Jiayuguan, a prefecture level city in Gansu Province, is an important node city of Gansu section of the Silk Road Economic Belt approved by Gansu Provincial People's government, a provincial sub central city, and an important national metallurgical and advanced manufacturing base. As of 2018, it has jurisdiction over three streets and three towns, with a total area of 2935 square kilometers, a permanent resident population of 252000 and an urban population of 236000.
Jiayuguan is located in Northwest China, northwest Gansu and the middle of Hexi corridor. It is adjacent to Jiuquan Suzhou District in the East, 650 kilometers away from Lanzhou in the southeast, Jiuquan Yumen City in the northwest, 650 kilometers away from Hami in Xinjiang in the northwest, Qilian Mountain in the South and Zhangye Sunan Yugur autonomous County in the south, Jiuquan Jinta County in the north, and Jiuquan oasis in the middle.
Jiayuguan is the hub of the ancient Silk Road, the starting point of the western end of the Great Wall in the Ming Dynasty, and the emerging industrial tourism modern regional central city arising from the construction of Jiuquan Iron and steel company, a key project of the first five year plan of the state. It is known as the "frontier key". Because it is the location of Jiuquan Iron and Steel Group, the largest iron and steel complex in Northwest China, it is called "Gobi steel city".
In November 2016, Jiayuguan City was rated as the second batch of national global tourism demonstration zones by the National Tourism Administration; in November 2017, Jiayuguan City was rated as a national civilized city; in November 2018, Jiayuguan City was selected as the top 100 cities in China's overall well-off index; in June 2020, Jiayuguan City was selected as the first batch of national demonstration areas and projects for the construction of rule of law government.
Jiayuguan is the traffic hub of the ancient "Silk Road" and the starting point of the western end of the Great Wall in Ming Dynasty. It is the intersection of Chinese Silk Road culture and Great Wall culture, known as the "lock and key" of the border.
Here, the "ancient Silk Road" of economic and cultural exchanges between China and the west, which was opened more than 2000 years ago, and the "ancient battlefield" of military strategists of past dynasties can be seen.
Jiayuguan is a new modern city with the construction of Jiuquan Iron and steel company, a key construction project of the first five year plan. It was named after Jiayuguan, the terminal point of the great wall of Ming Dynasty in the urban area. It originally belonged to Jiuquan county.
In 1955, Jingtieshan Iron Deposit was discovered in Sunan.
In 1958, Jiuquan Iron and Steel Co., Ltd. was established, mainly in the original towns, with Jiuquan county and Sunan County partially under its jurisdiction, and Jiayuguan Preparatory Committee of Gansu Province was established.
In 1965, the city was established. In 1971, it was approved as a provincial city by the State Council.
On December 1, 2009, Jiayuguan city established three administrative districts, namely Xiongguan District, Changcheng district and JINGTIE District, which belong to the county-level administrative district established by Jiayuguan City. It is the agency of Jiayuguan Municipal People's government and is equivalent to the development zones established by various localities, rather than the municipal jurisdiction of the local people's Government approved by the State Council and approved by the Ministry of civil affairs.
In 2019, Jiayuguan governs Xincheng Town, Yuquan town and Wenshu Town, Xiongguan District, JINGTIE district and Changcheng district (30 community committees and 17 villager committees in total).
In July 2019, Jiayuguan City held the inaugural meeting of Xiongguan sub district Party Working Committee (sub district office), Gangcheng sub district Party Working Committee (sub district office) and suburban Party Working Committee (suburban Work Office), and Xiongguan District, Changcheng district and JINGTIE district were abolished.
In December 2019, according to the "reply on Approving the establishment of Xiongguan sub district office and Gangcheng sub district office" issued by Gansu Provincial People's government, Xiongguan sub district office has jurisdiction over 17 urban communities with an area of 186.1 square kilometers, and the office is located at No. 5, Jianshe West Road; Gangcheng sub district office has jurisdiction over 14 urban communities with an area of 119.8 square kilometers, and the office is located in Yingcheng 1833 Bindong road; Jiayuguan suburban Party Working Committee (suburban Work Office) is responsible for managing and guiding the work of Yuquan Town, Xincheng town and Wenshu town.
Jiayuguan City has jurisdiction over six township level administrative regions, including three streets and three towns, namely the first street, Xiongguan street, Gangcheng street, Yuquan Town, Xincheng town and Wenshu town. Jiayuguan Municipal People's government is located at No.1 TIYU Avenue.
Jiayuguan City is located in the northwest of Gansu Province and the middle of Hexi corridor. Its geographical coordinates are 98 ° 17 ′ E and 39 ° 47 ′ n. It is adjacent to Suzhou District of Jiuquan City in the East, 776km away from Lanzhou, the provincial capital; it is connected to Yumen City of Jiuquan City in the west, 650km away from Hami in Xinjiang; it is adjacent to Sunan Yugur Autonomous County of Zhangye City in the south, more than 300km away from Qinghai; it is adjacent to Heishan County in the north, Jinta County of Jiuquan City, and the west edge of Jiuquan oasis in the middle.
