Seda county is a county under the jurisdiction of Ganzi Tibetan Autonomous Prefecture in Sichuan Province. Located in the northeast of Ganzi Prefecture, it is 31 ° 38 ′ - 33 ° 20 ′ N and 98 ° 48 ′ - 101 ° 00 ′ E. It is located in the intersection of Sichuan Province, Qinghai Province, Aba Prefecture, Ganzi Prefecture and goluo Prefecture of Qinghai Province, and the junction of Rangtang County, Ganzi County, Luhuo County, Shiqu County, dari county and Bama County. It is adjacent to Rangtang County of Aba Tibetan and Qiang Autonomous Prefecture in the East, Bama County and dari County of Qinghai Province in the north, Ganzi County and Luhuo County of Ganzi Prefecture in the West and south.
The origin of the name of Seda County, after textual research, is mainly due to the discovery of a horse shaped gold in the early years of setang, so it is called "Golden Horse".
In 2011, the area under the jurisdiction of Seda county was 9338.98 square kilometers, with jurisdiction over 2 towns, 15 townships and 134 administrative villages. At the end of the year, the total population was 45661, the birth rate was 11.09 ‰, and the natural population growth rate was 6.19 ‰. In 2011, the GDP of Seda county was 382 million yuan, an increase of 13% over 2010. The added value of the primary industry was 197 million yuan, an increase of 6.9% over 2010; the added value of the secondary industry was 33.45 million yuan, an increase of 14.6% over 2010; the added value of the tertiary industry was 151 million yuan.
Seda County covers an area of 1.8 square kilometers, with 7802 permanent residents and an average of 8000 floating population for many years. It is the political, economic and cultural center of the county. The county is composed of "three vertical and six horizontal" streets with "well" shaped roads. Seda county is a Tibetan dominated ethnic community with the highest altitude, the coldest climate and the worst natural conditions in Ganzi Prefecture.
On September 25, 2018, it won the honorary title of "2018 e-commerce into rural comprehensive demonstration county" of the Ministry of Commerce. On February 18, 2020, withdraw from poverty-stricken counties.
Seda county has a long history. As early as 3000 years ago, human beings have been living here. Dong clan, one of the six ancient Tibetan clans, lived a nomadic life of chasing water and grass. The local people call it "agalomai", which means ape man. Seda county was a place of Qiang Nationality in ancient times. The Tang and Song Dynasties belonged to Tubo. The Yuan Dynasty belonged to the Marshal's office of the Governor General of Tibet and other routes. Ming Dynasty was the Tibetan occupation of Wusi, which was under the jurisdiction of the commander of duogan Xingdu. At the end of Ming Dynasty, a part of vashu bone system moved to sedaduko and nomaded in the upper reaches of sedaduko. In the Qing Dynasty, when the Kangqu district was transformed into a local one, Zhao Erfeng wrote many times to inform Seda that Guicheng failed. The Qing Dynasty was a place where "political power was not captured", and there was no change during the period of the Republic of China. In August 1952, Seda was peacefully liberated. The government of Xikang province established Seda County, which belongs to Ganzi Prefecture, Sichuan Province. In November 1955, the county was approved by the State Council.
By the end of 2011, Seda county has a total area of 9338.98 square kilometers, with jurisdiction over 2 towns, 15 townships and 134 villages: Seke Town, wengda Town, luoruo Township, Huoxi Township, nianlong Township, daze Township, Tazi Township, Dazhang Township, Yalong Township, Tazi Township, niduo Township, ranchong Township, Kangle Township, Xuri Township, geletuo Township, Jiaxue Township and Yangge township.
According to the fifth census data, Seda county has a total population of 41450. by the end of 2011, the total population of Seda county was 45661, the birth rate was 11.09 ‰, and the natural growth rate was 6.19 ‰.
Seda county is located in Southwest China, Southeast of Qinghai Tibet Plateau, northwest of Sichuan Province, northeast of Ganzi Tibetan Autonomous Prefecture, 31 ° 38 ′ - 33 ° 20 ′ n, 98 ° 48 ′ - 101 ° 00 ′ E. It is located in Sichuan, Qinghai, Aba Prefecture, Ganzi Prefecture and Guoluo Prefecture of Qinghai; the junction of Rangtang County, Ganzi County, Luhuo county and Shiqu County, dari county and Bama County of Guoluo Prefecture, adjacent to Rangtang County of Aba Tibetan and Qiang Autonomous Prefecture in the East, Bama County and dari County of Qinghai Province in the north, Ganzi County and Luhuo County of Ganzi Prefecture in the West and south, with a total area of 9338.98 square kilometers.
The terrain of Seda county is complex. It is located at the south foot of Bayan Har mountain. The geotectonics belongs to the Bayan Har mountain fold belt of Western Sichuan geosyncline system. The altitude of the whole area is more than 4000 meters. The whole terrain inclines from northwest to Southeast, with high northwest and low southeast. most of Seda county is a typical hilly plateau with dense streams and rivers in the northwest, poor drainage and developed swamps. The grade difference is less than 30 degrees, a few peaks protrude 700-900 meters above the plateau, and the elevation is more than 4000 meters, which is a typical hilly plain landform, with a relative height of 500-1000 meters; the balba river valley below 3500 meters, with deep rivers and serious water erosion, is a plateau mountainous plain landform. In the total area, plateau area accounts for about 84%, Shanyuan area accounts for 15%, and Pingba area accounts for 1%. the whole territory of Seda county is cut by three faults, northwest or west, belonging to the West Wing of Jintang arc. The Seda fault crosses the upper Hongke of Niqu (River) along the line of geletuo luoruo Seda, the Kangle fault crosses the Niqu (River) basin along the line of Tazi Kangle, and the Xianshuihe fault appears only on the right side of Daqu (River). Except the geletuo luoruo Seda fault, which is relatively stable, the other faults are active.
