Shaoyang, a prefecture level city under the jurisdiction of Hunan Province, is historically known as "Baoqing". Located in the southwest of central Hunan, the upper reaches of Zijiang River; across the mountains to the East and south, Xuefeng mountain to the West and North, Zijiang River flows through the whole territory from the southwest to the northeast, with Hilly Basin in the middle. It is adjacent to Hengyang City in the East, Yongzhou City and Guilin City in the south, Huaihua City in the West and Loudi City in the north, with a total area of 20824 square kilometers between 25 ° 58 '- 27 ° 40' n and 109 ° 49 '- 112 ° 57' E. Shaoyang has jurisdiction over three municipal districts, seven counties (including one Autonomous County) and two county-level cities. In 2017, it was rated as a national health city, and registered residence in 2018, with a total population of 8 million 282 thousand and 800. The total GDP of the region was 178 billion 265 million yuan, an increase of 7.6% over 2017.
Shaoyang has a long history and is known as Xiaoxiang. As early as the Shang Dynasty, there were ancestors living and reproducing in the territory. The county was established in the early Western Han Dynasty. After going through Zhaoling, Shaoling, Shaoyang, minzhou, Shaozhou and Baoqing, it was finally named Shaoyang, which has been more than 2500 years. In the Qing Dynasty, the city of Baoqing was surrounded by Zijiang River and Shaoshui River, surrounded by walls and fortresses. In addition, it was not easy to attack, leaving the reputation of "Baoqing with iron".
In June 2020, it was selected as the first batch of national demonstration areas and projects for the construction of rule of law government by the Central Committee of the rule of law; on October 20, it was selected as the national model city (county) with double support. On January 29, 2021, it was selected into the list of areas with remarkable achievements in real work in 2020 announced by Hunan Provincial People's government.
Evolution of organizational system
As early as the Neolithic age, there were ancestors living in the territory.
In the Qin Dynasty, the territory now belongs to Changsha County and Qianzhong county.
At the beginning of the Western Han Dynasty, Zhaoling county was established, belonging to the state of Changsha. Later Han Dynasty belongs to Changsha County.
In the first year of Wu Baoding (266), Zhaoling county was established under the jurisdiction of Duwei in the north of Lingling county.
In the first year of Taikang in the Western Jin Dynasty (280), Shaoling was the more Zhaoling, which was transferred to the North Bank of Zijiang.
In the Sui Dynasty, the county was abandoned and changed into Shaoyang County, belonging to Tanzhou.
In the Tang Dynasty, Shaozhou was set up, and Shaoyang County was governed in the same city as Shaoyang County.
In the Five Dynasties and Jin Dynasty, Minzheng county was called, and the Han Dynasty was restored to the old.
In 1106, Wugang army was set up in the west of Shaozhou.
In the first year of Baoqing in the Southern Song Dynasty (1225), Emperor LiZong Zhao Yun ascended the throne and named the fiefdom with the year number. Shaozhou was promoted to Baoqing Prefecture, where the name of Baoqing began. In Yuan Dynasty, Baoqing Road and Wugang road were built.
In the early Ming Dynasty, Baoqing and Wugang were set up, and then Wugang was demoted as a prefecture.
In the second year of the Republic of China (1913), Fei Baoqing's house was established as Baoqing County, and each county in the territory was subordinate to Xiangjiang Road.
In 1922, Zhili was established in Hunan Province.
In 1928, Baoqing county was renamed Shaoyang County.
In the 26th year of the Republic of China (1937), the sixth Office of Hunan Provincial Commissioner of administrative supervision (District of administrative supervision) was set up in Shaoyang County. It has jurisdiction over Shaoyang County, Xinhua County, Wugang County, Xinning County, Chengbu County, Xiangxiang county and Anhua County.
