Chengxiang District Chengxiang District (formerly Putian County, Xinghua prefecture) is located in the central coastal area of Fujian Province, the center of Putian City and the central Xinghua plain. It is located on the West Bank of Taiwan Strait, adjacent to Meizhou Bay in the south, Fuzhou and Mawei in the north, Rongqiao Development Zone and Meizhou Bay Development Zone in the East Science and technology center and transportation hub, covering an area of 509 square kilometers.
Chengxiang District is one of the coastal counties approved by the State Council to open to the outside world in 1984. According to the information in December 2016, Chengxiang District governs 3 streets and 4 towns. By the end of 2019, there will be 434000 permanent residents, and the urbanization rate of permanent residents will be 71.0%, 0.2 percentage point higher than that at the end of last year. The registered residence population is 436 thousand and 700, and the total population is 6889 more than the previous year.
In 2019, the GDP of the whole region will reach 47.564 billion yuan, an increase of 6.1%
During the Xia and Shang Dynasties (about 21-11 BC), Chengxiang belonged to Yangzhou; during the Western Zhou Dynasty, it belonged to Qimin; during the spring and Autumn period and the late Warring States period, it belonged to Minyue; after 221 BC, it belonged to Minzhong County; in 202 BC, Emperor Gaodi of the Western Han Dynasty officially recognized wuzhu as the king of Minyue. Minzhong county was divided into Donghai, Nanhai and Minyue, In the first year of Yuanfeng (110 BC), the southern Duwei of Kuaiji was established, which belonged to the county of Kuaiji; in the second year of Shiyuan (85 BC), Ye County was established in Dongou (the county government is in Fuzhou today), which belonged to the county of Kuaiji; in the twelfth year of Jian'an (207 BC), marquis, Nanping, Hanxing and Jian'an were established in the southern part of Kuaiji, which belonged to the county of marquis; in the Three Kingdoms, the two Jin Dynasties, the northern and Southern Dynasties, The subordinate relationship has been changed many times, successively belonging to Jian'an, Jin'an, Nan'an and other counties.
In the second year of Chen Guangda in the Southern Dynasty (568), Putian County was located in the east of Nan'an county. The county government was located in yanlingli (today's Chengxiang) and was subordinate to Nan'an County of Fengzhou (today's Fuzhou). It was soon abolished.
Sui kaihuang nine years (589), and then home Putian County. In that year, Fengzhou was changed to Quanzhou, which is under the jurisdiction of Putian County. The next year, Putian County was abolished, and its land still belonged to Nan'an county.
Tang Wude five years (622), from Nan'an County analysis to set up Fengzhou (now Nan'an), the restoration of Putian County, Fengzhou.
In the second year of Tang Shengli (699), Qingyuan County (now Xianyou County) was set up in the west of Putian. In the same year, Fengzhou was changed to wurongzhou, which belongs to wurongzhou; in the second year of Tang Jingyun (711), wurongzhou was changed to Quanzhou, which belongs to Quanzhou; in the ninth year of Tang Tianbao (750), Quanzhou was changed to Qingyuan County, which belongs to Qingyuan County.
In 909, the first year of Kaiping, Wang Shen was known as the king of min and established the state of min, with Fuzhou as its capital. In 949, the Southern Tang Dynasty promoted Quanzhou to Qingyuan Army (jurisdiction of Quanzhou, Putian, Zhangzhou, Xiamen). In 963, the Song Dynasty recognized the Qingyuan army as the Ping Navy, and took Chen Hongjin as the governor. Putian County belonged to the Ping Navy. In 978, Chen Hongjin took over the territory of the Song Dynasty, and Putian County was brought into the territory of the Song Dynasty along with the Pinghai Navy.
In the Five Dynasties and ten states of min (907-960), it was still Qingyuan County; in the second year of Qiande of Song Dynasty (964), Qingyuan County was changed into Pinghai Navy, and it was under Pinghai Navy.
In 979, Xinghua County was set up at the junction of Putian, Xianyou, Fuqing and Yongfu mountain areas. In the same year, the Taiping army was established; in the next year, the Taiping army was changed to Xinghua army, which governs Putian, Xianyou and Xinghua counties and belongs to Xinghua army.
In the eighth year of the Taiping reign of the Song Dynasty (983), the military administration of Xinghua moved to Gongli of Putian County from abroad, and built a military city.
In the second year of Jingyan (1277), song duanzong changed Xinghua army into Xing'an Prefecture, which belongs to Xing'an Prefecture.
In 1278, Xing'an Prefecture was changed to Xinghua Road, which belongs to Xinghua Road.
In 1368, the first year of Hongwu in Ming Dynasty, Xinghua Road was changed into Xinghua Prefecture, which belonged to Xinghua Prefecture; in 1392, Ningwu Road, Yanting road and Zhangquan road were set up in Fujian Province according to Chafen division, and Xinghua Prefecture belonged to Zhangquan Road, which governed Quanzhou, Putian and Zhangzhou. In the 29th year of Hongwu (1396 AD), Fujian Province was reorganized and merged into Jianning road and Funing Road according to the Chafen division. Xinghua Prefecture belonged to Funing Road, and Funing Road governed Fuzhou, Ningde, Quanzhou, Putian and Zhangzhou.
