Xiaohan is the 23rd of the 24 solar terms, the fifth in winter, the end of the Ganzhi calendar month and the beginning of the ugly month. Bucket finger; The solar yellow meridian is 285 °; The festival is handed in on January 5-7 of the Gregorian calendar every year. The cold air is cold for a long time. The slight cold means that the weather is cold but not to the extreme. It is the solar term indicating the change of temperature, just like the great cold, slight heat, great heat and summer. The characteristic of the solar term of light cold is cold, but it is not cold to the extreme.
In the mild cold season, the direct point of the sun is still in the southern hemisphere, and the heat in the northern hemisphere is still lost. The heat absorbed during the day is still less than that released at night, so the temperature in the northern hemisphere continues to decrease. After the winter solstice, the cold air frequently goes south, the temperature continues to decrease, and the temperature drops to the lowest during the slight and severe cold of the year. As a folk saying goes, "a little cold is at 239, and the sky is cold and the earth is cold to shake", which shows the cold degree of the solar term of little cold.
According to China's long-term meteorological records, the solar terms of mild cold are colder than those of severe cold in the north, and there is a saying that "mild cold is better than severe cold" in the north; However, for some areas in the south, the annual minimum temperature will still appear in the cold solar term.
Chinese PinYin : Xiao Han
As for the origin of the name of the solar term of Xiaohan, it is explained in the collection of the 72 seasons of the moon: "on the December Festival, the cold at the beginning of the month is still small, so the cloud is big at the half of the month." Light cold means that the air conditioner has been cold for a long time. It means that the weather is cold but not to the extreme. It is the solar term indicating the change of temperature, like great cold, slight heat, great heat and summer. The characteristic of the solar term of light cold is cold, but it is not cold to the extreme. After the winter solstice, the cold air frequently goes south, the temperature continues to decrease, and the temperature drops to the lowest during the slight and severe cold of the year.
The weather characteristic of Xiaohan is that it is getting colder and not yet very cold. In the light cold season, the direct point of the sun is still in the southern hemisphere, and the heat in the northern hemisphere is still lost. The heat absorbed during the day is still less than that released at night, so the temperature in the northern hemisphere continues to decrease. There are great differences in climate between North and South China. According to China's long-term meteorological records, the solar terms of mild cold are colder than those of severe cold in northern China; However, for most parts of the south, the severe cold solar term is colder than the minor cold solar term.
In the small cold solar term, the East Asian Trough develops the most powerful and stable, the Mongolian cold high pressure and Aleutian low pressure also reach the most powerful and stable, and the scale of the westerly trough ridge reaches the maximum and matches with the strongest westerly intensity. The cooling process of cold air in the light cold solar term is frequent, but not many reach the cold wave standard.
In northern China, there is a saying that "a little cold is better than a big cold, which is common and not rare", which means that the solar term of a little cold is colder than that of a big cold. This is not unusual. The light cold is generally in the period from February 9 to March 9. The light cold is the coldest period of the year in northern China. After the light cold, the cold air temperature rises slightly. The coldest weather in southern China is on April 9, which is colder than March 9. It is within the solar term of severe cold at April 9, and the severe cold in southern China is colder than the mild cold.
As a folk saying goes, "a little cold is at 239, and the sky is cold and the earth is cold to shake", which shows the cold degree of the solar term of little cold. In the light cold season, most parts of China have entered a severe cold period. The soil is frozen and the rivers are frozen. In addition, the cold air from the North continues to go south and the weather is cold. People call it "count nine cold days". In southern China, although it is not as cold as in the north, the temperature has also decreased significantly. In the south, the coldest time is between mild cold and severe cold and between rain and waking insects. It is dry and cold in the light cold, but wet and cold after the rain.
In ancient China, "Xiaohan" was divided into three periods: "first, Yanbei Township, second, magpies begin to nest, and third, pheasants begin to Robin." The ancients believed that wild geese in migratory birds migrated along Yin and Yang. At this time, Yang Qi has moved, so wild geese began to migrate north; At this time, magpies can be seen everywhere in the north, and they feel the Yang and begin to build nests; The "Robin" of "pheasant robin" means singing. Pheasants will feel the growth of Yang when they are close to 49.
According to the statistics of climate data, the coldest time of the year in most of northern China is the middle of January of the Gregorian calendar (10-20 days); The annual mild cold solar term starts from January 5-7, with a solar term of about 15 days, which is just within the mild cold solar term in the middle of the year; Therefore, for most parts of the north, the slight cold is indeed colder than the severe cold. But for most parts of the south, it is the coldest during the cold solar term; The severe cold solar term generally starts from January 20 (late January), which is the coldest time of the year in the south.
