Xiangtan County Xiangtan county is located in the north of Nanyue Hengshan Mountain, the West Bank of the downstream of Xiangjiang River, the north section of Changheng Hilly Basin, between 27 ° 20 ′ - 28 ° 05 ′ N and 112 ° 25 ′ - 113 ° 03 ′ e, adjacent to Tianyuan District and Lukou District of Zhuzhou City in the East, Hengdong County, Hengshan County and Shuangfeng County in the south, Xiangxiang City and Shaoshan City in the west, and Xiangtan City in the north.
It has 15 towns, 4 townships, 645 administrative villages, 14 neighborhood committees and 14 community neighborhood committees.
In 2015, according to the township zoning adjustment plan of Xiangtan County, it has jurisdiction over 3 townships and 14 towns.
Xiangtan county is known as "the Pearl of central Hunan". It is the hometown of Xianglian in China and the birthplace of Huxiang culture. The whole county belongs to the resource-saving and environment-friendly society of Changsha Zhuzhou Xiangtan Urban Agglomeration (i.e. the national "two oriented society") comprehensive reform pilot zone, which is the forefront of Hunan's integration into the "Pan Pearl River Delta". In November 2018, it was listed in the "2018 list of China's 100 happy counties". In December 2018, it was selected as one of the top 100 county economic investment potential in China. On December 13, 2018, it was selected into the list of agricultural products advantage areas with Chinese characteristics. In June 2020, it will be selected into the demonstration list of new urbanization construction in the county.
In July 2020, the National Patriotic Health Association decided to name Xiangtan County as the national health county in 2017-2019 cycle.
Evolution of organizational system
The settlement sites of Daxi Culture period (belonging to the four Daxi cultural sites in central Hunan) were found in Laohukeng, Jingzhou and duizishan, Jinshi township. The cultural relics such as painted pottery collected from these sites prove that as early as 5000 years ago, the ancestors of the county had entered the stage of animal husbandry and rice production from hunting and gathering activities and settled down.
During the Shang and Zhou dynasties, there are many cultural relics unearthed in the territory, among which the most precious and representative are the rag Zun unearthed from chuanxingshan, Guihua Village, Jiuhua, and the hoard Zun, Ding, Chen, Yi, Jue, Zhong and other bronzes unearthed from Laowu, Gaotun village, qingshanqiao town. The types, shapes and decorative techniques of bronzes show that the ancestors in the territory have used bronze to make tools of production, understood brewing techniques, worshipped gods, drank and entertained.
During the Warring States period, the county belonged to the state of Chu. It belongs to Changsha County. The territory has used iron tools, drinking utensils "rice soup fish" characteristics. Qin destroyed Chu and set up Linxiang county. Now the county belongs to Linxiang county and is subordinate to Changsha County.
In the Western Han Dynasty, Linxiang county was set up in Xiangnan county (the Marquis state of Xiangnan in the Eastern Han Dynasty). It is located in Gucheng village of Shitan town. Now the county belongs to Xiangnan county and Linxiang county respectively, and is subordinate to Changsha state.
In the second year of Wu Taiping in the Three Kingdoms, Xiangxi county was established in Linxiang county. Today, Xiangxi county belongs to Xiangnan county and Xiangxi County, and belongs to Hengyang County. The subordination of Shanxi, southern Hunan and Western Hunan remained unchanged. In the second year of Qi Jianyuan (480), Xiangnan county was abandoned. This county belongs to Xiangxi, Xiangxiang and Xinkang counties. During the reign of Liang Tianjian (502-519), Xiangtan County was divided into Yinshan county and Xiangtan County. Xiangtan County was first established. Most of the counties were located in today's Hengdong County. The county was located near Shiwan in Hengdong and was subordinate to Xiangdong county.
In the ninth year of kaihuang (589) of Sui Dynasty, Xiangtan County was expanded, and Chaling County, Youshui County, Yinshan county and Jianning county were merged into Xiangtan County. Hengshan County also expanded, and Xiangxi County, Xiangxiang county and Xinkang county were partly merged. This county belongs to Hengshan County, which is subordinate to Changsha County of Tan Prefecture.
