Jincheng, a prefecture level city in Shanxi Province, was formerly known as Jianxing, Zezhou and Zezhou Prefecture. Jincheng city is located in the southeast of Shanxi Province, the border of Shanxi and Henan provinces, the whole territory of Jincheng basin, with a total area of 9490 square kilometers. It is the southeast gateway of Shanxi Province. It has been a must for military strategists since ancient times. It is known as the "gateway of Shanxi, the first of Taihang".
Jincheng city has a long history. Twenty thousand years ago, it left human sites such as Gaodu, tashuihe and Xiachuan. It is an ancient city with a history of thousands of years that the Eastern Jin Dynasty set up counties, the Northern Wei Dynasty set up prefectures, and the Qing Dynasty set up prefectures. It is the birthplace of myths such as Nuwa mending the sky, Yugong moving the mountain, Yu chiseling the stone gate, Shangtang raising the rain, etc., and has given birth to celebrities such as Liu xisuo, Li Junmin, Zhang Shenyan, Wang Guoguang, Chen Tingjing, etc. At present, there are 66 national key cultural protection units, including yedidai temple, Qinglian temple, Kaihua temple, Chenghao academy, Liu's residence, Xiangyu ancient castle, Tianguan palace, imperial prime minister's palace, Changping battle site, yangtoushan grottoes, Chinese famous mountain Jiecheng mountain, Taihang Supreme wangmangling, etc.
Jincheng city was the hometown of coal and iron in ancient times, known as "nine heads and eighteen craftsmen". It is the origin of "yanga ancient sword" in the Warring States period. The iron ware and orchid charcoal in Zezhou were once famous in China. Manghe, Lishan and other protected areas, the growth of macaques, giant salamanders and other rare animals, known as Shanxi "treasure house of biological resources.".
Jincheng is the base of medium and high grade casting, electric power and animal husbandry in Shanxi Province. Erguang, jinhou (Yangyi), lingqin, Huancheng Expressway and 207 National Highway interweave to form a network. Taijiao, Jianan and Houyue railways run through the whole territory. It has many honors such as national forest city and national garden city.
History of construction
Jincheng was called Jianxing, Jianzhou, Zezhou and Zezhou Prefecture in ancient times. Cultural relics unearthed from the sites of Gaodu, tashuihe, Xiachuan, Hecun and baliping show that human beings have been living and reproducing in the Danhe and Qinhe river basins of Jin City 20000 years ago. In ancient times, the ancestors of Chinese culture, Yao, Shun and Yutang, all lived in the area of Jinnan, and Jincheng was the "capital of the capital". Thus, a series of myths emerged, such as Nuwa mending the sky, Yugong moving the mountain, Yao fengdanzhu, Chiyou smelting iron, Shun "ploughing the mountain and fishing in the river", Yu chiseling the stone gate, Shangtang Sanglin praying for rain, etc.
During the period of Tang Dynasty, Yao divided the whole world into Kyushu and Jincheng was the capital of Jizhou.
In the period of Yushun, Shun was divided into twelve states, which belonged to Jizhou. According to Mozi, Shun cultivated (Qinshui) in Lishan and fished in huoze (today's Yangcheng).
In the Xia Dynasty, twelve states were combined into nine states, which belonged to Jizhou. According to the policy of Warring States, Tang attacked Jie at the end of summer, and Jie moved his capital from Anyi to Chui (today's city and suburb).
In the Shang Dynasty, Jizhou was located in the hinterland of Jizhou, where there was the Shang Kingdom (now Gaoping). According to Lu's spring and Autumn Annals, the mulberry forest in Shang Tang raised rain, so it was the pleasure of mulberry forest. (Sanglin is in today's Yangcheng)
In the Zhou Dynasty, Jizhou was located in the hinterland of Jizhou, where there was the original state (now there is the original city in the northwest of Qinshui). According to the biography of emperor mu, King Mu of Zhou stopped at huoze and drank in the mulberry forest.
In the early spring and Autumn period, the territory was inhabited by duo Di, and later Jin scholars would destroy duo di. The territory was conquered by Jin and belonged to Jin.
In the middle of the spring and Autumn period, after Gaodu's entering Jin, Jin's taking the surname of Pei and huoze, Zhao Huancheng's taking the surname of Pei and other historical events, Gaodu, huoze, Pei and Duan's four cities were formed in the territory, all of which belonged to the fiefdoms of Jin.
At the end of the spring and Autumn period, the three families of Zhao, Wei and Han divided the Jin Dynasty and moved to the end of the Jin Dynasty.