Due to the large span of China's north and South regions, different regions will have different agricultural production in the same small cold solar terms. In the north, there is not much farm work in most areas, and winter break is carried out. The main task is to keep warm in vegetable cellars and livestock houses at home, and make fertilizer. In the south, winter fertilizer should be applied to wheat, rape and other crops. In Hainan and most parts of South China, it is mainly to do a good job in cold prevention and antifreeze, composting and water conservancy. Mild cold and severe cold are the periods with the least rain in a year.
Laba Festival, that is, the 8th day of December of the lunar calendar, is also known as "magic weapon Festival", "Buddha Chengdao Festival", "Chengdao society" and so on. It was originally a Buddhist festival to commemorate the completion of Sakyamuni Buddha, and later gradually became a folk festival. Laba Festival is mainly popular in northern China. The festival custom is to drink Laba porridge.
Eat glutinous rice
In Guangzhou, Xiao Han eats glutinous rice this morning. Glutinous rice is not just as simple as cooking glutinous rice. It will be accompanied by fried "cured meat" (commonly known as "cured meat" in Cantonese), coriander, scallion and other materials. It tastes very fragrant. "Cured meat" is essential for cooking glutinous rice. On the one hand, it has high fat content and cold resistance; On the other hand, glutinous rice itself is sticky and has a strong smell. It needs to be mixed with some oil to taste delicious.
Count 99 for the winter
Counting nine, also known as winter nine, is an ancient folk method of calculating cold days. The method of counting the number of nine to calculate the cold weather is handed down by word of mouth in China. There is history and lack of records. As for the origin, there is no exact data. Count Nine Songs: "no action in 1929, walk on the ice in 3949, look at the willows along the river in 5969, the river opens in 799, the swallow comes in 899, and the plowing cattle go everywhere."
A little cold, a big cold, frozen into a ball.
Little cold, big cold, ready for the new year.
A little cold without rain, a little summer will be dry.
Small cold, big cold, cold into ice mass.
A little cold is not cold, Qingming mire.
Little cold and great cold make drops of water ice.
A little cold is not a great cold.
It's a little cold and hot, but don't say it's a big cold.
Light cold and warm, spring snow.
A little cold makes a sting warm.
It was cold and rainy, and the rain froze the seedlings.
Light cold and rainy, the rain awakens the insects and freezes the seedlings to death.
The cold is in March and September, and the heat is in the middle.
La Qi La Ba, go out and freeze.
La Qi La Ba, freeze to death dry duck.
La Qi La Ba, frozen feet.
Three nine, four nine, freeze broken mortar.
There is heavy snow every year, not on March 9, but on April 9.
There is no snow on March 9 and April 9, and there is drought on May 9 and June 9.
The third white in the twelfth lunar month will harvest wheat next year.
Every family has wheat in the third white day of the twelfth lunar month.
"Remote and Kang records, Li Shiyu calyx, little cold food night, re collection of Kang's garden" Tang Jiaoran
How often do you eat cold food? You should be afraid of Liufang and don't wait for others.
The poetry of Aizhi book has been elegant, and the wine name is new.
The court Wu is dark, bearing double shoes, and the forest flower leifei sprinkles a towel.
Who can see Nai garden in the season, but also hold green tea to enjoy the late spring.
"Xiao Han" Tang Yuan Zhen
Xiao Han connects Da LV and Huan magpie builds a new nest.
Pick up food and look for the bend of the river, holding purple around the tree tops.
The frost Eagle heads near the north, and the pheasant is hidden in the grass.
Don't blame Yan ningche. It's the first month of spring and winter.
Five quatrains before and after Dou yuan's drunkenness song, Chen Yuyi
The east wind blows, the rain is light and cold, the willows and flying flowers are disorderly, and the evening is fine.
From now on, the guest son is hateful. There is a warbler in Dou's home.
Under the early bamboo song Fan Chengda
End the morning dress and break the Xiaohan, and chat across the saddle.
It's thin and light fog. Look at the overlapping mountains.
Bisui blows smoke when the tree is straight, and the green streaked stream takes advantage of the bend of the bridge.
The pure birds are singing like greeting guests. They are feeling without thinking.
"Hibiscus in front of the window" by Fan Chengda in Song Dynasty
Hard work alone flowers break the little cold, and the flower heart should be like a guest's heart.
More by the young women stay, did not make a sad look.
Light rain: Lu You in Song Dynasty
The air is very turbid after Bu, and the moon is still bright at dusk.
When the light rain blew suddenly, I felt a little cold.
The tree finch has settled, and the grass root insects have chirped.
