Tumushuktumushuke, a county-level city directly under the central government of Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region, and the third division of Xinjiang production and Construction Corps implement a division city integrated management system, which is managed by Xinjiang production and Construction Corps. It was established in 2002 with the approval of the State Council. In 2018, the total resident population was 255600. Located in the center of Kashgar, Aksu, Kezhou and Hotan, and bordering on five Central Asian countries, it has five first-class open ports available to the outside world. It is the forefront of China's opening up to Central Asia, West Asia and South Asia countries, and also an important city along the new Eurasian Continental Bridge of "China, Kyrgyzstan and Uzbekistan Railway", which is China's construction of a large international channel extending to the west of Kashgar.
Tumushuk has a pleasant climate and is a production base of cotton, grain and fruit. The city's desert, mountains and original Populus euphratica forest concentrate the natural scenery of the western region, and are also one of the birthplaces of Daolang culture. The annual Western Region Food Tourism Culture Festival has become an important brand with unique regional, ethnic and cultural characteristics of Tumushuke city.
In the second year of shenjue (60bc), Xuandi emperor of the Western Han Dynasty, the Chinese government set up the Duhufu of the western regions in Wulei. Today, Tumushuke city and Bachu county are under the jurisdiction of the Duhufu of the Western Han Dynasty.
In the fifth year of Emperor Guangwu's reign in the Eastern Han Dynasty (29 A.D.), King Kang of Shache led the neighboring state to reject Xiongnu. General Dou Rong of Hexi succeeded in making Li Kang the king of Huaide and the great Duwei of the western regions. Today, Tumushuke city and Bachu county are under the jurisdiction of King Shache.
In the second year of Yonghui reign of Emperor Gaozong of Tang Dynasty (651), ashinahelu, the governor of yaochi, rebelled, the four towns of Anxi fell, and Anxi Prefecture was withdrawn to Xizhou. Today, tumushuk city and Bachu county are the areas of influence of asnahelu. In 658, the third year of Emperor Gaozong's Xianqing reign, the Tang Dynasty set up the Kunling and Mengchi prefectures, which were under the jurisdiction of the prefectures and prefectures. Today, there is weitouzhou (today's ancient city of tuokuzisalai) in Bachu area, which is under the jurisdiction of kuci Dudu Fu. In the second year of Jingfu (893) of emperor Zhaozong of Tang Dynasty, the Khara Khan dynasty lost the battle with the Saman Dynasty in Central Asia and moved its capital to Kashgar. Since then, the Kalahan Dynasty continued to expand its sphere of influence in the Tarim Basin. Today, tumushuk city is its territory.
In 960, the first year of emperor Taizu Jianlong of the Northern Song Dynasty (960), Musa bin abduklim Khan of the karahan Dynasty (alslan Khan) established Islam as the state religion. Today, tumushuk city is gradually Islamized, and other religions have declined one after another.
In 1218, the Genghis Khan faction took over all the cities along the South Tianshan Road. Today, Tumushuke city and Bachu County returned to the rule of the Yuan Dynasty. In the spring of the 20th year of Genghis Khan (1225) of the Yuan Dynasty, Genghis Khan enfeoffed Zhuzi. The nomadic area to the east of the Xier river was the Chagatai fiefdom. Today, the area of Tumushuke city is the Chagatai sphere of influence. In 1514 (the ninth year of Zhengde, Emperor Wuzong of Ming Dynasty), Sayid, the son of AHIMA Khan in the East Chagatai Khanate, established the Yeerqiang khanate, which is now under the jurisdiction of tumushuk city and Bachu county.
In 1759, after the rebellion of xiaohezhuo and xiaohezhuo was put down, the military platform was established and became the official way. Since Yeerqiang, the Qing government set up 13 military platforms along the road from south to North and from west to East. Today, Tumushuke station (also known as Jiutai) is set up in the 51st regiment of Tumushuke city. In 1760, balchuk set up a member of qimuburke (prime minister and local affairs), who was under the jurisdiction of Yeerqiang minister. After that, he added two members of seven pinmingburke (managing 1000 people). One of them is chatelseline (now the 53rd regiment of tumushuk city) Burke. In 1884, Xinjiang was established as a province, and the military station in Xinjiang was changed into a post station. Tumushuke military station was named Tumushuke post station in Xinjiang Tuzhi published in 1911.
During the period of the Republic of China, in November 1943, Bachu County fully implemented the Baojia system. The county was divided into one town, six townships, 58 Baojia and 1330 Baojia. Tumu is a township run by the people, with 8 guarantees and 123A under its jurisdiction.
