Xuancheng Xuancheng, referred to as Xuan, is a prefecture level city in Anhui Province and one of the 27 cities in the central area of the Yangtze River Delta. It is located in the southeast of Anhui Province and the intersection of Jiangsu, Zhejiang and Anhui provinces. It is a wing of Wanjiang City belt to undertake industrial transfer demonstration zone, a member city of Nanjing metropolitan area, an observer city of Hangzhou metropolitan area, a center city of G60 science and technology innovation corridor, and a hometown of four treasures of Chinese study.
Since ancient times, Xuancheng has been known as "the combination of Xuancheng in the South and Xuancheng in the north". It has a history of more than 2000 years since the establishment of the county in the Western Han Dynasty. Xuancheng has been a big county in Jiangdong since the Western Han Dynasty. During the Yongjia period of Jin Dynasty, the culture of Xuancheng was prosperous for the first time and went through six dynasties. There are four treasures of study culture, Hui culture, poetry culture, folk culture, diet culture, religious culture and Zong culture co-exist and co-exist in Xuancheng, known as "Xuancheng, the place of poets since ancient times" and "Xuancheng, the most prosperous city of Shangjiang culture".
Xuancheng has won the honor of national historical and cultural city, National Health City, National Garden City, National Forest City and national civilized city. On November 6, 2019, it was selected as the 52nd of the top 100 prefecture level cities in China. On November 21, 2019, it will be selected as "top 100 of China's prefecture level cities' overall well-off index in 2019".
Xuancheng had an ancient civilization in Shang and Zhou dynasties. According to the unearthed ancient stone tools and pottery, it should belong to the Liangzhu culture expansion area in the lower reaches of the Yangtze River.
In the spring and Autumn period, the state of Wu rose to rule the southeast. The Three Kingdoms of Wu, Yue and Chu ruled Xuancheng one after another.
The Qin Dynasty unified the whole world and implemented the system of prefectures and counties. Xuancheng area belongs to Zhangjun.
In the second year of Yuanfeng in the Western Han Dynasty (109 BC), Danyang county was located in Wanling, now Xuanzhou District.
In 281, the second year of Taikang in the Western Jin Dynasty, Danyang county set up Xuancheng County, governed Wanling, and was subordinate to Yangzhou. Since then, Xuancheng has always existed as a state and county level administrative region.
At the beginning of Sui Dynasty, the county was abolished and southern Yuzhou was changed to Xuanzhou, which was also called Xuancheng county.
At the beginning of Tang Dynasty, Xuanzhou was established, which was renamed Xuancheng County in the middle and later Xuanzhou.
In 1166, Xuanzhou was changed into ningguofu.
In 1277, Ningguo mansion was changed to Ningguo Road, and later renamed Ningan mansion, Xuancheng mansion and Xuanzhou mansion. In 1367, after Zhu Yuanzhang occupied Xuancheng, he was renamed ningguofu until the end of Qing Dynasty.
The Ming and Qing Dynasties were the seat of Ningguo government.
In the first year of the Republic of China (1912), the prefectures and counties were abolished. From 1914 to 1928, it belonged to Wuhu Road. In the 21st year of the Republic of China (1932), the chief magistrate of Xuancheng was set up in the spring, and the administrative supervision district was set up in November. Xuancheng was the Ninth District, which was in charge of Xuancheng. During the Anti Japanese War, it was moved to Jing County. In the 29th year of the Republic of China (1940), the ninth district was changed into the Sixth District. After the victory of the Anti Japanese War, the government moved to Wuhu.
In May 1949, Xuancheng district was established, with the office stationed in Xuancheng, governing Xuancheng, Langxi, Guangde, Jingxian, Ningguo and Xuancheng City.
In June 1950, Xuancheng district and Wudang district were merged into Xuancheng District, and the office of the commissioner was stationed in Xuancheng, with jurisdiction over Xuancheng, Langxi, Guangde, Jingxian, Nanling, Ningguo and Dangtu counties.
In January 1952, Xuancheng district was abolished and the counties under its jurisdiction were merged into the newly established Wuhu District, which was renamed Wuhu District in 1971.
In February 1980, Wuhu area was renamed Xuancheng area.
In April 1982, the regional administrative office moved to Xuancheng.
In June 1983, Nanling, Fanchang, Qingyang and Jiuhuashan administrative offices were assigned to Wuhu City, while Dangtu County was assigned to Maanshan city. Xuancheng Prefecture had five counties: Xuancheng, Langxi, Guangde, Ningguo and Jingxian.
On August 15, 1987, with the approval of the State Council, Xuancheng county was abolished, Xuanzhou City at the county level was established, and Xuancheng district was established at the same time.
In January 1988, Jixi and Jingde counties were officially put under the jurisdiction of Xuancheng district. So far, Xuancheng district has jurisdiction over six counties and one city: Langxi County, Guangde County, Ningguo County, Jing County, Jixi County, Jingde County and Xuanzhou City.
In March 1997, the State Council abolished the organizational system of Ningguo County and established Ningguo City as a county-level city under the jurisdiction of the province, which is managed by Xuancheng district.
On June 25, 2000, the State Council approved that Xuanzhou City at the county level should be abolished and Xuancheng City at the prefecture level should be established; Xuanzhou District should be established in Xuancheng City, with the former administrative region of Xuanzhou City at the county level as the administrative region of Xuanzhou District, and the District People's government should be stationed at diezhang middle road.
In January 2001, Xuancheng City was officially established. Since then, Xuancheng has governed Langxi County, Guangde County, Jing County, Jixi County, Jingde County and Xuanzhou District, and Ningguo City at county level under the provincial jurisdiction.