Call the child to take half his arm, and I want to walk along the steps.
Lu Xiaoyou in Song Dynasty
The horizontal forest shakes down and makes a small pill, and the deep courtyard is depressed and makes a small cold.
The autumn air is already high and gratifying, and the old bosom feels more than happy.
At the beginning of the deer's departure from its mother, the spot is still shallow, and the orange is still sour after frost.
If you drink a little and enjoy your feet, you don't have to wear and decadent your crown?
"After the Double Ninth Festival, the wind and rain continued, so he wrote three songs of Xiaohan" song · Lu You
The sick body remains happy, that is, the new autumn, and the residual summer heat resists death for no reason.
Although the wind and rain are swept away quickly, the withering year has fallen, which is worrying.
Xiao Han Wu Ou Ting
All the flowers are not in time for glory, and the cold and beautiful guests in Zhangzhou come to Yi.
Xiaohan has only plum dumplings and no spring shoots.
As the saying goes, "winter practice three nine", the solar term of Xiaohan is in the "three nine" day, "three nine" day refers to the beginning of the winter solstice solar term. Nine days are a cycle, of which the 10th to 18th days are called "two nine", the 19th to 27th days are called "three nine", and so on. Xiaohan solar term is in the period of "February 9th" and "March 9th", which can be said to be the coldest time of the year. It is also a good time for people to strengthen physical exercise and improve their physical quality.
Chinese medicine believes that cold is the main gas in winter, and mild cold is the coldest season of the year. Cold is Yin evil, which is easy to hurt the Yang Qi of the human body. Cold is the main source of stagnation. Therefore, although Xiaohan's health preservation includes many contents, the basic principle is still the motto in the Yellow Emperor's Internal Classic: "Yang in spring and summer, Yin in autumn and winter." In winter, when all things are collected, health preservation should comply with the trend of natural collection, collect Yin essence, make essence and Qi gather, and moisten the five internal organs. In winter, the function of the kidney is strong, which can adjust the body to adapt to the changes of severe winter. Therefore, a very important point of winter health preservation is "nourishing the kidney and preventing cold".
Although this season is the best time to "tonic", tonic is not enough to eat a lot of tonics. It must be targeted. According to the theory of traditional Chinese medicine, tonic can be divided into four categories: tonifying Qi, blood, yin and Yang.
Tonifying Qi is mainly aimed at the constitution of qi deficiency
In case of sweating, mental fatigue and uterine prolapse after exercise, red ginseng, red jujube, Atractylodes macrocephala, Beiqi, Huaishan and Schisandra chinensis should be used.
Blood tonifying is mainly aimed at blood deficiency constitution
For example, dizziness, palpitation, insomnia, sallow complexion, pale lips, low menstrual volume and light color of women, Angelica sinensis, radix rehmanniae, Radix Paeoniae Alba, donkey hide gelatin and Radix Polygoni Multiflori should be used.
Tonifying Yin for yin deficiency constitution
For signs such as night sweats, low fever in the afternoon, flushed cheeks, hand and foot heart heat, and increased leucorrhea in women, Cordyceps sinensis, white ginseng, sand ginseng, asparagus, turtle shell, turtle shell, white fungus, etc. should be used.
Tonifying yang for Yang deficiency constitution
For signs such as cold hands and feet, fear of cold, sour waist and low sexual function, you can choose pilose antler, Eucommia ulmoides, Cistanche deserticola, Morinda officinalis, etc. For the constitution of yin deficiency and Yang prosperity, Cordyceps sinensis, Dendrobium, Radix Adenophorae, polygonatum odoratum and Euryale ferox should be selected, which should be supplemented with meat and poultry pot and stewed soup. The folk proverb also says, "if you move in winter, you will have less illness; if you are lazy in winter, you will drink more medicine." This shows the importance of winter exercise.
Lesser Cold (Xiao Han)
The beginning of spring. Li Chun
rain. Yu Shui
Vernal equinox. Chun Fen
Lixia. Li Xia
grain full. Xiao Man
Mangrove seed. Mang Zhong
the summer solstice. Xia Zhi
Great heat. Da Shu
Heat treatment. Chu Shu
Cold dew. Han Lu
The winter solstice, also known as the South solstice, winter festival and Asian year old, has both natural and humanistic connotations. It is not only an important solar term in the 24 solar terms, but also a traditional ancestor worship festival among C. Dong Zhi
Xiaohan is the 23rd of the 24 solar terms, the fifth in winter, the end of the Ganzhi calendar month and the beginning of the ugly month. Bucket finger; The solar yellow meridian is 285 °; The festival is handed in on January 5-7 of the Gregorian calendar. Xiao Han