Weifang Weifang, formerly known as Weizhou and Weixian, also known as Yuandu, is a prefecture level city in Shandong Province and a regional central city of Shandong Peninsula Urban Agglomeration approved by the State Council. As of 2018, the city has four districts, two counties and six county-level cities under its jurisdiction, with a total area of 15859 square kilometers. By the end of 2019, the city has a permanent resident population of 9.3515 million, an urban population of 5.814 million, and an urbanization rate of 62.18%. The total retail sales of social consumer goods in the city is 270.27 billion yuan.
Weifang City is located in the west of Shandong Peninsula. It spans 118 ° 10 ′～ 120 ° 01 ′ E and 35 ° 41 ′～ 37 ° 26 ′ n. The climate belongs to warm temperate monsoon semi humid continental climate. The landform of the city forms several steps from north to south, from low to high. Weifang is the kite capital of the world. It has been awarded the national environmental protection model city, National Health City, National Garden City, national food safety model city, international peace city, national civilized city, excellent tourism city in China, charming city with Chinese characteristics, national advanced city in science and technology, national circular economy model city, national double support model city and China's happiest city Gancheng, one of China's top 100 foreign trade cities, won the China Human Settlements award. On October 20, 2020, it was rated as the national model city (county) of double support.
On April 2, 2018, the Ministry of science and technology and the national development and Reform Commission released a list of new batch of cities to support the construction of innovative cities, among which 17 cities were selected and Weifang was listed. In January 2018, Weifang was selected as the first demonstration city for social credit system construction, and in December, 2018 Chinese mainland's best prefecture level city sixth. In 2019, Shandong Province will build a new smart city as a pilot city.
In the Xia and Shang Dynasties, there were several feudal states in the territory, such as Zhen Guan, Zhen Yi, Han, Sanshou, etc.
At the beginning of the Zhou Dynasty, King Wu granted the state a state, granted Taigong to look at Qi, and duyingqiu (in Changle).
In the spring and Autumn period, the municipal districts once belonged to Qi, Lu, Qi, Ju and other states. During the Warring States period, most of the present territory belonged to Qi, while Wulian and Zhucheng belonged to Lu.
In the Qin Dynasty, Weifang belonged to Jiaodong County, Linzi county and Langya county.
In the Western Han Dynasty, the city was under the jurisdiction of the governor Department of Qingzhou and Xuzhou, belonging to Beihai County, Langya county and Qijun County, and three countries of sterchuan state, Gaomi state and Jiaodong state, with a total of 53 counties.
In the Eastern Han Dynasty, Weifang was under the jurisdiction of Beihai, Le'an, Qi and Langya.
During the Three Kingdoms period, the city was the territory of Wei, belonging to Qingzhou and Xuzhou, Beihai and Qi, and Le'an, Chengyang and Dongguan, with a total of 20 counties.
In the period of Jin Dynasty and sixteen states, Hou Zhao, Qian Yan, Qian Qin and Hou Yan occupied the city in turn. In the year of 400 (the fourth year of Long'an in the Eastern Jin Dynasty), the land belonged to Nanyan. In the stable period of 282 (the third year of Taikang in the Western Jin Dynasty), the city belonged to Qingzhou and Xuzhou, Beihai and Le'an, Chengyang and Dongguan.
In the northern and Southern Dynasties, Weifang was located in the city. In the Southern Dynasty, it belonged to Liu Song, while in the Northern Dynasty, it belonged to Yuan Wei.
In the Sui Dynasty, the city belonged to Beihai, Gaomi and Langya counties.
In the Tang Dynasty, the administrative establishment in 741 (the 29th year of Kaiyuan in the Tang Dynasty) was taken as the criterion. The city was located in Henan Dao, Qingzhou and Mizhou.
In the Northern Song Dynasty, the city was located in Jingdong East Road, Qingzhou, Weizhou and Mizhou.
