Chengbu Miao Autonomous County Chengbu Miao Autonomous County, subordinate to Shaoyang City, Hunan Province, is located in the southwest of Hunan Province. It is the Miao Autonomous County of Hunan Province and one of the five separate Miao Autonomous Counties approved by the State Council in 1956. Chengbu Miao Autonomous County is located in the mid subtropical monsoon humid climate zone, which belongs to the mid subtropical mountain climate. It is located at the intersection of Xuefeng mountain range and Yuechengling mountain range, the head of Nanling Mountain range. It borders on Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region in the south, 432km away from Changsha, 206km away from Shaoyang and 210km away from Guilin.
In 2015, Chengbu Miao Autonomous County has a total area of 2646.07 square kilometers, under the jurisdiction of 7 towns and 5 townships, and the county people's government is located in Chengbei community of Rulin town. In 2016, the total population of the county was 288093, and the permanent resident population was 267043. In 2017, the GDP of Chengbu Miao Autonomous County reached 3971.06 million yuan.
On February 29, 2020, the people's Government of Hunan Province agreed to withdraw Chengbu Miao Autonomous County from poverty-stricken counties.
The activities of the ancestors in Chengbu Miao Autonomous County can be traced back to the Neolithic age. There is a Neolithic cultural site in Chaoyuan of Yanzhen, northwest of the county. The ancestors of Miao and Dong lived and multiplied in Chengbu. The ancestors of Miao established "three Miao ancient states", and the culture of sorcery and Nuo came down in one continuous line with the customs of Miao.
At the end of the Sui Dynasty, Xiao Mi established Wuyou county and established Jianzhou county according to Shaoyang, which was the beginning of establishing the county.
In the fourth year of Wude (621) of Tang Dynasty, Li Yuanping, Xiao Mian, and Wu you, Wugang, still ruled today's Rulin town and belonged to nanliangzhou. In the tenth year of Zhenguan (636), nanliangzhou was changed to Shaozhou. Today, most of the city is located in Wugang County, Shaozhou, and the southern part of the county is respectively located in "xiyuanman" and "guizhouman".
In the early years of the Song Dynasty, Wugang county was transferred to Chengguan town of Wugang City, and Chengbu village was set up in the former government.
In 1504, the 17th year of Hongzhi in Ming Dynasty, Wugang and Suining counties were located in Chengbu County, which was subordinate to Baoqing Prefecture.
In the third year of Qianlong (1738) of the Qing Dynasty, Chengbu was transferred to Jingzhou, and in the sixth year of Qianlong (1741), Baoqing government was restored.
On October 14, 1949, Chengbu County was liberated and was subordinate to the office of Shaoyang District inspector general, then to the office of Shaoyang commissioner general and the office of Shaoyang district administration.
On November 30, 1956, the State Council approved the abolition of the organizational system of Chengbu County and the establishment of Chengbu Miao Autonomous County, the second Miao Autonomous County in China.
On January 27, 1986, the State Council approved the abolition of the establishment of Shaoyang Prefecture, implementing the system of city Governing County, and the Chengbu Miao Autonomous County was subordinate to Shaoyang City.
In 2006, Nanshan Town was established in Chengbu Miao Autonomous County. The new Nanshan Town has three communities and four villages under its jurisdiction, with Nanshan ranch and Pingshan village of Wutuan Town, changanying village and Shuangtang village of changanying township as its administrative area.
In 2012, Jiangfang township was established in Chengbu Miao Autonomous County on the basis of the jurisdiction of yuantuqiao farm and some administrative areas of Maoping town. The new Jiangfang Township governs 11 villages including Jiangfang, Liulin, Dingjie, Zhulin, Jinfeng, Lianhe, Binchang, Dazhai, Putou, yijiawan and Jianping, and the township government is stationed in Jiangfang. After the adjustment of administrative divisions, Maoping town has 15 villages and 3 neighborhood committees.
In December 2013, Chengbu Miao Autonomous County stripped the administrative function of Qiliping horticultural farm, and divided 13 organic villages (namely JINZI management area jurisdiction) in Xiyan Town, namely Santang, Baishui, JINZI, Shankou, Shajing, Jiangxi, Taiping, Wutang, Fenghuang, Xinghuo, Changxing, Gaozhai and Shuiqing, and merged with the jurisdiction of Qiliping horticultural farm (namely Qiliping organic Village) Set up the golden purple land.
In December 2015, Chengbu Miao Autonomous County abolished chang'anying Township and established chang'anying town; Nanshan Town was abolished and its administrative areas were divided into Wutuan town and chang'anying town.
On January 17, 2019, the listing ceremony of baimaoping town in Chengbu County was held in the town government, marking a new stage of baimaoping development. With the approval of Hunan Provincial People's government and the approval of the Provincial Department of civil affairs, baimaoping was set up as a town instead of a township. Since then, the administrative division of Chengbu has been adjusted from the original six towns and six townships to seven towns and five townships. Zhang Xiaozhong, deputy head of the county, read out the document "Reply of Hunan Provincial Department of Civil Affairs on withdrawing Township and establishing town in baimaoping township of Chengbu Miao Autonomous County".
By 2019, Chengbu Miao Autonomous County has jurisdiction over 7 towns and 5 townships: Rulin Town, Maoping Town, Xiyan Town, Dankou Town, Wutuan Town, changanying Town, baimaoping Town, Weixi Township, lanrong Township, Tingping Township, Jiangfang Township and JINZI township. The county people's government is located in Chengbei community of Rulin town.
