Liangshan Yi Autonomous Prefecture, with its capital in Xichang City, is one of the 21 prefecture level administrative regions in Sichuan Province. It is located in the southwest of Sichuan Province, bordering Ya'an City and Ganzi Prefecture from Dadu River in the north, Yunnan Province from Jinsha River in the south, Zhaotong City in Yunnan Province, Yibin City and Leshan City in Sichuan Province in the East, Ganzi Prefecture in the West. The terrain is high in the northwest, low in the southeast, high in the north and low in the south. The climate belongs to subtropical monsoon climate zone. The city has 60 thousand and 400 square kilometers, and has 2 county-level cities, 14 counties and 1 autonomous counties. At the end of 2018, the registered residence population was 5 million 299 thousand and 400.
Liangshan has been an important passage to Yunnan and Southeast Asia since ancient times and an important town of the "Southern Silk Road"; it is located in the hinterland of the "great Shangri La tourism circle", with 27 A-level scenic spots, including 9 4A level scenic spots, including Qionghai Lushan, Qionghai National Wetland Park, Luoji Mountain, Lugu Lake, Xichang Satellite Launch Center and other scenic spots; it is the only one in the world that reflects the slave society Liangshan Slave Society Museum, a museum, has 18 national intangible cultural heritages, such as the traditional skills of Yi lacquerware. "Yi Torch Festival" is the "human intangible cultural heritage" recommended by the State Council to UNESCO. Lugu Lake Mosuo culture is known as "living fossil of human matrilineal society". On September 22, 2020, it won the "harvest Cup" of food production in Sichuan Province in 2019.
In 2020, Liangshan will achieve a total GDP of 173.315 billion yuan, a year-on-year growth of 3.9%, 11.4%, 4.1% and 1.8% higher than that in the first quarter, the first half of the year and the first three quarters respectively, showing a trend of recovery quarter by quarter.
In the sixth year of Yuanding (111 BC), Emperor Wudi of the Western Han Dynasty sent a large army to invade the southwest, kill qiongjun and zuohou, and formally established Yueyi County, which governs 15 counties including qiongdu, suijiu, lingguandao, taideng, Dingzuo, Huiwu, Zuoqin, Daguan, Gufu, Sanjiang, sushi, LAN, Beishui, Qianjie and Qingling.
After Wang Mang usurped the Han Dynasty, in the first year of the founding of the people's Republic of China (9 years), he changed Yueyi county to Lingrong, and later changed its name to Jijun. In the 15th year of the second year of Tianfeng, Ren GUI, the leader of the Yueyi tribe, led his troops to kill the Taishou and became the king of the valley.
In the first year of Jianwu (25 years) of the Eastern Han Dynasty, Ren GUI was attached to sun Shu, the Duke of Shu. Jianwu 11 years (35 years) Ren Guijiang Han. In the Eastern Han Dynasty, Yueyi county had jurisdiction over qiongdu, suijiu, lingguandao, taideng, Qingling, Sanjiang, Huiwu, Dingzuo, LAN, sushi, Dazuo, Zuoqin, Gufu and Beishui counties.
In the first year of Zhangwu (221), Gao Dingyuan, the leader of the tribe, led the army to fight against Shu, killed Jiao Huang and occupied the whole territory.
In 225, Zhuge Liang led his troops to the South and recovered Yueyi county. Suijiu County, Qingling county and Gufu County under the jurisdiction of Yueyi county were divided into Yunnan county. Zuoqin county was merged into taideng county and Dazhou County into Dingzuo county. Qianjie county was established and Anshang county and Mahu county were established. Yueyi county has 12 counties, including qiongdu, taideng, LAN, lingguandao, Huiwu, Dingzuo, Sanjiang, Beishui, Qianjie, Anshang and Mahu.
After the first year of Yanxi (238), the Yue tribe rebelled and killed the Taishou, who later moved to Anshang county. In the fifth year of Yanxi reign (242), the prefect Zhang Yi recovered Yueyi county and set up the county again.
In 273, Lingdao county was changed to HuLong county. Yueyi county had jurisdiction over seven counties, including qiongdu, Huiwu, Dingguan, taideng, HuLong and sushi. In 316, Dong Ba, the prefect of Pingle County in ningzhou, was demoted to Han Dynasty. Later, the overseas Chinese of Jin Dynasty set up Pingle county and Yueyi county to settle the refugees in Pingle county. Pingle County governs four counties: Xinding, Xinxing and Sanju.
