Hebi Hebi City, a prefecture level city in Henan Province, is located in the northern part of Henan Province, the transition zone from the eastern foot of Taihang mountain to the North China Plain. With a total area of 2182 square kilometers, it is slightly larger than Shenzhen and has jurisdiction over two counties and three districts. It is the core development area of Central Plains urban agglomeration. Take high-speed rail to Zhengzhou in 30 minutes and Beijing in 2.5 hours.
Hebi City is the place where the story of Fengshenbang takes place. Chaoge, the capital of Shang Dynasty, Chaoge, the capital of Wei state, the largest Marquis of Zhou Dynasty, and Zhongmu, the capital of Zhao state, the seven heroes of Warring States, are all located in Hebi City. The surnames of Lin, Shi, Wei, Kang and Yin, and the surnames of Kang and Qin in Korea (North Korea) originated here. Hebi is an important birthplace of East Asian surnames.
As a garden city, Hebi is the city with the cleanest water resources, the most blue sky and the most sense of security in Henan Province. Moreover, Hebi's advanced electronic industry has provided technical support for China's manned space program in terms of communication equipment. The core components of fast, the world's largest radio telescope, are manufactured by Hebi. As the world's largest magnesium base, Hebi's new magnesium materials are also used in smart phones, aerospace and missile fields.
In 2020, Hebi's GDP will reach 98.097 billion yuan, an increase of 2.0% over the previous year at comparable prices, 0.7 percentage points higher than the average level of the whole province, ranking 13th in the province.
The history of Hebi can be traced back to the period of emperor Wuding of Shang Dynasty 3000 years ago (1238-1180 BC). Emperor Wuding was the founder of Chaoge, the capital of Shang Dynasty. The capital of Wei state, the largest vassal state of Zhou Dynasty in China, was still built in Chaoge. Wei Yigong, the 18th generation monarch of Wei state, liked cranes and raised them in the northwest of Chaoge. Hebi was named after "cranes inhabit the cliffs of Nanshan Mountain".
In the Xia Dynasty, Hebi now belongs to Henan, Hebei and Yanzhou.
In the Shang Dynasty, it belonged to the hinterland of the capital. In the Shang Dynasty, the four kings of Wuding, Wuyi, Diyi and Dixin all took Hebi Chaoge as the capital of China.
In the Zhou Dynasty, Chaoge was the capital of Wei state in 403. In the spring and Autumn period, it belonged to Wei and Jin Dynasties. During the Warring States period, it belonged to Zhao and Wei successively. In 510 B.C., Duke Huan of Qi set up Zhongmu on the side of moushan mountain in the west of Hebi. In 425 B.C., Zhao moved his capital to Zhongmu in Hebi (in the area of Guxian County, Lulou Township, Shancheng District), which lasted for 39 years.
In the early Western Han Dynasty, Liyang county (now Jun county), Chaoge county (now Qi county) and dangyin county (Hebi county) were established.
In the first year of Tianping (543), Emperor Xiaojing of the Eastern Wei Dynasty abolished dangyin county and entered Ye.
In 586, dangyin county was restored. In the 16th year of kaihuang (596 AD), dangyin county was changed to dangyuan County, where it was governed (now Hebi suburb).
During the Tang, song and Yuan Dynasties, the regional establishment of Hebi changed a lot. Liyang used to be the county, army, government and prefecture government, while Chaoge used to be the state and prefecture government.
In the early Ming Dynasty, Junxian County, Qixian County and Tangyin county (Hebi county) were set up, belonging to Daming Prefecture, Weihui Prefecture and Zhangde Prefecture respectively.
During the period of the Republic of China, Jun County, Qi county and Tangyin County belonged to Hebei road of Henan Province, and later to the office of the third inspector general.
After the founding of the people's Republic of China, Jun County, Qi county and Tangyin County belong to Anyang special administration of Pingyuan province. In 1953, it was transferred to Anyang special administration of Henan Province. In 1954, Qi county was merged into Tangyin county (Qi county was restored in 1962). In March 1957, Tangyin county was set up in Hebi City, a city under the jurisdiction of the province. It was entrusted with the leadership of Anyang special office, and then changed to the direct leadership of the province. In December 1958, Anyang special office was abolished, and Hebi City was once under the leadership of Xinxiang special office. In December 1961, the Anyang special office was restored and transferred to Anyang special district. From October 1960 to November 1961, Tangyin county was once assigned to Hebi City (later to Anyang). In January 1986, Jun county and Qi county were under the jurisdiction of Hebi City.
The city has undergone three relocations. In 1957, the urban area was selected as Hebi market town. With the construction of No.2 and No.3 mines, the urban area moved to Zhongshan in December 1957; later, with the construction of No.5 and No.6 mines, the urban area moved from Zhongshan to Shancheng in 1959. With the development of the mining area, the surrounding area of the urban area is basically collapse area, and the development of the city is restricted. In 1992, Hebi decided to establish Qibin Economic Development Zone. With the expansion of the scale, the city's political center moved to Qibin District in May 1999. Qibin district has become a new political, cultural and transportation center of Hebi City.
Hebi City is a prefecture level city in Henan Province, which has jurisdiction over five administrative districts including Jun County, Qi County, Qibin District, Shancheng district and Heshan District, one national economic and Technological Development Zone, one urban-rural integration demonstration zone and four provincial industrial agglomeration zones.
