Potou District, a municipal district under the jurisdiction of Zhanjiang City, Guangdong Province. Located in the northeast of Leizhou Peninsula and the East Bank of Zhanjiang Bay, it is located between 109 ° 20 ′ 0 ″ - 110 ° 38 ′ 18 ″ E and 21 ° 5 ′ 29 ″ - 21 ° 26 ′ 57 ″ n, Wuchuan City in the East, Nanhai City in the south, Zhanjiang Bay in the west, Chikan District, Xiashan district and Zhanjiang Economic and Technological Development Zone across the sea, and Lianjiang City in the north. CNOOC West is headquartered in the city.
Potou district is named after Potou Town, which is located on a hillside. The total area is 424 square kilometers, and the registered residence population is 393 thousand and 800 (2010). The District People's government is located in nantiao street. Potou district faces the sea in three directions, with a coastline of 200 km long. There are large areas of beach for development and utilization and shallow sea beach for aquaculture. (general picture source)
In the pre Qin period, Potou belonged to Nanyue, one of the Baiyue tribes. In the Hanshu geography annals, Zan was quoted as saying: "from Jiaozhi to Kuaiji, there are different castes in Baiyue.
In the 33rd year of the first emperor of Qin Dynasty (214 BC), Potou was under the jurisdiction of Xiang county.
The first year of emperor Gaozu of Han Dynasty (206 BC) belongs to the state of South Yue. In the sixth year of Yuanding (111 BC) of Emperor Wu of Han Dynasty, it belonged to Gaoliang County of Hepu County. In 220, the 25th year of Jian'an in the Eastern Han Dynasty, it belonged to Gaoliang county.
The fifth year of Wu Huangwu in the Three Kingdoms (226) belongs to Gaoliang County, Guangzhou.
In 471, the seventh year of emperor Taishi of the song and Ming Dynasties belonged to Pingding County, Gaoliang county.
In 589, Emperor Wen of the Sui Dynasty belonged to Wuchuan County, and in October 1899, the 25th year of Daoguang of the Tang, song, yuan, Ming and Qing Dynasties belonged to Wuchuan County.
On October 14, the 25th year of Daoguang reign in the Qing Dynasty (November 16, 1899), the French colonists coerced the Qing government into signing the Sino French Canton Bay concession treaty, which included today's Potou, Nansan and Qiantang towns and two sub district offices of Maxie and nantiao. Today's Longtou town and Guandu town still belong to Wuchuan County.
In the early Republic of China, Longtou and Guandu were the fourth and eighth districts of Wuchuan respectively. In 1937, the two-level system of autonomy was implemented in the whole province, with county as the first level and township as the first level. Wuchuan set up Longtou and Shimen townships in Potou. In March 1943, Japan occupied Guangzhou Bay, and the French leased land fell into the rule of Japanese invaders. In the 34th year of the Republic of China (August 1945), after the surrender of Japan, the national government regained Guangzhou Bay and set up Zhanjiang City in 1946.
In December 1949, Zhanjiang City was liberated. Longtou (including Guandu) belonged to the seventh district of Wuchuan County; Potou (including Qiantang, MAXIE and nantiao) and Nansan were called the coastal area of suburbs.
In April 1952, Binhai District was abolished, and the jurisdiction was assigned to Wuchuan County, which was divided into Potou district and Nansan district. Potou district was the eighth district and Nansan district was the ninth district. However, Tiaodeng and MAXIE of Nansan still belong to the suburbs of Zhanjiang City. At the end of 1952, Leidong county was set up in Zhanjiang City. In December 1953, Nansan (including Tiaodeng and Beiya townships) was put under the jurisdiction of Leidong county.
In September 1958, Leidong county was abolished, and the southern third district was changed to a suburb of Zhanjiang City. In the same month, Wuchuan County became a commune, with the leading group named Chaoying commune and Potou called Hongqi commune. In October of the same year, Potou (including Qiantang and nantiao) and Longtou (including Guandu) were transferred from Wuchuan county to the suburb of Zhanjiang City.
In August 1970, the suburbs were abolished and Nansan, Potou and Longtou were directly under the jurisdiction of the municipal Revolutionary Committee. In January 1973, the Guangdong Provincial Committee of the Communist Party of China approved the restoration of the suburbs, and the four communes in Potou district were put under the jurisdiction of the suburbs.
In September 1983, prefectures and cities were merged and the system of city governing county was implemented. Potou District, Longtou District, Guandu District, Nansan district and Qiantang District, which were originally under the jurisdiction of the suburbs, were newly established as the municipal district system.
In 1984, the two townships of Maxie and Maxin were divided into Potou district from Haitou district. In May 1985, the office of Maxie sub district was set up. In October 1985, nantiao sub district office was set up from Potou district (District Office).