In 323, the first year of Taining, the emperor of Jin and Ming Dynasties, Li Yi and Ren Hui of Cheng and Han Dynasties conquered Yueyi county. In the fourth year of Xiankang (338), Jinxing county was set up in Yueyi County by Cheng Han, and Yueyi county had eight counties under its jurisdiction.
During the northern and Southern Dynasties, the Central Plains was in constant war, and a large number of refugees entered Yueyi county. During the Liu Song period (420-479), Pingle county was set up and HuLong county was changed into Xinxing County. Yueyi county still led eight counties and the county ruled qiongdu. At the time of the Southern Qi Dynasty, it was unable to control the yueyiliao Prefecture. In 537, the third year of Emperor Wu of Liang Dynasty, Xiao Ji, king of Wuling, ruled Shu and established Yizhou. In the fifth year of Baoding (565), Emperor Wu of Zhou changed Yizhou to Xining, and later abolished it due to the chaos of war. In the fifth year of Tianhe (570), general ZHENG Ke led the army to conquer Yueyi, changed Xining into Yanzhou, Xuanhua, qiongbu, Liangshan, Baisha and Pingle, and changed Dingguan County into Dingguan town. Yueyi county leads Yue and qiongdu counties, Xuanhua county leads kequan County, qiongbu county leads qiongbu County, Liangshan county leads Suqi County, Baisha County leads taideng county.
In the third year of Emperor Wen of Sui Dynasty (583), in order to strengthen the centralization and abolish the county, the two-level system of state and county was implemented. In 586, Yanzhou was changed into Xining, and in 598, Yizhou was changed. In the third year of Daye (607), Emperor Yangdi of Sui Dynasty changed the state into a county. Yueyi County governs six counties, namely Yueyi, qiongdu, kequan, taideng, Suqi and qiongbu.
In 618, the first year of Wude in Tang Dynasty, Yueyi county was changed into Yizhou, which governed Yueyi County, kequan County, Suqi county and qiongbu county. Taideng county is located in Dengzhou, which governs taideng County, Hanyuan County and Yangshan County. In the second year of Wude (619) of the Tang Dynasty, Kunming county was added to the prefecture. Dengzhou was abolished in the ninth year of Wude (626), and taideng county still belonged to Yizhou. In the second year of Zhenguan (628), Yangshan County and Hanyuan County belonged to Yizhou.
In 634, Heji county was added. In the 22nd year of Zhenguan (648), Liang Jianfang, the great general of youwuhou, led his troops to recruit the songwaiyi people and set up Changming County in the area. It has jurisdiction over 10 counties of Yueyi, qiongbu, Suqi, kequan, taideng, Kunming, Heji, Yangshan, Hanyuan and Changming. Gaozong Shangyuan two years (675 years) home will Chuan county.
Yangshan and Hanyuan belonged to Lizhou in the first year of Dazu (701), Yizhou in the third year of Shenlong (707), and Lizhou in the fourth year of Kaiyuan (716). In the first year of Tianbao (742), the Prefecture was changed to Yueyi County, and kequan county to Xilu county.
In the first year of emperor suzong Zhide (756), Tubo and Nanzhao joined forces to capture Yueyi Prefecture. In the second year of Zhide (757), Tang Dynasty set up Xingyi Prefecture in Linxi town of Qiongzhou and settled the adherents of Yueyi county. In October 789, the fifth year of emperor Dezong of Tang Dynasty, Wei Gao, the governor of Xichuan in Jiannan, sent troops to join forces with the tribes of the prefecture, defeated the Tubo army in Beigu of taideng County, and recovered taideng county. In 797, Wei Gao sent troops to restore Yizhou. In the 16th year of Zhenyuan (800), Kunming was recovered. During the Yuanhe reign of emperor Xianzong of Tang Dynasty (806-820), Yizhou had jurisdiction over seven counties, namely Yueyi, Xilu, Suqi, taideng, qiongbu, Kunming and Huichuan.
From the third year of Dahe (829) to the sixth year of Dahe (832) of Tang Wenzong, Nanzhao invaded Yizhou for several years. In May of the sixth year of Dahe, Li Deyu, the governor of Xichuan, moved to the prefecture to govern Taiwan and ascended the city.
