Shangganling District old city district name. See the friendly zone for details. The former Shangganling district is a municipal district located in Yichun City, Heilongjiang Province. It is located in the hinterland of Xiaoxing'anling in the northeast of Yichun City, in the middle and upper reaches of Tangwang River, 34 km away from Yichun city. The topography of Shangganling is mainly low mountains and hills. The altitude ranges from 242 m to 1046.8 M. Shangganling forest belongs to the north temperate continental humid monsoon climate.
Shangganling district covers a total area of 1448.8 square kilometers and has a population of 22000 (in 2010). It governs one street, one farm, four forest farms and seven management offices. There are many scenic spots in Shangganling District, such as the Xishui National Forest Park, the old cash box of the Anti Japanese union ruins, the Kuerbin River Wetland Nature Reserve and so on.
In 2010, the GDP of Shangganling district was 436.19 million yuan.
Evolution of organizational system
The Tang Dynasty belonged to the governor of Hebei Province. Liao belongs to the five kingdoms of Tokyo daonuzhen. metal Shangjing Huining Fupu road. Yuan Dynasty belongs to Taowen wanhufu, shuidada Road, Liaoyang province. The Ming Dynasty belonged to Nur gandu, Jianzhou Wei and tunwei. In the Qing Dynasty, it was under the jurisdiction of Hulan chengshouwei, a general of Heilongjiang Province. In 1879, it was changed into the vice capital of Hulan. Guangxu 31 years (1905) set up Tangyuan County, Shangganling forest belongs to Tangyuan county. during the period of the Republic of China, it was founded in Tangyuan County, Heilongjiang Province. During the puppet Manchu period, it belonged to the eastern province of Xing'an. In 1945, it belonged to Tangyuan County, Songjiang province. In 1952, Yichun county was established, and Shangganling forest region was Yichun county. In January 1953, Yichun forest industry administration established forest industry branches on both sides of Tangwang River, named Shangganling forest industry branch and Hongshan Forest Industry Branch to commemorate the victory of Shangganling campaign and Hongshan campaign in the war of resisting US aggression and aiding Korea. In August 1953, the two bureaus merged into Shangganling Forestry Bureau, which was renamed Shangganling Forestry Bureau in 1958. In March 1960, Shangganling district was established as the jurisdiction of Yichun city. in December 1962, it was merged into the twin river area. On December 21, 1964, the people's Committee of Heilongjiang Province approved the restoration of Shangganling district. in 1992, it was under the jurisdiction of Yichun City, Shangganling district. in July 2019, Shangganling district will be abolished and merged into the friendship zone.
In 2013, Shangganling District governs one street, one farm, four forest farms and seven management offices: Hongshan street, Shanfeng forest farm, Yangguang forest farm, Xinfeng forest farm, Weiguo forest farm, Qingshan farm, Chashan management office, Changqing management office, Xishui management office, Weilan management office, Yongxu management office, Meilin management office and Hongshan management office.
Shangganling district is located in the middle of the city. It is connected with Wuying District in the East and northeast, Wumahe District in the southeast, and friendship zone in the southwest and West. Shangganling district government is 29 kilometers away from the center of Yichun city. The total area of Shangganling district is 1448.8 square kilometers. topography
The forest region of Shangganling crosses the north and south slopes of Xiaoxing'an Mountains, and is dominated by low mountains and hills. The altitude ranges from 242 m to 1046.8 M. The general terrain is high in the middle and low in the north and south. The general geomorphological features are undulating mountains on the south slope and broken terrain; the north slope is wide and gentle, with many hills.
Shangganling forest belongs to the north temperate continental humid monsoon climate, with long winter and short summer. In winter, under the control of the polar continental air mass, the climate is cold and dry; in summer, under the influence of the subtropical ocean air mass, the climate is warm and rainy, the precipitation is concentrated, and the sunshine time is long: the early spring is cold, the late spring is warm, and the spring frost ends late; the autumn frost comes early, and the cooling is fast. Based on precipitation and temperature, Shangganling forest region is a cold and humid area. The annual frost free period in Shangganling forest region is 87 to 102 days, and it can reach 120 days in some areas in some years.
There are 27 large and small rivers in Shangganling forest area, and 8 rivers are more than 10 km long, which belong to kurbin river system of Heilongjiang Province and Tangwang River system of Songhua River. The construction area on the north slope is the upper reaches of Korbin River, which is mainly the main stream of Korbin River and its tributaries of Urum River, kelalu River and Huoji River, belonging to Heilongjiang river system. The construction area on the south slope is the middle and upper reaches of Tangwang River, mainly including the main stream Tangwang River and its tributaries Changqing River, Meilin River, Yongxu River, Weilan River and Xishui River, belonging to the Songhua River system. The water surface area of rivers in Shangganling forest area is about 507 hectares. Another 114 hectares of blisters.
There are iron, aluminum, vein gold, basalt, granite, iodine and other mineral deposits in Shangganling area.
