Qingyang Qingyang, commonly known as "Longdong", is a prefecture level city under the jurisdiction of Gansu Province, the oil and gas chemical base of Gansu Province, and the main production area of Changqing Oilfield. As of July 2020, it has jurisdiction over one district and seven counties, with a total area of 27119 square kilometers, a total population of 2.65 million, a permanent resident population of 2.2788 million and an urban population of 909800.
Qingyang is located in the west of China and the east of Gansu Province, with Yijun, Huangling, Fuxian, Ganquan and Zhidan counties in Shaanxi Province in the East; Dingbian, Wuqi and Zhidan counties in Shaanxi Province and Yanchi County in Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region in the north; Yuanzhou, Pengyang and Tongxin counties in Guyuan City in Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region in the West; Jingchuan County in Gansu Province and Binzhou, Changwu and Xunyi counties in Shaanxi Province in the south Company. Known as "red holy land, hometown of Qihuang, source of farming, new energy capital", known as "granary of Longdong".
Qingyang City is the hometown of "Huanjiang pterosaur" and "Yellow River ancient elephant", the birthplace of China's "first Paleolithic", one of the birthplaces of early Chinese farming civilization, the birthplace of traditional Chinese medicine culture, the birthplace of Qibo, the ancestor of traditional Chinese medicine, the old revolutionary base area of Gansu Province, and the birthplace of Changqing Oilfield.
In 2019, the GDP of Qingyang City will reach 74.294 billion yuan, with a year-on-year increase of 5.3%. Among them, the added value of the primary industry will reach 8.52 billion yuan, with an increase of 5.8%; the added value of the secondary industry will reach 37.256 billion yuan, with an increase of 7.5%; and the added value of the tertiary industry will reach 28.518 billion yuan, with an increase of 2.2%. 1、 The contribution rates of secondary and tertiary industries to economic growth were 10.85%, 73.77% and 15.38% respectively.
The name "Qingyang" comes from the Zhenghe period of Song Dynasty. In the first year of Jianlong, Emperor Taizu of the Song Dynasty set up Qingzhou tuanlian, and at the beginning of Qiande, he was promoted to Qingzhou. In the reign of emperor Yingzong, Huanqing road was set up. It is named after the first words of Huanzhou and Qingzhou. In 1117, the seventh year of Zhenghe, Qingyang army was set up in Qingzhou. Qingyang was named "Qingyang" because Qingyang was located in the delta platform to the north of the confluence of Huanjiang River (also known as Xihe River) and Rouyuan River (also known as Donghe River) in the upper reaches of the Malian River. < / Li > < / OL > construction evolution
Qingyang is the birthplace of Xuanyuan Yellow Emperor tribe.
In the Xia Dynasty, there were many Rongdi tribes in the territory today. The ancestors of Zhou Dynasty, Buqu, led the tribe to go between Rongdi and settled in Beichen (Qingcheng, Ningxian and surrounding areas) to establish a state.
From Shang Dynasty, Zhou Dynasty to the spring and Autumn period and Warring States period, there are meat gruel, Chen state, Gui Fang, Qiang Fang, Yi Qu, penglu, Yuzhi and other states in the territory, of which Yi Qu is the most powerful.
In the 11th year of emperor Huiwen of Qin Dynasty (327 BC), Qin won the capital of Yiqu state, hence "Yiqu county". In the 36th year of King Zhao of Qin Dynasty (271 BC), Qin destroyed qurong state and set up Beidi county. It had jurisdiction over Yidao and seven counties including Niyang, Yuzhi, Yinmi, Pengyang, Yiju, Anwu and fangqu. The whole territory was Qin territory.
In the Han Dynasty, there were three prefectures: Beidi, Anding and Shangjun. In the Western Han Dynasty, they were subordinate to the Department of the governor of Shuofang, and in the Eastern Han Dynasty, they were subordinate to the Department of the governor of Liangzhou. Beidi county has jurisdiction over luepan, Yiqu and Maling (Ling), fangqu, Yuzhi, Dayao, Niyang, Yiju and guide counties; there are two counties except Daohe, WuJie and huihuo whose governance is unknown; six counties are Pengyang, anbi, Linjing, Fuyi, Shenyao and Anwu in Anding County; three counties are Xiangle, Yangzhou and dule in Shangjun county.
During the Wei and Jin Dynasties, most of the areas were occupied by ethnic minorities. In the south, there were two counties of Beidi and anding, and four counties of Niyang, Fuping, Linjing and Xichuan.
During the Three Kingdoms period, it belonged to Cao Wei.
In the Sixteen States of the Western Jin Dynasty, they were the former Zhao, the latter Zhao, the former Qin, the latter Qin and the Xia.
