Pingchang County Pingchang county belongs to Bazhong City, Sichuan Province. It is located in the northeast of Sichuan Province, at the south foot of Micang mountain. It is adjacent to Wanyuan city and Xuanhan County in the East, Zhou City and Qu county in the south, Yingshan County and Yilong County in the west, Tongjiang County and Bazhou District in the north, between 31 ° 16 '- 31 ° 52' n and 106 ° 15 '- 107 ° 34' E.
Pingchang originated from Pingzhou County in the Western Jin Dynasty. It was renamed Tongchang County in the Northern Zhou Dynasty and Pingchang County in the Republic of China. Pingchang is a key county of national poverty alleviation and development work, a county of contiguous destitute areas in Qinba mountain area, a county of old revolutionary base area in Sichuan Shaanxi Soviet Area, and one of the first pilot counties in Sichuan Province to expand power. The landform of Pingchang county belongs to the Wai mountain area of Sichuan Basin and Daba mountain area, with the overall trend of northwest to Southeast; it belongs to the humid monsoon climate zone of middle subtropical zone, with four distinct seasons, mild climate, abundant rainfall and frequent clouds and fog. Pingchang county has a total area of 2229 square kilometers. As of August 2019, it has jurisdiction over 28 towns, 9 management committees, 3 sub district offices, 393 Village (neighborhood) committees (246 villages and 147 neighborhood committees), with a total population of 1.08 million, an agricultural population of 802900, a cultivated land of 623200 Mu and a forest coverage rate of 54.14%. The built-up area of the county is 17.35 square kilometers, with a permanent resident population of 293300.
In March 2019, it will be listed in the first batch of counties for the protection and utilization of revolutionary cultural relics. In February 2020, the people's Government of Sichuan Province agreed to withdraw Pingchang county from poverty-stricken counties. On July 29, 2020, it will be included in the National Health township (county) naming list of 2017-2019 cycle. On October 9, 2020, it was named as the fourth batch of practice and innovation bases of "green water and green mountains are golden mountains and silver mountains" by the Ministry of ecological environment.
In the first year of Taikang in the Western Jin Dynasty (280), Pingzhou county was set up, belonging to Brazil County, where the Han King Temple (now Longtan Village, Jiangkou Town) was established. It was successively subordinate to Brazil County, Dagu county and Suining County.
In the fourth year of Baoding in the Northern Zhou Dynasty (564), Tongchang county was renamed as Suining County.
In 583, it was changed to Qinghua County, and in 589, it was renamed Guiren county.
In 618, Tang Wude belonged to Bazhou, in the next year, Wanzhou, and in 627, Zhenguan belonged to Bazhou.
In the fourth year of Qiande in the Northern Song Dynasty (966), Guiren county was abandoned and zengkou county was transferred.
In 1245, Xiaoning and xindezhou were built in Yangliu village and Bishan village of jinjiangkou Town, respectively.
In the early Yuan Dynasty, it was transferred to Baoning Prefecture; in the 20th year of the Yuan Dynasty (1283), it was incorporated into Langzhong county.
There was no County in Ming Dynasty, which was subordinate to Bazhou.
In 1729, the seventh year of Yongzheng reign of Qing Dynasty, Jiangkou was divided into prefectures, which were subordinate to Bazhou.
In the second year of the Republic of China (1913), Bazhou changed its name to Bazhong County, and then the Prefecture was renamed Jiangkou county. In June 1933, the Sichuan Shaanxi Soviet established Jiangkou county. After the withdrawal of the Red Army in 1935, the situation returned to the old system and belonged to Bazhong county. In 1946, Pingchang was set up to set up a governing Bureau, named after "Pingzhou" and "Tongchang". In 1948, it was promoted to Pingchang County, the 15th administrative supervision district of Sichuan Province. (Zhida county)
In December 1949, the county was liberated.
In February 1950, it belongs to Daxian District of North Sichuan.
In September 1953, it belongs to Daxian area of Sichuan Province.
Since October 1993, it belongs to Bazhong area of Sichuan Province (now Bazhong City).
In December 2000, Bazhong area was changed into Bazhong City, which belongs to Pingchang county.
As of May 2020, Pingchang county has jurisdiction over TongZhou street, Jinbao Street and Jiangkou street, Xiangtan Town, Xixing Town, Fulou Town, Baiyi Town, Hanshui Town, Yuejia Town, Lancao Town, Sima Town, Yuanshan Town, Yuntai Town, Qiujia Town, Bishan Town, Zhenlong Town, Desheng Town, Lingshan Town, TuXing Town, Wangjing Town, Longgang Town, banmiao Town, nilong Town, Qingyun town and Dazhai town The county government is located at No. 50, east section of Xinping street, Tongzhou street.
Pingchang county is located in the northeast of Sichuan Province, at the south foot of Micang mountain, with Wanyuan city and Xuanhan County in the East, Zhoushi and Quxian in the south, Yingshan County and Yilong County in the west, Tongjiang County and Bazhou District in the north. The county is 69.8 km long from north to South, 69 km wide from east to west, covering a total area of 2229 square kilometers, between 31 ° 16 '- 31 ° 52' n and 106 ° 15 '- 107 ° 34' E.