At the beginning of the Warring States period, it was the place of Han Shangdang. At the end of the Warring States period, it belonged to Zhao and Wei
Qin Shihuang unified the six states (221 BC) and established the system of prefectures and counties. The whole country was divided into 36 counties. The west of Jincheng belonged to Hedong county and the east to Shangdang county.
In 188, the fifth year of Zhongping reign of Lingdi in the Eastern Han Dynasty, 13 prefectures were divided into Bingzhou Shangdang county and Sizhou Hedong county.
In the eighth year of Taiyuan in the Eastern Jin Dynasty, Murong of Xiyan was called emperor forever, divided into Pingyang and Shangdang, and set up Jianxing county (the county governs Gaodu, and governs five counties of Gaodu, yanga, huoze, Duanshi and Peishi).
In the second year of Yong'an in the Northern Wei Dynasty, Xingjun was rebuilt into Jianzhou, which governed Gaodu, Changping, Anping and Taining. (Gaodu County governs gaoduyang'a County, Changping County governs gaoping'an County, Anping County governs huozeduan County, and Taining County governs dongyong'an County, Xihe County governs zegaoyan county.)
In the seventh year of Tianbao in the Northern Qi Dynasty, the State Road was rebuilt to govern Gaodu, and the three counties of Gaodu, Changping and Anping were governed. (Gaodu County governs Gaodu County; Yang'a County governs Gaoping County and Peishi County governs Changping County; Anping County governs huoze County, DuanShi county and xihuoze County governs Anping County; Taining County is abandoned as Yongning County and changed into Anping County.)
In the third year of Jiande in the Northern Zhou Dynasty, the Prefecture was rebuilt and governed by Gaodu, Gaoping and Anping. (Gaoping County is composed of Changping County, Gaodu County, and Anping County, huoze County, DuanShi county and Yongning County.)
In the third year of emperor kaihuang of Sui Dynasty, Emperor Wen abolished Tianxia county and changed it into Zezhou. Under the name of huozehe, Gaoping County and Anping County entered Zezhou. Zezhou is directly under the jurisdiction of five counties, namely Gaodu, Gaoping, huoze, Duanshi and Yongning.
In the third year of Daye reign of Sui Dynasty, Emperor Yang changed the state system into county system, changed Zezhou into Changping County, and in the second year of Yining, restored Zezhou.
In the early years of Tang Wude, Zezhou was divided into Jianzhou, Gaizhou and Zezhou. In the first year of Zhenguan, Gai, Jian and Ze were merged into Zezhou. Zezhou governs six counties, namely Jincheng, Gaoping, huoze, Lingchuan, Duanshi and Qinshui.
In the first year of Zhenguan of Tang Dynasty, the whole country was divided into ten roads. Zezhou was subordinate to Hedong Road, and its jurisdiction remained unchanged.
In the first year of Tang Tianbao, Zezhou was changed into Gaoping County. In the first year of Qianyuan, Zezhou was restored to Zezhou. At that time, Zezhou still governed six counties, namely Jincheng, Gaoping, Yangcheng, Lingchuan, Duanshi and Qinshui.
In the first year of Zhide period of Tang Dynasty, the system of Jiedushi was changed to Jiedushi system. Zezhou was subordinate to Zhaoyi Jiedushi. In the third year of Huichang period, Liu Zhen ruled Zhaoyi rebellion. Li Deyu led the army to attack and won it. In the fourth year, Zezhou was cut off to Heyang Jiedushi. In the first year of Tianfu period, Zezhou was subordinate to Zhaoyi Yijun.
During the Five Dynasties, the warlords fought against each other, and the name of Zezhou did not change.
In the Northern Song Dynasty, Taiping prospered the country, and the division of the Song Dynasty went to the north. Zezhou was named Gaoping County, which belonged to the territory of the Song Dynasty.
In the third year of the Northern Song Dynasty, the Song Dynasty divided the whole country into fifteen roads. Gaoping County of Zezhou was under the jurisdiction of Hedong road. At that time, Gaoping County of Zezhou had jurisdiction over six counties, namely Jincheng, Gaoping, Yangcheng, Lingchuan, Duanshi and Qinshui.
The Jin Dynasty destroyed the Northern Song Dynasty and set up 19 roads to divide the East Songhe road into South and North roads. At that time, Zezhou was under the jurisdiction of southeast road of Lihe River (now southwest of the mountain), and its jurisdiction remained unchanged.
In the fifth year of jintianhui, Zezhou was changed to nanzezhou because of the same name as Zezhou in Beijing. Nanzezhou governs six counties, namely Jincheng, Gaoping, Yangcheng, Lingchuan, Duanshi and Qinshui.
