southwest and North, and Jinjiang District and Chenghua District in East and West. The terrain is irregular strip shape, about 16 kilometers long from east to west and 8 kilometers wide from north to south. The total area is 67.78 square kilometers.
Qingyang District is located in the center of Chengdu plain zone, which belongs to Chengdu Plain geological structure. The regional elevation is below 500m, the terrain fluctuates gently, and slightly tilts from northwest to Southeast, with an average slope of 3 ‰ - 5 ‰. The surface relative elevation difference is basically below 1.5m, and the alluvial deposits in the plain are deep.
The regional climate of Qingyang District belongs to the eastern monsoon region, middle subtropical humid climate zone, with abundant heat, abundant rainfall, four distinct seasons and the same season of rain and heat. In normal years, the average annual temperature is 16.2 ℃, the average annual precipitation is 978.9 mm, the average annual sunshine hours is 1213 hours, the relative humidity is 82%, and the average annual wind speed is 1.2 m / s.
The rivers in Qingyang District belong to the Minjiang River system, which is a self flowing irrigation area of Dujiangyan. It is rich in water resources. There are jinjiangfu river section, Nanhe river section, Qingshui River (HUANHUAXI Ganhe River), modi River, Xijiao River Yinma River and Jiang'an River as its transit rivers. There are no runoff stations in Qingyang District.
The land in Qingyang District is rich and various. In the soil, 50% of the plain alluvial soil is dominated by gray and gray brown fluvo aquic soil. Low mountain and hilly purple soil accounted for 20%.
The annual runoff of Qingyang District is about 3060.6 million cubic meters; the surface runoff is mainly formed by the annual precipitation of 938.9 mm (the water equivalent is 309.93 million cubic meters), most of the runoff flows into rivers, and the utilization of original farmland only accounts for about 10% of the precipitation; the natural stock of groundwater is rich, the water level is shallow, the aquifer thickness is relatively stable, the recharge is sufficient, and the regulation force is strong, so it is suitable for shallow well mining, It is estimated that the groundwater reserve in artesian irrigation area is 432.42 million cubic meters, and the annual exploitable amount of groundwater is 99 million cubic meters.
There are many kinds of biological resources in Qingyang District, including fish (grass carp, silver carp, etc.) and turtle, turtle, crab, shrimp, mussel, snail, etc.; there are 31 kinds of 918 ancient and famous trees, mainly including Ginkgo biloba, camphor, Gleditsia sinensis, Phoebe, Podocarpus arvensis, Phellodendron amurense, red bean, cedar, Metasequoia glyptostroboides, Sophora japonica, etc.
By the end of 2017, the permanent population of Qingyang District was 844100. The total registered residence population is 690 thousand and 700, an increase of 18 thousand and 500 people compared to 2016, of which 352 thousand and 800 women. The birth rate was 13.85%, the death rate was 5.67%, and the natural growth rate was controlled at 8.18%.
District head: Jiang Weiwei
In 2017, Qingyang District achieved regional health
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