Light snow is the 20th of the 24 solar terms and the second solar term in winter. It is on November 22 or 23 of the Gregorian calendar, that is, when the sun reaches 240 ° of the Yellow meridian. Light snow is a solar term reflecting precipitation and temperature. It is a solar term with high activity frequency of cold wave and strong cold air. The arrival of the light snow solar term means that the weather will be colder and colder and the precipitation will increase gradually.
The reason why this solar term is called light snow is that "Snow" is the product of cold weather. The climate during this solar term is not deep and the precipitation is not large. Therefore, "light snow" is used to describe the climate characteristics during this solar term. "Light snow" is a metaphor, which reflects the active cold current and increasing precipitation during this solar term, not a small amount of snow under this solar term.
In the light snow solar term, a relatively stable meridional circulation has been established in East Asia. There are often low-pressure or low trough in Siberia. When moving eastward, there will be large-scale cold air going south, and there will be large-scale gale cooling weather in Southeast China.
|Chinese name||Xiao Xue|
|Representative moral||The activity frequency of cold wave and strong cold air is high|
|Gregorian time||November 21, 22 or 23 of the Gregorian calendar|
|Ecliptic position||The sun reaches 240 ° of the Yellow meridian|
|Climatic characteristics||The cold air goes south and the temperature drops|
|Phenological phenomenon||A waiting rainbow is hidden; Second, the weather is rising and the earth atmosphere is falling; Three seasons are blocked and winter comes|
|Agricultural activities||Vegetable storage, fallow sideline|
|traditional custom||Marinate bacon and taste Ciba|
|Living and health preservation||Reasonable diet, warming and tonifying the kidney|
Chinese PinYin : Xiao Xue
"Filial piety Jingwei" said: "on the 15th day after (the beginning of winter), fighting refers to the sea, which is light snow. Heaven and earth accumulate Yin, temperature is rain, and cold is snow. It is said that when it is small, the cold is not deep, but the snow is not big." The light snow solar term is a climate concept, which represents the climate characteristics during the light snow solar term. Climate elements include precipitation, temperature, light and so on, among which precipitation is an important element of climate. Light snow is a solar term that reflects the change trend of temperature and precipitation. In meteorology, rain, snow, hail and other water vapor condensates falling from the sky to the ground are called "precipitation". The reason why this solar term is called light snow is that "Snow" is the product of cold weather. The climate during this solar term is not deep and the precipitation is not large. Therefore, "light snow" is used to describe the climate characteristics during this solar term. The arrival of the light snow solar term means that the weather is getting colder and colder and the precipitation is increasing. v
Light snow is a solar term reflecting precipitation and temperature. It is a solar term with high activity frequency of cold wave and strong cold air. The light snow in the solar term is not necessarily related to the light snow in the weather. The meaning of "light snow" in the light snow solar term is different from that in the daily weather forecast. The light snow solar term is a climate concept that reflects the temperature and precipitation. The light snow in the weather forecast refers to the snow with less snow intensity. Snow is the product of cold weather. In meteorology, the snowfall with horizontal visibility distance equal to or greater than 1000m, ground snow depth less than 3cm and 24-hour snowfall between 0.1-2.4mm is called "light snow". In the light snow solar term, a relatively stable meridional circulation has been established in East Asia. There are often low-pressure or low trough in Siberia. When moving eastward, there will be large-scale cold air going south, and there will be large-scale gale cooling weather in eastern China. The light snow solar term does not necessarily mean snow. In fact, the solar term with the largest amount of snow in the whole year is not the light snow solar term or heavy snow solar term. For example, the solar term with the largest annual snow in the middle and lower reaches of the Yellow River and its surrounding areas is neither "light snow, heavy snow", nor "light cold, heavy cold", but the solar term of "rain" in spring.
Chinese ancients divided light snow into three periods: one period when the rainbow is hidden; Second, the weather is rising and the earth atmosphere is falling; Three seasons are blocked and winter comes. As the Yang Qi in the sky rises and the Yin Qi in the earth falls, leading to the impasse between heaven and earth and the non intersection of yin and Yang, all things lose their vitality, the occlusion of heaven and earth turns into a cold winter.
At the beginning of the light snow solar term, the soil freezing depth in the Northeast has reached 10 cm. Later, it will freeze an average of 1 cm more day and night, and more than 1 meter at the end of the solar term. Therefore, as the saying goes, "the little snow is sealed tightly", and then the rivers and rivers are frozen one after another. The agricultural proverb says, "if there is light snow all over the sky, there will be a good year in the coming year." There are three meanings here. First, there is light snow and falling snow, and the rain will be uniform in the coming year, without major drought and flood; Second, snow can freeze to death some germs and pests, so as to reduce the occurrence of diseases and pests in the coming year; Third, snow has the function of keeping warm, which is conducive to the decomposition of soil organic matter and enhance soil fertility.