In the 29th year of the Republic of China (1940), the Hunan provincial government adjusted the original nine administrative supervision districts to 10 because of their wide jurisdiction and inconvenient supervision. In April of the same year, Yiyang, Anhua, Xiangxiang, Ningxiang, Hanshou, Yuanjiang and other six counties were designated to form the fifth administrative supervision district, with the office of the Commissioner stationed in Yiyang County.
After the founding of the people's Republic of China, Shaoyang District Office of inspector general of Hunan Province was set up in October 1949, and Shaoyang City was established under the jurisdiction of Shaoyang County. In November, the office of the inspector general of Shaoyang district was renamed the office of the administrative commissioner.
In July 1950, Shaoyang was upgraded to a county-level city.
In November 1952, the establishment of Yiyang special district was abolished, and Xiangxiang, Shuangfeng and Lianyuan counties were assigned to Shaoyang special district (in August 1951, according to the notice of Hunan provincial government, three, six and seven districts of Xiangxiang county were assigned, and Shuangfeng County was officially established, and Wulipai of Yongfeng town was set up in the county).
In April 1955, the office of Shaoyang district administrative Commissioner changed its name to Shaoyang Commissioner's office.
In 1956, Chengbu County was changed into Chengbu Miao Autonomous County (located in Rulin town). Shaoyang prefecture has jurisdiction over 11 counties and 1 Autonomous County.
In 1958, Shaoyang City was under the leadership of Shaoyang special office. Suining County (located in Changpu town), which was originally part of Qianyang special district, was under the jurisdiction of Shaoyang special district, with 1 city, 12 counties and 1 Autonomous County.
In 1961, lengjiang city was set up in Xinhua County and Loudi City in Lianyuan County, both under the leadership of Shaoyang special office.
In 1962, lengjiang and Loudi were abolished, and lengjiang city was merged into Xinhua County; Loudi City was merged into Lianyuan county.
In 1965, Xiangxiang county was assigned to Xiangtan district.
In 1969, Lengshuijiang town was transformed into Lengshuijiang City under the leadership of Shaoyang special office.
In 1970, Shaoyang district was renamed Shaoyang District, which is located in Shaoyang City. It has jurisdiction over Shaoyang, Lengshuijiang, Shaoyang (in Tangdukou town), Xinshao (in Niangxi town), Lianyuan (in Lantian town), Shuangfeng (in Yongfeng town), Shaodong (in Liangshi town), Xinning (in Jinshi town), Wugang, Suining (in Changpu town), Dongkou, longhui (in Taohong town) and Xinhua Miao Autonomous County (in Rulin town).
In 1977, Shaoyang City was changed into a province directly under the central government. In September 1977, with the approval of the State Council, Shaoyang was divided into Lianyuan and Shaoyang. Lengshuijiang City and 5 counties of Xinhua, Xinshao, Shaodong, Shuangfeng and Lianyuan were assigned to Lianyuan area (Lianyuan area was renamed Loudi area in December 1982). Shaoyang area has jurisdiction over 6 counties and 1 Autonomous County.
On February 20, 1980, the State Council approved that Shaoyang City, which is under the jurisdiction of Shaoyang Prefecture, should be transferred to the province directly under the central government.
On February 8, 1983, the State Council approved the abolition of Shaoyang Prefecture, and the six counties of Shaoyang, longhui, Dongkou, Wugang, Xinning, Suining and Chengbu Miao Autonomous County were included in Shaoyang City;
On July 13, 1983, the State Council approved the establishment of Shaoyang Prefecture, which governs six counties of Shaoyang City, including Shaoyang, longhui, Dongkou, Wugang, Xinning, Suining, and Chengbu Miao Autonomous County.
In July 1983, Hunan Province adjusted its administrative divisions and assigned Shaodong and Xinshao counties in Loudi prefecture to Shaoyang City.
On January 27, 1986, the State Council approved (guohan No. 18): the Shaoyang area was abolished, and the six counties of Shaoyang, longhui, Dongkou, Wugang, Suining, Xinning and seven counties of Chengbu Miao Autonomous County were put under the jurisdiction of Shaoyang City.
