Cuiluan District old city district name. See Wucui district for details. The former Cuiluan district (Forestry Bureau) is a municipal district of Yichun City, Heilongjiang Province. Cuiluan district is located in the hinterland of Xiaoxing'an Mountains and the west of Yichun forest region. Its geographical coordinates are 128 ° 12 ′ 30 ″ E and 47 ° 59 ′ 10 ″ n. As of 2001, the total construction area of Cuiluan district is 1560 square kilometers, and the administrative area is 1540 square kilometers. By 2010, the total population of Cuiluan district was 44960. In 2009, the GDP of Cuiluan district was 601 million yuan. Cuiluan district has heixiongling Forest Park, forest eco-tourism area, celebrity resort, celebrity ski resort and other tourist attractions. Cuiluan district is a new industrial district which is mainly based on forestry production and wood intensive processing, supplemented by green food, northern medicine production, ecological animal husbandry, mineral building materials and eco-tourism. It is known as "the Pearl of the forest capital".
In 1928, the national government abandoned the road and Cuiluan was subordinate to Tangyuan County, Sanjiang province. In 1942, the railway from Nancha to yisongdianzi was built in puppet Sanjiang province. The next year, the railway station was built, named Cuiluan station. After the restoration of Northeast China in 1945, Cuiluan was under the jurisdiction of Nancha district (the Fifth District) of Tangyuan county. After the victory of the "93" Anti Japanese War, it was subordinate to Nancha District of Tangyuan county. In April 1948, Cuiluan transportation station was established. In June 1949, Cuiluan forestry office was established. In 1950, it was renamed Cuiluan forest industry branch. In December 1952, when the Fourth District People's Government of Yichun county was established, it was under the jurisdiction of Yichun County, and Cuiluan was a town under the jurisdiction of Yichun county. In July 1953, it was renamed Cuiluan Forest Industry Bureau. In October 1956, Cuiluan forest management area was established. In 1957, after Yichun removed the county and established the city, Cuiluan district was established under the jurisdiction of the city. In November 1958, Cuiluan Forest Industry Bureau and Forest Management District merged. In April, it was renamed Cuiluan Forestry Bureau. In October, Cuiluan people's commune was established. In August 1964, the District People's Committee merged with Cuiluan forestry bureau to implement the "government enterprise integration" management system, which is subordinate to Yichun special economic zone. in 1967, it was transferred to Yichun City as a municipal district. On September 22, 1980, the Revolutionary Committee of Cuiluan district was abolished and the people's Government of Cuiluan district was restored. In 1992, Cuiluan district was under the jurisdiction of Yichun city. The district government and Cuiluan forestry bureau are located in Cuiluan street. it will be abolished in 2019 and Wucui district will be established with most of Wumahe district.
As of 2014, Cuiluan district has jurisdiction over two streets: Xiangyang Street and Shuguang street.
Cuiluan district is located in the west of Yichun City, Heilongjiang Province. Its geographical coordinates are 128 ° 12 ′ 30 ″ - 128 ° 44 ′ 50 ″ E and 47 ° 23 ′ 50 ″ - 47 ° 59 ′ 10 ″ n. Wumahe Forestry Bureau in the East, Tieli Forestry Bureau in the south, Suiling Forestry Bureau in the West and Youhao Forestry Bureau in the north. It is 40 km wide from east to west and 64 km long from north to south. The district (bureau) is 16 km away from Yichun district.
Cuiluan area belongs to the Yanshan movement. The Himalayas and the newly formed Xiaoxing'anling uplift fold belt flank each other. The East-West trend of nine "multi" shaped mountain groups constitute the landform outline. Cuiluan area belongs to the low mountain and hilly area, with high terrain in the West and low terrain in the East. Generally, the sunny slope is steep and short, the shady slope is gentle and long, and the slope is mostly below 20 ° with an average altitude of 375 meters. There are nine mountains in the territory, and Jiefang mountain, the highest peak, is 994.5 meters above sea level.
Cuiluan district is located in the north temperate zone and belongs to the humid monsoon climate zone of the north temperate zone. It has less wind and heavy rain in spring and autumn, abundant rainfall in summer, severe cold and dry in winter. The annual average temperature is about 0.4 ℃ and the annual precipitation is 500-700mm. The early frost starts in early September, and the late frost ends in mid May of the next year. The frost free period is about 110 days and the plant growth period is about 100-120 days.
It is composed of granite. After weathering, these rocks form the soil forming parent material in the territory, with an average thickness of 20-40 cm. The main soil types are zonal soil dark brown soil, non zonal soil meadow soil, swamp soil and peat soil. The dark brown soil accounts for 92.3% of the soil area.
Influenced by the topography, Cuiluan district has formed the watershed between Fuyu River and Yaohe river. There are 12 rivers in Lingbei and Lingnan, with a total length of 227.6 km. The Cuiluan river system is located in Lingbei, with a total length of 64 km and a width of 30-50 m. The Yaohe river system is located in Lingnan, with a total length of 55 km and a width of 50-80 M. The two rivers converge at the Yichun river at 98 forest class of Chongfeng management office and flow into Tangwang River through Yichun city to the East.
