Bazhou City, Hebei province directly under the central government, Langfang city. Located in the east of Jizhong plain in Hebei Province, it is located in the center of Beijing Tianjin Baotou triangle, and belongs to the urban agglomeration around Beijing Tianjin and Bohai Sea.
It is 80 kilometers from Beijing in the north, 70 kilometers from Tianjin in the East and 65 kilometers from Baoding in the West.
It has a long history. It belongs to Guangyang County in the Qin Dynasty and Yichang County in the Han Dynasty. Bazhou was established in the sixth year of Zhou Xiande (959 AD) after five dynasties. After Jin, yuan, Ming and Qing Dynasties, they were all under the jurisdiction of Zhili. In 1913, the Prefecture was changed into a county, belonging to Jingzhao special zone. In February 1990, the State Council approved the withdrawal of the county to build a city, which opened a new page in Bazhou's history.
Bazhou city is one of the first batch of counties and cities to expand power in Hebei Province. In September 2020, Bazhou city was selected into the list of food industry strong counties (cities, districts) (cultivation type) in Hebei Province.
During the spring and Autumn period (770-476 BC) and the Warring States period (475-221 BC), it belonged to the state of Yan and Guangyang County in the Qin Dynasty.
In the Western Han Dynasty (206-9 B.C.) and the third year of Yongguang (41 B.C.), Yichang Hou state was established in the northeast of the territory, belonging to Zhuo County of Youzhou. It was abolished in the early Eastern Han Dynasty and merged into anci county. Until the Sui Dynasty, it was mainly under the jurisdiction of anci and Fangcheng counties.
In the Tang Dynasty (618-907), the two counties of Xi'an and Gu'an were set up in Wulong county and later changed to Huichang county. In the first year of Tianbao, they were also called Yongqing County, belonging to Fanyang County of Youzhou.
In the Five Dynasties (907-960), Yongqing county was reduced to Qidan in the first year of Tianfu (936), the emperor Gaozu of the later Jin Dynasty. In the sixth year of Xiande (959), the emperor Shizong of the Later Zhou Dynasty conquered Yijin pass, and established Bazhou and Yongqing County in this area. The prefecture and county were governed together.
Song Dynasty (960-1276), the second year of Jingde (1005), renamed xin'anjun, belong to Hebei East Road, Jingyou second year (1035), Yongqing County of Hebei Province into Wen'an County.
In 1167, the Xin'an army was demoted to Xin'an County. In 1189, Yijin pass was set up in Yijin County, and it was the state government. Xin'an and Yijin counties belonged to Bazhou of Zhongdu road at this time.
At the beginning of the Yuan Dynasty (1271-1368), Xin'an County entered Yijin county. In 1263, Yijin county was abolished and merged into Bazhou. In 1265, Yijin county was restored, and then belonged to Dazu Bazhou. In the same year, Baoding county was abolished and merged into Yijin County, which was re established in four years.
In the Ming Dynasty (1368-1644), Yijin county was abandoned and incorporated into Bazhou in the early years of Hongwu; in the seventh year of Hongwu (1374), Baoding County of Zeng province was incorporated into Bazhou, and it was re established in the 13th year. Bazhou was ruled as before, and was attached to Beiping Prefecture first, and then to Shuntian Prefecture.
In the Qing Dynasty (1636-1912), Bazhou succeeded Wen'an, Dacheng and Baoding. In 1728, Bazhou was no longer in charge of the county, and its jurisdiction was similar to that of today's Bazhou. At this time, it belonged to shuntianfu, Zhili Province.
In 1913, Bazhou was reduced to Baxian, still under the jurisdiction of shuntianfu.
In 1914, shuntianfu was changed into Jingzhao special zone, still under the jurisdiction of Bazhou.
In 1928, it directly belonged to Hebei Province.
In 1937, it was divided into the fifth supervision area of Hebei Province.
In 1938, it belonged to the third special area of Jizhong district.
In February 1939, it was changed into the fifth special zone of Jizhong district.
In the summer and autumn of 1940, it was assigned to the North Hebei Office of Beiyue district.
In March 1941, Baxian County, Xincheng County and Xiongxian county formed the second Union County, belonging to the ten special districts of Jizhong district.
In October 1945, the second United county was abolished, and the Ba County was basically restored, belonging to the Tenth Special District of Jizhong district.
From 1946 to 1948, Shengfang and Suqiao, which originally belonged to the northern border area of Wen'an County, were divided into Ba County and renamed shengba County, belonging to the ten special areas of central Hebei.
In August 1949, it was assigned to Tianjin special region of Hebei Province.
On December 20, 1958, Yongqing and Gu'an counties were abolished and merged into Baxian County, which was changed into Tianjin city.
On July 9, 1961, Xiba county was restored to Yongqing county.
On March 27, 1962, Xiba county was restored to Gu'an County. Yong, Gu and Ba returned to Tianjin.
In 1970, Tianjin area was renamed Tianjin area,
On December 2, 1973, it was changed to Langfang area.
In March 1989, Langfang city was changed to take over Baxian county.
In February 1990, Baxian county was changed into Bazhou City, directly under the jurisdiction of Hebei Province.
In February 1990, the county was removed and Bazhou city was established.