In the third year of Jin Tiande's reign, nanzezhou was changed into Zezhou again, still governing six counties, and its jurisdiction remained unchanged.
In the second year of Jin Yuanguang's reign, Zezhou was promoted to be the Jiedu of Zhongchang army. The Jiedu army was stationed in Jincheng and governed five counties, one Prefecture and three towns. The five counties under the jurisdiction of Zhongchang army were Jincheng, Gaoping, Lingchuan, Duanshi and Qinshui, one Prefecture was Jizhou (Yangcheng), and three towns were Bagong, Zhoucun and xingshaoyi.
In the first year of the reign of emperor Zhongtong of the Yuan Dynasty, Zezhou was set as the Marquis of the state, directly under Zhongshu province. Zezhou Si Hou Si governs six counties, namely Jincheng, Gaoping, Yangcheng, Lingchuan, Duanshi and Qinshui.
In the third year of the Yuan Dynasty, Zezhou was restored to Zezhou, which was under the jurisdiction of Pingyang Road, Zhongshu province. Zezhou governed five counties, namely Jincheng, Gaoping, Yangcheng, Lingchuan and Qinshui.
In the ninth year of Dade of the Yuan Dynasty, Pingyang road was changed to Jinning road due to the earthquake. At that time, Zezhou still governed five counties and was subordinate to Jinning road of Zhongshu province.
In the early years of Hongwu in Ming Dynasty, the province was divided into Zhongshu province and shanxixing province. Zezhou was directly under the jurisdiction of shanxixing province. At that time, Zezhou governed four counties, namely Gaoping, Yangcheng, Lingchuan and Qinshui. Jincheng province was under the jurisdiction of Zezhou.
In the second year of Hongwu reign of Ming Dynasty, Shengze Prefecture was directly under the jurisdiction of the prefecture, and Shanxi Province was changed into the Department of political envoys. Zezhou Zhili Prefecture still governed four counties, and Zhili Prefecture was directly under the jurisdiction of the Department of political envoys in Shanxi Province.
In the sixth year of Yongzheng reign of the Qing Dynasty, the capital of Zezhou was upgraded and Fengtai was set up. Zezhou governs five counties, namely Fengtai, Gaoping, Yangcheng, Lingchuan and Qinshui. Zezhou Prefecture belongs to Shanxi Province.
In the third year of the Republic of China, five counties were set up to abolish Zezhou Prefecture, and Fengtai was renamed Jincheng. At that time, five counties under the jurisdiction of Zezhou Prefecture in Shanxi Province were included in Jining Prefecture.
In the 19th year of the Republic of China, Jining road of Shanxi Province was abolished. The five counties of Zezhou prefecture were directly under Shanxi Province, and then directly under the fifth administrative supervision district of Shanxi Province.
During the Anti Japanese War, our Party established an interim government in the Shanxi Hebei Shandong Henan border region. Jincheng, Gaoping, Yangcheng, Qinshui and Lingchuan counties were under the leadership of the second and fourth Taiyue and the eighth Taihang district. In June 1945, the whole area of Jincheng was liberated one after another.
In September 1948, the people's Government of North China was established. In October 1948, the Chengguan District of Jincheng was analyzed and Jincheng was set up. Together with the counties of Qin, Gao, Yang and Ling, it was put under the administration of Taiyue and Taihang districts of North China People's government. In April 1949, Shanxi Province was liberated. In September, the people's Government of Shanxi Province was established, which was subordinate to Shanxi Province.
In May 1958, all parts of Jincheng were assigned to the southeast of Shanxi Province.
In July 1983, the city under the jurisdiction of Shanxi Province was reestablished. It was divided into two districts, namely, the city and the suburb, which were managed by the southeast of Shanxi Province.
In April 1985, with the approval of the State Council, Jincheng City in Southeast Shanxi Province was abolished and directly under the jurisdiction of Shanxi Province. Yangcheng County, Gaoping County, Lingchuan County and Qinshui County under the former jurisdiction of Southeast Shanxi Province were put under the leadership of Jincheng City as its administrative region. Its jurisdiction was consistent with that of Gu Jianxing, Jianzhou, Zezhou and Zezhou Prefecture.
History and culture
In the urban area of Jincheng, the old city of Jincheng is the best embodiment of its cultural characteristics. No matter Chenghao academy, jingdeqiao, jingzhongqiao, Zhangyuan residence and Yuhuang temple, they are all part of the old city of Jincheng. Jincheng old city was built in the early years of Wude in Tang Dynasty (618 AD), with a history of thousands of years
Chinese PinYin : Shan Xi Sheng Jin Cheng Shi
Jincheng City, Shanxi Province
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