Jin, the city was Shandong East Road, home Yidu Fu and Wei, MI 2 states.
Yuan, the city is located in Shandong dongxidaoxuanweisi, Zhongshu Province, set Yidu road.
In the Ming Dynasty, Qingzhou government and Laizhou government were set up in the city, which belonged to the Department of Shandong Chengxuan.
In Qing Dynasty, the city was under the jurisdiction of Qingzhou Prefecture, Laizhou Prefecture and Yizhou Prefecture, belonging to Shandong Province.
During the period of the Republic of China, Weixian County, Changyi County, Gaomi County, Yidu County, Shouguang County, Changle County, Linqu County, Anqiu County and Zhucheng County belonged to Jiaodong Road (located in Yantai).
In 1925 (14 years of the Republic of China), laijiao road and Ziqing road were rezoned. Weixian County, Changyi County, Gaomi County, Anqiu County, Zhucheng county and Changle County were under laijiao road; Shouguang County, Yidu county and Linqu County were under Ziqing road.
In 1927 (the 16th year of the Republic of China), all counties (cities, districts) within the city were directly under the jurisdiction of Shandong Province.
In 1943, Gaomi County belonged to Nanhai special office of Jiaodong administrative region; Lindong, Linqu, Anqiu and Huai'an counties belonged to Yishan special office of Luzhong administrative region; Yidu County belonged to Lushan special office of Luzhong administrative region; Changyi, Shouguang and Shouwei counties belonged to Qinghe Special Office of Qingdong administrative region; zangma County belonged to binzhong special office of Binhai District (equivalent to special office); zhujubian belonged to Binbei special office of Binhai District Executive district; the director's office directly under Yishou Linguang four side office.
In August 1945, Shandong provincial government was established. At that time, four counties in the city, namely Weibei, Weinan, Changbei and Changnan, belonged to the Xihai special office of Jiaodong administrative office; Jiaogao County belonged to the Nanhai special office of Jiaodong administrative office; Lindong, Linqu, Anqiu and Huai'an belonged to Yishan special Office of Luzhong administrative office; Yidu County belonged to Lushan special office of Luzhong administrative office; Wei County, Shouguang county and Yishou Lingguang County belonged to the fifth special office of Bohai administrative office Gaomi and Zhucheng belong to the first special office of Binhai Administrative Office (Binbei); zangma belongs to the second special office of Binhai administrative office.
In the spring of 1946, Changyi County, Weixian County, Weinan county and Changnan County belonged to the Xihai District of Jiaodong administrative office, Jiaogao county still belonged to the Nanhai District; Linqu County, Huai'an County, Anqiu County, Changle County and Yidu County belonged to the third special office of Luzhong Administrative Office (Yishan District); Shouguang County, Yishou county and Yangjiaogou city belonged to the third special office of Bohai Administrative Office (Qinghe District); Zhucheng County, zangma county and Gaomi County belonged to the first special office of Binhai administrative office Special department (Binbei District).
Wulian County was established on May 12, 1947, belonging to Jiaodong administrative office and Binbei special office.
On April 27, 1948, Weixian county was liberated, and on April 29, Weifang special city was established. In June 1949, Weifang special city was renamed Weifang City, which is still a provincial city.
In June 1948, Changwei district was established and stationed in Changle. Jurisdiction Changle, Weixian, Anqiu, Shounan, Yilin 5 counties.
In December 1948, Yidu County, which is directly under the provincial government, was assigned to Changwei district. In July of the next year, the Special Administrative Region moved to Yidu.
After the founding of the people's Republic of China on October 1, 1949, Weifang City from 1949 to 1988, the prefecture level administrative construction mainly includes Changwei District, Changwei region, Weifang region, Weifang City, and the following leading counties.
In 1950, Weifang City was abolished; in 1959, Weifang City was rebuilt as a county-level city, belonging to Changwei special office.