As the saying goes: "light snow pickles, heavy snow pickled meat." The customs of Xiaoxue solar term include pickled vegetables, tasting Ciba, drying dried fish, eating planed soup, brewing Xiaoxue wine, etc. Light snow pickles are mainly northern pickled potherb mustard and pickled pickled cabbage. In some places in the south, there is the custom of eating Ciba before and after light snow. Eating "Goutang" is the custom of Tujia nationality. It is a delicacy carefully cooked with fresh pork. Light snow wine is made with new grain after light snow. The so-called "rice is obtained in October, so spring wine is used to mediate meishou".
"Cured in winter, preserved in the wind to resist winter"
There is a folk custom of "curing in winter, salting in the wind and storing it to resist winter". In the light snow season, the temperature drops sharply and the weather becomes dry. It is a good time to process bacon. Some farmers began to make sausages and bacon, store the surplus meat in traditional ways, and enjoy delicious food at the Spring Festival. Many places have the custom of eating bacon in winter, especially in southern cities. Guangzhou people like to make preserved radish cake, boiled taro and fried honey beans with preserved sausage.
In some places in the south, there is also the custom of eating Ciba in October of the lunar calendar. Ciba is a kind of food made by steaming and mashing glutinous rice. It is a popular food in some areas of southern China. In ancient times, Ciba was a traditional festival sacrifice in southern China. It was first used by farmers to sacrifice cattle gods. As the saying goes, "in October Dynasty, Ciba Lu was burned", which refers to the sacrificial event.
During light snow, fishermen on the coast of South Central Taiwan will start drying fish and storing dry food. Cuttlefish will come to the Taiwan Strait before and after the light snow. In addition, there are swordfish, sand fish and so on. As a Taiwanese proverb goes: October beans are so fat that you can't see your head. It means that in the cloth bag area of Jiayi County, you can catch "bean fish" in October of the lunar calendar.
Eat sliced soup
Before and after the light snow, Tujia people began the annual folk activity of "killing new year pigs and welcoming the new year", which added a warm atmosphere to the cold winter. Eating "gouging soup" is the custom of Tujia nationality; In the folk custom activity of "killing new year pigs and welcoming the new year", the delicacy carefully cooked with hot and fresh pork is called "Goutang".
It is popular in the north that there is little snow in the lower reaches of the Yellow River. Hebei: "light snow covers the sky, and the next year will be a good year." This is the farmer friend's praise for the snow during the light snow solar term. At this time, the snow water can resist drought and cold. Shandong: "if you don't collect onions in light snow, it will be empty. Radish and cabbage are stored in the cellar. Wheat is irrigated in winter, moisture conservation and antifreeze. Afforestation, tree species collection. Reconstruction of waterlogged depressions, water control and ridge control. Water conservancy facilities, canal construction and well drilling." Henan: "it's snowy in winter, and we should pay close attention to winter farming. Combined with re sowing, we should increase the harvest. The land should be turned over deeply and the soil layer should be thickened. Sand pressing for soil will freeze the pests to death."
Proverbs and ballads of the light snow solar term popular in the middle and lower reaches of the Yangtze River: during the light snow, the first frost can be seen in some areas of the middle and lower reaches of the Yangtze River. But the first snow comes late, usually in the middle and late December. In this area, the field management of wheat and rape began during the light snow solar term, and began to accumulate fertilizer. Jiangsu: "wheat is late at the beginning of winter, and light snow makes compost." Shanghai and Zhejiang: "it's snowy in the beginning of winter, and the north wind is cold. The cotton grain and oil crops are almost finished. Rape is planted and wheat is sown. Don't delay storing enough feed."
Proverbs and ballads of the light snow solar term popular in South China: Fujian and Guangdong: there are still crops in the fields during the light snow. There are proverbs to check. There is a local saying in Fujian: "light snow points green rice", which refers to late rice. In Guangdong, there are "red fields with light snow" and "empty fields with heavy snow". The so-called red here does not refer to the red color, but refers to more agricultural work. At this time, it starts to harvest late rice and sow wheat.
◇ it snows during the festival.
◇ light snow festival to heavy snow, heavy snow festival to no snow.
◇ the land is closed with light snow and the river is closed with heavy snow.
◇ if the small snow is not sealed, the heavy snow can still plough.
◇ if light snow doesn't pull out the cotton and firewood, the ground will be frozen and there will be stubble left.
◇ if light snow can't afford vegetables (cabbage), it will be damaged by freezing.
◇ if light snow doesn't cut vegetables, there must be a harm.
◇ take advantage of the fact that the ground is not frozen, quickly remove the tree species.
◇ mixed with rain and snow. No rest, no rest.
◇ if the land is sealed by light snow, the old man continues to plough the land.
◇ no arable land in light snow, no boat in heavy snow.
◇ plough in small snow and support the sails in heavy snow.
◇ light snow is not closed, but three or five days.
◇ although the snow is cold, the nest can open, and if there are saplings at home, plant them.
◇ in the light snow festival, the fruit trees are cut quickly.
◇ when there is light snow, there is no rest for drilling wells and repairing canals.
◇ when light snow comes, it's getting cold. Don't forget to take care of the fish pond for overwintering.
◇ if there is no snow in light snow and heavy snow, the wheat and barley grains will shrivel.