Chengbu Miao Autonomous County is located in the southwest border of Hunan Province, at the intersection of Xuefeng mountain range and Yuechengling mountain range, the head of Nanling Mountain range, and the upstream of Wushui, a tributary of Yuanjiang River. It is located at 25 ° 58 ˊ～ 26 ° 42 ˊ N and 109 ° 58 ˊ～ 110 ° 37 ˊ e. it borders Xinning County in the East, Ziyuan County and Longsheng Autonomous County in the south, Suining County and Tongdao Dong Autonomous County in the west, and Wugang City in the north. It is longitudinally separated from east to west The total area is 2647.07 square kilometers, equivalent to 3.9706 million mu. Located in the middle of the county, the town is 206 kilometers away from Shaoyang City in the north, 436 kilometers away from Changsha, the provincial capital, and 210 kilometers away from Guilin City in the south.
The terrain of Chengbu Miao Autonomous County is undulating, high in the South and low in the north, high in the East and West, and open to the north in the shape of dustpan. Nanling Yuechengling mountains stretch across the south, Xuefeng mountains run through the county, standing East and West, surrounded by mountains in the southeast and West, hills in the north and hills in the north.
The average altitude of Chengbu Miao Autonomous County is 696.8 meters. The county is mainly mountainous, with hills, hills, valleys and plains. The mountainous area accounts for 90.78%, hills 2.2%, hills 1.1%, valleys 2.7% and water area 3.22%. There are 657 peaks more than 1000 meters in the county. The main peaks are Er Baoding, Nan Shanding, Feng men Ling, Qian Feng Shan and Jin Zi Shan. The peak of the second Baoding peak in the east of the county is 2024 meters above sea level, which is the highest peak in the county; the kuangtangkou peak in the west of the county is 326 meters above sea level, which is the lowest point in the county.
Chengbu Miao Autonomous County is located in the middle subtropical monsoon humid climate zone, which belongs to the middle subtropical mountain climate. It has four distinct seasons, abundant rainfall, less severe cold in winter, no severe heat in summer, and obvious mountain inversion effect. The annual sunshine hours are about 1134.6-1601.5 hours, the annual average temperature is 16.1 ℃, the annual average precipitation is 1218.5 mm, the annual average snowfall days is 9.8 days, the annual average relative humidity is 75-83%, the annual average frost days is 17.1 days, and the annual average freezing days is 8.7 days. The southerly wind prevails in midsummer and early autumn, and the main wind direction is northerly. The annual average wind speed is 2.3 m / s The maximum wind force can reach eight to nine.
Chengbu Miao Autonomous County is a river source county on the southwest border of Hunan Province. Its surface is strongly cut and its river system is developed. It flows radially from south, West and north to the outside of the county. It belongs to the Yangtze River and pearl river systems. Zishui River, Wushui River, Qushui River and Xunjiang river all originate in the territory. Wushui River (also known as xiongxi River) is the largest river in the territory. It is a tributary of Yuanshui River and belongs to the Yangtze River system. The main stream of the county is 106 kilometers long and the drainage area is 1576.4 square kilometers. Xunjiang river is a secondary tributary of Xijiang River. It belongs to the Pearl River system, and is the second largest water system in the county. The river length in the county is 55.5 kilometers, and the drainage area is 578.1 square kilometers. Zishui, also known as Nanshui, belongs to the Yangtze River system. The main stream in the county is 33 kilometers long, with a drainage area of 418 square kilometers. Canal water is a tributary of Yuanjiang River, belonging to the Yangtze River system. The main stream in the county is 29.3 kilometers long, with a drainage area of 153 square kilometers.
There are 816 rivers in Chengbu Miao Autonomous County, with a total length of 4036 km, including 5 km long main stream with a drainage area of 10 square kilometers and 77 rivers of grade I to IV with a total length of 1122 km. The density of river network is 6.56 km / km2, and the total runoff is 2.489 billion cubic meters. The county has complex strata and many water storage structures. The groundwater is mainly karst water. The annual natural resources of groundwater is 613 million cubic meters, accounting for 24.6% of the total water resources. The water quality is mainly calcium carbonate type, which is low mineralized fresh water.
The per capita water resources of Chengbu Miao Autonomous County is 9900 cubic meters, and the per mu water resources of cultivated land is 9400 cubic meters. There are 74 main streams and tributaries with abundant water energy resources in the county, with annual runoff of 4.075 billion cubic meters, annual runoff of 4.075 billion cubic meters, annual average runoff of each river of 109 million cubic meters, and storage capacity of Baiyun reservoir of 360 million cubic meters. Hydropower reserves are 298700 kW, of which Wushui and Qushui in Yuanjiang River Basin are 204500 kW, accounting for 68.46%; Zishui basin is 27300 kW, accounting for 9.14%; Xunjiang basin is 66900 kW, accounting for 22.4%.
As of 2010, Chengbu Miao Autonomous County has 190200 mu of cultivated land, accounting for 4.8% of the total area of the county, including 166200 mu of paddy field, 24046 mu of dry soil, 0.82 mu of cultivated land per capita, and 0.71 mu of paddy field. There are 1.85 million mu of forest land, accounting for 46.6% of the total area of the county, including 1.374226 million mu of timber forest, 162235 million mu of protective forest, 70.09 million mu of special forest, 60389 mu of economic forest and 241783 mu of bamboo forest. Pastoral land and land for forestry and animal husbandry 15
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