There are four big rivers in Seda County, with wide and shallow valleys, many branches and central beaches, and the first terrace developed, forming plateau flat dam. Daqu River and Niqu River are Yalong river system. Niqu river originates from the south foot of Bayankala mountain, with a flow length of about 230 km. Duqu River and sequ River are Dadu River system, and sequ river originates from tuorugou and other places, with a flow length of 144 km. The annual average runoff is 4.936 billion cubic meters, and the water energy reserves are 63479 million kilowatts. The water energy reserves of sequ River and Niqu river alone are more than 260000 kilowatts. The basin covers an area of 100 square kilometers, with 18 tributaries.
The climate of Seda county is continental plateau monsoon type. The annual average temperature is - 0.16 ℃, the average temperature in January is - 11.1 ℃, the average temperature in July is 9.9 ℃, the extreme minimum temperature is - 36.3 ℃, the extreme maximum temperature is 23.7 ℃, there is no summer in long winter, frost and snow can appear in four seasons, and the atmospheric oxygen content is less than 60% of the standard. The average daily temperature is above 3 ℃, and the annual total solar radiation is 80-200 kcal / cm. The annual average sunshine hours in Seda county are 2451.1 hours. The average precipitation is 65l4mm, mostly from June to September. The annual average frost free period is 21 days in the whole territory. The area below 3700m above sea level is slightly longer, and there is no absolute frost free period at high altitude.
By the end of 2002, the forest coverage rate of Seda county was 2.67%, and the total volume of standing trees was 8.075 million cubic meters. In 2008, there were more than 1000 kinds of medicinal plants and 10 kinds of medicinal animals, especially Cordyceps, rhubarb and Fritillaria. There are 259 species in 56 families of sedaceae, Gramineae, Compositae and Rosaceae in Seda county. There are more than 100 species that can be used as feed. Yak is the main livestock resource. Yak, horse, grassland Tibetan sheep and goat are the combinations.
There are 21 gold, silver, copper, tin, zinc, mercury, peat and marble deposits in Seda County, with gold reserves of more than 10 tons. Placer gold deposits are distributed in four rivers.
Seda county has a total area of 9338.98 square kilometers. In 2002, the grassland area of Seda county was 6653.73 square kilometers, accounting for 71.2% of the total area. By the end of 2010, there were 6654 square kilometers of grassland and 1714 square kilometers of woodland.
In 2010, the GDP of Seda county was 299 million yuan, an increase of 12.8% over 2009. The added value of the primary industry was 143 million yuan, up 1.8% year on year; the added value of the secondary industry was 27.54 million yuan, up 38.6% year on year; the added value of the tertiary industry was 130 million yuan, up 13.2% year on year. The per capita GDP reached 6663 yuan, a year-on-year increase of 12.2%. In 2011, the GDP of Seda county was 382 million yuan, an increase of 13% over 2010. The added value of the primary industry was 197 million yuan, an increase of 6.9% over 2010; the added value of the secondary industry was 33.45 million yuan, an increase of 14.6% over 2010; the added value of the tertiary industry was 151 million yuan.
In 2002, the sown area of grain in Seda county was 720 hectares, the sown area of other crops was 15 hectares, and the total grain yield was 1880 tons. It mainly produces wheat, highland barley, peas, peas, potatoes and other crops once a year. in 2007, the total growth rate, selling rate and commodity rate of livestock in Seda county were 23.98%, 23.25% and 13.84% respectively. At the end of 2007, there were 43167 head of all kinds of livestock in stock. In the whole year, 75 tons of yak split meat and 6 tons of yak jerky with various flavors were produced, realizing an output value of 727000 yuan. In 2007, 20 mu of "Kangqing No. 6" was demonstrated and planted in Seda County, 1000 mu of improved highland barley breeding base was built, 9500 mu of improved highland barley varieties were promoted, and 4 mu of medicinal materials base was built, with the coverage rate of improved varieties reaching 86%, and the output value reaching 450000 yuan. Second, 180 agricultural machines and tools such as thresher and harvester were distributed. In 2010, the total sown area of crops in Seda county was 888.13 hectares, including 866.67 hectares of grain sown area and 2176 tons of grain output. In 2011, the total agricultural output value of Seda county was 254 million yuan. The total sown area of crops is 888.13 hectares and the grain output is 2357 tons. There were 421100 livestock in stock, with a total meat output of 7631 tons, an increase of 4.73% over the previous year; 89105 livestock were sold, with a sales rate of 20.84%; 55093 commodities were sold
Chinese PinYin : Si Chuan Sheng Gan Zi Cang Zu Zi Zhi Zhou Se Da Xian
Seda County, Ganzi Tibetan Autonomous Prefecture, Sichuan Province
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