In 749, the majority of Xiangtan County was assigned to Hengshan County, and the northern part of Hengshan County was assigned to Xiangtan County. The county government was moved to Luokou (now Yisuhe town) and attached to Xiangtan Prefecture. So far, the county has been initially determined, and its name and place are consistent. At the right time, biquantan springs, which is conducive to irrigation. Xiangtan, Yisu River and other ports are conducive to ship berthing. Liu Yuxi, Du Fu and other famous poets, so far there are many poems, the Central Plains culture has a profound influence.
During the period of Five Dynasties and Ten Kingdoms, the county belonged to the state of Ma Yin and Chu, and was subordinate to Changsha Prefecture of Tan Prefecture. Yisu river has developed commerce and set up venues.
In the Song Dynasty, Xiangtan County was under the jurisdiction of Hunan Lu Tan Zhou. County People mine gold, reclaim mountain fields and expand rice planting. The rise of Zhuzhou business, the introduction of liquor tax.
In the first year of Yuanfu (1098), 2 townships in Xiangtan County and 5 townships in Changsha County were set up in Shanhua county. In the Southern Song Dynasty, the county government moved to guanxiangmenzhi street in Xiangtan City and set up schools. Hu Anguo, a native of Chongan, moved from Jingmen to the county, built Biquan calligraphy hall to give lectures, and wrote Chunqiu Zhuan, which created Huxiang school and opened a new style of study.
In the first year of Yuanzhen (1295), Xiangtan County was promoted to a prefecture, which was subordinate to Tanzhou road in Huguang province. At the end of the Yuan Dynasty, the people could not bear the heavy burden, and Yi Hua, a native of Xiangxiang, fought against wushizhai. Later, Chen Youliang's peasant uprising army participated in politics and countered Zhu Yuanzhang.
At the beginning of the Ming Dynasty, Zhu Yuanzhang's troops killed Yi Hua at the foot of Wushi peak and slaughtered him wantonly. 20053 people survived in Xiangtan County. Xiangtan County, subordinate to Changsha County. Since then, most of the county people have moved in from Jiangxi. After recuperation, the population has gradually increased. Xiangtan has become the transportation hub of Xiangjiang River, the county government has built the city, the industry and commerce is developed, and Yisu river has become a famous rice market.
In 1649, the Qing army entered the city, killed he Tengjiao, a Bachelor of the Ming governor's Normal University, and ordered the "blood washing of the county seat" with "two more people from the city than from the holy Dynasty". In 1674, Wu Sangui rebelled against the Qing Dynasty and occupied the county seat. In the 18th year of the reign of Emperor Kangxi of the Qing Dynasty, the army of the Qing Dynasty restored Xiangtan, which was ravaged by military forces, with more than 200000 mu of wasteland. In the fourth year of Xianfeng in Qing Dynasty, Taiping army attacked and occupied the county. Zeng Guofan made his army in Hengyang and relied on Xiangtan as the source of his salary. Later, his salary was raised from Xiangtan and Daxin County. Since then, along the river more than ten miles, business prosperity, the city's streets, buildings neat Jun. At that time, it was called the first Zhuang County in the world.
In 1905, Xiangtan was set up as a port of destination. Foreign goods poured in, and national industry and handicraft industry were impacted. At the same time, westernization was promoted in the county, and telephone and telegraph business began to flourish; Zhuzhou Pinghua railway and Changsha Zhuzhou Lujiang section of Guangdong Han railway were built; western medicine was introduced with the church; academies were abolished and schools were set up, and dozens of young people went to Japan to study abroad, seeking to save the country and the people. After the victory of the Wuchang Uprising, Hunan first responded. On October 27, Xiangtan announced that it would be back.
In 1914, Xiangtan County was under the jurisdiction of Xiangjiang Road. In the 11th year of the Republic of China, it was withdrawn from Hunan Province. In 1938, it was attached to the first administrative supervision district of Hunan Province. In 1944, the county was occupied by the Japanese. The Japanese army swept around the county, raped, burned, killed and plundered everywhere. More than 130000 people were killed and injured in Xiangtan County. In 1945, the Japanese army surrendered to the National Revolutionary Army in tan.