Volume 33 of Shengzu Shilu and volume 20 of Qianlong's Fujian Tongzhi: in April of the ninth year of Kangxi, Xingquan road was set up in 1670, leading Xinghua and Quanzhou. Kangxi 25 years (1686) to Quanzhou coast defense Tongzhi change in Xiamen. Shi Zong Shi Lu (Volume 53): in 1727 ad, he moved to Xingquan and ruled in Xiamen Hall of Quanzhou Prefecture. Shi Zong Shi Lu volume 143: in the 12th year of Yongzheng reign, 1734.6 ad, Quanzhou Prefecture belonged to Yongchun County, and it was renamed as Xingquan Yongdao. In the late Qing Dynasty, Xingquan Yongdao led the two prefectures: Xinghua, Quanzhou and Yongchun, and Zhili Prefecture one: Yongchun.
In the Qing Dynasty, the city belongs to Xingquan Yongdao Xinghua Prefecture and Putian County remained unchanged for a long time.
In the first year of the Republic of China (1912), Xinghua Prefecture was abolished, and the city belonged to Nanlu road of Fujian Province; in the third year of the Republic of China, Nanlu road was renamed Xiamen Road, which belonged to Xiamen road; in the 13th year of the Republic of China, Daoyin was abolished, and Putian County was directly under the Fujian provincial government.
In November 1933, the 19th Route Army of the National Revolutionary Army established the people's revolutionary government of the people's Republic of China in Fujian Province, which was divided into four provinces and located in Xingquan province. In January of the next year, Fujian Province was divided into 10 administrative supervision districts. Chengxiang District was the Fifth District, Putian County, Xianyou County, Hui'an County, Yongchun County and Dehua County were the fourth district. The special office was located in Xianyou Licheng, Putian City. The next year, it was transferred to the Office of the Commissioner of the fourth administrative supervision district of Fujian Province, which has jurisdiction over Quanzhou, Putian, Xiamen and Dahua Field.
In 1935, the fifth and fourth districts merged, and the district government moved from Xianyou to Tongan.
In 1943, the Fujian Provincial Government of the national government ordered the withdrawal of districts, the establishment of townships, and the consolidation of townships.
In 1943, he moved to Yongchun County; in 1946, he moved to Jinjiang county.
When the people's Republic of China was founded, Putian County was subordinate to the fifth Office of the administrative inspector general of Fujian Province (in Quanzhou).
From April 1950, the fifth Office of the Commissioner of administrative supervision changed its name to Jinjiang Office of the Commissioner of administrative supervision (hereinafter referred to as Jinjiang District), and the city is still under the jurisdiction of the people's Republic of China.
In July 1970, PU and Xian counties, designated as Jinjiang District, were changed into Minhou district.
In April 1971, the residence of Minhou special office was moved from Luozhou, Minhou to Chengxiang, Putian.
On September 9, 1983, Putian district was abolished and Putian City was established. Putian and Xianyou counties were under the jurisdiction of Putian County, Putian City.
In June 1984, Chengxiang District was established in Chengxiang town and suburban commune of Putian County, which was directly under Putian City. Chengxiang District is the political, economic, cultural, commercial and traffic center of Putian City. The party and government organs of Putian City and Putian County are located in Chengxiang District. By 1994, the membership remained unchanged.
On February 1, 2002, the State Council approved the abolition of Putian County, designated the original Chengxiang, Hanjiang District and Putian County to set up Licheng District and Xiuyu District of Putian City, and adjusted the administrative division of Putian municipal district. In May 2002, Licheng District and Xiuyu District of Putian City were formally established, and the administrative division of Putian municipal district was adjusted.
In October 1950, Baojia organization was abolished, and Chengxiang District now belongs to the former Chengxiang town and the first district. Chengxiang town governs 4 townships of wen7 street. The first district governs 18 townships.
In August 1952, after the completion of the land reform, the administrative division of Putian County was adjusted. Now Chengxiang District belongs to the first district and the Fifth District. The first district governs 7 streets and 4 townships. The Fifth District governs 17 townships, and then adds 2 townships, Gongchen and kengqiao, totaling 19 townships.
In June 1956, Putian County was adjusted into 3 towns and 11 districts. Now Chengxiang District is Chengxiang Town, which governs 6 townships.
In December 1957, after the realization of agricultural cooperation, the district was withdrawn and the township was merged. Now Chengxiang District belongs to Chengxiang Town, goudong Township, Jiaoxia Township and some villages in Xitianwei township (senior agricultural cooperatives).
In October 1958, the people's commune was established, and the integration of government and society was implemented. Now Chengxiang District was the Chengxiang people's commune of Putian County at that time, with 28 production teams under its jurisdiction.
In June 1961, the people's commune carried out system adjustment, and the county was divided into districts. At that time, the area of Chengguan District was basically the same as that of Chengxiang District. It had 5 communes and 40 production teams.
In June 1984, Chengxiang town and suburban commune were set up in Putian County, which belongs to Putian municipality directly under the central government, and its streets and brigades remain unchanged. In November, the government and society were separated. Chengxiang town was changed into Licheng street, and each street was set up with a residents' Committee; suburban commune was changed into suburban township people's government, and each production brigade was changed into a villagers' committee.
In 2000, Chengxiang District had jurisdiction over two streets and two townships: Licheng sub district office, Fenghuangshan sub district office, Chengjiao Township and Chengnan Township.
On February 1, 2002, the State Council approved the abolition of Putian County, the establishment of Licheng District and Xiuyu District of Putian City, and the adjustment of the administrative divisions of Putian City. After the adjustment, Chengxiang District has jurisdiction over 3 streets, 4 towns, 16 neighborhood committees and 102 village committees.
According to the information in December 2016, Chengxiang District has jurisdiction over three streets and four towns: Fenghuangshan street, Longqiao street, Xialin street, Changtai Town, Donghai Town, Huating town and Lingchuan town; and the district government is located at 269 Huadong Avenue.
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