Jiayuguan City has a temperate continental desert climate, with an average annual temperature between 6.7 ℃ and 7.7 ℃ and an annual sunshine of 3000.2 hours. The annual average of natural precipitation is 85.3 mm and evaporation is 2149 mm. The annual frost free period is about 130 days.
The Taolai River traverses Jiayuguan City, with an average annual runoff of 658 million cubic meters, annual net groundwater reserves of 732 million cubic meters, annual recharge of 164 million cubic meters, annual allowable exploitation of 111 million cubic meters, and actual annual exploitation of 46 million cubic meters. There is also Dacaotan reservoir with a storage capacity of 64 million cubic meters for industrial water regulation. As of 2010, the comprehensive production capacity of urban water supply is 446000 cubic meters per day, and the surplus water supply capacity is 252000 cubic meters per day. The urban sewage treatment project with a daily treatment capacity of 50000 cubic meters has been put into operation.
Jiayuguan iron ore, barite, limestone, dolomite, modeling clay five kinds of minerals in Gansu Province ranked top three. As of 2012, Jiayuguan City has proved 21 kinds of mineral resources, with more than 40 producing areas, among which iron, manganese, copper, gold, limestone, mirabilite, molding clay, barite are dominant minerals. Jingtieshan mine has a total iron ore reserve of 483 million tons, which is the largest pit mining metallurgical mine in China; Xigou limestone mine has a reserve of 206 million tons, which is open-pit mining with an annual output of 800000 tons; Dacaotan molding clay has a total reserve of 98 million tons. In the adjacent area, there are also Mangxiao ore with considerable reserves and other mineral deposits for mining, such as chromium, manganese, fluorite, glacial stone, etc.
By the end of 2018, the permanent resident population of Jiayuguan City was 252000, an increase of 22000 over the previous year. Among them: 39600 people aged 0-14, accounting for 15.72%; 185000 people aged 15-64, accounting for 73.43%; 27300 people aged 65 and above, accounting for 10.85%. The birth rate is 11.16 ‰, the death rate is 4.76 ‰, and the natural growth rate is 6.4 ‰. The urban population is 236000, and the urbanization rate is 93.65%.
By the end of 2019, Jiayuguan's GDP has reached 28.34 billion yuan, an increase of 6.5% over the previous year. Among them, the added value of the primary industry was 466 million yuan, an increase of 5.2%; the added value of the secondary industry was 17.81 billion yuan, an increase of 7.6%; the added value of the tertiary industry was 10.06 billion yuan, an increase of 4.2%. Among them, the added value of wholesale and retail industry was 1.33 billion yuan, an increase of 6.8%, that of transportation, warehousing and postal industry was 1.06 billion yuan, an increase of 3.9%, that of accommodation and catering industry was 446 million yuan, an increase of 8.2%, that of Finance and insurance industry was 1.75 billion yuan, an increase of 2.9%, and that of real estate industry was 740 million yuan, a decrease of 5.9%. The per capita GDP is 112219 yuan.
Jiayuguan City is a new industrial city with large city and small countryside. It belongs to suburban agriculture and is an important non-staple food base in the city. The agricultural population of Jiayuguan City is 32800. In 2002, the per capita net income of farmers in Jiayuguan City was 3514 yuan. At present, there are 2840 hectares of cultivated land in rural areas, all of which are irrigated. The agricultural production conditions of villages, fields, roads, canals, electricity and communications are superior, realizing the irrigation of farmland, mechanization of operation, cultivation of improved varieties and scientific cultivation. It is an advanced agricultural area in Gansu Province. The rural per capita living area is 26 square meters, and 77.3% of the farmers live in spacious and bright well-off houses.
By the end of 2018, the total grain output of Jiayuguan City was 19200 tons, an increase of 2.62%. Among them, the output of summer grain was 4600 tons, an increase of 5.66%. The planting area of grain crops was 37200 mu, a decrease of 1.36%, of which the planting area of wheat was 10100 mu, an increase of 2.41%; the planting area of converted grain and potato was 2000 mu, a decrease of 10.32%; the planting area of vegetables was 24900 mu, an increase of 9.79%. At the end of the year, there were 8000 large livestock, an increase of 0.37%; 7800 cattle, an increase of 0.43%; 48200 sheep, an increase of 1.3%; 28300 pigs, a decrease of 1.85%. The number of cattle sold was 24000, an increase of 9.81%; the number of sheep sold was 34700, a decrease of 2.89%; the number of pigs sold was 40600, an increase of 5.51%. The annual total meat output was 13000 tons, up 1.3%, including 0900 tons of pork, 0200 tons of beef and 0300 tons of mutton. The output of sheep wool was 45.75 tons, fresh eggs was 0.01 million tons, and milk was 0.79 million tons. Among the main economic crops, the oil production was 18000 tons, down 1.48%; the garden fruit production was 2800 tons, up 137.09%; the vegetable production was 152700 tons, up 11.1%.
the secondary industry
Jiayuguan City has formed a system with metallurgical industry as the main body, including chemical industry, electric power, building materials, machinery
Chinese PinYin : Gan Su Sheng Jia Yu Guan Shi
Jiayuguan City, Gansu Province
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