On August 9, 1949, the 413 regiment of the 138th division of the Chinese people's Liberation Army entered Xiangtan County. On the 11th, more than 100 cadres from the CPC Xiangtan County Committee, which was set up on the way south, arrived in the city to announce the peaceful liberation of Xiangtan. The county is subordinate to Changsha special district (Changsha special office was renamed Xiangtan special district in 1952, and the county is subordinate to Xiangtan special district). On the 13th, the CPC Xiangtan Working Committee and the CPC Xiangtan County Committee merged. On the 22nd, the people's Government of the county was set up to take over the old regime, carry out grain raising to support the front, clear up bandits and fight against hegemony, stabilize the society, mobilize the masses to build water conservancy and resume production. In 1950, the County Chengguan District separated out and built Xiangtan city at the county level. Since then, the county has carried out rent reduction and mortgage withdrawal, started land reform, set up agricultural mutual aid groups on a trial basis, suppressed counter revolution, started to set up local state-owned enterprises and supply and marketing cooperatives in districts and townships, and mobilized young people to join the Chinese people's volunteers in the Korean war.
In 1951, seven townships, including Zhuzhou town and Taipingqiao, separated from the county and built Zhuzhou City. In the same year, land reform review was carried out and ended in 1952.
In 1959, Wuxing, Weixing, Xingxing, four communes in the upper reaches and part of Hongqi commune and leidashi town entered Zhuzhou City. In 1968, Shaoshan district was established as a provincial special zone.
In 1996, Xiangtan County covers an area of 2512 square kilometers and has a population of about 1.12 million. It has jurisdiction over 14 towns and 8 townships: Yisuhe Town, yunhuqiao Town, zhonglupu Town, shigu Town, Shitan Town, Huashi Town, Hekou Town, qingshanqiao Town, yangjiaqiao Town, chaenqiao Town, jiangshe Town, Shebu Town, meilinqiao Town, Tanjiashan Town, Wushi Town, Fenshui town, baishipu Town, Longkou Town, Xiangshui Town, Xiangtang Town, Paitou town and Jinshi town. The county government is located in Yisuhe town.
In 2000, Xiangtan County governed 15 towns and 7 townships: Yisuhe Town, meilinqiao Town, Tanjiashan Town, zhonglupu Town, chaensi Town, Hekou Town, Shebu Town, Huashi Town, qingshanqiao Town, shigu Town, jiangshe Town, yunhuqiao Town, Shitan Town, yangjiaqiao Town, Wushi Town, Xiangtang Town, Xiangshui Town, Fenshui Town, Paitou Town, Longkou Town, Jinshi town and Baishi town.
According to the fifth census in 2000, there are 1061269 permanent residents in Xiangtan County, including 58172 in Yishuhe Town, 47487 in meilinqiao Town, 46631 in Tanjiashan Town, 57422 in zhonglupu Town, 40236 in chaensi Town, 43509 in Hekou Town, 59153 in Shebu Town, 51372 in Huashi Town, 40091 in qingshanqiao Town, 44279 in shigu Town, 53140 in Jiangyu Town, 58708 in yunhuqiao town and 67 in Shitan town There are 822 people in yangjiaqiao Town, 59317 in Wushi Town, 56182 in Xiangtang Township, 62101 in Xiangshui Township, 33868 in Fenshui Township, 59584 in Paitou Township, 26278 in Longkou Township, 26377 in Jinshi Township and 35534 in Baishi township.
In 2007, the Hunan Provincial Department of Civil Affairs issued the reply on the withdrawal of Baishi Township and the establishment of Baishi town in Xiangtan County: with the approval of the provincial people's government, it was agreed to abolish Baishi Township and establish Baishi town. The former administrative region of Baishi township is the administrative region of Baishi town. Baishi town has jurisdiction over two neighborhood committees and 26 villages, with a total area of 98 square kilometers and a total population of 37900 Government resident).
In 2008, Xiangtan County governs 16 towns and 6 counties
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