In May of the sixth year of Xiantong (865), Emperor Yizong of Tang Dynasty, Nanzhao conquered Yizhou. Nanzhao established one Prefecture, three prefectures and seven prefectures within the territory of Yizhou, namely Huichuan Dudu Prefecture, Jianchang Prefecture, Qingning Prefecture and Xiangcheng Prefecture, Jianchang Prefecture led Jianan and Yongning Prefecture, Qingning Prefecture led Shacheng, BianFu, Lixi, Yongchang and Huili Prefecture. During the period of Dali state, it was still under the old system of Nanzhao. Chang county was rebuilt as a mansion and Suzhou was added as a subordinate to Jianchang mansion. Huichuan house is still in place. Xiangcheng County abandoned governance, such as the Treasury base, Li Shanju county. During the reign of Dali, the setting sun of various ministries in Dali became stronger and stronger, and each ministry occupied the city base one after another. There are 14 major ethnic tribes, including Luolan, Shama, ADU, Qu, chiyexiu, Batui, Jiang, Ruku, Wudeng, lianglin, fengpa, menbiban, Ke, yoululu, etc. today, Leibo is the Mahu tribe. Important towns include Longmo, Dalong, Gelu, yijilong, longni, Guiyi, Malong, Longna, Wunong, longweng and Yilong.
In the fifth year of Yuan Xianzong (1255), Jiandi, the Luolan tribe of Jianchang, surrendered to the Yuan Dynasty and appointed duan'a of Dali to guard Jianchang. In the area of qiongbu Chuan, Wang Mingya, the capital of qiongbu, was appointed to guard Jianchang for six times.
In the ninth year of Yuan Xianzong (1259), the Wang family of Huichuan led their troops to the Yuan Dynasty, and the Yuan Dynasty still maintained Huichuan with the Wang family. In the fifth year of Zhongtong (1264), the emperor Shizu of the Yuan Dynasty set up the Department of appeasement and punishment in qiongbu. In the same year, the Luolan tribe Jiandi led all the tribes to fight against the Yuan Dynasty and killed Qiong tribe Chuan for six times to appease and punish the envoy Wang Mingya.
In 1273, the yuan army put down the Jianchang rebellion. In the 12th year of Zhiyuan (1275), Yuanzi Jianchang didn't have Luo Luosi's Xuanwei department, and it was under the jurisdiction of Jianchang Road, Deping Road, Dingchang road and Huichuan road. In the 15th year of Zhiyuan (1278), Jianchang was cut off, Jianxiang city was set up, baoanzhou was set up, and Yilong city was changed into Luzhou. In the 17th year of Zhiyuan (1284), Yongchang Prefecture was set up in Huichuan, changing nilong Qianhu into Wu'an Prefecture and Malong Qianhu into Malong Prefecture. In the same year, 1000 Yanjing households were changed to run Yanzhou, and you Lulu Prefecture was established as Pule Prefecture.
In the 21th year of Zhiyuan Dynasty (1284), the Department of appeasement and punishment of qiongbu was changed to qiongbu Prefecture. In 1285, Zhongzhou was reduced to a county. In the 22nd year of the Zhiyuan Dynasty, Lizhou was promoted to the office of the general manager of the army and the people. In August, Deping and Dingchang roads were removed, and the office of the general manager of the army and the people on Dechang road was set up. In the 26th year of Zhiyuan Dynasty (1289), baoanzhou was withdrawn and merged into jiananzhou.
In the 27th year of Zhiyuan (1290), Pule Prefecture and RunYan prefecture were merged into RunYan county. Set up boxing house, lead run salt county, Jin county.
In the second year of Yuancheng Zong and Yuanzhen (1296), Baixing mansion was removed and merged into Dechang Road, and then Baixing mansion was restored. By the end of the Yuan Dynasty, there was no great change in the construction of the territory. Luo Luosi is in charge of Jianchang, Dechang and Huichuan. Jianchang road leads Jianan, Yongning, Luzhou, Lizhou, kuozhou, qiongbu, Longzhou, Jiangzhou, Suzhou and Lizhou, Zhongxian, Beishe and Lugu; Dechang road leads Dezhou, Changzhou, Weilong and Puji; boxingfu leads Yunyan and Jinxian; Huichuan road leads Wuan
Chinese PinYin : Si Chuan Sheng Liang Shan Yi Zu Zi Zhi Zhou
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