Gujiao Gujiao is a county-level city under the jurisdiction of Shanxi Province, which is managed by Taiyuan city. It is located in the northwest of Taiyuan City, Shanxi Province. It is a national coking coal production base, and also a transportation hub and commodity distribution center at the eastern foot of Luliang. It is a modern chemical and mining city connecting the provincial capital Taiyuan and northwest Shanxi.
Gujiao City is located between 37 ° 40 ′ 6 ″ n to 38 ° 8 ′ 9 ″ E and 111 ° 43 ′ 8 ″ e to 112 ° 21 ′ 5 ″. It is 50 km wide from east to west and 53 km long from north to south. It is located in the west of Taiyuan Basin, the east wing of Guandi mountain, the main peak of Luliang mountains, and the south end of Yunzhong mountain. It borders Wanbailin District of Taiyuan City in the East, Loufan County in the west, Jiaocheng County and Qingxu County in the south, Yangqu county and jingle County in the north The land area is 1551 square kilometers. As of 2018, Gujiao City has jurisdiction over 4 streets, 3 towns and 7 townships, with a total population of 211800 (2015). The urbanization rate is 54.2%, ranking the first in Taiyuan city and the seventh in the whole province. It is the only county city with an urbanization rate over 50%.
History of construction
The origin of the name
Because it was originally Jiaocheng County in Sui Dynasty, it was ruled by the government. Because of its name, it became an old friend. Later, it was mistaken as an ancient friend.
The spring and Autumn period is the Jin Dynasty.
The Warring States period belonged to Zhao, and the Han, Wei, Jin and Northern Dynasties were the western border of Jinyang.
In the 16th year of kaihuang of Sui Dynasty (596), Jiaocheng County was set up in the west of Jinyang, and the county was governed by Gujiao town.
In 691, Jiaocheng County moved to dalingzhuang (now Jiaocheng County) to build a post road. In the second year of Xiantian (713), the northern border of Jiaocheng County was located in the area of modern and ancient times, and Luchuan county was set up. The county government was located in Luyukou. In the second year of Kaiyuan (714), Luchuan county was withdrawn and merged into Jiaocheng County. Since then, until the early years of the Republic of China, there was no county-level construction in Gujiao.
In November 1937, the Japanese army occupied Taiyuan and Jiaocheng County successively. With the development of the Anti Japanese War and the founding of the Shanxi Suiyuan revolutionary base area led by the Communist Party of China, great changes have taken place in the construction of Gujiao.
From November 1937 to March the following year, the 358 brigade of the 120th division of the Eighth Route Army marched into Gujiao, mobilized the masses to form the general mobilization committee for the national revolutionary war in the semi political nature of Yangjiao (qucheng) border region, and established the revolutionary base area.
From March 1938 to the following year, the eighth administrative inspector's office of Shanxi Province was established in Hekou town and later moved to shizihe area. At the same time, Yangqu county government of Shanxi Province was stationed in Hekou area and Jiaocheng County government was stationed in tunlanchuan area.
From the 29th to 34th year of the Republic of China (1940-1945), when the Anti Japanese war was won in August, the eighth divisional Commissioner Office of Shanxi Suiyuan border region (formerly the eighth divisional Commissioner Office of the second guerrilla area of Shanxi Province, renamed the eighth divisional Commissioner Office of Northwest Shanxi in August 1941, which was named above in November 1943) swam first, and then settled in Guantou village of tunlanchuan. Jiaocheng Anti Japanese democratic government is stationed in lanchuan and Pingchuan, and Yangqu Anti Japanese democratic government is stationed in shizihe.
In the winter of 1946, Yan Jun occupied Gujiao Town, Hekou and other places, and built Gujiao Administrative Region (county level), which was destroyed by the army and people in the base area.
From 1946 to July 1948, Yangqu county government was stationed in Hekou, Caoping and dananping.
After the founding of new China, in August 1958, Jialequan, GESHANG, SuoYu, Caoping, xinglinping, dananping and Hekou in Yangqu county and Henan and Gujiao in Jiaocheng County were divided into nine townships. Hekou industrial and mining area and Hekou Town, Taiyuan City, were initially established. In early November of the same year, Jiaocheng County was divided into eight townships, namely Chakou, Yingli, jijiazhuang, Zhenchengdi, Yuanxiang, Nantou, caozhuangtou and xingjiashe, with a total of 17 townships in Lianqian, which were transformed into Gujiao industrial and mining area of Taiyuan city.
In August 1971, the changchangshang brigade and Yanmen brigade in Loufan County were assigned to this district.
In 1988, with the approval of the State Council, Gujiao district was removed and built into a city.
By the end of 2018, Gujiao City has jurisdiction over 4 streets, 3 towns and 7 townships, with a total of 53 communities and 116 administrative villages.
Gujiao City is located in the west of Taiyuan City, at the junction of the Shandong wing of Guandi in Luliang mountains and the southern end of Yunzhong mountain. It is between 111 ° 43 ′ - 112 ° 21 ′ E and 37 ° 40 ′ - 38 ° 10 ′ n. In the East, liujiahe, gouzili, suilaomu, yaoertou, meidonggou and other villages are adjacent to Wanbailin District of Taiyuan city; in the southeast, gongjiagou, baichagou, yanjiayu and other villages are adjacent to Qingxu County; in the South and southwest, Yangzhuang, shangshisha, guojialiang, Dongta, laoyagou, Zhaidi and Jiaocheng County are adjacent; in the West and northwest, Yangwan, hongyangou, yangjiaan, gushicheng, changchangshang and Hucheng are adjacent The villages of Jiaqu and Xicha are adjacent to Loufan County; the villages of dongcha and Mukou in the north are adjacent to jingle County; the villages of gaozuliang, laoshusi, Changjiashan, goudong, Duanjialing and yaoershang in the Northeast are adjacent to Yangqu county. Gujiao City has a total area of 1551 square kilometers, with the widest part of 49 kilometers from east to west, the narrowest part of 20 kilometers, and the length of 53 kilometers from north to south.