In the northern and Southern Dynasties, the territory was changeable, and its jurisdiction was changeable. It was the territory of Northern Wei, Western Wei and Northern Zhou.
In Sui Dynasty, counties and states changed frequently. Kaihuang three years (583), home ningzhou, 16 years home Qingzhou. During Daye period, ningzhou was changed into Beidi county and Qingzhou into Honghua county. There are 13 counties in most of the time. Beidi County governs PENGYUAN, Xiangle, Ding'an and Luochuan counties; Honghua County governs Honghua, Heshui, Hongde, Luoyuan, Maling, Huachi and Sanquan counties. Anding county is under the jurisdiction of Linjing county and Pingliang county is under the jurisdiction of Baiquan County.
In the Tang Dynasty, the establishment of the territory experienced the changes of Hongzhou and Qingzhou governor's office, Qingzhou, ningzhou, Anhua County governor's office and guanneidao. Most of the time, Qingzhou governs Luoyuan, fangqu, Huai'an, Maling, Huachi, Yanqing (Baima), Tongchuan, Anhua (Shunhua), Panjiao and lepan counties; ningzhou governs anding, Zhenning (Luochuan), Xiangle, PENGYUAN, Fengyi and Dingping counties; Yuanzhou governs Linjing and Baiquan counties. In the fourth year of Kaiyuan (716), Tang Dynasty cut off the three prefectures of Yuanzhou, namely Jimi Fangchi, Anding and Anhua, and became the Jimi area of Qingzhou.
In the Five Dynasties, the four states of Qing, Ning, yuan and Yan coexisted. Most of the time, Qingzhou governs Shunhua, lepan, Huachi, Heshui and Luoyuan counties; ningzhou governs Dingan, Zhenning, Xiangle, Fengyi and PENGYUAN counties; Yuanzhou governs Linjing County; Yanzhou governs Dingping county.
In the first year of Jianlong (960), song Taizu set up Qingzhou tuanlian, belonging to Shaanxi Road; in the first year of Qiande (963), Qingzhou was restored; in the first year of Qingli (1041), Huanqing road was renamed; in the seventh year of Zhenghe (1117), Qingyang army was promoted; in the seventh year of Xuanhe (1125), Qingyang government was established. In Song Dynasty, there were 4 states and 11 counties. Qingzhou, ningzhou and Huanzhou belong to Yongxing military road, and Yuanzhou to Qinfeng road. Qingzhou governs Anhua, Huachi and lepan counties; ningzhou governs Dingan, PENGYUAN, Zhenning, Xiangle and Dingping counties; Huanzhou governs Tongyuan County; Yuanzhou governs Linjing and Pengyang counties. In addition, there are 29 villages, cities, fortresses, and customs in the territory where the military and government are integrated.
At the beginning of Jin Dynasty, an Guojun was set up, and Ding'an army was reformed. There are Qingyang Prefecture, ningzhou, Huanzhou and Yuanzhou, which belong to Qingyuan Road. Huangtong two years (1142) set Qingyuan Road manager house. Qingyang Prefecture governs PENGYUAN and Heshui counties; ningzhou governs Ding'an, Dingping, Xiangle and Zhenning counties; Huanzhou governs Tongyuan County; Yuanzhou governs Linjing and Pengyang counties. The two counties of Sanchuan and Dongshan, which are located in Rongzhou, have jurisdiction over part of the territory. There are more than 20 towns, villages, cities and fortresses in the territory.
In the Yuan Dynasty, there were Qingyang Prefecture, Ning, Huan and Zhenyuan prefectures, all of which belonged to gongchang Prefecture of Shaanxi Province. Qingyang Prefecture is a scattered Prefecture, which governs Heshui County; ningzhou Prefecture governs Zhenning County; Huanzhou and Zhenyuan Prefecture do not lead the county. In addition, there are 8 towns, 7 villages and 5 cities.
In the Ming Dynasty, there were Qingzhou Prefecture, ningzhou County, Huanxian County, Anhua County, Heshui County, Zhenning County and Zhenyuan County under the jurisdiction of Pingliang Prefecture, and qingyangwei and Huanxian County garrison. The whole territory is under the jurisdiction of Shaanxi Province, and later changed to the Chief Secretary of Shaanxi Province.
Qingyang Prefecture was set up in the Qing Dynasty. In 1665, it was changed to be subordinate to the Chief Secretary of Gansu Province, and in 1728, it was dismissed. Qingyang Prefecture governs ningzhou, Anhua, Heshui, Zhengning, Huanxian and Dongzhi counties, and Zhenyuan County under Jingzhou Prefecture.