After the founding of new China, in April 1950, the CPC Bachu County Committee set up six districts in the county. Tumu shock was divided into three districts, also known as tumu shock district. In July 1958, the people's commune of Bachu county was transformed into five people's communes from six districts in the county, and the yuantumushing District Office was changed into tumushing commune management committee. Under the jurisdiction of the inmanli management area, aktamu management area, pichak management area, qiganquele management area, livestock farms, processing plants, sugar factories. In 1960, the Department of agriculture and reclamation of the autonomous region established Bachu general field in tumushing, and the first and second branches of tumushing were changed into the first and second branches of Bachu general field. On March 20, 1965, tumu shock commune of Bachu County merged with tumu shock reclamation area of agricultural reclamation department to establish Xiaohaizi reclamation area of agricultural reclamation department. On February 24, 1969, tumu general farm and Xiaohaizi reservoir were put under the system of the third agricultural division, and the former branch of tumu general farm was changed into Regimental Farm system. The third agricultural division established 44 regiments on the basis of nierkotan branch and 64 regiments, 49 regiments on the basis of gaimilik branch, 50 regiments on the basis of mazahoga branch and Xiahe branch, 51 regiments on the basis of tumushu branch, Yingmaili branch and aktam branch, and 52 regiments on the basis of tangtoglak branch and qiganquele branch The 53 regiment was established on the basis of pichac songdi division. On October 15, 1969, the yonganba repair factory of tumu general field was changed into the second repair factory of the third agricultural division. Xiahe animal husbandry farm of the first agricultural division was incorporated into the sideline team and the 50th regiment of the third agricultural division. On October 24, 1969, the Xiaohaizi reservoir management office and the second construction engineering group merged into the water conservancy engineering group of the third agricultural division. On May 21, 1975, the establishment of BINGTUAN was abolished, the third agricultural division was incorporated into Kashgar, and the Bureau of agricultural reclamation was established in Kashgar, which was responsible for the management of each regiment. On February 16, 1976, the agricultural farms in Xiaohaizi reclamation area were successively withdrawn and renamed as farms. They are naierkuotan, gaimilik, mazahoga, tumusheng, qiganquele and pichak songdi farms. The water conservancy project group was transferred to Kashi Hydropower Bureau and renamed Xiaohaizi water conservancy project management office. On December 3, 1981, in accordance with the spirit of the decision of the CPC Central Committee on the restoration of the Xinjiang production and Construction Corps ( No. 45), the autonomous region approved the restoration of the Xinjiang production and Construction Corps and agricultural divisions and the use of new numbers. On April 1, 1982, the regiment farm of Xiaohaizi reclamation area of the third agricultural division was restored to the leadership of the third agricultural division. The water conservancy engineering group of the third agricultural division is divided into engineering group and Xiaohaizi reservoir management office, which are under the jurisdiction of the restored third agricultural division. In 1997, the Central Committee of the Communist Party of China issued a notice (Zhong Fa  No. 17), which decided to establish Tumushuke city in Xiaohaizi reclamation area of the third agricultural division of XPCC. According to the custom of elegant place name, the general office of XPCC proposed to change it to Tumushuke City. On May 20, 1998, the third agricultural division established the Administration Bureau of Qianhai reclamation area (Bing Bian Fa  No. 15), as the division's agency, to manage the political, economic and social work of Xiaohaizi reclamation area on behalf of the third agricultural division, and to be responsible for the preparation of tumu city. On September 17, 2002, the State Council (Guo Han  No. 82) agreed to establish Tumushuke city at the county level directly under the central government of the autonomous region. The Municipal People's government is stationed in qiganquele, and the management mode is implemented according to the relevant documents. The administrative boundary of Tumushuke city is: from 79 ° 29 ′ 00 ″ E and 40 ° 05 ′ 50 ″ n, southeast to 79 ° 34 ′ 30 ″ E and 40 ° 00 ′ 40 ″ n, southeast to 79 ° 36 ′ 30 ″ E and 39 ° 54 ′ 00 ″ n, southwest to 79 ° 33 ′ 00 ″ E and 39 ° 51 ′ 30 ″ n, then west to 1082, 1091, 1087 and 1088 m-high Chengdian and abugen The river, the north side of Yeerqiang, the south side of Dabanshan, the south side of No.6 company of No.49 regiment, the south side of diversion canal outside Xiaohaizi reservoir to 78 ° 43 ′ 29 ″ E and 39 ° 39 ′ 06 ″ n, along the 150m away from the submergence line of Xiaohaizi reservoir to Beiba, along the canal outside Beiba to the northeast, through the north side of No.1 company of hydraulic engineering regiment to the south, and along the mountain foot of Mazar to the highway, Along the highway, it extends northward to 78 ° 52 ′ 10 ″ E and 39 ° 45 ′ 38 ″ n, the boundary is generally northward to northeast, 78 ° 54 ′ 15 ″ e, 39 ° 46 ′ 50 ″ n, ganmulike River, West and northwest sides of yong'anba reservoir, foot of wukumaza mountain, 1100 m elevation point, 1116 m elevation point of baoertaha mountain foot, and then turns to the East and slightly north, and reaches the starting point through 1098 m triangle point. On January 19, 2004, Tumushuke city held the ceremony of establishment and listing; on June 14, XPCC implemented the institutional reform of agricultural and animal husbandry regiments, with the 53 regiments as the center, the 53 regiments as the center, and the 50 regiments as the entry; with the 44 regiments as the center, the 44 regiments as the center, and the 52 regiments as the entry. On September 21, 2005, the third agricultural division adjusted the 53rd regiment from the central regiment to the general regiment, and the 50th regiment from the regiment entering the 53rd regiment to the general regiment. The 53rd regiment was separated from the 50th regiment, and the 52nd regiment was formally incorporated into the 44th regiment as the 44th regiment of the central regiment. On December 24, 2012, with the approval of the central organization office, BINGTUAN renamed 13 agricultural divisions, and "the third agricultural construction division of Xinjiang production and Construction Corps" was renamed "the third agricultural construction division of Xinjiang production and Construction Corps". On June 26, 2014, with the approval of the State Council, the original 41st regiment area, some areas of Baheqi Township, Shule County, Kashgar region, some areas of tazihong Township, and some areas of bulakesu Township, Shufu county were divided into four groups
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Tumushuke, a county-level administrative region directly under the central government of Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region
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