Liupanshui is a prefecture level city in Guizhou Province. Liupanshui city is located in Wumeng Mountain Area of Western Guizhou Province. The annual average temperature is 15 ℃, the summer average temperature is 19.7 ℃, and the winter average temperature is 3 ℃. The climate is cool, comfortable, moist, fresh, and the ultraviolet radiation is moderate. It is awarded the title of "cool capital of China" by the Chinese meteorological society. It is the only city named after the climate characteristics in China. Liupanshui was a territory of the state of Yao in the spring and Autumn period; in the Warring States period, the city was a territory of Yelang state; due to the use of metal tools, it had entered the era of farming and reflected the characteristics of slavery production relations; after the Qin Dynasty unified China, it was a territory of Hanyang County in Bajun county.
Liupanshui is located in the junction of Yunnan and Guizhou provinces, the watershed of the upper reaches of the Yangtze River and the Pearl River, and both sides of the Nanpanjiang River and Beipanjiang River Basin. It is rich in mineral resources. With transportation in all directions, it is one of the important railway hub cities and logistics distribution centers in Southwest China. By may 2020, the city has a land area of 9914 square kilometers, with jurisdiction over four county-level administrative regions, five provincial-level economic development zones and 87 townships (streets), namely Liuzhi Special Economic Zone, panzhou City, Shuicheng district and Zhongshan District. By the end of 2019, the city's permanent resident population will be 2.9505 million, an increase of 13200 over the end of last year.
Liupanshui is a major city of West to East power transmission in China, and an important industrial base of energy and raw materials in southwest and even South China. Coal, electricity, metallurgy, building materials, walnut milk, potato chips, selenium rich tea, Shancheng beer, mineral water and biopharmaceuticals constitute the important economic development of the city. Specialties are wind pig, kiwi, eucommia, gastrodia, walnut.
In 2019, the city's GDP will reach 126.597 billion yuan, an increase of 7.5% over the previous year.
In the spring and Autumn period, it was the land of the state of Yao.
During the Warring States period, it was the land of Yelang.
After Qin Dynasty unified China, it belonged to Hanyang County of Ma county.
In Han Dynasty, it belonged to Yelang County, wanwen County, Pingyi County, Hanyang county and Yan County.
During the Three Kingdoms period, Pingyi County and wanwen County of Cuan County belonged to "nanzhong" respectively, while Wei County belonged to Pingyi County and wanwen county respectively; Jin county belonged to Pingyi County and wanwen County; Sui Dynasty belonged to Cuan family and did not work.
Tang Dynasty, Li Tang Wangzhou, panzhou.
In Song Dynasty, it was the kingdom of Luodian, the kingdom of Luoshi ghost and the place of yuyabu.
In the Yuan Dynasty, it belonged to Pu'an Road, Puding road and babaishun yuan xuanweisi.
In Ming Dynasty, it belonged to Pu'an prefecture (prefecture, Wei), Xibao chief secretary, and Xuanwei Department of Guizhou (Shuixi).
In the Qing Dynasty, there were Shuicheng hall, pu'anzhou hall and Langdai hall.
During the period of the Republic of China, Shuicheng County, Pan county and Langdai county were set up.
In the early days of liberation, the organizational system remained unchanged.
In 1964, according to the spirit of the working conference of the CPC Central Committee, the State Planning Commission and the Ministry of coal industry decided to establish a coal base in Liuzhi, Panxian and Shuicheng counties, which are rich in coal reserves in western Guizhou, after investigation and comparison. Then Liuzhi, Panxian, Shuicheng three mining areas (after the special zone) as coal bases have been established.
In 1966, the central government approved the establishment of Liupanshui industrial construction headquarters.
In October 1967, the preparatory group of the Liupanshui regional Revolutionary Committee was established, and Liupanshui began to become a political district under the jurisdiction of three special zones.
In December 1970, Langdai County, Pan county and Shuicheng County, which belong to Anshun district, Xingyi district and Bijie district, were merged with Liuzhi, Pan county and Shuicheng special zones respectively. After the merger, they are still called special zones and belong to Liupanshui District.
In December 1978, the district was changed into a city under the jurisdiction of a province, and the municipal Revolutionary Committee was stationed in Shuicheng special zone.
In December 1987, the State Council approved the abolition of the Shuicheng special zone, which was divided into Zhongshan District and Shuicheng County. The Municipal People's government is stationed in Zhongshan District.
In February 1999, the State Council approved the abolition of Panxian special zone and the establishment of Panxian County, with the former administrative region of Panxian special zone as the administrative region of Panxian county. The county people's government is located in Hongguo town. So far, Liupanshui City has one special zone, two counties and one district, which are Liuzhi special zone, Pan County, Shuicheng County and Zhongshan District.
On November 9, 2017, Guizhou Provincial People's government officially issued the "Reply of Guizhou Provincial People's Government on agreeing to put Shilong village, Shiqiao community and Shuanglong community in Fenghuang street of Zhongshan District under the jurisdiction of Shuangshui street of Shuicheng County" (QFH  No. 222). The reply: it is agreed to put Shilong village, Shiqiao community and Shuanglong community in Fenghuang street of Zhongshan District under the jurisdiction of Shuangshui street of Shuicheng County.
In July 2020, the State Council officially approved the abolition of Shuicheng County and the establishment of Shuicheng District in Liupanshui City. The former administrative region of Shuicheng County (excluding Baohua Town, muguo Town, Nankai Miao Yi Township, Jinpen Miao Yi Township and Qinglin Miao Yi township) is the administrative region of Shuicheng district. The people's Government of Shuicheng district is located at No. 1 Shuangshui Avenue, Shuangshui street.
