Yunfu is located in the central and western part of Guangdong Province, south of the middle reaches of Xijiang River. It is adjacent to the Pearl River Delta and borders Zhaoqing, Foshan, Jiangmen, Yangjiang, Maoming and Wuzhou of Guangxi. The urban area is more than 140 kilometers away from Guangzhou, the provincial capital, and the waterway is 177 nautical miles away from Hong Kong. In April 1994, a prefecture level city was established, with jurisdiction over Yuncheng district, yun'an District, Xinxing County and Yunnan county, and entrusted with Luoding city. Yunfu is an important node city in Pearl River Xijiang economic belt and one of the cities in Guangzhou metropolitan area.
Yunfu is rich in water resources. The golden waterway of Xijiang runs through the whole territory. Yunfu new port is the largest inland port in Guangdong Province. Yunfu is rich in mineral resources. Yunfu is one of the important polymetallic mineralization areas in China. The reserves and grade of pyrite rank first in the world, and it is known as the "sulfur capital". Yunfu is the largest sulfur chemical production base in China and the largest stainless steel tableware production base in Guangdong Province. Stone processing has a long history, known as "stone city". It is rich in resources, with the advantages of geography, climate, ecology, provenance and planting history. There are cinnamon, Morinda officinalis, Sapindus mukorossi and other medicinal plants in the territory.
Yunfu has three multi-cultural and regional characteristics: Zen culture, Nanjiang culture and stone art culture. Yunfu is a "national garden city", "national health city", "national advanced city of scientific and technological progress", "National City of quality and safety of agricultural products", "national advanced unit of grassroots traditional Chinese medicine work", "National Rural Reform Experimental Zone", "China Stone circulation demonstration base", "China man-made stone capital", "China stone base center" and "China folk culture"（ Stone carving is the hometown of art.
In 2019, the total land area of the city was 7786.64 square kilometers (of which the urban area was 1967.28 square kilometers), with a registered residence population of 3 million 13 thousand and 200 people and a permanent resident population of 2 million 545 thousand and 200, of whom 1 million 140 thousand and 800 were urban residents. There are 420000 overseas Chinese, overseas Chinese and compatriots from Hong Kong, Macao and Taiwan with their ancestral home in Yunfu City.
From the spring and Autumn period to the Qin and Han Dynasties
In the pre Qin period, Yunfu is now a place of Baiyue. In the Qin Dynasty, most of the areas belonged to Guilin County, and some belonged to Nanhai county.
In the early Han Dynasty, the city belonged to the kingdom of Nanyue. In the sixth year of Yuanding (111 BC) of the Western Han Dynasty, Linyun county was set up, which is the earliest county-level system in the city. In the first year of Taikang in the Western Jin Dynasty (AD 280), duluo county (now in Yunan County) was established. In the fifth year of Yonghe in the Eastern Jin Dynasty (AD 349), Jinhua County was set up (now in Yunan County). In 351 ad, Xinning County and Xinxing County, Nanxing county and Danti county were set up. In the last years of the Eastern Jin Dynasty (416-420 AD), Longxiang county and furuan county were set up (now in Luoding City).
Northern and Southern Dynasties
The city has set up state, county and county levels.
In the Southern Song Dynasty (420-479 A.D.) and the Yongchu Yuanjia period (420-453 A.D.), there were two counties and nine counties in the city, namely, Jinkang County, Xinning County, Longxiang County, furuan County, Ducheng County, Jinhua County, ansui County, Xinxing County, Nanxing County, Linyun county and Danti County.
In the Southern Qi Dynasty (479-502 AD), there were 2 counties and 12 counties in the city, namely Jinkang County, Guangxi county, Longxiang County, furuan County, Luoping County, Yongxi County, Ducheng County, Jinhua County, Weicheng County, ansui County, Xincheng County, Nanxing County, Linyun county and Danti county.
