Guiyang, referred to as "Zhu", also known as Lincheng and Zhucheng, is the capital of Guizhou Province, an important regional innovation center in Southwest China and an important ecological leisure tourism city in China approved by the State Council. As of November 2020, Guiyang has six districts, three counties and one county-level city under its jurisdiction, with a total area of 8034 square kilometers, a built-up area of 360 square kilometers and permanent residents There are 4.9714 million people in the city and 3.7847 million people in the city. The urbanization rate is 76.13%.
Guiyang, located in Southwest China and central Guizhou, is one of the important central cities in Southwest China. It is the political, economic, cultural, science and education, and transportation center of Guizhou Province. It is an important transportation, communication hub, industrial base, business and tourism service center in Southwest China. It is also a national comprehensive railway hub. It is also a national big data industry development cluster, call center, and service outsourcing Cluster area, big data trading center, data center cluster area.
There are more than 30 ethnic minorities in the territory, including 32 kinds of tourist attractions, such as mountains, rivers, valleys, lakes, karst, caves, waterfalls, virgin forests, humanities, ancient city pavilions, etc. it is the first National Forest City, national pilot city of circular economy, and China's summer resort City, ranking the first of "China's top ten summer resort tourist cities".
In 2017, it was confirmed to retain the title of national civilized city. The best quality tourism city of China National Tourism in 2018. In 2018, the national health city was reconfirmed. On January 12, 2019, Guiyang won two awards of "2018 China International Business Environment benchmark city" and "2018 top ten cities for green development and ecological civilization construction" in China open development and Cooperation Summit Forum and the eighth global general review.
In June 2020, the Central Committee for the rule of law was selected as the first batch of national government construction demonstration areas and projects. On January 26, 2021, the report on the influence of cultural and tourism communication in key national tourism cities was released. Guiyang ranked first with a comprehensive influence score of 97.93.
Place name source
The name of "Guiyang" was earlier seen in the Ming Dynasty (Hongzhi) new records of Guizhou tujing: the county was named after the sun of Guishan. Guiyang gets its name because it is to the south of Guishan. Guiyang is famous for its rich bamboo in ancient times, so the homonym "Zhu" of "bamboo" is used as the abbreviation of Guiyang.
It is said that the climate of Guiyang is rainy all the year round, and there is a folk saying that "there is no sunny day for three days". Guiyang is named after "yanggui". On the other hand, the place name here comes from Guishan, because Shannan is Yang, so it is named Guiyang.
Guiyang's name originates from Guishan mountain, which is also called guirenfeng. Although Guiyang is named after the sun of Guishan mountain, the location of Guishan mountain has always been controversial. New records of Guizhou tujing published in 1501, the 14th year of Hongzhi in Ming Dynasty, records: "the county is in the Yang of Guishan, so it's named Guiyang", "Guishan is in the North Erli of Zhicheng", "Baiya mountain is at the foot of Guishan", "Baiya mountain is in the North Erli of Zhicheng". According to the historical records of places of interest, "there is a noble mountain in Erli of the north of the city, a noble peak passing by the Shu Road." In 1692, Guizhou Tongzhi indicated that Guishan was five li to the north of the city, and the corresponding map also indicated that Guishan was outside the northeast of Guiyang City, that is, Yuma mountain in Yangliujing to the north of the tea shop. In 1697, the new supplement to the general records of Kangxi in Guizhou recorded that Guishan was five li north of the city. "Guiyang local geography" records: "the south of Fenghuang mountain, the north of tea shop, a sharp peak inserted into the sky, called Guishan." "Guiyang Fu Zhi" said: "to the city 12 Li, Ruifeng Jiyi, Xiu intercalation layer night, according to legend, Guizhou got its name. There are caves in the mountainside and ninety-nine springs at the foot. "
Evolution of organizational system
In the spring and Autumn period, Guiyang was under the jurisdiction of the state of Yao. During the Warring States period, it belonged to Yelang kingdom. During the Han Dynasty, it belonged to Kejun.
In the Tang Dynasty, Jimi Prefecture was set up to the south of Wujiang River, and Guiyang belonged to Juzhou.
In Song Dynasty, Guiyang was called Guizhou. In the first year of Xuanhe (1119), Gengju was called Guizhou.
In 1280, Shunyuan road xuanfusi was set up and changed to xuanweisi in the following year; in 1283, Guizhou and other directors were set up to take charge of Shunyuan Road, which was under the jurisdiction of xingzhongshu province in Sichuan and then Huguang province; in 1292, Shunyuan and Bafan xuanweisi were merged and set up Bafan Shunyuan xuanweisi capital Marshal's office in Shunyuan city (now Guiyang).
In the fourth year of Hongwu in Ming Dynasty (1371), Guizhou xuanweishi department was set up to govern Guizhou (now Guiyang). In December of the sixth year (1373), it set up the commanding and envoys Department of Guizhou health. In 1383, he set up the commanding Department of Guizhou capital and led Guizhou and other 18 guards. In the 26th year (1393), Guizhou avant-garde was established. In the 11th year of Yongle (1413), Guizhou was established as a political, military, economic and cultural center. In March of the third year of Longqing (1569), Chengfan mansion was changed to Guiyang mansion. Wanli fourteenth year (1586), home Xingui County, attached to Guo, subordinate to Guiyang house. In 1601, Guiyang government was promoted to military and civilian government. In 1618, Guiding County was established in Xingui county and Dingfan Prefecture, which was still under the jurisdiction of Guiyang military and civilian government. In 1631, xuanweisi of Guizhou was abolished, and xuanweisi was set up in Kaizhou. At the end of Ming Dynasty, Guiyang military and civilian government had jurisdiction over Xingui County, Guiding County, Kaizhou (now Kaiyang County), Guangshun prefecture (now Changshun county) and Dingfan prefecture (now Huishui county), and personally led four chief departments.