Hebi City is located in the transition zone between the eastern foot of Taihang Mountain and the North China Plain. It has a warm temperate semi humid monsoon climate with four distinct seasons, sufficient light and large temperature difference. It is windy and rainless in spring, hot and humid in summer, crisp in autumn and cold and foggy in winter. The annual average temperature is 14.2-15.5 ℃, the annual precipitation is 349.2-970.1 mm, and the annual sunshine hours are 1787.2-2566.7 hours. The proportion of days above the second level of ambient air quality standard in the urban area reached 81.4%, and the days with good air quality and the average concentrations of PM2.5 and PM10 were the best in the whole province. The water quality standard rate of drinking water source should be 100%.
Hebi City is located in the northern part of Henan Province, the transition zone from the eastern foot of Taihang mountain to the North China Plain. The geographical coordinates are 113 degrees 59 minutes east longitude to 114 degrees 45 minutes and 35 degrees 26 minutes north latitude to 36 degrees 02 minutes. It is 67 km long from north to South and 69 km wide from east to west, with a total area of 2182 square kilometers, including 513 square kilometers of urban area.
It is adjacent to Anyang City and Anyang County in the north, Linzhou city and Huixian City in the west, Neihuang County and Hua county in the East, Weihui City and Yanjin County in the south.
Hebi City is rich in natural resources and belongs to the national energy and heavy chemical industry base and the Huang Huai Hai Plain Agricultural Comprehensive Development Zone. Mineral resources have the characteristics of good regional combination, high grade and easy development. There are more than 30 kinds of proven mineral deposits, such as coal, gas, cement limestone, dolomite, quartz sandstone and refractory clay. The proven reserves of coal are 1.6 billion tons, dolomite, the main raw material of magnesium, is about 1 billion tons, and the reserves of cement limestone deposit are 5 billion tons.
There are 12 kinds of wild animals, 86 kinds of birds, 6 kinds of reptiles and 19 kinds of aquatic and amphibians in Hebi City. In 2007-2008, there are about 46 kinds of fish resources in the Yellow River and 50 kinds of fish resources in the Huaihe River, and 64 kinds of fish resources in the Hebi section of the Qihe River, which belong to 7 orders and 14 families, are the rivers with the most fish species in the whole province, and occupy an important position in the fishery resources of the whole province. Among them, there are 8 species of valuable fish, including Qihe crucian carp, mandarin fish, Siniperca chuatsi, Siniperca chuatsi, eel, snakehead, yellow catfish, angtang Pseudobagrus, 32 species of important economic fish, including qiaozuihong, qingshaohong, River catfish, and 24 species of small miscellaneous fish, such as Yinpiao, maisui, Banghua. Among them, Qihe crucian carp is a famous specialty fish and dominant species. At present, crucian carp in Qihe river has become a rare wild animal in Henan Province, ranking first in the list of wild animal protection in Henan Province issued by the people's Government of Henan Province in 1990.
There are 114 species, more than 300 genera and more than 800 species of higher plants in Hebi City, including more than 200 cultivated plants. Hebi City is rich in grain, cotton and oil. There are many local products, the famous are "three treasures of Qihe" (crucian carp, duck eggs wrapped with silk, winter ice cream). In addition, there are persimmon, walnut, Chinese toon and Longgong flowers in Qibin District, Xiaohe cabbage, Danian radish, Yuanshang garlic, Shantang jujube, Wangqiao tofu and spiced peanuts in Junxian County, Wuhe jujube and Muyu stone in Qixian County.
Among the 60 major urban rivers in Henan Province, the water quality of Qi river has always been above the national second class, ranking first. From 2007 to 2008, the project of "investigation of fishery resources in Henan Province" was carried out. The Qihe river was clear and its transparency reached 2.03 meters. The Panshitou reservoir in the Qihe River contains 608 million cubic meters of water.
In addition to the Han nationality, there are 30 ethnic minorities, including Zhuang, Mongolian, Manchu, Hui, Gaoshan, Miao, Buyi, Gelao, Yi, Yao, Tujia, Naxi, Lisu, Li, Jing, Dong, Korean, Tibetan, Bai, Mulao, Tajik, she, Shui, Qiang, Hani, Uygur, Dai, Lagu, Tu and Pumi The largest population is Hui, 1963; the larger population is Mongolian, 316; the smaller population is Oroqen, Dai and Li.
Hebi City has five religions (Buddhism, Taoism, Islam, Catholicism and Christianity), with more than 80000 religious believers in the city. There are 391 registered religious staff in the city, including 16 Buddhist temples, 10 Taoist temples, 2 Islamic mosques, 1 Catholic Church, 97 Christian churches and simple activity places. There are 20 patriotic religious groups in the city.
There are 20 CPPCC members in the city, including 5 at the municipal level and 15 at the county (District) level.
1. Secretary of CPC Municipal Committee: Ma Fuguo
2. Director of the Standing Committee of the Municipal People's Congress: Shi Xinxin
3. Mayor: Guo Hao
Vice mayors: Hong Limin (Hui nationality), Wang Yongqing, sun Dong, Li Xiaoli (female, non party), Hao Zhijun, Luo Kai and Shao Qiyi.
4. Chairman of CPPCC: Li Jun
Reference: Hebi Bureau of statistics.
Corn single cross Xundan developed by Hebi Academy of Agricultural Sciences
Chinese PinYin : He Nan Sheng He Bi Shi
Hebi City, Henan Province
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