Bengbu, also known as Zhucheng, is a prefecture level city in Anhui Province. It is an important comprehensive industrial base in Anhui Province, a central city in Northern Anhui, and an important part of Hefei Wuhu Bengbu national independent innovation demonstration zone. As of April 2020, Bengbu City has jurisdiction over Longzihu District, bengshan District, Yuhui District, Huaishang District, Huaiyuan County, Wuhe County and Guzhen County, with a total area of 5952 square kilometers and a permanent resident population of 3.412 million.
Bengbu is located in East China, the west of the Yangtze River Delta, the northeast of Anhui Province, the middle reaches of the Huaihe River, and the Qinling Huaihe line, the geographical boundary between North and South China. The territory is mainly plain, with hills scattered in the south. It belongs to the transition zone between the humid monsoon climate in the north subtropical zone and the semi humid monsoon climate in the south temperate zone. The main railway lines through Bengbu are Beijing Shanghai railway, Huainan railway, Beijing Shanghai high speed railway and Hefei Bengbu high speed railway.
According to historical records, Bengbu is known as "Pearl City" because it was "the place where pearls were collected in ancient times". It is also known as Yuhui Prefecture and Huaishang Pearl City. Bengbu was officially established as the first city in Anhui Province on January 1, 1947. Bengbu is one of the birthplaces of Huaihe culture. The carved symbols unearthed at Shuangdun cultural site 7300 years ago are recognized as one of the important origins of Chinese characters.
On November 21, 2019, it will be selected as "top 100 of China's prefecture level cities' overall well-off index in 2019". In January 2020, "China's city science and technology innovation development index 2019" was released, Bengbu ranked 96th; in August, Bengbu was selected into the list of "China's top 100 foreign trade cities in 2019"; on October 20, Bengbu was selected as the national model city of double support.
In prehistoric times, Bengbu (including the urban area and the three counties of Huaiyuan, Wuhe and Guzhen under its jurisdiction, the same below) was inhabited by Huaiyi people. It is said that Dayu controlled the water and went to huaisi in the south. He passed by Tushan in today's Yuhui District, married Tushan's daughter and gave birth to Qi (in the 21st century BC, Qi established the Xia Dynasty and became the first emperor of China).
During the spring and Autumn period and the Warring States period, Bengbu was once the capital of Xufang, Lu, song, Wu, Yue and Chu.
During the Qin Dynasty, after the establishment of the Qin Dynasty, the county system was implemented. Today, the South Bank of the Huaihe River is divided into Jiujiang County, Quyang County, Zhongli county and other counties; today, the North Bank of the Huaihe River is divided into Huaiyuan County, Bengbu County, Guzhen county and Wuhe County into Sishui County, Qi county and Xu county.
In the Southern Song Dynasty, Minli county (now Fengyang County) set up Huaiyuan army and Jingshan County in the fifth year of Baoyou (1257), which governed Huaiyuan County, the west of Bengbu City and Guzhen County, and the east of Bengbu City belonged to Zhongli County of Haozhou. Huaian army and Wuhe County were set up in the seventh year of Xianchun (1271). During the confrontation period between the Southern Song Dynasty and the Jin Dynasty, Guzhen county was first divided into Qi County, Lingbi county and Hong County of Suzhou, and then into Suzhou, Lingbi, Jingshan, Wuhe and other counties.
In the Yuan Dynasty, in the 28th year of the Yuan Dynasty (1291), Huaiyuan army was abolished and Jingshan County was changed to Huaiyuan County, which belongs to Haozhou (now Fengyang). Today Bengbu City belongs to Huaiyuan County in Haozhou in the West and Zhongli County in Haozhou in the East. Today Guzhen county is divided into Suzhou and Lingbi County in Suzhou, Wuhe County in Sizhou and Huaiyuan County in Haozhou.
