Ji'an Ji'an is a prefecture level city in Jiangxi Province. In ancient times, it was called Luling and Jizhou; in the early Yuan Dynasty, it was renamed "Ji'an" after "ji'tai Min'an". There is Qingyuan mountain, the holy land of Buddhism, which produced the Qingyuan sect of Zen, and Ji'an is famous at home and abroad. Ji'an is located in the middle of Jiangxi Province, the middle reaches of Ganjiang River, Hunan Province in the West and the middle of Luoxiao mountains in the south. According to the rich Jitai plain, it is one of the earliest ancient counties in Jiangxi Province and one of the birthplaces of Jiangxi culture. Ji'an has jurisdiction over 2 districts, 1 city and 10 counties. It covers an area of 25300 square kilometers. By the end of 2019, the permanent resident population of Ji'an city is 4.9597 million, an increase of 3200 over the end of last year.
Ji'an is one of the three pillars of Jiangxi culture. It has been a place of cultural origin since ancient times. It has bred its own series of jiangyoulu mausoleum culture. It is known as "Jinlu mausoleum", "Jiangnan Wangjun", "land of mountains and rivers", "the land of literary integrity", "hometown of top scholars", "hometown of talented scholars", "Luling scenery of semi Gusu", "general city", "red cradle" and "holy land of revolution". There are many famous scenic spots in Ji'an, such as Jinggangshan, Wugong Mountain, yangshimu, Bailuzhou academy, jizhouyao, Luling cultural ecological park, wentianxiang memorial hall, Fupi ancient village, Bixia ancient village, Yanfang ancient village, kuaige, chatanpi and so on. It has been awarded as China's excellent tourism city, national model city of double support, National Forest City, National Garden City, national model city of greening, national innovation city of electronic information industry science and technology, national demonstration base city of new industrialization (electronic information) industry, best city for foreign investment, national civilized City, National Health City, provincial civilized city and provincial health city The first ecological livable city in Jiangxi Province. Ji'an is also an important member of the urban agglomeration in the middle reaches of the Yangtze River. In November 2017, it won the Fifth National Civilized City Award. In October 2018, Ji'an was awarded the annual symbol city of healthy China.
In 2019, Ji'an city will achieve a GDP of 208.541 billion yuan.
The Xia and Shang Dynasties belonged to the west of Yangzhou, Ganyue.
In the Zhou Dynasty, it belonged to Wu, Yue and Chu.
In the 26th year of the first emperor of Qin Dynasty (221 BC), Luling county was established, which belongs to Jiujiang county.
In 206 BC, the first year of emperor Gaozu of the Western Han Dynasty, when Qin died and Chu and Han fought for hegemony, yingbu was the king of Jiujiang, and Luling county was the kingdom of Jiujiang. In the fifth year of emperor Gaozu of Han Dynasty (202 BC), Guan Ying, the Marquis of Yingyin, crossed the river to pacify Chu. After analyzing Jiujiang County, Yuzhang county was established (the county was governed in Nanchang today), and 18 counties were led. Luling county belongs to Yuzhang county.
In the first year of the founding of the people's Republic of China (9 years), Yuzhang county was changed into Jiujiang county (the county government is still in Nanchang today), and Luling county was changed into huanting county.
In the first year of Jianwu in the Eastern Han Dynasty (25 years), huanting county was renamed Luling county.
In 191, Luling county was set up in Yuzhang county. Luling county was renamed Xichang county.
In the first year of Xingping in the Eastern Han Dynasty (194), Sunce divided Yuzhang County into Luling county. The county was located 15 kilometers northwest of Taihe County. It had jurisdiction over 10 counties, including Xichang, Gaochang, Shiyang, Bachu, Nanye, Dongchang, Xinxing, Jiyang, Xingping and Jiucheng. In the fourth year of Jian'an (199), the county government moved to Xichang county government (now 1.5 kilometers west of Taihe County).
In the first year of Yuankang in the Western Jin Dynasty (291), Luling County moved to Shiyang city (8 kilometers northeast of Jishui County).
In 342, the eighth year of Xiankang in the Eastern Jin Dynasty, the prefect Kong Lun moved and built the county city near kongjiawan in Ji'an city.
In 590, Luling county was changed into Jizhou, and its city was relocated to zhaogongtang in Ji'an city. In the third year of Daye (607), Jiling county was rebuilt as Luling County, and four counties, Luling County, Taihe County, Anfu county and Xingan County, were unified.
In the fifth year of Wude (622), Luling county was changed into Jizhou County, leading Luling County, Taihe County, Anfu county, Xingan County and Yongxin County. In the first year of Yongchun (682), the city was relocated to Beimen sub district of Ji'an city. In the first year of Tianbao (742), Jiling Prefecture was changed to Luling County; in the first year of Qianyuan (758), Luling county was changed to Jiling county.
Song Kaibao eight years (975), home Jiling County military. During the Shaoxing period of the Southern Song Dynasty (1131-1162), Luling County of Jizhou led Luling County, Jishui County, Anfu county, Taihe County, Longquan County, Yongxin County, Yongfeng county and Wan'an county.
In 1277, the military of Jizhou was abolished and eight counties, including the general manager's office of Jizhou road and lingluling, were set up. In 1295, Jizhou road was changed to Ji'an Road, which governs four prefectures and five counties of Jishui, Anfu, Taihe and Yongxin. The two prefectures of Jishui and Anfu were named Ji'an Road, implying the meaning of "Jitai and Min'an", and the name of "Ji'an City" began from then on. From 1330 to 1333, Yongning County was established in Yongxin.