In Liang Dynasty (502-557 AD), there were three states, five counties and 12 counties in the city, namely, Longzhou, Jianzhou and Xinzhou, Pingyuan County, Luoyang County, Guangxi county, Xinning County and Jinkang County, Kaiyang County, Longxiang County, Luoping County, Yongxi County, Luoyang County, capital city, Jinhua County, Weicheng County, ansui County, Xinxing County, Nanxing county and solu county.
In Chen Dynasty (557-589 A.D.), the system of Liang was basically followed, but the number of counties under the jurisdiction of Guangxi and Xinning decreased.
Sui Dynasty (581-618)
In the early Sui Dynasty, there were great changes in the setting of prefectures and counties. During the Daye period (605-618), there were 1 county and 5 counties in the city, namely Yongxi County, Longshui County, Yongxi County, capital city, ansui county and Xinxing County.
Tang to Five Dynasties (618-960)
When it was established, counties and prefectures were set up alternately.
In the early Tang Dynasty, Yongxi county was abolished, and Longzhou and nanjianzhou were established
Longzhou (state governance in today's Luoding) was reestablished in the fourth year of Wude in Tang Dynasty (AD 621), with jurisdiction over three counties: Longshui (today's Luoding), Kaiyang (today's Luoding) and Zhengyi (today's Yunan, later merged into Longshui).
Nanjianzhou was established in the fourth year of Wude (621 AD) of Tang Dynasty. It has jurisdiction over ansui (now Yunnan), Yongning (now Luoding), Annan and Yongye (now Cenxi of Guangxi). It was renamed Yaozhou in the eighth year of Zhenguan (634 AD) and abolished in the eighteenth year of Zhenguan (644 AD).
Xinzhou was re established in the fourth year of Wude of Tang Dynasty (621 A.D.), with jurisdiction over Xinchang, solu, Danti (all in Xinxing County) and Yongshun (in Yuncheng City).
Qinzhou (state governance in today's yun'an) was established in the 18th year of Kaiyuan (AD 730), with jurisdiction over Fulin county (in today's yun'an) and Tongling County (in the northeast of today's Yangchun City).
State to county and county to state:
In the first year of Tianbao (742 AD), Longzhou was changed to Kaiyang County, Xinzhou to Xinchang County, and Qinzhou to Yunfu county. In the first year of Qianyuan (758 AD), Kaiyang County was renamed Longzhou, Xinchang County was renamed Xinzhou, and Yunfu county was abolished. During the Qianyuan period, there were two prefectures and nine counties in the city, namely, Longzhou and Xinzhou, and Longshui, Kaiyang, Jianshui, Zhennan, Xinxing, Yongshun, Fulin, Jinkang and Ducheng counties. From then on until the fifth year of Kaibao in the Northern Song Dynasty (972 A.D.).
From the Northern Song Dynasty to before the founding of the city (960-1993)
In the history of more than 1030 years, the establishment of prefectures and counties in the city has gone through three stages.
From the fifth year of Kaibao in the Northern Song Dynasty to the fifth year of Wanli in the Ming Dynasty (972-1577): in the fifth year of Kaibao in the Northern Song Dynasty, all the prefectures and counties set up in the Tang Dynasty were merged or abolished except Xinzhou, Longshui and Xinxing counties, and only one Prefecture and two counties were set up in the city. Xinzhou, under the jurisdiction of Xinxing County, was changed to Xinzhou road in 1279 A.D., renamed Xinzhou in 1369 A.D., and was abolished in 1369 A.D., while Longshui County lasted more than 600 years from 973 A.D., the sixth year of Kaibao in the Northern Song Dynasty, to 1576 A.D., the fourth year of Wanli in the Ming Dynasty.
From the fifth year of Wanli in Ming Dynasty to the end of Qing Dynasty (1577-1911 AD): there were only one state and three counties in the city. In the fifth year of Wanli in the Ming Dynasty, Longshui county was upgraded to Zhili Prefecture of Luoding, and Zhili was the chief minister of Guangdong Province. Prefecture jurisdiction of the state (now Luoding), Dong'an (now Yuncheng, yun'an), Xining county (now Yunnan). Xinxing County belongs to Zhaoqing Prefecture.