◇ the land is not sealed with light snow, and the river is cut with heavy snow without ice.
"The quatrains on the snow day" by Tang zhangdeng
Jiazi pushed the snow, and the thorn was as green as the hibiscus.
Harmony and long-term maintenance have no rest, but the rain and dew on Yanzhou are partial.
"With Dr. Xiao Xiaoxue day" by Tang Xuxuan
Zhengxifu lirixixie, try a new stove to cook tea.
The hedge chrysanthemum comes to cover the water low, and Sai Hong flies to Lianxia far away.
The lonely light snow leisurely passes, and the mottled light frost is added on the temples.
If you are helpless, don't wish the poem to Canghua.
Light snow Tang · Li Xianyong
The ends of the earth cannot be closed in the scattered dark wind.
I haven't got it yet, but I can keep it for a while.
The pavilion is quiet and haunting, and the journey is long and sorrowful.
To the north of Kongtong mountain, I thought of Yucheng Hill long ago.
"Light snow" Tang Wuke
Pieces of each other exquisite, flying jade leakage end. At first glance, it is all over the ground, gradually dense and windless.
Gather things round and square, and connect clouds far and near. It is used as a paste to solidify barren soil, presenting Ruixia deep palace.
The air jet is heavy, the clothes are transparent, and the flower peeps through the small gap. Floating in the Qin Dynasty and increasing the old mountains, the Han Dynasty takes over the sky.
The pine crane in its nest and the island worm in its lonely cave. After three years of knowledge, the wax is exhausted, and the surplus ruler congratulates the new year.
He who has accumulated and stopped smelling the bamboo, gradually sees Hong. The sand is covered and the sea is sprinkled to help flush and melt.
The grass and trees are moistened, and the mountains and rivers are more beneficial. Because we know the power of heaven and earth, we have the whole skill of covering education.
Berthing Jingxi at night Tang Chen Yu
The light snow has cleared, the reed leaves are dark, the long wave is urgent, and the crane hisses.
The lone boat sleeps in the running water all night and sees the moon falling on the top of the mountain.
"Four quatrains in spring" song · Huang Tingjian
Light snow and fine sand do not make mud, sparse curtain and red sun make morning light.
Years have been with the plum shoots late, and spring returns from the grass first.
Early cold song · Lu You
After long rain and double ninth day, before cold and light snow. Pick up the salary, work in a bun, sell vegetables and dig the boat.
Thin rice family porridge, empty bed, so material felt. If the body is still paid, the name needs to be passed on?
Light snow song · Shi Shanzhen
The cloud is dark, and the graupel point is slight. I smell the window leaf of Su Su. I am most worried about the barking of northern and southern dogs and fear that the north wind will retreat.
Mengjinshang can cut a good sentence. The sideburns can weave cold clothes. It's difficult to sleep with the stove, and it's hard to support. I call plum blossom to help me out.
People should go to bed early and get up late. At the same time, they should not get up too early in the morning to ensure adequate sleep. Pay attention to your clothes. It's not good to be too thick or too thin. It is suggested that when going out, people with weak physique had better wear clothes with high collar and waist protection.
Massage your feet with hot water to keep warm and stimulate the blood circulation of your feet. Insist on walking for more than half an hour every day to keep warm from the cold and prevent the occurrence of colds.
Pay attention to ventilation in cold weather. In a quiet state, people exhale more than 20 liters of carbon dioxide per hour, so we should often open the window for ventilation.
Before and after the light snow solar term, due to the longer night time and shorter day time, the hidden Yang, the rising Yin, the lower temperature, and the often cold and dark weather, coupled with the withering leaves and the cold wind, people's mood is easily affected, causing some psychological sadness, especially some elderly people and patients with chronic diseases, and even leading to the occurrence of depressive symptoms. At this time, we should adjust our mentality and pay attention to the cultivation of spirit. Keep optimistic, enjoy festivals and control anger, listen to more music, and let the beautiful melody add fun to life. At the same time, take part in more recreational activities and bask in the sun, so as to arouse enthusiasm and longing for life.
In terms of diet, we should eat more foods with high calories and the effect of strengthening brain and blood circulation, such as mutton, beef, milk and fish, and drink some tea, coffee and other drinks appropriately. According to experts, some black food is actually a better choice in light snow season. There are many kinds of black food mentioned above, including black fungus, black sesame, even loach, eel and so on. They are all foods that can quickly help you recover your body's calories.
The beginning of spring. Li Chun
rain. Yu Shui
Vernal equinox. Chun Fen
grain rain. Gu Yu
Lixia. Li Xia
grain full. Xiao Man
Little heat. Xiao Shu
Great heat. Da Shu
The beginning of autumn. Li Qiu
the autumnal equinox. Qiu Fen
Cold dew. Han Lu
Light snow is the 20th of the 24 solar terms and the second solar term in winter. It is on November 22 or 23 of the Gregorian calendar, that is, when the sun reaches 240 ° of the Yellow meridian. Light snow is a solar term reflecting precipitation and tem. Xiao Xue