During the Hongwu Period of Ming Dynasty, Zhongli county was changed into Zhongli county and linhuai County, and Fengyang County was added. Now Bengbu City belongs to Fengyang Prefecture Huaiyuan County in the West and Fengyang Prefecture Fengyang County in the East. Now Guzhen county belongs to Fengyang Prefecture Suzhou and Fengyang Prefecture Huaiyuan County, Fengyang Prefecture Suzhou Lingbi County, Fengyang Prefecture Sizhou Wuhe County, Fengyang Prefecture Fengyang County. Haozhou first changed its name to Linhao house and then Fengyang house. The whole territory belongs to Fengyang house.
During the Qing Dynasty, the Qing Dynasty followed the Ming system, and the whole territory belonged to Fengyang Prefecture. During the Yongzheng period, Sizhou was separated from Fengyang Prefecture, Wuhe County belonged to Sizhou, and the rest belonged to Fengyang Prefecture. In 1863, Fengyang County was divided into three independent administrative regions: West of macungou, east of xijiagou and houlou of Lingbi county.
In 1912, the Republic of China was founded and Fengyang Prefecture was abolished. Huaiyuan County and Wuhe County were directly under Anhui Province. In 1914, the whole territory belongs to huaisidao (zhifengyang county), Anhui Province. At the same time, the three county divisions of Bengbu were abolished. Today, the north of Huaihe River in Bengbu City belongs to Lingbi County, and the south of Huaihe River belongs to Fengyang County. Today, Guzhen county is still divided into Suxian County, Lingbi County, Fengyang County, Wuhe County and Huaiyuan County. In 1927, the Nanjing national government was established and officially abolished the road. Fengyang County, Huaiyuan County, Lingbi county and Wuhe County were directly under Anhui Province. In early 1929, the municipal preparatory office was set up in Bengbu, which was abolished the following year and still belongs to Fengyang County. In 1932, Huaiyuan County and Fengyang County were changed into the fourth district and the fourth special district of Anhui Province, and Wuhe County was changed into the seventh district and the sixth special district. In 1938, Fengyang County was moved from Fucheng to Bengbu. At the same time, Bengbu was the capital of Anhui Province. After the victory of the Anti Japanese War, Huaiyuan County was changed into the Tenth Special Zone of Anhui Province, Fengyang County was changed into the ninth and fifth special zones of Anhui Province, and Wuhe County was changed into the fourth special zone of Anhui Province. In November 1946, the municipal preparatory office was established in Bengbu. On January 1, 1947, Bengbu was officially set up as a city, which was separated from Fengyang County (Fucheng was again taken as Fengyang County). It had jurisdiction over some areas south of Huaihe River and xiaobengbu area north of Huaihe River, which originally belonged to Fengyang County. It was directly under Anhui Province and was the first city in Anhui Province to set up a city.
Bengbu was liberated on January 20, 1949. After the founding of the people's Republic of China on October 1, Bengbu was subordinate to the people's Administrative Office of Northern Anhui. Huaiyuan County and Wuhe County belong to Suxian District of the people's Administrative Office of Northern Anhui.
In April 1952, Bengbu City was directly under the jurisdiction of Anhui Province. In 1956, Suxian District and Chuxian District merged into Bengbu district. Bengbu City, Huaiyuan County and Wuhe County belong to Bengbu district.
In 1961, Bengbu district was abolished and Suxian District was re established. Huaiyuan County and Wuhe County belong to Suxian District, and Bengbu City is directly under the jurisdiction of Anhui Province. In 1964, from Suxian County, Lingbi County, Huaiyuan County and Wuhe County, it was divided into Guzhen County, which belongs to Suxian District.
In 1971, Suxian District was renamed as Suxian District. Huaiyuan County, Wuhe County and Guzhen County belong to Suxian District.
In July 1983, Huaiyuan County, Wuhe County and Guzhen county were transferred from Suxian county to Bengbu City.
