Kailu County Kailu County is located in the west of Tongliao City, Inner Mongolia, between 120 ° 25 ′ - 121 ° 52 ′ E and 43 ° 9 ′ - 44 ° 10 ′ n, adjacent to Horqin district in the East, Wengniute Banner and aruhorqin banner in the west, Naiman Banner and kezuohou banner in the South and Zhalute banner and KeZuoZhong banner in the north. The total area of the county is 4488 square kilometers, with a flat terrain and a population of 397591 in 2012.
In 2012, the GDP of Kailu County reached 18.168 billion yuan. The proportion of the three industries is 24.6:51.8:23.6.
On April 18, 2019, the people's Government of Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region decided to withdraw Kailu County from the sequence of poverty-stricken counties. In 2019, it was listed as the second batch of national agricultural product quality and safety counties.
During the spring and Autumn period and the Warring States period, Kailu County was located in Donghu; during the Han Dynasty, it was located in the northwest of Liaodong County in Xianbei at the beginning, and in Yanbei at the end.
In Sui Dynasty, it was under the jurisdiction of Fanyang Jiedushi; in Tang Dynasty, it was under the jurisdiction of songmo Dufu; in Liao and Jin Dynasties, it was under the jurisdiction of shangjingdao linhuang.
In the Jin Dynasty, it belonged to linhuangfu on Beijing Road in administration and linhuanglu in defense; in the Yuan Dynasty, it was first granted land by the king of Liao, and then it was under the jurisdiction of quanninglu; in the Ming Dynasty, it belonged to Tainingwei under the jurisdiction of wuliangha Sanwei.
During the Qing Dynasty, it belonged to the Royal territory of Arhorqin banner, East Zhalute banner and West Zhalute banner in Zhaowuda League under the control of Rehe city.
After the county was established in 1908, it belonged to Chifeng Prefecture of Rehe province.
In 1913, it belonged to Rehe River; in 1914, it belonged to Rehe road of Suiyuan, Rehe and Chahar Special Administrative Region; in 1928, it belonged to Rehe province; in the period of northeast occupied by Japanese, Kailu County was occupied by Japanese in 1933, which was included in the territory of Puppet Manchuria. On May 10 of the same year, Kailu County was subordinate to the puppet Xing'an West sub Province, and Kailu County was designated as the provincial capital.
On December 1, 1934, Kailu County was subordinate to the western province of Xing'an and was still the capital of the province. In 1943, Kailu County was subordinate to the puppet Xing'an general province.
From the fall of Manchukuo in August 1945 to the end of the same year, Kailu County was ruled by the local Security Council of the puppet regime headed by the puppet Street chief Zhang Nianzu (known as Er Manchuria by the masses).
On January 16, 1946, the 24th regiment of the 8th brigade of the third division of the New Fourth Army took over Kailu. Kailu County was subordinate to the Tonglu Working Committee. On February 23 of the same year, Kailu County was subordinate to Tongliao central county Party committee. On April 1 of the same year, Kailu County was subordinate to the democratic government of Zhelimu province. In May of the same year, the Zhelimu provincial government was restructured, and Kailu County was subordinate to the Zhelimu League government of Liaoji district administrative office. On October 25 of the same year, the CPC Kailu County Party committee and government made a strategic shift and withdrew from Kailu County to carry out guerrilla war. The 16th regiment of the 88th division of the 71st army of the Kuomintang occupied the county seat of Kailu and set up the "provisional Committee of Kailu County Administration" to rule some areas of Kailu County.
On February 27, 1947, after the second recovery of Kailu County, it belonged to the Zhelimu League government of Northern Liaoning Province.
On April 21, 1949, the Northeast administrative committee ordered that the Zhelimu League was transferred from northern Liaoning Province to Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region, and Kailu County was subordinate to the people's Government of Zhelimu League in Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region.
On February 3, 1953, the people's Government of Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region decided that Kailu County belongs to the administrative office of the eastern region of Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region.
On April 20, 1954, the administrative office of the eastern region was abolished and the people's Government of Zhelimu League was restored. Kailu County is subordinate to the people's Government of Zhelimu League.
On July 1, 1969, Zhelimu League was under the jurisdiction of Jilin Province, and Kailu County was under the government of Zhelimu League of Jilin Province.
On July 1, 1979, the Zhelimu League was returned to the Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region, and Kailu County also re belonged to the Zhelimu League of the Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region.
In February 1999, Zhelimu League was abolished and Tongliao City was established. Kailu County was under the jurisdiction of Tongliao City.
Kailu County government is located in Kailu Town, with a total area of 221.4 square kilometers. It governs 32 administrative villages and 6 community residents committees. Kailu County has Kailu Town, Dayushu Town, heilongba Town, Maixin Town, Jianhua Town, xiaojieji Town, Dongfeng Town, jirigalangtu Town, Donglai Town, Baoan Town, beiqinghe Township, yihetalasumu Town, Qinghe ranch and Liaohe farm.
Kailu County is located in the west of Tongliao City, Inner Mongolia, between 120 ° 25 ′ - 121 ° 52 ′ E and 43 ° 9 ′ - 44 ° 10 ′ n, adjacent to Horqin district in the East, Wengniute Banner and aruhorqin banner in the west, Naiman Banner and kezuohou banner in the South and Zhalute banner and KeZuoZhong banner in the north. The total area of the county is 4488 square kilometers.