The topography of Gujiao City is complex, with overlapping peaks and valleys. The surrounding terrain is higher, and the middle part is gradually low-lying, forming a basin landform. The average altitude is 1604 meters. The elevation of Huyan mountain in the southwest is 2100 meters, and that of Shiqian peak is 1600 meters. There are more than 20 peaks with an elevation of nearly 2000 meters in the city, and 70 peaks with an elevation of more than 1000 meters. Hilly and mountainous areas account for more than 95% of the city's total area, while river valleys account for less than 5%.
Gujiao has a continental climate of north temperate zone with abundant sunshine and large temperature difference between day and night. The annual sunshine is 2808 hours, the annual maximum temperature is 40 ℃, the minimum temperature is - 20 ℃, the average annual temperature is 9.5 ℃, the average annual precipitation is 460 mm, the average annual evaporation is 1025 mm, the evaporation is greater than the precipitation, and the rainfall is concentrated in July, August and September. It is windy in winter and spring, with the maximum wind speed of 7.2 m / s, and the wind direction is mostly northwest. The freezing period begins in November and thaws in March of the next year, which lasts about five months. The depth of frozen soil is 0.5-0.8m. The average frost free period is 202 days.
The main river in Gujiao is Fenhe River, which runs through the whole territory from west to East. The larger tributaries are Shizi River, tunlanchuan River, yuanpingchuan River, Dachuan River, etc. Except Fenhe River, other rivers are seasonal rivers, which are usually dry, and there are many floods in rainy season.
Coal is the main mineral deposit in Gujiao City. The coal bearing strata are mainly the upper Carboniferous Taiyuan Formation and the lower Permian formation of the upper Paleozoic. The Middle Carboniferous Benxi Formation also contains unstable thin coal seams or coal lines. The coal field covers an area of 717 square kilometers and is distributed in Gujiao, Hekou and Zhenchengdi towns and Henan, xingjiashe, caozhuangtou, protofacies, Chang'an, jijiazhuang, SuoYu, Jialequan, Caoping, etc 9 townships, with reserves of 9.83 billion tons. The coal types include fat coal, coking coal, lean coal, lean coal and thermal metamorphic anthracite. The coal quality is good, and the content of sulfur, phosphorus and ash is low.
The proven iron ore resources in Gujiao City are distributed in 11 townships with reserves of about 30 million tons. At the same time, there are manganese iron ore, pyrite, copper ore, bauxite, gypsum ore, quartzite, limestone, granite porphyry, marble, jade and rare elements such as germanium, gallium and uranium.
In 2010, the GDP of Gujiao reached 2.951 billion yuan, which was 12% higher than that of 2009. Among them, the added value of the primary industry was 173 million yuan, an increase of 6.9%; the added value of the secondary industry was 1.549 billion yuan, an increase of 17.9%; the added value of the tertiary industry was 1.229 billion yuan, an increase of 6.2%. In the tertiary industry, the added value of Finance and insurance industry was 26.86 million yuan, an increase of 4.9%; the added value of transportation, storage and postal industry was 147.25 million yuan, an increase of 5.0%; the added value of wholesale, retail, accommodation and catering industry was 387.96 million yuan, an increase of 14.7%; the added value of real estate industry was 178.47 million yuan, an increase of 5.0%; the added value of profit-making service industry was 68.01 million yuan, a decrease of 14%; the added value of non-profit service industry was 330.86 million yuan, The growth rate was 3.7%.
In 2015, the city's GDP reached 2.2 billion yuan, 5.1% lower than that of the previous year. By industry, the added value of the primary industry was 180 million yuan, down 6.6%; the added value of the secondary industry was 570 million yuan, down 15.1%; the added value of the tertiary industry was 1.44 billion yuan, up 1.8%. In the tertiary industry, the added value of transportation, warehousing and postal industry was 60 million yuan, down 12.5%; the added value of wholesale and retail industry was 380 million yuan, down 12.5%; the added value of accommodation and catering industry was 160 million yuan, down 13.8%; the added value of Finance and insurance industry was 50 million yuan, up 20.5%; the added value of real estate industry was 200 million yuan, down 0.1%.
In 2018, the city's GDP reached 3.661 billion yuan, a year-on-year increase of 17.3%, ranking first among the 10 counties (cities and districts) in Taiyuan city; the general public budget revenue reached 932 million yuan, a year-on-year increase of 63.7%
In 2010, the total output value of agriculture, forestry, animal husbandry and fishery in Gujiao City was 269.33 million yuan, an increase of 32.4% over 2009. Among them, the output value of agriculture was 126.97 million yuan, up 43.7%; the output value of forestry was 48.23 million yuan, up 9.2%; the output value of animal husbandry was 61.95 million yuan, up 49.4%; the output value of fishery was 570000 yuan, down 32%; the output value of Agriculture, forestry, animal husbandry and fishery service industry was 31.6 million yuan, up 10.9%.
In 2010, the sown area of grain in Gujiao City was 8619.3 hectares, with a grain yield of 1.5 billion yuan
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