In June 1949, Weian County, qiunan county and Linqu County under the jurisdiction of the three special offices in central and southern Shandong were assigned to Changwei district.
On May 25, 1950, Changwei district was moved from Yidu to Weifang. The three counties of Changyi, Changnan and Weibei under the jurisdiction of Xihai special office of Jiaodong District, and the two counties of Shouguang and Yishou under the jurisdiction of Qinghe Special Office of Bohai district were included in Changwei district.
In July 1952, Yilin, Yishou and Wei'an counties were abolished.
On July 24, 1953, Linzi County under the jurisdiction of the former Zibo special district was assigned to Changwei special district. At the same time, Weibei, qiunan and Shounan counties were abolished.
In March 1955, Boshan county was divided into Changwei district from Zibo City. In 1956, Jiaozhou district was abolished. Jiaoxian County, Jiaonan County, zangma County, Wulian County, Zhucheng County, Gaomi County and Pingdu County of Laiyang district are included in Changwei district. In the same year, zangma county was abolished and Changnan county was merged into Changyi county.
In October 1958, Weixian county was merged into Weifang City (county level), Boshan District into Zibo District, Linzi into Yidu County, Jiaonan and Jiaoxian into Qingdao city.
In 1961, Jiaonan and Jiaoxian returned to Changwei. Linzi, Weixian restore the original system, still belong to Changwei district.
On March 13, 1967, Changwei district was changed into Changwei district. Weifang City (county level) and Yidu, Changyi, Gaomi, Zhucheng, Changle, Linqu, Shouguang, Anqiu, Weixian, Wulian, Pingdu, Jiaoxian, Jiaonan, Linzi 14 counties.
In December 1969, Linzi county was assigned to Zibo City.
Huangdao District was added in 1977, belonging to Changwei district.
In 1978, Jiaonan, Jiaoxian and Huangdao were assigned to Qingdao. Changwei area jurisdiction: Weifang City (county) and Yidu, Changle, Anqiu, Linqu, Weixian, Shouguang, Changyi, Gaomi, Zhucheng, Wulian, Pingdu 11 counties.
In July 1981, Changwei area was renamed Weifang Area, and its counties (cities) remained unchanged.
In October 1983, the organizational system of Weifang area was abolished, and the provincial (prefecture level) city was rebuilt. The name of Weifang was used, and the system of city governing county was implemented. At the same time, Pingdu County belongs to Qingdao city. Weifang City (county level) and Weixian county are divided into three districts: Weicheng, Hanting and Fangzi, and nine counties are Yidu, Shouguang, Changle, Linqu, Changyi, Gaomi, Anqiu, Zhucheng and Wulian.
In March 1986, Yidu county was abolished and Qingzhou City was established; in July 1987, Zhucheng county was abolished and Zhucheng city was established; in 1992, Wulian County was assigned to Rizhao City; in June 1993, Shouguang county was abolished and Shouguang City was established; in January 1994, Anqiu County was abolished and Anqiu City was established; in May 1994, Gaomi County was abolished and Gaomi City was established; in May 1994, some villages were assigned from Weicheng and Hanting and Kuiwen District was added; in June 1994, Changchang county was abolished Changyi County, set up Changyi city.
As of 2016, Weifang has jurisdiction over four districts, six cities and two counties, including Kuiwen District, Weicheng District, Hanting district and Fangzi District, Qingzhou City, Zhucheng City, Shouguang City, Anqiu City, Gaomi City, Changyi City, Changle County and Linqu County, as well as four municipal development zones, including high-tech Industrial Development Zone, Binhai Economic and Technological Development Zone, Xiashan Ecological Economic Development Zone and comprehensive bonded zone. The municipal government is located at 99 Shengli East Street, Kuiwen District. The city has jurisdiction over 62 towns and 56 sub district offices.
Weifang City is located in the middle of Shandong Peninsula, which spans 35 ° 32 'to 37 ° 26 N and 118 ° 10 to 12 E
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