As of April 2020, Bengbu City has jurisdiction over Huaiyuan County, Wuhe County and Guzhen County, and four municipal districts including Longzihu District, bengshan District, Yuhui district and Huaishang district. Bengbu Municipal government is located at 3115 Donghai Avenue, bengshan district.
Bengbu City is located in the north of Anhui Province, 32 ° 43 ′ n to 33 ° 30 ′ n, 116 ° 45 ′ e to 118 ° 04 ′ e, bordering Yongqiao District, Suixi County, Lingbi county and Sixian County of Suzhou City in the north, Huainan City and Fengyang County in the south, Mingguang City and Sihong County of Jiangsu Province in the East, Mengcheng County and Fengtai County in the west, Huainan City in the southwest and Suixi County and Mengcheng County in the northwest. The longest distance between East and west of the city is 32.3 km, and the largest span between North and south is 23.5 km. Jinpu railway runs through the north and south from the middle of the area, and Huaihe River flows from west to East through the south.
Bengbu City is located in the transition zone between the Huang Huai Hai Plain and the Jiang Huai hilly region, at the end of the Jiang Huai watershed. The territory is mainly plain, with hills scattered in the South; the ground tends to the northwest and Southeast, and the natural slope is about 1 / 10000. Most of the urban area is located on the South Bank of the Huaihe River. Apart from the isolated bengshan (Xiaonanshan) in the center of the city, there are more than 20 mountains in the East, South and west of the city. On 445.4 square kilometers of land in the urban area, there are 50 square kilometers of hills and 15.3 square kilometers of water. The landform is mainly divided into plain, hill and platform. The plain in the territory is mainly the Yellow River flood plain, and there are also shallow depression plain between rivers, low terrace of rivers with hills and beach land beside rivers. The platform is mainly distributed in the wavy area to the south of the river, which is composed of loess of qizui formation, and can be divided into two types: flat and inclined. Bengbu hills are mainly distributed in the south of Huaihe River, which is the northern edge of Jianghuai hills. The bedrock of the hill is mostly exposed after weathering and denudation, and occasionally there are residual slope deposits, which are basically undeveloped and coarse bony. According to the ground height, it can be divided into high hills and low hills.
Tectonically, Bengbu sheet is located in the composite part of the second Neocathaysian subsidence zone and the Qinling latitudinal structural zone. It belongs to the secondary structural unit of the Zhonghuai River platform depression of the Sino Korean paraplatform, which is called "Bengbu platform arch". It had been uplifted obviously as early as the Sinian, and formed a land in the late Cambrian, and has been in the state of ancient land ever since. Bengbu geology experienced five periods of rapid tectonic movement, namely Bengbu period, Fengyang period, Caledonian period, Yanshanian period and Himalayan period. The Huaihe division of the North China stratigraphic area lacks the middle and late Paleozoic. The pre Paleozoic strata are dominated by metamorphic rocks and marine strata, while the Mesozoic and Cenozoic strata are dominated by continental and volcanic rocks. The strata in Bengbu can be divided into upper Archean, Lower Proterozoic, Upper Proterozoic, Qingbaikou, Cambrian, Jurassic, Cretaceous, tertiary and Quaternary. The geological structure and sedimentation of Bengbu are complex. Folds formed by multiple tectonic cycles are widely exposed. The platform dome in Bengbu area becomes the natural boundary of Huaibei and Huainan coal bearing areas.
Bengbu is a transitional zone between the humid monsoon climate in the north subtropical zone and the semi humid monsoon climate in the south temperate zone. The monsoon is significant, the four seasons are distinct, the climate is mild, the rainfall is moderate, the light is sufficient, and the frost free period is long. However, in the middle latitudes, the cold and warm air mass activities meet frequently and change greatly. In addition, the precipitation is concentrated, and drought and waterlogging climate disasters often occur, which has a certain impact on agricultural production. Bengbu City is rich in sunshine and sufficient radiation heat, which can meet the needs of two crops a year. Year round day
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