In 2005, it was identified as one of the first batch of counties (cities) to expand power by Hebei provincial government.
By 2019, Bazhou has one street, nine towns and three townships: Yuhua street, Bazhou Town, Nanmeng Town, Xin'an Town, tangerli Town, Jianchapu Town, Shengfang Town, yangfenggang Town, Kangxianzhuang Town, wangzhuangzi Town, Chaheji Town, dongyangzhuang town and Dongduan town.
Bazhou is located in the north of the central Hebei Plain, the center of the triangle of Beijing, Tianjin and Baocheng. It is adjacent to Tianjin and Wuqing in the East, Xiongxian in the west, Wen'an in the south, Gu'an, Yongqing and anci in the north. Located at 39.06 n, 116.24 e, covering an area of 784 square kilometers, it is located in the center of the triangle of Beijing, Tianjin and Baoding. It is a city group around Beijing, Tianjin and Bohai. It is 80 kilometers from Beijing in the north, 70 kilometers from Tianjin in the East and 65 kilometers from Baoding in the West.
There are no mountains and hills in the territory, and the terrain is low and flat, gently dipping from northwest to Southeast, with the ground elevation dropping from 11.1 meters to 2.1 meters. According to the different terrain and environment, it can be divided into five types: northwest high area, northeast wind sand area, middle river depression area, overflow depression area and Dongdian flood detention area.
There are three soil types: fluvo aquic soil, swamp soil and meadow soil, among which the fluvo aquic soil is 736 square kilometers, accounting for 92% of the total land area; the swamp soil is 47.2 square kilometers, accounting for 5.9% of the total land area; the meadow soil is only 16.8 square kilometers, accounting for 2.1% of the total land area.
Bazhou has a temperate continental climate, with annual average temperature of 11.5 ℃, relative humidity of 60-80%, annual average precipitation of 543.6 mm, annual sunshine of 2762 hours, alternation of cold and warm, alternation of dry and wet, four distinct seasons, suitable for the growth of various crops.
According to the land statistics in 2006, Bazhou city has 565.5 square kilometers of agricultural land, including 460.1 square kilometers of cultivated land, accounting for 57.5% of the total land area; 16.2 square kilometers of garden land, accounting for 2% of the total land area; 33.4 square kilometers of forest land, accounting for 4.2% of the total land area; 150.5 square kilometers of residential land and industrial and mining land, It accounts for 18.8% of the total land area, 13.9 square kilometers of traffic land, 1.7% of the total land area, 3.7 square kilometers of water conservancy facilities land, 0.5% of the total land area, and 66.7 square kilometers of unused land, 8.3% of the total land area.
Water resources in Bazhou city include surface water and groundwater. (1) The total amount of surface water in the whole city is the sum of transit (including surface runoff from upstream and water diversion in dry season) and precipitation runoff, with an average of 152.056 million cubic meters for many years. (2) Groundwater resources are divided into shallow water and deep water. The annual average total amount of shallow groundwater and deep groundwater is 68.4844 million cubic meters and 37.1149 million cubic meters, and the total amount of groundwater resources is 105.5993 million cubic meters.
Wild plants, including nearly 30 species of wild grasses, such as reed grass, cattail grass, barnyardgrass, and 14 species of wild vegetables, such as purslane, amaranth, laoguajin, etc.
There are nearly 100 kinds of wild animals, such as mammals, amphibians, reptiles, fish, molluscs, annelids, birds and so on. There are also nearly 100 kinds of wild Chinese herbal medicine.
The main mineral resources in Bazhou are oil and natural gas. Clay for brick and tile is widely distributed in the territory, and its buried depth is more than 10 meters below the surface. All of them are Quaternary Holocene modern river and lake depression sediments. (3) In the past, nitrate was mainly produced in urban and rural market towns and northwest rural areas. Its by-products were brine and small salt. Brine was used to make tofu, and small salt was used to replace table salt.
Bazhou city is located between Niutuo town geothermal field and wen'an-suqiao-tangerli geothermal anomaly zone. There are abundant 40-80 ℃ geothermal water in the upper tertiary thermal reservoirs, and 80-110 ℃ geothermal water in Proterozoic and Paleozoic thermal reservoirs, which have good prospects for geothermal development and utilization.
Geothermal is a mineral resource which integrates heat, mineral and water. The upper Tertiary geothermal resources are widely distributed in the North China Plain. It is a set of fluvial facies deposits accepted by the central Hebei area in the depression period in the late Tertiary period. The deposits are thick and widely distributed, and the sandy rocks are rich in water. It is one of the main regional thermal reservoirs and also the geothermal water reservoir in this area. Most areas in the city have underground hot water resources. By the end of 2003, 5 geothermal wells had been drilled for heating, bathing, medical treatment, planting and breeding, etc.
Oil and gas
Bazhou has more than 70 oil wells with an annual output of 15000 tons of crude oil and more than 40 natural gas wells with an annual output of 50 million cubic meters of natural gas.
By the end of 2019, Bazhou has 29 ethnic groups with a total population of 658000 and 8492 ethnic minorities, including 5715 Hui, 2308 Manchu, 191 Mongolian, 136 Korean, and less than 100 other ethnic minorities.
It is estimated that by 2030, the population size of the city will reach nearly 1 million, two in East and West
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