In the Ming Dynasty, Potou was under the jurisdiction of Wuchuan County, Gaozhou Prefecture. South Yidu: Ma Xie, Wan Wu, Jiu you, Lu Xi, Liu Shui Shi, Tang Bo, Shan Zhu Dai, Xiu Gan, Jia Jin. < li > < li > the southern two capitals have jurisdiction over Maohui, Qiantang, mirin, huangzhuyi, Yatang, Shanyuan, Dapo, Tangning, Wucun, Boli, tiaohao, Mashui, Madeng, Lancun, Zhouyong, Dongzao, Mocun and Manzhou. < li > < li > the three southern capitals have jurisdiction over Diju, Xinzao, Majian, Mashui, Hucun, Techeng, Xietong, Xingou, Xinchang, Fengnian, ditou, Malong, Malian, Tiantou, Qingzhou, guangzhouwan, Beiya and muwei. With the approval of Guangdong Provincial People's government, Potou District of Zhanjiang City was established on September 1, 1984 as a county-level municipal district. Its subordinate divisions include 5 district offices, 48 townships, 3 towns (small towns) (excluding Dengta street, Nanyou No.1, No.2, No.3, No.4 and No.5 living quarters), 336 villagers' committees and 778 nature reserves Village. District directly under the Central Government: Ma Xie, Ma Xin. < ol > < li > Potou district government governs 10 townships (towns): Potou Town, Gaoshan, Boli, Qianjin, Wuhe, Minyou, cenxia, Madeng, Tangbo, Xintang; < li > < li > Longtou district government governs 8 townships (towns): Longtou Town, Mocun, dengwu, Luxi, shangmeng, Shangwei, Shiwo, Longtou, Lvshui; < li > < li > Guandu District government governs 8 townships (towns): Guandu town, shanzui, Gaoling Huangtong, Beitou, Shimen, Dadong, Mafeng; < / Li > < li > six townships (towns) under the jurisdiction of Qiantang District Government: Qiantang Town, sanpian, Gaoling, Nanzhai, Shacheng, sanhewo; < / Li > < li > ten townships (towns) under the jurisdiction of Nansan District Government: tiantouwei, Xinnan, Dengta, Guangming, Baisha, Nanmi, Wuli, Badong, Donghu, Nanjiao; < / Li > < ol > in 1984, two townships, maxii and Maxin, came from Haihe in the suburbs Potou district is under the jurisdiction of Potou district.
With the approval of the Municipal People's government, the MAXIE sub district office was set up in July 1985. In October of the same year, the south water diversion project was separated from the Potou District Office to set up the sub district office. Nantiao sub district office governs 4 townships: Madong, nantiao, Linkou and Maxi; MAXIE sub district office governs 2 townships: MAXIE and Maxin.
In March 1987, Lantian township was set up from Baisha Township, Malong township was set up from Nanmi Township, Haifeng township was set up from Guangming township; in the same month, the district was removed and the town was built, and the village (residents) committee was set up. Potou district has 5 Town People's governments, 2 sub district offices, 48 Village (neighborhood) committees and 6 neighborhood committees.
In October 1987, Shimen village committee was divided into Shimen village committee, Lingwei village committee and Xincun village committee.
In June 1988, Gaoshan was separated from shanzui village committee to establish Gaoshan village committee, which was subordinate to Guandu town.
In September 1989, mirin separated from Qiantang village committee and established mirin village committee. It belongs to Qiantang town.
In November 1989, Maxin, Zhangwu and Huangwu were merged into Maxin village committee, which was subordinate to MAXIE sub district office.
In 1990, the town set up a management area. There are 57 management areas and 553 villagers' committees in 2 sub district offices of 5 towns in Potou district.
In May 1991, Qianjin management was divided into three management areas, Qianjin, Wucun and Tangwei, all belonging to Potou town. In August 1992, Longtou residents committee was set up from Longtou management area.
In January 1995, with the consent of the Municipal People's government, Longtou town set up an immigration management area. In June 1996, the mountain pond was separated from the green water management area and set up a mountain pond management area.
In 1996, Potou District governed 5 towns, 2 streets, 62 administrative districts and 602 villages.
In June 1998, with the approval of Potou District People's government, Haidong residents committee was set up, which is subordinate to nantiao sub district office.
In July 1999, Quanjing village committee was set up from the village committee of Mo Village, which is subordinate to Longtou town.
In 1999, the reform of rural management system was carried out, the management area was abolished and the villagers' committee was set up again. Potou district has 59 villagers' committees and 5 residents' committees.
In May 2002, with the approval of the District People's government, five neighborhood committees including Guandu, Longtou, Potou, Haidong and MAXIE were abolished, and five community residents committees including Guandu, Longtou, Potou, Haidong and MAXIE were set up; Nansan community residents committee was set up; Sanhe Village Committee and sanwowei were merged to set up Sanhe community residents committee.
In 2002, there were 58 villagers' committees and 7 community residents' committees in 5 towns and 2 streets under the jurisdiction of Potou district.
In 2012, Potou district has jurisdiction over 2 streets and 5 towns: nantiao street, MAXIE street, Potou Town, Longtou Town, Qiantang Town, Nansan town and Guandu town, 8 communities, 51 resident groups, 58 villages, 791 villager groups and 782 natural villages.
Potou District of Zhanjiang City is located in the southwest of Guangdong Province, the northeast of Leizhou Peninsula and the East Bank of Zhanjiang Bay. It spans 109 ° 20 '- 110 ° 18' e and 21 ° 5 '- 21 ° 26' n. It is adjacent to Wuchuan City in the East, Nanhai in the south, Zhanjiang Bay in the west, Chikan District, Xiashan District, Zhanjiang Economic and Technological Development Zone and Suixi County across the sea, and Lianjiang City in the north. The maximum horizontal distance from east to west is 20.6 km, and the maximum vertical distance from north to south is 40 km. The total land area is 613 square kilometers, and the coastline is 192 km.
Chinese PinYin : Guang Dong Sheng Zhan Jiang Shi Po Tou Qu
Potou District, Zhanjiang City, Guangdong Province
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