Zaozhuang Zaozhuang is a prefecture level city in Shandong Province, an important modern coal chemical industry, energy, building materials and machinery manufacturing base in Shandong Province approved by the State Council, an emerging science and technology innovation base, and one of the central cities in southern Shandong. As of 2018, the city has five districts and one county-level city under its jurisdiction, covering a total area of 4563 square kilometers, with a permanent resident population of 3.9273 million and an urban population of 2.3124 million. The urbanization rate is 58.88%, and the total retail sales of social consumer goods has reached 95.03 billion yuan.
Zaozhuang is located in East China, south of Shandong, Linyi in the East, Xuzhou in the south, Jining in the West and Weishan Lake in the north. The longest distance from north to south is 96 km, accounting for 2.97% of the total area of Shandong Province. The terrain is high in the north and low in the south, high in the East and low in the West. Hills account for 54.6% of the total area, plains 26.6% and depressions 18.8%. It belongs to the mid latitude warm temperate monsoon continental climate zone, with the characteristics of warm and humid climate in the South and dry and cold climate in the north. Zaozhuang, the city's resident, formed a village in the Tang and Song dynasties. It was named Zaozhuang because of its many jujube trees. It was officially used after its establishment in 1961.
Zaozhuang is the first "Cross Strait Exchange base" and "national fitness Yangko city" in China. It is famous for the war between railway guerrillas and Taierzhuang. As an emerging tourist city, as of June 2016, there are 47 A-level scenic spots, including 1 5A scenic spot, 12 4A scenic spots, 18 3A scenic spots, and 4 national wetland parks. Famous tourist attractions in Zaozhuang include Taierzhuang ancient city, Baodugu, Weishan Lake Wetland red lotus scenic spot, Guanshi Liuyuan, railway guerrilla film city, Mozi memorial hall, etc.
In 2019, Zaozhuang's GDP will reach 169.391 billion yuan, a comparable growth of 3.6%. Among them, the added value of the primary industry was 15.887 billion yuan, an increase of 0.2%; the added value of the secondary industry was 73.698 billion yuan, an increase of 0.2%; the added value of the tertiary industry was 79.806 billion yuan, an increase of 7.7%. The third industrial structure adjustment is 9.4:43.5:47.1.
The origin of place names
Zaozhuang, the residence of the municipal government, was a village formed in the Tang and Song dynasties.
In the early Ming Dynasty, the imperial court allowed private mining. In Luyi area (now in the central area of Zaozhuang City), "the villagers opened mountains to take stones for grinding and grinding, and dug wells to get coal for salary.". With the development of coal mining, more and more immigrants migrated to the surrounding areas of "Yibei kiln". In each settlement, people take names such as surnames or local features and village records as their marks. More famous villages are: Jinzhuang, sanhezhuang, Zaozhuang (named after the jujube forest at the head of the village), etc.
In the first year of the Republic of China (1912), the articles of association of ZTE was officially implemented, which stated that "the company's main mine is located in Zaozhuang, Chengbei, Yi county". So far, the place name of Zaozhuang gradually became famous in the society.
History of construction
According to the archaeological findings of the Beixin cultural site, as early as 7300 years ago in the Neolithic age, there was human reproduction in Zaozhuang City.
Summer (about 2000-1500 BC)
Today, Zaozhuang city belongs to the state of Qi in the South and Teng and Xue in the north and West. In the fifth year of emperor Zhudi of Xia Dynasty, the song was awarded to Wei. The old city of Wei is located in the village of Wei Cheng in donglanling County, Zaozhuang City, and a small country named zijue was built. In the Xia Dynasty, the Teng clan became a small country, and the old city of Teng was in the west of Tengxian. In the early summer, Che Zheng established his kingdom in Xue. The old city of Xue was in huangdiangang, Zhangwang Town, Tengxian county.