Liupanshui has four county-level administrative divisions (Municipal District 2, county-level city 1, special zone 1) and 92 township level administrative divisions (street 27, town 39, township 26). It covers an area of 9914 square kilometers and has a population of 3.23 million. Liupanshui Municipal People's government is stationed at No. 47, Zhongshan West Road, Zhongshan District.
Liupanshui is located in the west of Guizhou Province and on the first and second grade platform slopes of Yunnan Guizhou Plateau. It spans 25 ° 19'44 "to 26 ° 55'33" north latitude and 104 ° 18'20 "to 105 ° 42'50" east longitude. It is located in Yunnan and Guizhou provinces and is about 300-500 km away from Kunming, Chengdu, Chongqing, Guiyang and Nanning. The total area is 9965 square kilometers, accounting for 5.63% of the total area of the province. The city borders Anshun City in the East, Buyi and Miao Autonomous Prefecture in Southwest Guizhou in the south, Qujing City in Yunnan Province in the West and Bijie City in the north.
The main soil types are yellow soil, mountain yellow brown soil, mountain shrub meadow soil, lime soil, purple soil, paddy soil, fluvo aquic soil and swamp soil, which are divided into 24 subclasses, 74 soil genera and 141 soil species. The soil area is 9.3303 million mu, accounting for 62.74% of the total land area. Yellow soil is a kind of zonal soil with an area of 4.2232 million mu, accounting for 50.62% of the total soil area. The city belongs to the Yangtze platform fold belt on the Yangtze paraplatform. It is located in Weining Shuicheng fold belt, Southwest Guizhou fold belt, early arched fold belt in Central Guizhou and extreme west edge of South Guizhou fold belt.
The city belongs to the Yangtze platform fold belt on the Yangtze paraplatform. It is located in Weining Shuicheng fold fault bundle, Southwest Guizhou fold fault bundle, early arched fold fault bundle in Central Guizhou and extreme west edge of South Guizhou fold fault bundle. The terrain is high in the northwest and low in the southeast, and fluctuates violently in the middle due to the strong cutting erosion of Beipan River. Generally, the altitude is between 1400 and 1900 meters. The highest point on the ground is Jiucaiping, Dawan Town, Zhongshan District, with an altitude of 2900.3 meters, which is also the highest point in Guizhou Province; the lowest point is in Beipanjiang River Valley, Maokou Township, Liuzhi special zone, with an altitude of 586 meters. The relative height difference is 2314.3m. The landform landscape is mainly mountainous and hilly, as well as basin, mountain plain, plateau, platform and other landform types.
The city is located in the north subtropical monsoon humid climate zone. Affected by the low latitude and high altitude, it is warm in winter and cool in summer with pleasant climate. The annual average temperature is 13-14 ℃, the average temperature in January is 3-6.3 ℃, and the average temperature in July is 19.8-22 ℃. The annual precipitation is 1200-1500 mm. The frost free period is 200 to 300 days. Due to the large relief, the climate difference in some areas is obvious. The city's total water volume is about 14.218 billion cubic meters, of which the average annual flow of surface water is 6.4 billion cubic meters, the average annual flow of underground water is 5.268 billion cubic meters, and the average annual flow of surface water (excluding boundary river) is 2.55 billion cubic meters.
Liupanshui city is located in the watershed of the Yangtze River and the Pearl River Basin, with Yunnan Guizhou railway as the watershed line, Wujiang River system of the Yangtze River basin to the north and Pearl River system to the south. Wujiang River system takes Sancha River as the main stream in the city, and is located in the northern part of the city, including Shuicheng County, Liuzhi special zone and parts of Zhongshan District. The main stream of the Pearl River system is Beipanjiang River, which runs through the city from west to East, and the tributaries of Nanpanjiang River are distributed in the southern edge.
There are 71 rivers with a catchment area of more than 10 km or more, including 14 Wujiang river systems and 57 pearl river systems. According to the basin area, there are 24 rivers of 10-50 square kilometers, 19 rivers of 51-100 square kilometers, 19 rivers of 101-500 square kilometers, 3 rivers of 501-1000 square kilometers, and 6 rivers of more than 1001 square kilometers. The density of river network is 0.167 km / km2. In addition to a few main streams, most of the rivers in the territory are rain source rivers, with short source flow and frequent cutoff in dry season.
Liupanshui is rich in mineral resources. More than 30 kinds of minerals have been found, including coal, iron, lead, zinc, copper, antimony, nickel, uranium, diamond, silver, pyrite, silica sand, limestone, dolomite, marble, fluorite, calcite, Iceland spar, barite, sepiolite (asbestos), germanium, cadmium, gallium, indium, iridium, lanthanum, arsenic, crystal, oil shale, gypsum and cement clay. Proven reserves include coal, iron, lead, zinc, uranium, nickel, silver, germanium, cadmium, gallium, indium, pyrite, limestone, dolomite, fluorite, gypsum, etc., of which coal, iron, lead and zinc are the most abundant. Coal reserves rank first in the province. Liupanshui coal field has a reliable reserves of 71.1 billion tons (within 2000 meters), proven reserves of 16.4 billion tons (general, detailed and precise investigation), reliable reserves of 41.3 billion tons within 1000 meters of vertical depth, complete coal types, excellent coal quality and shallow burial. Therefore, the city is known as "southwest"
Chinese PinYin : Gui Zhou Sheng Liu Pan Shui Shi
Liupanshui City, Guizhou Province
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