Pingchang county is located in the mountain area of Daba Mountain, which belongs to the mountainous area of Sichuan Basin. The mountain ranges run from northwest to Southeast, with a slight arc protruding to the southwest. The top of the mountain has a flat top. The highest altitude is 1338.8 meters, the lowest altitude is 350 meters, and the relative elevation difference is 500 meters. Most of the mountains are 700-1000 meters high, and the agricultural land is generally about 700 meters above sea level. The hills in the county are distributed in Baiyi Town, Yuejia Town, Gaofeng Town, Jinlong Town, YUANTUO Town, etc., with an area of 300000 square meters Mu, accounting for 9% of the total area. The shape of the earth's surface is strip-shaped.
Pingchang county is located in the middle subtropical humid monsoon climate zone of Sichuan Basin, with four distinct seasons and mild climate. The average daily temperature for many years is 16.8 ℃, and it can pass stably above 0 ℃ except for the low mountain areas in the north. The precipitation in the county mainly comes from a large amount of water vapor entrained by the Pacific warm air flow, which forms topographic rain under the block and uplift of Daba Mountain; the annual precipitation is more in summer and less in winter, and the phenomenon of drought in winter and spring and waterlogging in summer and autumn often occurs. The annual average sunshine hours in the county is 1366 hours, the annual average evaporation is 1112 mm, the annual fog is more, the wind speed is small, the rainfall is abundant, and the air is humid.
Pingchang county belongs to the Qujiang River system, and the river network density is 0.33 km per square kilometer. The total length of rivers is 747 km, and there are 21 rivers with a drainage area of more than 50 square kilometers, including 11 main rivers with a drainage area of more than 100 square kilometers and 2229.12 square kilometers. The river rises and falls sharply in flood period, with large drop and abundant water energy reserves. Among them, Bahe River originates from the watershed of Yuquan Township, Nanjiang county. From Fuxing Township, Bazhou District, it enters Mulian stream of Shuan Township, passes through Leishan, Lancao, Baiyi and other places to Huangmei stream of Yuanshi Township, and enters Jiangling township. The river basin covers an area of 17666 square kilometers, and the main river course is 79.3 kilometers long. Tonghe river originates from Changliang, guangjiadian Township, Hanzhong City, Shaanxi Province. It enters into Shutan Township from Aiguo Township, Tongjiang County, and flows into Bahe River through Yuntai, Yuanshan, Jiangkou Town, etc. the river is 43.8 km long with a drainage area of 8958 square kilometers.
There are 22 kinds of wild animals, 49 kinds of birds, 43 kinds of amphibians and reptiles, more than 60 kinds of insects and thousands of species in Pingchang county. The forest vegetation in the county mainly belongs to the evergreen broad-leaved forest belt of Pinus massoniana in Daba Mountain, with more than 160 species of trees and shrubs belonging to 50 families.
The natural drop of tongba River in Pingchang county is 33 meters, and there are 19 tributaries with an area of more than 50 square kilometers. The river length in Pingchang county is 341 kilometers, and the theoretical water energy reserve is 33200 kilowatts. The total theoretical reserves in the county are 135100 kW, and the exploitable reserves are 63000 kW, accounting for 47% of the total reserves.
In Pingchang County, there are petroleum structures along the line from Xiangtan to YUANTUO, natural gas in the generation of Xiangtan and Lishan, quartz sand in Jianshan Township, rare metal deposits in Bishan and Qianqiu.
At the end of 2015, the total registered residence of Pingchang county was 1 million 21 thousand and 500. According to gender, there are 535 thousand and 500 men and 486 thousand women. From the perspective of registered residence, there are 795 thousand and 100 agricultural population and 226 thousand and 400 non agricultural population. By the end of 2014, the county had 841500 permanent residents, including 268900 urban residents, an increase of 13600 over the end of 2014. There were 8622 births, with a birth rate of 8.4 ‰, 7445 deaths, with a mortality rate of 7.3 ‰, and a natural growth rate of 1.2 ‰. The main ethnic group in Pingchang county is Han nationality, and the ethnic minorities include Hui, Tibetan, Yi, Zhuang, etc.
In 2015, the GDP of Pingchang County reached 12.129 billion yuan, an increase of 8.3% over 2014 (the same below). Among them, the primary industry achieved 2.057 billion yuan, an increase of 3%, a contribution rate of 6.5% to economic growth, and a pull-up of 0.7%; the secondary industry achieved 6.581 billion yuan, an increase of 8.8%, a contribution rate of 66.8% to economic growth, and a pull-up of 6.8%; the tertiary industry achieved 3.491 billion yuan, an increase of 10.6%; its contribution rate to economic growth was 26.7%, and a pull-up of 2.7% A percentage point. The three industrial structure is 16.96:54.26:28.78.
In 2015, the total output value of agriculture, forestry, animal husbandry and fishery in Pingchang county was 3.926 billion yuan, an increase of 3.9% over 2014 (the same below). Among them, the output value of agriculture, forestry, animal husbandry, fishery, agriculture, forestry, animal husbandry and fishery service industry was 16.29, 73, 18.68, 282 and 74 million yuan respectively, with an increase of 4.1%, 4.9%, 3.4%, 5.5% and 5.6% respectively. The added value of agriculture, forestry, animal husbandry and fishery in the county reached 2.101 billion yuan, an increase of 3%. Among them, the added value of agriculture, forestry, animal husbandry, fishery, agriculture, forestry, animal husbandry and fishery service industry was 9.76, 0.44, 8.63, 1.74 and 0.44 respectively
Chinese PinYin : Si Chuan Sheng Ba Zhong Shi Ping Chang Xian
Pingchang County, Bazhong City, Sichuan Province
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