On February 12, 1987, the State Council approved the revocation of Qiaotou District of Shaoyang City.
On February 18, 1994, the State Council approved the abolition of Wugang county and the establishment of Wugang City.
On August 29, 1997, the State Council approved (guohan No. 83): 1. It was agreed that Chenjiaqiao township of Xinshao county should be included in the urban area of Shaoyang City. 2、 It is agreed to abolish the eastern, Western and suburban districts of Shaoyang City and adjust the establishment of Shuangqing, Daxiang and Beita districts of Shaoyang City. Shuangqing District: it has jurisdiction over six streets of longxutang, bus station, xiaojianghu, railway station, Qiaotou and Dongfeng Road in the former East District, and six townships of railway station, gaochongshan, Chengdong, Shiqiao, Yunshui and Jilong in the former suburb. The District People's government is stationed in Jianshe Road. Daxiang district: it governs six streets of Chengbei Road, Hongqi Road, Zhongxin Road, Chengxi, Chengnan and baiyuanchun in the former western district, and six townships of Chengnan, Yuxi, mianpu, Tanjiang, caie and Banqiao in the former suburb. District People's Government in Xihu road. Beita District: it governs Jiangbei street in the former East District, chayuantou, Jiangbei, Tianjiang in the former suburb and Chenjiaqiao Township in Xinshao county. The District People's government is located in Zizhou, Jiangbei Avenue. So far, Shaoyang City has jurisdiction over 8 counties and 3 districts, and one city, namely Shaodong county, Xinshao County, longhui County, Dongkou County, Suining County, Chengbu Miao Autonomous County, Xinning County, Shaoyang County, Wugang City, Daxiang district, Shuangqing District and Beita district.
On July 12, 2019, with the approval of the State Council and the approval of the Ministry of civil affairs, Shaodong county was abolished and a county-level Shaodong city was established. The former administrative region of Shaodong county was the administrative region of Shaodong City, and the people's Government of Shaodong city was stationed at 288 Xinghe Avenue, dahetang street. Shaodong city is directly under the central government of Hunan Province and managed by Shaoyang City.
As of July 2019, Shaoyang City has jurisdiction over 3 districts, 6 counties, 1 Autonomous County and 2 county-level cities; there are 36 streets, 112 towns, 39 townships and 15 ethnic townships in the city; the municipal government is located at No. 6, east of Chengbei Road, Daxiang district.
Statistics on the number of township streets in counties (cities, districts) of Shaoyang City
(data as of December 31, 2019, source: Department of civil affairs of Hunan Province)
Shaoyang City is located in the southwest of central Hunan and the upper reaches of Zijiang River. It is adjacent to Hengyang City in the East, Yongzhou City and Guilin city of Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region in the south, Huaihua City in the West and Loudi City in the north. It is between 25 ° 58 'n and 27 ° 40' n and 109 ° 49 'e and 112 ° 57' e, with a total area of 20824 square kilometers.
Shaoyang City is a hilly area in the south of the Yangtze River. The basic characteristics of topography are as follows: there are various types of landforms, such as mountains, hills, hills, plains and plains. Hills and mountains are the main landforms. Mountains and hills account for about two-thirds of the city's area. Generally speaking, "seven mountains, two fields, one water, road and Manor". The southeast, southwest and northwest are surrounded by mountains, The Xuefeng mountains are located in the West and North, and the hengshao Hilly Basin in the middle and East. They are inclined to the middle and east along with the trend, forming a shauji shape open to the northeast. Shaoyang City is the transition zone from Jiangnan hills to Yunnan Guizhou Plateau. The Xuefeng mountains in the west is the eastern edge of Yunnan Guizhou Plateau. The eastern and central parts are the western regions of hengshao Hilly Basin. The city is surrounded by high mountains in the north, West and south, with rolling hills in the middle and East and inlaid plains, presenting a basin landform inclined from southwest to northeast. According to the difference of terrain, it can be roughly divided into four parts
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