In the year of renyin (1362), Emperor Taizu of the Ming Dynasty abandoned Ji'an road and set up Ji'an Prefecture, which led Luling, Taihe, Jishui, Yongfeng, Anfu, Longquan, Wan'an, Yongxin and Yongning counties; in the second year (1369), Taihe was changed to Taihe, and Ji'an Prefecture led Luling, Taihe, Jishui, Yongfeng, Anfu, Longquan, Wan'an, Yongxin and Yongning counties. In the early Qing Dynasty, in the eighth year of Qianlong (1743), Xie Yongxin and Anfu set up lotus hall, and Ji'an Prefecture governed nine counties and one hall until the end of Qing Dynasty.
In the first year of the Republic of China (1912), Ji'an Prefecture was abolished and Lianhua county was changed into a county directly under Jiangxi Province. In the third year of the Republic of China (1914), Luling road was set up in Yichun, and Longquan, Yongning and Luling counties were renamed Suichuan, Ninggang and Ji'an respectively. Luling road governs Pingxiang, Yichun, Fenyi, Xinyu, Qingjiang, Wanzai, Yifeng, Shanggao, Gao'an, Lianhua, Anfu, Yongfeng Ninggang, Yongxin, Taihe, Wan'an, Ji'an City, Jishui, Suichuan, Xiajiang, Xingan 21 counties; in 1916, Luling road was moved to Ji'an City; in 1926, Luling road was abandoned, all counties directly under Jiangxi Province; in 1932, the ninth Administrative Region Office was set up in Ji'an City, with jurisdiction over Yongfeng, Wan'an, Jishui, Taihe, Xiajiang, Ji'an six counties In 1939, the ninth administrative region was changed into the third administrative region, and the office of the Commissioner of administrative supervision was set up in Ji'an City, with jurisdiction over 11 counties, namely Yongfeng, Anfu, Wan'an, Jishui, Taihe, Xiajiang, Ji'an City, Ninggang, Suichuan, Lianhua and Yongxin.
In 1949, the office of Ji'an district administrative inspector was set up on June 30. On July 28, the city of Ji'an was built in Shiyang town and its suburbs. In September, Ji'an district was changed to Ji'an District, with jurisdiction over one city and 11 counties.
In 1952, Xingan County of Nanchang district was divided into Ji'an district. In January 1953, Ji'an city was changed into Ji'an town; on December 16, it was renamed Ji'an city. In 1954, Ji'an City became a province directly under the central government. In 1957, Xingan was changed to Xingan. In 1958, Ji'an city was designated as the leader of Ji'an special office. On January 1, 1959, Ninggang county was withdrawn and merged into Yongxin County; on July 1, Ninggang County separated from Yongxin County, mainly composed of Ninggang county's original administrative region (Chaojiang commune was set up to replace Yongxin's Nashan commune) and Jinggangshan township of Suichuan County, Jinggangshan Administration Bureau was established and returned to the province directly under the central government; on November 17, the provincial people's Committee decided to restore Ninggang county with the approval of the State Council on January 7, 1960 Set up a joint office with Jinggangshan Administration Bureau;
On December 6, 1961, Ninggang county and Jinggangshan Administration Bureau were divided, Ninggang County belonged to Ji'an special area; in May 1968, Ji'an special area was changed to Jinggangshan area, and Jinggangshan Administration Bureau was renamed "Jinggangshan Revolutionary Committee" and put under the jurisdiction of Jinggangshan area; in 1978, the Provincial Administration Bureau was restored; in 1979, Jinggangshan area was renamed Ji'an area;
In October 1981, Jinggangshan county was established under Ji'an administrative office; in December 1982, Jinggangshan City was established.
In 1992, Lianhua county was designated as Pingxiang City. On May 11, 2000, with the approval of the State Council, Ji'an prefecture level city was established and Ninggang county was merged into Jinggangshan City; on August 18, Ji'an Municipal People's government was officially established. At the same time, the county-level Ji'an city was removed and Jizhou district and Qingyuan district were established. Ninggang county and Jinggangshan City were merged to form a new county-level Jinggangshan City, which was directly under the jurisdiction of Jiangxi Province and Ji'an city.
By the end of August 2017, Ji'an city had jurisdiction over 2 districts, 1 city and 10 counties, including Jizhou District, Qingyuan District, Jinggangshan City, Ji'an County, Taihe County, Wan'an County, Suichuan County, Yongxin County, Yongfeng County, Jishui County, Xiajiang County, Anfu county and Xingan County. The municipal government is located in Jizhou district.
Ji'an city is located in the middle of Jiangxi Province and the middle reaches of Ganjiang River. Topographically, it belongs to the middle part of Luoxiao mountains, which is the throat of Hunan and Jiangxi provinces. Its geographical location is between 25 ° 58 ′ 32 ″ n to 27 ° 57 ′ 50 ″ E and 113 ° 46 ′ e to 115 ° 56 ′ e. the city is about 218 km long and 208 km wide from east to west, with a total area of 25271 square kilometers. It is adjacent to Chongren county and Le'an County of Fuzhou City in the East, Ningdu county and Xingguo County of Ganzhou City in the south, Ganxian District, Nankang district and Shangyou County of Ganzhou City in the south, Guidong County, Yanling County and Chaling County of Hunan Province in the west, and Fengcheng City, Zhangshu City, Xinyu City and Pingxiang City of Yichun City in the north.
The terrain of Ji'an city is mainly mountainous and hilly, surrounded by mountains in the East, South and West. The Ganjiang River runs through it from south to north, cutting Ji'an City into two parts: East and West. From the marginal mountain to the Ganjiang River Valley, the terrain gradually inclines, gradually decreases, and gradually flattens to the northeast. In the north is the GANFU PLAIN, and in the middle is the Jitai plain.
Ji'an city is a Hilly Basin
Chinese PinYin : Jiang Xi Sheng Ji An Shi
Ji'an City, Jiangxi Province
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