From the beginning of the Republic of China to before the establishment of the city (1912-1993): in the spring of 1913, Luoding Prefecture was changed to Luoding County, and Luoding, Xinxing, Dong'an and Xining counties were directly under the governor's office of Guangdong Province. In January 2003, Xining county was renamed Yunan County. In May, Dong'an County was renamed Yunfu county. The four counties belong to yuehaidao. In the 12th year of the Republic of China, it was transferred to Xijiang rehabilitation supervision office. In the spring of the 21st year of the Republic of China, it was transferred to Gao Yaoxing of the appeasement Committee Office of the Western District of Guangdong. In October of the 25th year of the Republic of China, the four counties were under the jurisdiction of the office of the inspector general of the third administrative region of Guangdong. In the spring of the Republic of China, Xinxing County was under the office of the 11th administrative region of Guangdong Province. Luoding, Yunfu and Yunnan belong to the 12th administrative region of Guangdong Province.
The people's Republic of China was founded in 1949. From March 1951, Yunfu, Luoding, Xinxing and Yunnan counties were subordinate to Xijiang Commissioner's office, and from December 1951 they were subordinate to central Guangdong administrative office. In January 1956, it was subordinate to the office of the high commissioner. In November 1958, Yunfu County merged with Xinxing County to be called Xinyun County, while Luoding County merged with Yunnan county to be called Luonan County, which was subordinate to Jiangmen Commissioner's office. In January 1959, Luonan County was renamed Luoding County, and in April, Xinyun county was renamed Xinxing County, both of which belong to Jiangmen district. In April 1961, Luoding County, Yunfu County, Yunnan county and Xinxing County were restored. They were subordinate to Zhaoqing Commissioner's office, Zhaoqing district administrative office and Zhaoqing City (prefecture level).
After the establishment of prefecture level city
On April 5, 1994, a prefecture level Yunfu City was established, with jurisdiction over Yuncheng district, Xinxing County, and Yunnan county, and entrusted with Luoding City (county level). In January 1996, nine towns were set up in Yuncheng district. In September 2014, Yun'an county was changed into Yun'an district. So far, Yunfu City has jurisdiction over Yuncheng district, yun'an District, Xinxing County, Yunnan county, and entrusted Luoding city.
Yunfu City has jurisdiction over 2 districts, 2 counties and 1 city (Yuncheng district, Yunan District, Xinxing County, Yunnan county and Luoding City).
There are 55 towns, 8 streets, 118 communities and 847 villagers' committees in the city.
Yunfu City is located in the central and western part of Guangdong Province, south of the middle reaches of Xijiang River, adjacent to the Pearl River Delta, bordering Zhaoqing, Foshan, Jiangmen, Yangjiang, Maoming and Wuzhou of Guangxi. Yunfu City is more than 140 kilometers away from Guangzhou, 177 nautical miles away from Hong Kong and 60 nautical miles upstream from Wuzhou, Guangxi. The whole city is located in the range of 22 ° 22 ′ n to 23 ° 19 ′ N and 111 ° 03 ′ e to 112 ° 31 ′ E.
The terrain of Yunfu City is high in the southwest and low in the northeast. The main rivers in the city, Luoding River (also known as Nanjiang River) and Xinxing River, all flow from southwest to northeast. The west, southwest and southeast are bounded by mountains, while the north is bounded by Xijiang River. Hills are the main landforms of Yunfu City, which are mostly developed along the edge of mountains. The altitude of high hills is 250-450 meters, and that of low hills is 100-250 meters. Low hills have gentle slopes, mostly 15 to 20 degrees. In the total area, the mountainous area accounts for 60.5%, and the hilly area accounts for 30.5%
Chinese PinYin : Guang Dong Sheng Yun Fu Shi
Yunfu City, Guangdong Province
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