Nanping Nanping, a prefecture level city in Fujian Province, is located in the north of Fujian Province and the southeast of the north section of Wuyishan vein. It is located at the junction of Fujian, Zhejiang and Jiangxi provinces, commonly known as "North Fujian". It is adjacent to Jiangshan, Longquan and Qingyuan counties (cities) in Zhejiang Province in the northeast, Zixi, Qianshan and Guangfeng counties in Jiangxi Province in the northwest, Gutian and Pingnan counties in Ningde City in Jiangxi Province in the southeast, and Sanming County in the southwest Taining, Jiangle, Shaxian, Youxi and other counties of the city are adjacent to each other, between 26 ° 15 '- 28 ° 19' n and 117 ° 00 '- 119 ° 17' e, covering an area of 26300 square kilometers, accounting for one fifth of Fujian Province. During the revolutionary war, the Fujian provincial Party committee once stationed in Northern Fujian several times, known as the "red flag does not fall" red soil.
Nanping has jurisdiction over 2 municipal districts, 5 counties and 3 county level cities. In late 2019, the registered residence population was 3 million 182 thousand and 600 (2 million 690 thousand), including 1 million 546 thousand and 800 urban residents and 199 billion 157 million yuan. It is characterized by mountains, low mountains, valleys and small basins. It has the typical feature of "eight mountains, one water and one farmland" in southern China, forming a landform dominated by hills and mountains.
Nanping is one of the earliest developed areas in Fujian; in the Eastern Han Dynasty, Nanping, Jianou, Pucheng and other counties were built; the name "Fujian" came from Fuzhou and Jianzhou (now Jianou city). Nanping is the birthplace of Minyue culture, Zhuzi culture, Wuyi tea ceremony culture, Qitian Dasheng culture and Taiji Culture. It is known as "zoulu of minbang" and "Daonan liku". More than 2000 Jinshi and 17 prime ministers have emerged. It has more than 180 first-class to third-class tourism resources. Wuyishan is one of the only four "world natural and cultural heritage sites" in China.
Nanping has Hefu high-speed railway, Yingxia railway, Waifu railway, Hengnan railway, 205 national highway and 316 national highway, Wuyishan airport, Minjiang main stream, Jianxi, futun River and other routes and channels.
In the pre Qin period, the place belonged to Baiyue. Zan, an official quoted in the Hanshu geography annals, said: "from Jiaozhi to Kuaiji, there are different castes in Baiyue.
At the beginning of Han Jian'an period (196-205), four counties, Hanxing (Pucheng), Nanping, Jian'an (Jian'ou) and Jianping (Jianyang), were set up in the territory, belonging to Kuaiji county.
In the third year of Wu Yong'an of the Three Kingdoms (260), Jian'an county was set up and Jian'an (now Jian'ou) was administrated.
The first year of Jin Yuankang (291) belongs to Jiangzhou.
In the Southern Dynasty, Chen yongdingchu (about 557) belonged to minzhou and later to Fengzhou.
In 589, kaihuang county was abolished as a county, belonging to Quanzhou (which governs Fuzhou today), and in 607, it belongs to Jian'an county (which governs Fuzhou today).
In 618, the first year of Wude in Tang Dynasty, Jianzhou was established on the basis of the original Jian'an county. In 742, Tianbao was restored to Jian'an county. In 758, Qianyuan was changed to Jianzhou, belonging to the south of the Yangtze River.
In 934, the second year of min long Qi in the Five Dynasties belonged to min.
In the third year of Tiande (945), the state was changed into Yong'an army and Zhongyi army.
In the fourth year of Baoda in the Southern Tang Dynasty (946), Jianzhou was established and Jianpu was governed by the state.
In 975, song Kaibao changed Zhongyi army to Jianzhou, in 979, Taiping Xingguo changed Jianzhou to nanjianzhou, in 980, Shaowu army was set up to take charge of Shaowu, in 988, Duangong changed Jianzhou to Jianning army, and in 1162, Shaoxing changed Ningjun to Jianning Fu, belonging to Fujian road.
In 1276, Shao Wujun was changed into Shaowu road; in 1278, Ningfu was changed into Jianning road; nanjianzhou was changed into Nanjian road; in 1302, Nanjian road was changed into Yanping Road. All of them were under the jurisdiction of Xuanwei Department of Fujian Road in Jiangsu and Zhejiang provinces (Fujian Province in 1356).
Jianning, Yanping and Shaowu were juxtaposed in Ming Dynasty. The same is true in Qing Dynasty.
At the end of the Qing Dynasty, Shao Dao (stationed in Nanping) was built to lead the three prefectures. Yanping Prefecture leads Nanping, Shunchang, Jiangle, Shaxian, Youxi and Yongan counties and shangyangting; Jianning Prefecture leads Jianan, Jianou, Jianyang, Chongan, Pucheng, Zhenghe and Songxi counties; Shaowu Prefecture leads Shaowu, Guangze, Taining and Jianning counties.
In the second year of the Republic of China (1913), the government system was abolished, and beiludao (in Nanping, leading 16 counties) was established.
Jian'an Road was established in 1914.
In 1925, the road was abandoned, directly under Fujian Province.
In November 1933, the people's revolutionary government of the Republic of China (Fujian people's Government) was extended to Fujian Province. In 1934, it was the third, ninth and tenth administrative supervision district. In 1935, it was changed to the second and third administrative supervision district.
In 1940, shuijite district was changed into a county.
From May 1949 to February 1950, the counties were liberated one after another and became the first and second special areas. In March 1950, the first special area was changed into Ou special area (in September it was changed into Jianyang special area), and the second special area was changed into Nanping special area.