Shang Dynasty (1500-1066 BC)
Today, the northwest of Zaozhuang City is Teng state, he state and Xue state, the northeast is he state, the middle is he state, and the south is Biyang state. In the Yin Dynasty, Chizijian was found in Chiu, belonging to the state of Dapeng. The old city of Chiu was near Xiji in today's city. Yin Feng prayed for words in Yang, belonging to the state of Dapeng. The old city of Yang was in houtang village, southwest of jinjiantouji. The state of Qi, namely the state of Xiaoying, belongs to the vassal state of Teng, and the old city is in the Shanting area. In the middle and late Shang Dynasty, the Shang Dynasty destroyed the great Peng state and the Peng's Zhuji, but the Yang state still existed. The scope of Xue state has developed to the north of Jiangsu, the south of Shandong and the east of Henan.
Western Zhou Dynasty (about 1066-771 BC)
Today, Zaozhuang city belongs to the state of Qi in the East, the state of Biyang in the south, the state of Xue in the west, and Teng and Qi in the north. At that time, the state of Xue had jurisdiction over two cities: one was Xiyi (now Xi Village), and the other was Changyi (now Nanchang).
Spring and Autumn period (770-476 BC)
In the early spring and Autumn period, today's Zaozhuang city belongs to Gao state in the East, Yang state in the south, Xue state in the west, Teng state and Xiaoying state in the north. In the 17th year of Duke Huan of Lu (695 BC), Lu occupied the eastern and central parts of Zaozhuang City. The southern part of Zaozhuang city belonged to Yang of Song state, and the western and northern parts belonged to Teng and Xiaoying of Qi state. At that time, the state of Xiaoying had jurisdiction over Lanyi (today's Tucheng village of Yangzhuang town), Huxiang (today's Changxiang area of Chengtou township) and gutai (today's Mushi). In the sixth year of Duke Xiang of Lu (567 BC), the state of Ju exterminated the state of Ying, and the state of Jin and song exterminated Yang, and song changed yang to Fuyang. The state of Lu occupied the state of Ying, set up a second city (now Lanling) and conquered the state of Xiaoying. The state of Qi moved south to occupy Xuecheng and renamed Shuzhou.
The Warring States period (476-221 BC)
Today, the eastern part of Zaozhuang City is Lanling, the southern part is Fuyang, the western part is Shuzhou of Qi, and the northern part is Teng of Qi. In the 20th year of the Duke of Lu Ping (309 BC), Lingqiu (today's Doucheng Village) was set up in Tengdong, and Shuzhou was renamed XueGuo, governing Xi and Chang. At that time, Xiaoying, Fuyang, Lanling and Lanyi belonged to Chu. In the ninth year of King kaolie of Chu (254 BC), Zaozhuang belongs to Chu.
Qin Dynasty (221-206 BC)
Today, Zaozhuang City has Lanling county and Qi County in Tan county in the East, Fuyang County in the south, Xue county and Qi County in Xue County in the west, and Teng County in the north.
Western Han Dynasty (206-9 BC)
Today, the northern part of Zaozhuang city belongs to the state of Lu, and later to the state of Pei, which governs fan County, Teng County, Xue County, and Qi county (this summer town); the southern part is the land of Chu. Later, they all belong to Donghai County, which governs Hexiang County, Changwu County, Taoshan county (now Shuiquan township), Xinyang County (now beianyang), mengtu county (now southwest of Guo Village), Jianyang county (now Banhu area), Yinping county (now Yinping area), she county (now west of Yi City), Lanqi county (now lanchengdian area), Fuyang county and Jianling county (now Nanchang area).
Wang Mang's new dynasty (9-23 years)
Today, Zaozhuang city belongs to Pingjun county. Chengxian county is renamed Jizhi County, Changwu county is renamed changju County, Jianyang county is renamed Jianli County, Xinyang County is renamed Boju County, Hexiang county is renamed Heju County, and Fuyang county is renamed Futing county. Fan County, Xue County, gongqiu County, Yinping county and Qi county remain unchanged.
Eastern Han Dynasty (23-220)
Today Zaozhuang belongs to Donghai County. In the northwest, there are fan County, Xue County, gongqiu County, Qi County, Changwu County, Hexiang County, Taoshan County, Langya County, Fuyang county and Pengcheng county.