On August 5, 2019, in accordance with the spirit of the reply of the Ministry of Civil Affairs on Approving the revocation of Guangde County in Anhui Province to establish Guangde city at county level (min Han  No. 70), Guangde County was revoked and Guangde city at county level was established. The former administrative region of Guangde County was the administrative region of Guangde City, and the people's Government of Guangde city was located at No. 99, Aimin Road, Taozhou town. Guangde city is directly under the central government of Anhui Province and managed by Xuancheng City.
According to the official website of the government in 2017, Xuancheng governs one municipal district of Xuanzhou District, four counties of Langxi, Jixi, Jingde and Jingxian, and two county-level cities of Ningguo and Guangde. Xuancheng has 24 townships, 57 towns, 14 streets, 730 villages and 156 communities. The municipal government is located in Xuanzhou District.
Xuancheng City is located in the southeast of Anhui Province. It is between 29 ° 57 ′ - 31 ° 19 ′ N and 117 ° 58 ′ - 119 ° 40 ′ E. It borders Changxing County, Anji County and Lin'an District of Zhejiang Province in the East, Huangshan City in the south, Chizhou City and Wuhu City in the West and northwest, Ma'anshan City in the north and northeast, Gaochun District, Liyang City and Yixing City of Jiangsu Province. The easternmost end is at the junction of Taoyuan Village and Changxing County, Xinhang Town, Guangde city; the westernmost end is at the junction of Xidi Village, taohuatan Town, Jingxian County, Qingyang County and Huangshan District; the southernmost end is at the junction of lianjinshan and Shexian County, Linxi Town, Jixi County; and the northernmost end is at the junction of Li village, Shuiyang Town, Xuanzhou District, Dangtu and Gaochun.
Xuancheng is 190km away from Hefei, 290km away from Shanghai, 150km away from Nanjing, 110km away from Lukou Airport and 230km away from Hangzhou. It is 161.5 km long from east to west and 150 km wide from north to south, with a total area of 12300 square kilometers, accounting for 8.9% of the total area of Anhui Province, ranking fourth among cities in Anhui Province.
Xuancheng City is located in the transition zone between the southeast hills and the middle and lower reaches of the Yangtze River Plain. The altitude is generally 800-1800 meters in the southern middle mountain area, 500-800 meters in the low mountain area, 50-500 meters in the central hilly area, and below 50 meters in the northern plain area. There are Huangshan Mountain, Tianmu Mountain and Jiuhua Mountain. Tianmu Mountain extends from southwest to northeast, from the east of Jixi County to Guangde and Langxi counties through the south of Ningguo City. From south to north, the Huangshan Mountains enter Xuanzhou District and the south of Langxi County from the border of Jixi and Jingde, through the west of Ningguo City and the east of Jing County. Jiuhuashan mountains are only distributed in the western part of Jingxian county and the southwest part of Xuanzhou District.
The landform is complex and diverse, which can be roughly divided into five types: mountain, hill, basin (Valley), hillock and plain. In the south, mountains, hills and valleys crisscross; in the middle, hills and hills rise and fall; in the north, except for some hills, most of them are vast plains and scattered rivers, lakes, harbors and Hans. The mountainous area is 2017.66 square kilometers, the hilly area is 7948.36 square kilometers, and the plain area is 2389.64 square kilometers. The highest peak is located in Qingliangfeng, Fuling Town, Jixi County, with an altitude of 1787.4 meters; the lowest point is located in the heart of jinbaoxu, Shuiyang Town, Xuanzhou District, with an altitude of only 5 meters.
Xuancheng has a subtropical monsoon climate with four distinct seasons, mild climate, large annual temperature difference, moderate rainfall, sufficient sunshine, long frost free period and more east wind. The annual average temperature is 16.0 ℃, the average temperature in January is 3.3 ℃, and the extreme minimum temperature is - 16.0 ℃; the average temperature in July is 28.0 ℃, and the extreme maximum temperature is 41.5 ℃. The average annual temperature range is 24.7 ℃, and the maximum daily temperature range is 26.9 ℃. According to the average temperature, the four seasons of Xuancheng are as follows: March 16 to May 25 in spring, May 26 to September 20 in summer, September 21 to November 20 in autumn and November 21 to March 15 in winter. The average annual growth period is 234 days, the average annual frost free period is 228 days, the longest is 242 days, the shortest is 224 days. The annual average sunshine hours are 1784.1 hours. The duration above 0 ℃ was 355 days. The average annual precipitation is 1429.6 mm. The geographical distribution is characterized by more in the South and less in the north, more in mountainous areas and less in plains. The annual average number of rainfall days is 146 days, with the maximum of 179 days and the minimum of 104 days. The extreme annual maximum rainfall is 2308.2 mm and the extreme annual minimum rainfall is 695.0 mm. The rainfall is concentrated from May to October, with the most in June.
The rivers in Xuancheng belong to the Yangtze River Basin and Qiantang River Basin. There are three major water systems in the Yangtze River Basin: Qingyi River, Shuiyang River and Taihu Lake, and two major water systems in the Qiantang River Basin: Xin'an River and Tianmu river. The main stream of Qingyi River is 87 kilometers long in Xuancheng City, with a drainage area of 3429 square kilometers and an average annual runoff of 2.638 billion cubic meters. The main tributaries are Huishui River, Qinxi River, Hanting River, etc. The main stream of Shuiyang river is 208 kilometers long in Xuancheng City, with a drainage area of 7522 square kilometers. The main tributaries are Langchuan River, Huayang River, Dongjin River, etc. The rivers of Taihu Lake system include Xuhe River and Meizhu River, which are mainly distributed in the eastern part of Ningguo City and the northern part of Langxi County
Chinese PinYin : An Hui Sheng Xuan Cheng Shi
Xuancheng City, Anhui Province
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