As of 2013, the vegetation types in Cuiluan District include coniferous forest, mixed coniferous and broad-leaved forest, larch forest and broad-leaved forest. Among them, the main tree species are Pinus koraiensis, Picea schrenkiana, Picea koraiensis, Abies, birch, Acer negundo, Tilia amurensis, Betula platyphylla, Fraxinus mandshurica, Sophora japonica, Populus tomentosa, Ulmus fissa, Acer mono; the main understory shrub species are Corylus heterophylla, Lonicera flavescens, dioscorea glabra, Prunus mume, Camellia amurensis, Sorbus mandshurica, Sorbus sorbifolia, Sorbus sorbifolia, acanthopanax senticosus, Lonicera edulis and Salix Spiraea, Daphne odorifera, Rosa davurica, Corylus heterophylla, Cyclocarya paliurus, Prunus plums; main meadow plants: Bupleurum chinense, Carex tetrapetala, Dryopteris monkey, Dryopteris nigricans, etc.
As of 2013, there are 139483.9 hectares of forest land in Cuiluan District, with a coverage rate of 90% and a total volume of 8510811 cubic meters of standing trees. The forest vegetation belongs to Changbai Mountain flora and belongs to Xiaoxing'anling sub region. The main forest types and tree species are spruce fir forest, red cloud cold coniferous mixed forest, maple birch Korean pine coniferous broad-leaved mixed forest and elm color water Tilia broad-leaved mixed forest on high hillside. The main tree species are Korean pine, spruce fir, Larix gmelinii, Shuihuhuang, Tilia amurensis, elm, color tree, oak, poplar, birch, etc. The main sub trees are Populus tomentosa, Cyclocarya paliurus, Sophora japonica, Prunus plums and Momordica chinensis. The main herbs are Cinnamomum camphora, Cinnamomum camphora, Carex chinensis, pteridophytes, Pyrola, Cyperus, Spiraea, etc. There are 67 hectares of municipal wetland reserve.
As of 2013, there are more than 40 kinds of wild animals in Cuiluan District, including red deer, black bear, wild boar, Swertia deer, lynx, otter, badger, roe deer, sable, hare, weasel and squirrel. There are more than 220 species of wild birds, such as woodpecker, hazelnut, pheasant, pheasant, pheasant, quail, cuckoo, etc. There are more than 10 kinds of wild cold water fish, such as thin scale, chuandingzi, liugenzi, qixingzi and crucian carp. There are more than 200 kinds of ginseng, Codonopsis pilosula, bupleurum, Sanke needle, Schisandra chinensis, Cheqianzi, Baihe, xuejianchou, etc.
As of 2013, the proven underground mineral deposits of copper, lead, zinc, crystalline limestone, perlite, marble and ceramsite in Cuiluan district have large reserves, high grade and wide distribution, and have broad development prospects.
As of 2010, Cuiluan district has a total population of 44960, with a total of 9 ethnic groups, of which the Han nationality accounts for 99%, and the Manchu, Korean, Hui, Mongolian, Dong, Xibe, Uygur, Daur and other ethnic minorities account for 0.51%.
In 2009, the GDP of Cuiluan District reached 601 million yuan, a year-on-year increase of 10%; the added value of industries above Designated Size reached 224 million yuan, a year-on-year increase of 13%; the investment in fixed assets of the whole society reached 297.69 million yuan, a year-on-year increase of 55.4%; the general budget revenue of local finance reached 8.138 million yuan, a year-on-year increase of 33%.
In 2007, the output value of under forest economy in Cuiluan district was 40.32 million yuan, 14% higher than that in 2006. Focusing on the construction of new countryside, we adjusted the agricultural industrial structure and realized the agricultural output value of 155.55 million yuan. The production and planting area of BeiYao has reached 2100 mu, with an output value of 12.3 million yuan. The cultivation of Auricularia auricula reached 17 million bags, and the output value reached 30 million yuan. In 2008, the output value of BeiYao and green food in Cuiluan District reached 38.39 million yuan, and the cultivation of Auricularia auricula reached 20 million bags. The added value of the primary industry reached 85.7 million yuan, an increase of 5% over 2007.
the secondary industry
In 2009, the total industrial output value of Cuiluan District reached 650 million yuan, a year-on-year increase of 13.5%. The optimization and integration of wood intensive processing enterprises were carried out in an orderly manner. 51 wood processing enterprises in Cuiluan district were integrated, and the industrial competitiveness was further improved. The output value was 384 million yuan, 10% higher than that in 2008. The reconstruction and expansion projects of Yichun Laojiao and Xiaoxing'anling liquor industry were successfully completed, with an output value of 38.2 million yuan in 2009. Five industrial enterprises above Designated Size in Cuiluan District completed an output value of 320 million yuan, an increase of 13.5% over 2008, and realized profits and taxes of 15 million yuan, an increase of 13% over 2008. In 2009, the total output value was 375 million yuan, an increase of 12.5% over 2008.
the service sector; the tertiary industry
In 2008, Cuiluan District invested 3.37 million yuan to acquire Xing'an ski resort and put it into operation. In 2008, it received 54000 tourists and achieved 29 million yuan in tourism revenue. The added value of tertiary industry in Cuiluan District reached 204.4 million yuan, an increase of 7.5% over 2007. The added value of non-public economy reached 510 million yuan, 12.5% higher than that in 2007, accounting for 85% of GDP.
In 2010, there were 6 schools of various types in Cuiluan District, including 3 primary schools, 2 secondary schools and 3 vocational schools
Chinese PinYin : Hei Long Jiang Sheng Yi Chun Shi Cui Luan Qu
Cuiluan District, Yichun City, Heilongjiang Province
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