The coniferous tree species in Shangganling are Korean pine, white pine and larch; the broad-leaved tree species are birch, elm, basswood, yellow pineapple, Fraxinus mandshurica, etc. There are dozens of wild fruits, such as Tusi, Rosa davurica, shandingzi, and nuts, such as Pinus koraiensis seeds, hazelnut, hazelnut, and Carya cathayensis. The wild edible fungi in Shangganling area are distributed in the north and south slopes, such as Tricholoma matsutake, Coprinus comatus, Tricholoma yuanensis, Tricholoma citrinopileatus, Hericium erinaceus, etc. There are more than 300 kinds of medicinal materials in Shangganling district.
There are more than 30 kinds of birds in Shangganling District, including red deer, moose, black bear, wild boar, roe deer, rabbit, squirrel, weasel, hazelnut chicken, Salman chicken, and more than 170 kinds of insects.
As of 2010, the total population of Shangganling district was 22000.
There are Han, Mongolian, Hui, Korean, Manchu and other nationalities living in Shangganling district.
In 2010, the GDP of Shangganling District reached 436.19 million yuan, an increase of 16.8% compared with 2009.
In 2010, the added value of the primary industry in Shangganling District reached 81.5 million yuan, an increase of 10.1% compared with 2009. Shangganling District Xiangyang pollution-free cantaloupe base construction, to achieve a planting area of 350 mu, complete potato, cabbage, white melon seed production orders 5100 mu. In 2010, 11 million bags of Auricularia auricula were cultivated in Shangganling District, 1500 mu of BeiYao was planted, and 1950 mu of reforestation was completed.
the secondary industry
In 2010, the added value of the secondary industry in Shangganling District reached 295.19 million yuan, an increase of 22.0% compared with 2009; the industrial added value reached 281.22 million yuan, an increase of 29.1% compared with 2009. In 2010, Shangganling district produced 10000 cubic meters of blockboard, 11000 cubic meters of Glulam, 3000 cubic meters of veneer, and 400 square meters of prefabricated houses.
the service sector; the tertiary industry
In 2010, the added value of the tertiary industry in Shangganling District reached 59.5 million yuan, an increase of 0.5% compared with 2009.
As of 2014, there were two primary schools and one middle school in Shangganling district.
Cultural and sports undertakings
During the 2008 Beijing Olympic Games, Shangganling District organized and carried out the aerobics competition of "welcoming the Olympic Games, stressing civilization, building a new style and promoting harmony"; held the Spring Festival Group worship meeting, Yangko show, Lantern Festival show, staff volleyball match of "July 1st" celebration, and wide field art performance of "the 55th anniversary of the founding of the bureau". In 2008, Shangganling district also invested more than 1.6 million yuan to build a cultural and leisure square covering an area of 5468.4 square meters, set up a rural book house pilot in Xishui management office, and organized two mass art troupes.
In 1959, the first highway was built in Shangganling District, from Shangganling to Weilan, with a total length of 9.25 km. In 1973, the history of forest railway transportation ended in Shangganling District, and the number of main highways increased to 5, including Changqing trunk line, Meilin trunk line, Yongxu trunk line, Xishui trunk line and Xishui branch line, with a total length of 72.4 km. After the 1980s, the north slope was developed and the Shangyue highway trunk line was built. In 1985, there were 9 highways in Shangganling District, with a total length of 197.05 km (excluding bifurcated lines), of which 171.25 km were maintained.
History and culture
Food Shangganling people have three meals a day, and there are dishes in three meals. Staple food to rice, flour, corn Hawthorn based. Vegetables in winter for cabbage, cabbage, potatoes, radish, spring and summer leek, cucumber, eggplant, green pepper, tomatoes generally raw. clothing Shangganling people like dark colors. Most adult men wear raw, gray and black clothes, including military civilian clothes, Zhongshan clothes, labor clothes and youth clothes. In the winter of 1950's, it was popular to wear dog skin cap with long hair, thick velvet and cloth face. From the 1960s to the 1970s, the sheep shearing cap was popular, with short and even velvet, warm and beautiful skin. In the 1980s, otter fur hats with flat top were developed. In spring and autumn, there are blue and yellow hats. Since the 1980s, young women and children have a wide variety of clothing. housing in the early stage of the construction of Shangganling forest region, most of the residents' houses were simple houses with grass roof, board and mud wall. In the 1960s, it was gradually replaced by brick and tile structure, with red bricks and white tiles. There were four to six households in a building, with cupboards outside and living rooms inside. Since the 1970s, the living standard has improved. Most of them have two bedrooms and one cabinet or three bedrooms and one cabinet. There are fire walls and Kang in the room. A small number of residents have local heating, and their rooms are paved with floors. Although Shangganling is an alpine area, the house tile is directly built on the purlin, and the ceiling is made of wood strips. Plastering is done under the wood strips, and sawdust is laid on the top to keep warm. Construction of residential buildings began in 1985.
The phonetic transmission points of Shangganling forest dialect are mainly characterized by the phonetic characteristics of Heilongjiang Dialect, coarse tone and flat rolling tongue. Many flat tones and Qusheng are read as shangsheng, while shangsheng is often read as Qusheng.
Xishui National Forest Park is located in the Xishui Management Office of Shangganling Forestry Bureau of Yichun City, 24 kilometers away from Yichun city. The total area of the park is 4580 hectares. Xishui National Forest Park is a national AAAA scenic spot, the site of the Anti Japanese Association, Laoqian
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