In 1659, the military and civilian office of the governor of Guizhou was set up in Guiyang. In the fifth year of Kangxi (1666), the governor of Yunnan and Guizhou moved to Guiyang. In 1687, Guizhou Wei and Guizhou Qianwei set up Guizhu County, which was the same city as Xingui County, and changed Guiyang military and civilian government into Guiyang government. In 1695, Xingui County entered Guizhu county. In 1749, Guiyang government governed Guizhu County, Guiding County, Longli County, Xiuwen County, Kaizhou County, Dingfan County, Guangshun county and changzhaiting county (now Changshun county). Guangxu seven years (1881), by the Department of Dendrobium (now Luodian county).
In 1914, Guiyang Prefecture was abolished and Guiyang County was set up. Guizhou was divided into three counties. Guiyang County belonged to Qianzhong Road, which was ruled by Taoism. It was transferred to Guizhu county and settled in zazuo, and then transferred to Xifeng County, which was renamed Xifeng County.
In the ninth year of the Republic of China (1920), Qianzhong road was abolished, and Guiyang County was directly under the Guizhou provincial governor's office.
In 1936, the whole province was divided into eight administrative supervision districts, and Guiyang County was the first administrative supervision district. The next year, Guiyang County was directly under the provincial government.
On July 1, 1941, Guiyang County was removed and Guiyang city was established. Another Guizhu county was set up in Huaxi, which remained unchanged until liberation.
Guiyang was liberated on November 15, 1949, and Guiyang Municipal People's government was established on November 23.
On July 6, 2006, the State Council approved the relocation of Guiyang Municipal People's government from Shifu Road, Nanming District to Lincheng East Road, guanshanhu district.
On October 15, 2020, the cultural tourism promotion alliance of three provinces and six places will be established.
In 1949, Guiyang district was set up to administer Guizhu County, Xiuwen County, Kaiyang County, Xifeng County, Huishui County, Longli County, and the special office was stationed in Guizhu county (Huaxi county).
In 1952, Guiyang district was abolished and guiding district was set up.
In 1954, Guizhu county was under the jurisdiction of Guiyang city.
In 1958, Guizhu county was abolished and its suburbs were divided into Huaxi and Wudang districts. With the approval of the State Council, Qingzhen, Xiuwen and Kaiyang counties formerly in Anshun district and Huishui county formerly in Qiannan autonomous prefecture were put under the jurisdiction of Guiyang city.
In 1959, Baiyun town was set up, which is equivalent to a municipal administrative unit.
In 1963, Kaiyang County was assigned to Zunyi special office, Xiuwen County and Qingzhen county to Anshun special office, and Huishui county to Qiannan Autonomous Prefecture.
In 1973, Baiyun District was restored.
In 1992, Qingzhen was set up as a city instead of a county.
On January 1, 1996, with the approval of the State Council, Qingzhen City and Xiuwen, Xifeng, Kaiyang "one city and three counties" originally under the jurisdiction of Anshun district were put under the jurisdiction of Guiyang city.
In January 2000, the State Council approved the establishment of Xiaohe District in Guiyang.
On August 30, 2007, the provincial government approved and agreed to adjust the local administrative areas of Yunyan District, Wudang district and Nanming District, and put Chayuan village, Jinguan village, Jinya village, Yanghui village, DAAO village in Jinyang street of Wudang district and caijiaguan village in houchao township of Nanming District under the jurisdiction of Yunyan District.
On January 16, 2009, Xiaobi township of Huaxi District and Yongle township of Wudang district were incorporated into Nanming District.
In 2012, the State Council approved Xiaohe district to be merged into Huaxi District, and guanshanhu district was established by Jinyang street, Jinhua Town, Zhuchang town and baihuahu township of Qingzhen City.
Guiyang has jurisdiction over 10 county-level administrative divisions (6 municipal districts, 1 county-level city, 3 counties) and 145 township level administrative divisions (72 streets, 46 towns, 27 townships). It covers an area of 8035 square kilometers and has a population of 3.75 million. Guiyang Municipal People's government is located at No. 7, Lincheng East Road, guanshanhu district.
Guiyang is located in the middle of Guizhou Province, between 106 ° 07 ′ e to 107 ° 17 ′ E and 26 ° 11 ′ n to 26 ° 55 ′ n. It borders Weng'an, Longli, Huishui and Changshun counties in Qiannan Buyi and Miao Autonomous Prefecture in the southeast, Pingba County in Anshun Prefecture and Zhijin County in Bijie Prefecture in the west, Qianxi and Jinsha counties in Bijie Prefecture and Bozhou District in Zunyi City in the north. The total area is 8034 square kilometers, accounting for 4.56% of the whole province.
Guiyang is located in the middle of the original hills of Guizhou Zhongshan in Yunnan Guizhou Plateau and the watershed between the Yangtze River and the Pearl River. The total terrain is high in the southwest and low in the northeast. Miaoling stretches across the city, with undulating hills and hills, alternating with basins, valleys and depressions. The relative height difference is 100-200m,
Chinese PinYin : Gui Zhou Sheng Gui Yang Shi
Guiyang City, Guizhou Province
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