During the period of the Republic of China, the system of government and Prefecture was abolished in 1913. The whole territory belonged to Longdong Road (ruling in Pingliang), and the next year it belonged to Jingyuan road. Ningzhou was changed into Ningxian County, Anhua County into Qingyang County, and Dongzhi County was merged into Qingyang County. In 1927, the road was abandoned and changed into Jingyuan administrative region. In 1935, Gansu Province set up the third administrative supervision district in Xifeng town of Qingyang County, with jurisdiction over Qingyang, Zhenyuan, Ningxian, Zhengning, Heshui and Huanxian.
Since March 1932, the territory has been under the jurisdiction of the Communist Party of China. On November 7, 1934, the Soviet government of the Shaanxi Gansu border region was established in Nanliang. On the same day, the Soviet governments of Huachi and Chi'an counties were established. In November, the southern Revolutionary Committee was established in Zhengning county. In December, the Soviet government of Qingbei county was established. In July 1935, Guanzhong special zone was set up; in August, zhengxunbin Revolutionary Committee was established, which was later changed to Xinzheng County; in November, Xinning Revolutionary Committee was established; in the same month, Shaanxi Gansu Province was established, which governed Huachi, Qingbei and other counties; in 1936, Shaanxi Gansu Province was changed to Shaanxi Gansu Ningxia Province. Since June 1936, Quzi County, Huanxian County, Dinghuan county and Chiqing county have been established successively. In 1937, Guanzhong District was established; in September, Shaanxi, Gansu and Ningxia Province abolished it and established the office of administrative inspector of Qinghuan district. In January 1940, it was divided into Longdong district and Huanxian district; in August, Huanxian district was merged into Longdong district. In May 1949, Guanzhong District was changed into Sanyuan District. In June, Xinzheng and Xinning counties were changed into Zhengning and Ningxian counties, which were under the jurisdiction of Longdong district; in August of the same year, Longdong district was changed into Qingyang District Office of the Commissioner of administrative supervision, which governed Qingyang, Zhenyuan, Ningxian, Zhengning, Heshui, Huachi, Quzi and Huanxian counties after several mergers, and established Xifeng City at the county level; in September, Qingyang District Office of the Commissioner of administrative supervision was established In Xifeng City, Gansu administrative office.
On December 2, 1949, Qingyang Commissioner's office belonged to the people's Government of Gansu Province. In October 1955, Pingliang district and Qingyang District were merged into Pingliang District, and all counties in Qingyang District were under the jurisdiction of Pingliang district. From 1959 to 1961, there were only four counties in Qingyang, Zhenyuan, Ningxian and Huanxian. Huachi County was merged into Qingyang County, Zhengning County into Ningxian County, and Heshui County into Qingyang County and Ningxian county respectively. In December 1961, Qingyang District was separated from Pingliang district. In January 1962, Qingyang Commissioner's office officially opened, and the establishment of Huachi, Heshui and Zhengning counties was restored. Qingyang special office has jurisdiction over Qingyang, Huanxian, Huachi, Heshui, Zhengning, Ningxian and Zhenyuan. In April 1968, the office of the Commissioner of Qingyang special region was renamed Qingyang regional Revolutionary Committee. In 1979, it was restored and renamed Qingyang District administrative office. In May 1985, nine towns around Xifeng town were separated from Qingyang County, and Xifeng City was set up at the county level.
Chinese PinYin : Gan Su Sheng Qing Yang Shi
Qingyang City, Gansu Province
Chongqing, referred to as "Chongqing". It is a provincial administrative region, the only municipality directly under the central government in central and Western China, a national central .
Datong City, Shanxi Province. Shan Xi Sheng Da Tong Shi
Jiamusi City, Heilongjiang Province. Hei Long Jiang Sheng Jia Mu Si Shi
Huaian City, Jiangsu Province. Jiang Su Sheng Huai An Shi
Yangzhou City, Jiangsu Province. Jiang Su Sheng Yang Zhou Shi
Yiyang City, Hunan Province. Hu Nan Sheng Yi Yang Shi
Chenzhou City, Hunan Province. Hu Nan Sheng Chen Zhou Shi
Shantou City, Guangdong Province. Guang Dong Sheng Shan Tou Shi
Zhaoqing City, Guangdong Province. Guang Dong Sheng Zhao Qing Shi
Shanwei City, Guangdong Province. Guang Dong Sheng Shan Wei Shi
Wuzhou City, Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region. Guang Xi Zhuang Zu Zi Zhi Qu Wu Zhou Shi
Kunming, Yunnan Province. Yun Nan Sheng Kun Ming Shi