Three Kingdoms (220-280)
Today, Zaozhuang belongs to Wei. Donghai County is in the East, Pengcheng County in the south, Pei County in the West and Lu County in the north. In the west, Qi county belongs to Pei county; in the south, Lanling, Yinping and she counties belong to Donghai County; Fuyang county belongs to Pengcheng County; in the north, fan, Xue and Changwu counties belong to Lu county; gongqiu and Hexiang counties belong to Donghai County.
Jin Dynasty (280-420)
Today, Zaozhuang city belongs to Lu County in the north, Lanling County later and Donghai County in the south. In the north, fan County, Xue County, gongqiu county and Qi county are successively established, which belong to Lu county; in the south, she County, she County, Yinping County, Changwu county and Hexiang county are successively established, which belong to Lanling County; Fuyang county belongs to Pengcheng County; Lanling county belongs to Donghai County. The division of the Eastern Jin Dynasty followed the establishment of the Western Jin Dynasty. In 327, the second year of Xianhe in the Eastern Jin Dynasty, Zaozhuang is now under the jurisdiction of the later Zhao Dynasty. The first year of Taihe in the Eastern Jin Dynasty (366) was under the jurisdiction of Houyan. The seventh year of Taiyuan (382) belongs to the former Qin Dynasty. In 395, the area south of Xuecheng in Zaozhuang City was under the jurisdiction of the Eastern Jin Dynasty, and the area north of Xuecheng was under the jurisdiction of Houyan. In 409, Zaozhuang belongs to the Eastern Jin Dynasty. In 411, Zaozhuang belongs to Lanling county.
The southern and Northern Dynasties (420-581)
Today, Zaozhuang City is Qi first, and then Liang. In the Qi Dynasty, Zaozhuang City was under the jurisdiction of Lu County in the north, fan County, Yongxing County and Changwu County, and Lanling County in the south, Wei County, Wei county and Fuyang county. At the time of Liang Dynasty, Zaozhuang City was under the jurisdiction of fan County in the north, fan County, Yongfu county and Changwu County, and Lanling County in the south, she County, he County, Yinping county and Fuyang county. In 420, Qi county was abolished, Xue county was merged into fan County, Lanling county was transferred to govern Changwu city (today's Tucheng Village), and Yangping county was newly established (governing tengxi Wangchao Village), which belongs to Gaoping County. In the second year of Tian'an (467) of the Northern Wei Dynasty, Zaozhuang City is now under the jurisdiction of the Northern Wei Dynasty. Yongxing County is newly established to govern Lincheng, Yongfu county and Guxian county. After the eighth year of Wuding in the Eastern Wei Dynasty (550), the county of Liufan was abolished, and the county system of Yongxing, Yongfu and Yangping was abolished. At that time and today, there are only two counties in Zaozhuang, which belong to Lanling county and Pengcheng county. In the eighth year of Tianbao (557), the Northern Zhou Dynasty destroyed the Northern Qi Dynasty, and the administrative region remained unchanged. It first belonged to the Northern Zhou Dynasty and then to the Northern Qi Dynasty.
Sui Dynasty (581-618)
In 583, Emperor Wen of the Sui dynasty struck Lanling county. In 586, fan county was changed to Teng County. In the 16th year of kaihuang (596), Wei county was changed to Wei state, Lanling county was set up, Teng County was upgraded to Teng County, and Xuanfu county was changed to Teng County. In the second year of Daye (602), qiezhou was abandoned and Lanling county was changed into Qixian County. Soon, Qixian County was changed into Lanling county.
Tang Dynasty (618-907)
Today, Zaozhuang city belongs to Henan Road, with Teng County in the north and Lanling County in the south. In 621, the fourth year of Wude, Emperor Gaozu of the Tang Dynasty, Lanling was changed into she County, which was subordinate to Langya County of Yizhou. Teng County is subordinate to Pengcheng County of Xuzhou.
Northern Song Dynasty (960-1127)
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