Geology and geomorphology
The tertiary sandy gravel and mudstone in Kailu Basin overlap the Mesozoic sedimentary range, and the Quaternary loose sediment is 208 m thick, which overlaps the Tertiary sedimentary range and connects directly with the surrounding mountain sedimentary rocks. The basement on the west side of the basin is mainly granite (R), and the basement on the east side is basaltic rock (DI). The gravel layer on the lower basement is shallow, even extinct.
Kailu Basin is located in the southwest corner of Songliao plain, which is the junction of the western margin of the second subsidence zone and the northern segment of the third uplift zone of the Xinhua Xia system. Its main body is located at 42 ° 30 'to 44 ° 30' in Beiwei and 120 ° 00 'to 123 ° 30' in east longitude.
Kailu Basin is a secondary structure, which can be subdivided into three structural units: western slope zone, Lujiapu sag, jiamatu uplift, Zhezhong sag and zhedongnan uplift. The north and south mountain areas of the West Liaohe subsidence zone belong to two different tectonic systems. The southern mountainous area belongs to the northern margin of the Yinshan Tianshan EW complex structural belt (40 ° 36 ′ to 42 ° 30 ′ n), and the northern mountainous area belongs to the southern margin of the central part of the Daxinganling uplift belt of the Xinhua Xia system. The Yinshan latitudinal structural belt, which is composed of large-scale fold belts and large-scale compression and compression torsion faults parallel to these fold belts, runs across the area from south to North equidistant, and is pressed down by the subsidence belt of Xinhua system.
Lujiapu sag, the deepest part of the Neocathaysian subsidence zone, is more than 4000 meters deep. Different systems and different levels of deep faults crisscross, forming a number of blocks of different sizes in Kailu Basin, forming a special structural pattern of "Duo" shaped fault zone of compression torsion system, which is conducive to the accumulation and concentration of stress, and is an area prone to moderate strong earthquakes.
Kailu County is located in the west of the alluvial plain of the Xiliao River. The geomorphological origin belongs to the accumulation type. The flood deposition of the Xiliao River system makes the wide floodplain appear on both sides of the river. Due to the action of wind transport and accumulation, the vertical structure of sand superimposed on the flat land appears in the middle and micro terrain. The modern geomorphic outline of plain and marsh is formed. The geomorphic features of lake water accumulation in flood plain are very distinct. The terrain of the county is high in the West and low in the East, with a slight inclination from north to south to the middle. The altitude from taihekou to Xing'an township is 330-250-210 meters, with a height difference of 120 meters and an average height of 242 meters. The natural gradient is about 1 meter / km.
Kailu County belongs to the Xiliao River Basin. Xiliao River, Xinkai River, Xilamulun River, Jiaolai River and wulijimuren river flow through the territory, with a total length of 320 km.
The area of natural paozi water in the county is 106000 mu. Among them, there are 26 places with water surface above 100 mu. Most of the natural bubble seeds are available water surface, and 13 water surfaces have been used, covering an area of 37800 mu.
According to the water quality of Xinkai River and Xiliao River, the annual average total amount of ions is 412 mg / L and 401 mg / L respectively; the annual average total hardness is 3.40 mg equivalent / L and 4.01 mg equivalent / L respectively; the annual ion runoff is 134000 tons and 129000 tons respectively; according to the water quality chemical classification (alegin classification), the annual average total hardness of Xinkai River and Xiliao River is cca1-ii and cca1-i respectively.
Kailu County has a continental temperate semi-arid monsoon climate, with an average annual temperature of 5.9 ℃, an average rainfall of 338.3 mm and a frost free period of 148 days.
Kailu Basin is rich in oil reserves, with a depression area of 33200 square kilometers, of which the total predicted reserves of Lujiapu depression is about 210 million tons. Liaohe Oilfield has been put into development, up to one million tons. Uranium resources have been discovered. The area of alkaline land in the county is about 8000 mu. There are sporadic distribution in all towns of the county, with Qinghe pasture, improved seed farm, kunduling Township, Maixin town and Donglai town more. The annual mining capacity is about 175000 kg.
Groundwater: it has abundant reserves and good water quality. The groundwater level is 2-2.5m, the aquifer is 90-100m, and the net storage capacity is 126.9 million tons.
Surface water: Xinkai River, Xiliao River, Xilamulun River, wulijimuren River and Jiaolai river flow through Kailu, with a total length of 318 km. Talagan reservoir is a national large-scale side Plain Desert reservoir with a maximum capacity of 134 million cubic meters. The average annual output of freshwater fish in the county is 600 tons.
There are two national roads in Kailu, one is 303 line, with a total length of 64.6 km, running from east to west. Kailu Baokang and Kailu Donglai oil roads run from north to south. The other is line 111, with a total length of 15.2 km. There is a first-class highway in the county, with 234.4 km of county highway, including 173 km of oil road, 934 km of township highway, including 77 km of oil road, and 1621 km of village highway, including 7 km of oil road.
There are two railways in Kailu,
Chinese PinYin : Nei Meng Gu Zi Zhi Qu Tong Liao Shi Kai Lu Xian
Kailu County, Tongliao City, Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region
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