In 1956, Jianyang district was merged into Nanping district and divided into Minqing and Sanming counties. Nanping City was added and Shuiji county was abolished. It has jurisdiction over Nanping City and 19 counties including Nanping, Shunchang, Jianyang, Jianou, Shaxian, Shaowu, Pucheng, Chongan, Guangze, Songxi, Zhenghe, Jianning, Jiangle, Gutian, Youxi, Taining, Pingnan, Minqing and Sanming.
In 1959, Minqing, Songxi and Zhenghe counties were designated.
In 1960, Nanping County was merged into Nanping City, Sanming county was under Sanming City, and Songxi, Zhenghe County were merged into Songzheng county.
In 1962, Songzheng county was abolished and Songxi and Zhenghe counties were restored.
In 1963, Gutian and Pingnan counties were designated.
Jianxi county was added in 1964.
In 1970, Youxi County, Shaxian County, Jiangle County, Taining County and Jianning county were designated, Songxi County, Zhenghe County and Songzheng county were added, Jianxi county was abolished, and Nanping district was moved to Jianyang and changed to Nanping district.
It was changed to Jianyang area in 1971.
In 1975, Songzheng county was restored to Songxi County and Zhenghe County.
In 1983, Shaowu county was set up as a city.
In 1988, Jianyang District moved to Nanping and changed its name to Nanping district.
In 1989, Chongan county was removed and Wuyishan City was set up under the provincial jurisdiction.
In 1992, the county was set up as a city.
In 1994, Jianyang removed counties and set up cities. At the same time, Nanping district was abolished and Nanping City was set up as a prefecture level city under provincial jurisdiction. The former Nanping City was changed into Yanping District.
On May 27, 2014, with the approval of the State Council, it was agreed to abolish Jianyang City and establish Jianyang District of Nanping City, with the former administrative region of Jianyang City as the administrative region of Jianyang district. Jianyang district government was stationed at No. 28 Renmin Road, Tancheng street; Nanping Municipal government was relocated from No. 439 Bayi Road, Yanping District, Nanping City to No. 36 Nanlin street, Jianyang District, Nanping City.
In January 2020, the Nanping Municipal government officially relocated Jianyang district. At the same time, the Standing Committee meeting of Nanping Municipal People's Congress was successfully held in Jianyang.
As of May 2014, Nanping has jurisdiction over 2 municipal districts, 3 county-level cities and 5 counties. Nanping Municipal government is located at 36 Nanlin street, Jianyang district.
Nanping is located in the north of Fujian Province. It is adjacent to Jiangshan, Longquan and Qingyuan in Zhejiang Province in the northeast, Zixi, Qianshan and Guangfeng in Jiangxi Province in the northwest, Minqing County in Fuzhou City and Gutian, Pingnan, Zhouning and Shouning in Ningde City in the southeast, and Taining, Jiangle, Shaxian and Youxi in Sanming City in the southwest. It is between 117 ° 00 ′ e to 119 ° 25 ′ E and 26 ° 30 ′ n to 28 ° 20 ′ n. The maximum distance between East and West is about 230 km, and the maximum distance between North and south is about 230.4 km. The northernmost end is Guanlu xiangjiyang, Pucheng County; the southernmost end is malinkeng, Zhanghu Town, Yanping District; the easternmost end is fengcha, qianzhen Town, Zhenghe County; and the westernmost end is Toukeng AI, Lifang Township, Guangze county. With a total land area of 26300 square kilometers, accounting for 39.83 million mu, it is one of the throat fortresses to the north of Fujian Province.
The topography and geomorphology in Nanping City are strongly influenced by tectonic movement, and the characteristics of tectonic geomorphology are quite obvious. Most of the mountains are northeast southwest. The low mountains and hills are widely distributed. The valley terrain is in the shape of Canyon or "V" and "U" inlaid in all parts of the city. The inter mountain basins and valleys are alternately distributed along the river. The mountains are obviously cut and the height difference is wide. The fault block mountains mainly composed of faults have steep peaks, fault cliffs, fault valleys and other fault landforms are widely distributed. Zhongshan is mainly distributed in the northwest, northeast and southwest, which is composed of Wuyishan, Shanling, xianxialing and Jiufengshan mountains. The central and southern parts are mainly low mountains and hilly basins. The total land area is 26300 square kilometers, of which 12.09% is above 1000 meters above sea level, 44.03% is 500-1000 meters above sea level, 21.38% is 300-500 meters above sea level, and 22.50% is below 300 meters above sea level.
There are Wuyishan, Shanling, xianxialing and Jiufengshan mountains in Nanping, which constitute the largest mountain belt in Northern Fujian Province. There are 209 peaks over 1300 meters, including 65 in Pucheng, 41 in Wuyishan, 36 in Zhenghe, 22 in Jianou, 17 in Guangze, 16 in Shaowu, 7 in Jianyang, 2 in Nanping, 2 in Shunchang and 1 in Songxi. Wuyishan is located in the northwest of Nanping City, connecting xianxialing in the north and extending to the southwest, which is the border between Fujian and Jiangxi. The Huanggang mountain, the main peak, is 2158 meters above sea level, not only the highest peak in the province, but also the highest peak in the southeastern Chinese mainland. Shanling is a branch of Wuyi Mountains, extending from tongmuguan to the southwest, Beigang and zhumugang to Yanping. Wuyishan and Shanling constitute the largest mountain belt in Nanping City. Fairy
Chinese PinYin : Fu Jian Sheng Nan Ping Shi
Nanping City, Fujian Province
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